Poul Jørgensen

Aarhus University, Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (340)951.57 Total impact

  • Ida-Marie Høyvik · Poul Jørgensen

    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Reviews
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    Sonia Coriani · Filip Pawłowski · Jeppe Olsen · Poul Jørgensen
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular response properties for ground and excited states and for transitions between these states are defined by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for a molecular system in a field of a time-periodic perturbation. In equation of motion coupled cluster (EOM-CC) theory, molecular response properties are commonly obtained by replacing, in configuration interaction (CI) molecular response property expressions, the energies and eigenstates of the CI eigenvalue equation with the energies and eigenstates of the EOM-CC eigenvalue equation. We show here that EOM-CC molecular response properties are identical to the molecular response properties that are obtained in the coupled cluster-configuration interaction (CC-CI) model, where the time-dependent Schrödinger equation is solved using an exponential (coupled cluster) parametrization to describe the unperturbed system and a linear (configuration interaction) parametrization to describe the time evolution of the unperturbed system. The equivalence between EOM-CC and CC-CI molecular response properties only holds when the CI molecular response property expressions-from which the EOM-CC expressions are derived-are determined using projection and not using the variational principle. In a previous article [F. Pawłowski, J. Olsen, and P. Jørgensen, J. Chem. Phys. 142, 114109 (2015)], it was stated that the equivalence between EOM-CC and CC-CI molecular response properties only held for a linear response function, whereas quadratic and higher order response functions were mistakenly said to differ in the two approaches. Proving the general equivalence between EOM-CC and CC-CI molecular response properties is a challenging task, that is undertaken in this article. Proving this equivalence not only corrects the previous incorrect statement but also first and foremost leads to a new, time-dependent, perspective for understanding the basic assumptions on which the EOM-CC molecular response property expressions are founded. Further, the equivalence between EOM-CC and CC-CI molecular response properties highlights how static molecular response properties can be obtained from finite-field EOM-CC energy calculations.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: We consider two distinct coupled cluster (CC) perturbation series that both expand the difference between the energies of the CCSD (CC with single and double excitations) and CCSDT (CC with single, double, and triple excitations) models in orders of the M{\o}ller-Plesset fluctuation potential. We initially introduce the E-CCSD(T-$n$) series, in which the CCSD amplitude equations are satisfied at the expansion point, and compare it to the recently developed CCSD(T-$n$) series [J. Chem. Phys. 140, 064108 (2014)], in which not only the CCSD amplitude, but also the CCSD multiplier equations are satisfied at the expansion point. Both series are term-wise size extensive and formally converge towards the CCSDT target energy. However, the two series are different, and the CCSD(T-$n$) series is found to exhibit a more rapid convergence up through the series, which we trace back to the fact that more information at the expansion point is utilized than for the E-CCSD(T-$n$) series. The present analysis can be generalized to any perturbation expansion representing the difference between a parent CC model and a higher-level target CC model. In general, we demonstrate that, whenever the parent parameters depend upon the perturbation operator, a perturbation expansion of the CC energy (where only parent amplitudes are used) differs from a perturbation expansion of the CC Lagrangian (where both parent amplitudes and parent multipliers are used). For the latter case, the bivariational Lagrangian formulation becomes more than a convenient mathematical tool, since it facilitates a faster convergent perturbation series than the simpler energy expansion.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The accuracy with which total energies of open-shell species may be calculated using coupled cluster perturbative triples expansions is investigated. In particular, the acclaimed CCSD(T) model, in which a non-iterative correction for the effect of triple excitations is added to the coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) energy, is compared to the second- through sixth-order models of the recently proposed CCSD(T-n) triples series for both unrestricted as well as restricted open-shell Hartree-Fock (UHF/ROHF) reference determinants. By comparing UHF- and ROHF-based statistical results for a test set of 18 atoms and small radicals with comparable RHF-based results, it is found that not only the numerical consistency of the CCSD(T) model, but also its fortuitous cancellation of errors for closed-shell systems break down in the transition from closed- to open-shell systems. For the higher-order models of the CCSD(T-n) series, however, no behavioral differences are found between the correlated descriptions of closed- and open-shell species, as the convergence rates throughout the series towards the coupled cluster singles, doubles, and triples (CCSDT) energy are identical for the two cases. The higher-order CCSD(T-n) models thus offer---unlike the CCSD(T) model---a balanced non-iterative treatment of closed- and open-shell species, irrespective of the reference determinant used for the latter, albeit at an increased computational cost as compared to the CCSD(T) model.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We compare the numerical performance of various non-iterative coupled cluster (CC) quadruples models. The results collectively show how approaches that attempt to correct the CC singles and doubles energy for the combined effect of triple and quadruple excitations all fail at recovering the correlation energy of the full CC singles, doubles, triples, and quadruples (CCSDTQ) model to within sufficient accuracy. Such a level of accuracy is only achieved by models that make corrections to the full CC singles, doubles, and triples (CCSDT) energy for the isolated effect of quadruple excitations of which the CCSDT(Q-3) and CCSDT(Q-4) models of the Lagrangian-based CCSDT(Q-n) perturbation series are found to outperform alternative models that add either of the established [Q] and (Q) corrections to the CCSDT energy.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a reformulation of the traditional (T) triples correction to the coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) energy in terms of local Hartree-Fock (HF) orbitals such that its structural form aligns with our recently developed linear-scaling divide-expand-consolidate (DEC) coupled cluster family of local correlation methods. In a DEC-CCSD(T) calculation, a basis of local occupied and virtual HF orbitals is used to partition the correlated calculation on the full system into a number of independent atomic fragment and pair fragment calculations, each performed within a truncated set of the complete orbital space. In return, this leads to a massively parallel algorithm for the evaluation of the DEC-CCSD(T) correlation energy, which formally scales linearly with the size of the full system and has a tunable precision with respect to a conventional CCSD(T) calculation via a single energy-based input threshold. The theoretical developments are supported by proof of concept DEC-CCSD(T) calculations on a series of medium-sized molecular systems.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
  • Patrick Ettenhuber · Poul Jørgensen
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    ABSTRACT: The DIIS (direct inversion of the iterative subspace) convergence acceleration algorithm is used in most electronic structure programs to solve the nonlinear coupled cluster amplitude equations. When DIIS is used the storage of previous trial vectors may become a bottleneck and discarding trial vectors may lead to a degradation of the convergence or even divergence. We discuss an alternative way of storing information from trial vectors where only the last 3 trial vectors are needed to maintain the convergence of the full set of previous trial vectors and which only requires minor modifications of an existing DIIS code.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
  • Filip Pawłowski · Jeppe Olsen · Poul Jørgensen
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    ABSTRACT: The time-dependent Schrödinger equation for a time-periodic perturbation is recasted into a Hermitian eigenvalue equation, where the quasi-energy is an eigenvalue and the time-periodic regular wave function an eigenstate. From this Hermitian eigenvalue equation, a rigorous and transparent formulation of response function theory is developed where (i) molecular properties are defined as derivatives of the quasi-energy with respect to perturbation strengths, (ii) the quasi-energy can be determined from the time-periodic regular wave function using a variational principle or via projection, and (iii) the parametrization of the unperturbed state can differ from the parametrization of the time evolution of this state. This development brings the definition of molecular properties and their determination on par for static and time-periodic perturbations and removes inaccuracies and inconsistencies of previous response function theory formulations. The development where the parametrization of the unperturbed state and its time evolution may differ also extends the range of the wave function models for which response functions can be determined. The simplicity and universality of the presented formulation is illustrated by applying it to the configuration interaction (CI) and the coupled cluster (CC) wave function models and by introducing a new model-the coupled cluster configuration interaction (CC-CI) model-where a coupled cluster exponential parametrization is used for the unperturbed state and a linear parametrization for its time evolution. For static perturbations, the CC-CI response functions are shown to be the analytical analogues of the static molecular properties obtained from finite field equation-of-motion coupled cluster (EOMCC) energy calculations. The structural similarities and differences between the CI, CC, and CC-CI response functions are also discussed with emphasis on linear versus non-linear parametrizations and the size-extensivity of the obtained molecular properties.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: We propose the Same Number Of Optimized Parameters (SNOOP) scheme as an alternative to the counterpoise method for treating basis set superposition errors in calculations of intermolecular interaction energies. The key point of the SNOOP scheme is to enforce that the number of optimized wave function parameters for the noninteracting system is the same as for the interacting system. This ensures a delicate balance between the quality of the monomer and dimer finite basis set calculations. We compare the SNOOP scheme to the uncorrected and counterpoise schemes theoretically as well as numerically. Numerical results for second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) and coupled-cluster with single, double, and approximate triple excitations (CCSD(T)) show that the SNOOP scheme in general outperforms the uncorrected and counterpoise approaches. Furthermore, we show that SNOOP interaction energies calculated using a given basis set are of similar quality as those determined by basis set extrapolation of counterpoise-corrected results obtained at a similar computational cost.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
  • Janus J Eriksen · Poul Jørgensen · Jürgen Gauss
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, we proposed a novel Lagrangian-based perturbation series-the CCSD(T-n) series-which systematically corrects the coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) energy in orders of the Møller-Plesset fluctuation potential for effects due to triple excitations. In the present study, we report numerical results for the CCSD(T-n) series up through fourth order which show the predicted convergence trend throughout the series towards the energy of its target, the coupled cluster singles, doubles, and triples (CCSDT) model. Since effects due to the relaxation of the CCSD singles and doubles amplitudes enter the CCSD(T-n) series at fourth order (the CCSD(T-4) model), we are able to separate these effects from the total energy correction and thereby emphasize their crucial importance. Furthermore, we illustrate how the ΛCCSD[T]/(T) and CCSD[T]/(T) models, which in slightly different manners augment the CCSD energy by the [T] and (T) corrections rationalized from many-body perturbation theory, may be viewed as approximations to the second-order CCSD(T-2) model. From numerical comparisons with the CCSD(T-n) models, we show that the extraordinary performance of the ΛCCSD[T]/(T) and CCSD[T]/(T) models relies on fortuitous, yet rather consistent, cancellations of errors. As a side product of our investigations, we are led to reconsider the asymmetric ΛCCSD[T] model due to both its rigorous theoretical foundation and its performance, which is shown to be similar to that of the CCSD(T) model for systems at equilibrium geometry and superior to it for distorted systems. In both the calculations at equilibrium and distorted geometries, however, the ΛCCSD[T] and CCSD(T) models are shown to be outperformed by the fourth-order CCSD(T-4) model.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
  • Trygve Helgaker · Poul Jørgensen · Jeppe Olsen
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    ABSTRACT: Second quantization formalism is introduced for an efficient description of molecular electronic systems in the nonrelativistic limit and an explicit description of electron spin. Spin orbitals are functions of three continuous spatial coordinates and one discrete spin coordinate. Quantum-mechanical operators may be classified according to how they affect the orbital and spin parts of wave functions. The operators are spin-free or spinless operator, pure spin operator and mixed operator. The author adopts the theory of spin tensor operators for angular momentum in quantum mechanics and develops a useful set of tools for the construction and classification of states and operators with definite spin symmetry properties. Singlet excitation operators play an important role in the second-quantization treatment of molecular electronic structure. This chapter shows how a basis of spin eigenfunctions can set up by taking linear combinations of Slater determinants.
    No preview · Chapter · Aug 2014
  • Janus J Eriksen · Poul Jørgensen · Jeppe Olsen · Jürgen Gauss
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    ABSTRACT: The equation-of-motion coupled cluster (EOM-CC) framework has been used for deriving a novel series of perturbative corrections to the coupled cluster singles and doubles energy that formally converges towards the full configuration interaction energy limit. The series is based on a Moller-Plesset partitioning of the Hamiltonian and thus size extensive at any order in the perturbation, thereby remedying the major deficiency inherent to previous perturbation series based on the EOM-CC ansatz. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Dalton is a powerful general-purpose program system for the study of molecular electronic structure at the Hartree-Fock, Kohn-Sham, multiconfigurational self-consistent-field, Møller-Plesset, configuration-interaction, and coupled-cluster levels of theory. Apart from the total energy, a wide variety of molecular properties may be calculated using these electronic-structure models. Molecular gradients and Hessians are available for geometry optimizations, molecular dynamics, and vibrational studies, whereas magnetic resonance and optical activity can be studied in a gauge-origin-invariant manner. Frequency-dependent molecular properties can be calculated using linear, quadratic, and cubic response theory. A large number of singlet and triplet perturbation operators are available for the study of one-, two-, and three-photon processes. Environmental effects may be included using various dielectric-medium and quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics models. Large molecules may be studied using linear-scaling and massively parallel algorithms. Dalton is distributed at no cost from http://www.daltonprogram.org for a number of UNIX platforms.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Wiley interdisciplinary reviews: Computational Molecular Science.
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    ABSTRACT: Using the coupled cluster Lagrangian technique, we have determined perturbative corrections to the coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) energy that converge towards the coupled cluster singles, doubles, and triples (CCSDT) and coupled cluster singles, doubles, triples, and quadruples (CCSDTQ) energies, considering the CCSD state as the unperturbed reference state and the fluctuation potential as the perturbation. Since the Lagrangian technique is utilized, the energy corrections satisfy Wigner's 2n + 1 rule for the cluster amplitudes and the 2n + 2 rule for the Lagrange multipliers. The energy corrections define the CCSD perturbation series, CCSD(T-n) and CCSD(TQ-n), which are term-wise size extensive to any order in the perturbation. A detailed comparison of the CCSD(TQ-n) series and the CC(2)PT(n) series of Hirata et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 114, 3919 (2001)] has been performed, revealing some deficiencies of the latter related to the target energy of the series and its lack of size extensivity.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: A common perception about molecular systems with a nonlocal electronic structure (as manifested by a nonlocal Hartree–Fock (HF) density matrix), such as conjugated π-systems, is that they can only be described in terms of nonlocal molecular orbitals. This view is mostly founded on chemical intuition, and further, this view is strengthened by traditional approaches for obtaining local occupied and virtual orbital spaces, such as the occupied Pipek–Mezey orbitals, and projected atomic orbitals. In this article, we discuss the limitations for localizability of HF orbitals in terms of restrictions posed by the delocalized character of the underlying density matrix for the molecular system and by the orthogonality constraint on the molecular orbitals. We show that the locality of the orbitals, in terms of nonvanishing charge distributions of orbitals centered far apart, is much more strongly affected by the orthogonality constraint than by the physical requirement that the occupied orbitals must represent the electron density. Thus, the freedom of carrying out unitary transformations among the orbitals provides the flexibility to obtain highly local occupied and virtual molecular orbitals, even for molecular systems with a nonlocal density matrix, provided that a proper localization function is used. As an additional consideration, we clear up the common misconception that projected atomic orbitals in general are more local than localized orthogonal virtual orbitals.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Theoretical Chemistry Accounts
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    Full-text · Chapter · Oct 2013
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    A. Barszczewicz · T. Helgaker · M. Jaszunski · P. Jorgensen · K. Ruud
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    ABSTRACT: The shielding and indirect spin-spin coupling tensors are calculated for HCN, HNC, CH3CN, and CH3NC, using large atomic basis sets and multiconfiguration wavefunctions that contain the most important correlation effects. The isotropic and anisotropic components of the tensors are compared with experimental data. Deviations between the calculated and experimental results appear to be largely due to vibrational and solvent effects.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Magnetic Resonance Series A
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    ABSTRACT: Using the three-level energy optimization procedure combined with a refined version of the least-change strategy for the orbitals-where an explicit localization is performed at the valence basis level-it is shown how to more efficiently determine a set of local Hartree-Fock orbitals. Further, a core-valence separation of the least-change occupied orbital space is introduced. Numerical results comparing valence basis localized orbitals and canonical molecular orbitals as starting guesses for the full basis localization are presented. The results show that the localization of the occupied orbitals may be performed at a small computational cost if valence basis localized orbitals are used as a starting guess. For the unoccupied space, about half the number of iterations are required if valence localized orbitals are used as a starting guess compared to a canonical set of unoccupied Hartree-Fock orbitals. Different local minima may be obtained when different starting guesses are used. However, the different minima all correspond to orbitals with approximately the same locality. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Computational Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: For large molecular systems conventional implementations of second order Møller–Plesset (MP2) theory encounter a scaling wall, both memory- and time-wise. We describe how this scaling wall can be removed. We present a massively parallel algorithm for calculating MP2 energies and densities using the divide–expand–consolidate scheme where a calculation on a large system is divided into many small fragment calculations employing local orbital spaces. The resulting algorithm is linear-scaling with system size, exhibits near perfect parallel scalability, removes memory bottlenecks and does not involve any I/O. The algorithm employs three levels of parallelisation combined via a dynamic job distribution scheme. Results on two molecular systems containing 528 and 1056 atoms (4278 and 8556 basis functions) using 47,120 and 94,240 cores are presented. The results demonstrate the scalability of the algorithm both with respect to the number of cores and with respect to system size. The presented algorithm is thus highly suited for large super computer architectures and allows MP2 calculations on large molecular systems to be carried out within a few hours – for example, the correlated calculation on the molecular system containing 1056 atoms took 2.37 hours using 94240 cores.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Molecular Physics
  • Ida-Marie Høyvik · Branislav Jansik · Poul Jørgensen
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in orbital localization algorithms are used to minimize the Pipek-Mezey localization function for both occupied and virtual Hartree-Fock orbitals. Virtual Pipek-Mezey orbitals for large molecular systems have previously not been considered in the literature. For this work, the Pipek-Mezey (PM) localization function is implemented for both the Mulliken and a Löwdin population analysis. The results show that the standard PM localization function (using either Mulliken or Löwdin population analyses) may yield local occupied orbitals, although for some systems the occupied orbitals are only semilocal as compared to state-of-the-art localized occupied orbitals. For the virtual orbitals, a Löwdin population analysis shows improvement in locality compared to a Mulliken population analysis, but for both Mulliken and Löwdin population analyses, the virtual orbitals are seen to be considerably less local compared to state-of-the-art localized orbitals. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Journal of Computational Chemistry

Publication Stats

18k Citations
951.57 Total Impact Points


  • 1454-2015
    • Aarhus University
      • • Department of Chemistry
      • • Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2004-2013
    • University of Oslo
      • Department of Chemistry
      Kristiania (historical), Oslo, Norway
  • 2003
    • Università degli Studi di Trieste
      Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
  • 1983-1993
    • University of Utah
      • Department of Chemistry
      Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
  • 1987
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States
  • 1979-1984
    • Texas A&M University
      • Department of Chemistry
      College Station, Texas, United States