James D Luketich

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (494)2075.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Adult lung transplant recipients with small chests have traditionally received lungs from pediatric donors, placing an additional strain on the already restricted pediatric donor pool. Performing lobar lung transplantation (LLT) can circumvent issues with donor-recipient size mismatch; however, LLT imparts additional risks. Here, we review our experience using LLT and standard lung transplantation using a pediatric donor (PDLT) for adults with small chests. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with end-stage lung disease and a height of 65 inches or less who underwent LLT (n = 15) or PDLT (n = 15) between 2006 and 2012 at our institution, a high-volume lung transplant center. Results: Lobar lung transplantation recipients were older (54 ± 10 vs 48 ± 8 years) and had higher pulmonary pressure (57 ± 11 vs 52 ± 27 mmHg) and higher lung allocation scores (70 ± 9 vs 51 ± 8) than PDLT recipients (all P < 0.05). Mean waiting time was 62 days for PDLT and 9 days for LLT. Postoperatively, the incidence of severe primary graft dysfunction and the incidence of acute renal insufficiency were higher, and the mean intensive care unit stay was longer in the LLT group, but the incidence of bronchial anastomotic complications was higher in the PDLT group because of significant size discrepancy in the main bronchus (P < 0.05). Interestingly, long-term functional outcomes and survival rates were similar between the groups. Conclusions: Both LLT and PDLT are viable surgical options for adult patients with small chests. Because of the potential impact on posttransplant outcomes, the technical complexity of transplantation, decisions regarding the best surgical approach should be made by experienced surgeons.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To identify the associations of lymph node metastases (pN+), number of positive nodes, and pN subclassification with cancer, treatment, patient, geographic, and institutional variables, and to recommend extent of lymphadenectomy needed to accurately detect pN+ for esophageal cancer. Summary background data: Limited data and traditional analytic techniques have precluded identifying intricate associations of pN+ with other cancer, treatment, and patient characteristics. Methods: Data on 5806 esophagectomy patients from the Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration were analyzed by Random Forest machine learning techniques. Results: pN+, number of positive nodes, and pN subclassification were associated with increasing depth of cancer invasion (pT), increasing cancer length, decreasing cancer differentiation (G), and more regional lymph nodes resected. Lymphadenectomy necessary to accurately detect pN+ is 60 for shorter, well-differentiated cancers (<2.5 cm) and 20 for longer, poorly differentiated ones. Conclusions: In esophageal cancer, pN+, increasing number of positive nodes, and increasing pN classification are associated with deeper invading, longer, and poorly differentiated cancers. Consequently, if the goal of lymphadenectomy is to accurately define pN+ status of such cancers, few nodes need to be removed. Conversely, superficial, shorter, and well-differentiated cancers require a more extensive lymphadenectomy to accurately define pN+ status.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor-specific mutations can be identified in circulating, cell-free DNA in plasma or serum and may serve as a clinically relevant alternative to biopsy. Detection of tumor-specific mutations in the plasma, however, is technically challenging. First, mutant allele fractions are typically low in a large background of wild-type circulating, cell-free DNA. Second, the amount of circulating, cell-free DNA acquired from plasma is also low. Even when using digital PCR (dPCR), rare mutation detection is challenging because there is not enough circulating, cell-free DNA to run technical replicates and assay or instrument noise does not easily allow for mutation detection <0.1%. This study was undertaken to improve on the robustness of dPCR for mutation detection. A multiplexed, preamplification step using a high-fidelity polymerase before dPCR was developed to increase total DNA and the number of targets and technical replicates that can be assayed from a single sample. We were able to detect multiple cancer-relevant mutations within tumor-derived samples down to 0.01%. Importantly, the signal/noise ratio was improved for all preamplified targets, allowing for easier discrimination of low-abundance mutations against false-positive signal. Furthermore, we used this protocol on clinical samples to detect known, tumor-specific mutations in patient sera. This study provides a protocol for robust, sensitive detection of circulating tumor DNA for future clinical applications.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of molecular diagnostics: JMD
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. The lung allocation score (LAS) resulted in a lung transplantation (LT) selection process guided by clinical acuity. We sought to evaluate the relationship between LAS and outcomes. Methods. We analyzed Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipient (SRTR) data pertaining to recipients between 2005 and 2012. We stratified them into quartiles based on LAS and compared survival and predictors of mortality. Results. We identified 10,304 consecutive patients, comprising 2,576 in each LAS quartile (quartile 1 (26.3–35.5), quartile 2 (35.6–39.3), quartile 3 (39.4–48.6), and quartile 4 (48.7–95.7)). Survival after 30 days (96.9% versus 96.8% versus 96.0% versus 94.8%), 90 days (94.6% versus 93.7% versus 93.3% versus 90.9%), 1 year (87.2% versus 85.0% versus 84.8% versus 80.9%), and 5 years (55.4% versus 54.5% versus 52.5% versus 48.8%) was higher in the lower groups. There was a significantly higher 5-year mortality in the highest LAS group (HR 1.13, p = 0.030 , HR 1.17, p = 0.01 , and HR 1.17, p = 0.02 ) comparing quartiles 2, 3, and 4, respectively, to quartile 1. Conclusion. Overall, outcomes in recipients with higher LAS are worse than those in patients with lower LAS. These data should inform more individualized evidence-based discussion during pretransplant counseling.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Lung transplantation is a life-saving procedure for patients who have end-stage lung disease. The frequency and severity of complications have not been fully characterized. We hypothesized that early in-hospital, postoperative complications decrease long-term survival. Methods: We retrospectively identified in-hospital complications in lung transplant recipients, from the period January 2007 to October 2013. Complications were graded using the extended Accordion Severity Grading System (ASGS). Complications were categorized by event and organ system. Survival analysis was performed (P < .05) using a time-dependent model. Results: Among 748 eligible patients, 3381 independent in-hospital, postoperative complications occurred in 92.78% of patients. Median follow-up was 5.4 years. Complications associated with significant decrease in 5-year survival were: renal (hazard ratio [HR] 2.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.40-4.48); hepatic (HR 4.08, 95% CI 2.86-5.82); cardiac (HR 1.95, 95% CI 1.56-2.45). The maximum ASGS of ≥5 (18.5% vs 73.8%), and the weighted ASGS sum >10 (2.5% vs 73.8%), were found to be significant predictors of long-term survival. Multivariate analysis identified a weighted ASGS sum of >10, and renal, cardiac, and vascular complications as predictors of decreased long-term survival. Conclusions: Rigorous delineation of complications after lung transplantation showed that grade 5 ASGS in-hospital postoperative complications, and a weighted ASGS sum >10, were independent predictors of decreased long-term survival well beyond the initial perioperative period. These results may identify important targets for best practice guidelines and quality-of-care measures after lung transplantation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the major histologic subtype of esophageal cancer, characterized by a high mortality rate and geographic differences in incidences. It is unknown whether there is difference between "eastern" ESCC and "western" ESCC. This study is attempted to demonstrate the hypothesis by comparing ESCC between Chinese residents and Caucasians living in the US. Methods: The data sources of this study are from United States SEER limited-use database and Shanghai Cancer Registries by Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control (SMCDC). Consecutive, non-selected patients with pathologically diagnosed ESCC, between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2006, were included in this analysis. 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival estimates were computed and compared between two populations. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine factors affecting survival differences. Results: A total of 1,718 Chinese, 1,624 Caucasians ESCC patients with individual American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) staging information were included in this study. The Caucasian group had a significantly higher proportion of female patients than Chinese (38.24% vs. 18.68% P<0.01). ESCC was diagnosed in Chinese patients at an earlier age and stage than Caucasians. Generally, Chinese patients had similar overall survival rate with Caucasian by both univariate and multivariate analysis. Overall survival was significantly worse only in male Caucasians compared to Chinese patients (median survival time, 12.4 vs. 14.5 months, P<0.01, respectively). Conclusions: ESCC from eastern and western countries might have some different features. These differences need to be taken into account for the management of ESCC patients in different ethnic groups.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Thoracic Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Background A suggested benefit of sublobar resection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to lobectomy is a relative preservation of pulmonary function. Very little objective data exist, however, supporting this supposition. We sought to evaluate the relative impact of both anatomic segmental and lobar resection on pulmonary function in patients with resected clinical stage I NSCLC. Methods The records of 159 disease-free patients who underwent anatomic segmentectomy (n = 89) and lobectomy (n = 70) for the treatment of stage I NSCLC with pre- and postoperative pulmonary function tests performed between 6 to 36 months after resection were retrospectively reviewed. Changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) were analyzed based upon the number of anatomic pulmonary segments removed: 1–2 segments (n = 77) or 3–5 segments (n = 82). Results Preoperative pulmonary function was worse in the lesser resection cohort (1–2 segments) compared to the greater resection group (3–5 segments) (FEV1(%predicted): 79% vs. 85%, p = 0.038; DLCO(%predicted): 63% vs. 73%, p = 0.010). A greater decline in FEV1 was noted in patients undergoing resection of 3–5 segments (FEV1 (observed): 0.1 L vs. 0.3 L, p = 0.003; and FEV1 (% predicted): 4.3% vs. 8.2%, p = 0.055). Changes in DLCO followed this same trend (DLCO(observed): 1.3 vs. 2.4 mL/min/mmHg, p = 0.015; and DLCO(% predicted): 3.6% vs. 5.9%, p = 0.280). Conclusions Parenchymal-sparing resections resulted in better preservation of pulmonary function at a median of one year, suggesting a long-term functional benefit with small anatomic segmental resections (1–2 segments). Prospective studies to evaluate measurable functional changes, as well as quality of life, between segmentectomy and lobectomy with a larger patient cohort appear justified.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
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    ABSTRACT: It is important to identify superficial (T1) gastroesophageal adenocarcinomas (EAC) that are most or least likely to metastasize to lymph nodes, to select appropriate therapy. We aimed to develop a risk stratification model for metastasis of superficial EAC to lymph nodes using pathologic features of the primary tumor.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Chest
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A significant number of patients have recurrent or persistent lung cancer despite complete resection or treatment with definitive chemoradiation. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)/stereotactic body radiation therapy is emerging as an important modality for the treatment of early-stage lung neoplasm; SRS may also offer an alternative treatment option for patients with recurrent lung disease. We evaluated outcomes after treatment with SRS for recurrent lung neoplasm in a large series of patients. Methods: Selected patients with limited recurrent, persistent, or progressive disease after one or more prior treatments for lung cancer were offered SRS. Thoracic surgeons evaluated all patients, placed fiducials when needed, and planned treatment in close collaboration with radiation oncologists and medical physicists. In our early experience, a single fraction of 20 Gy radiation was prescribed and was subsequently increased to 45 to 60 Gy in three to five fractions. The primary endpoint evaluated was overall survival. Results: We treated 100 patients with recurrent lung cancer (median age 72 years) with SRS. The postprocedure 30-day mortality rate was 0%; median follow-up was 51 months (range, 5 to 123). The median overall survival for the entire group was 23 months (95% confidence interval: 19 to 41). The probability of 2-year and 5-year overall survival was 49% (95% confidence interval: 40% to 60%) and 31% (95% confidence interval: 23% to 43%), respectively. Conclusions: Our experience indicates that SRS is safe, and offers an alternative modality for selected patients with recurrent oligometastatic or persistent lung cancer. Thoracic surgeons should actively participate in SRS and continue to evaluate the efficacy of this treatment strategy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Thoracic esophageal diverticula are uncommon, and controversies exist regarding their management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a relatively large cohort of patients with thoracic esophageal diverticula treated with minimally invasive surgical techniques. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent minimally invasive surgical treatment for symptomatic esophageal diverticula during a 15-year period. The primary end point was 30-day mortality. In addition, we evaluated the morbidity, improvement in dysphagia (score: 1, best to 5, worst), and quality of life (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-Health-Related Quality of Life score: 0, best to 50, most symptoms). Results: Fifty-seven patients underwent minimally invasive surgical treatment of symptomatic thoracic esophageal diverticula. The most common symptom was dysphagia (45 of 57; 79%). A motility disorder or distal mechanical obstruction was identified in 49 patients (86%). Approaches used included video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (n = 33), laparoscopy (n = 18), and combined video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and laparoscopy (n = 6). The most common procedure performed was diverticulectomy and myotomy (47 of 57 patients; 82.5%). The 30-day mortality was 0%. There were 4 patients (7%) with postoperative leaks requiring reoperation. During follow-up, the median dysphagia score improved from 3 to 1 (p < 0.001). The median Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-Health-Related Quality of Life score after surgery was 5 (excellent). Conclusions: A minimally invasive surgical approach for the management of thoracic esophageal diverticula is safe and effective during intermediate-term follow-up when performed by surgeons experienced in esophageal surgery and minimally invasive techniques. Further follow-up is required to assess the durability of these results. The optimal approach and procedures performed should be determined on an individualized basis after a thorough investigation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Accurate cancer localization and negative resection margins are necessary for successful segmentectomy. In this study, we evaluate a newly developed software package that permits automated segmentation of the pulmonary parenchyma, allowing 3-dimensional assessment of tumor size, location, and estimates of surgical margins. Methods: A pilot study using a newly developed 3-dimensional computed tomography analytic software package was performed to retrospectively evaluate preoperative computed tomography images of patients who underwent segmentectomy (n = 36) or lobectomy (n = 15) for stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer. The software accomplishes an automated reconstruction of anatomic pulmonary segments of the lung based on bronchial arborization. Estimates of anticipated surgical margins and pulmonary segmental volume were made on the basis of 3-dimensional reconstruction. Results: Autosegmentation was achieved in 72.7% (32/44) of preoperative computed tomography images with slice thicknesses of 3 mm or less. Reasons for segmentation failure included local severe emphysema or pneumonitis, and lower computed tomography resolution. Tumor segmental localization was achieved in all autosegmented studies. The 3-dimensional computed tomography analysis provided a positive predictive value of 87% in predicting a marginal clearance greater than 1 cm and a 75% positive predictive value in predicting a margin to tumor diameter ratio greater than 1 in relation to the surgical pathology assessment. Conclusions: This preoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography analysis of segmental anatomy can confirm the tumor location within an anatomic segment and aid in predicting surgical margins. This 3-dimensional computed tomography information may assist in the preoperative assessment regarding the suitability of segmentectomy for peripheral lung cancers.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Outcomes data for high-risk donors (HRD) for transplantation are limited. We sought to elucidate the outcomes of lung transplant (LTx) recipients who received HRDs. We retrospectively reviewed the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry from January 2005 to June 2013 to identify patients undergoing LTx. The Student t test and χ(2) test were used to identify differences in outcomes. A Cox proportional hazard model was developed to identify independent predictors of outcomes for HRD recipients. We identified 12,737 patients who underwent LTx. A total of 999 (7.8%) recipients received allografts from HRDs. Recipients in both the HRD and the non-HRD (NHRD) groups were similar. The HRDs had significantly higher rates of negative social behaviors and were likely to be thin young males who had died traumatically. Survival analysis demonstrated no survival benefit for patients receiving allografts from NHRDs (p = 0.63). Interestingly, HRDs did not have significantly higher viral loads, including hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, hepatitis B core antibody (HBcV), or hepatitis B surface antigen. When controlling for age, sex, and lung allocation score of the recipient, HRD status was not significantly detrimental to survival. Recipients receiving allografts from HRDs had at least equivalent survival to NHRD recipients. Our study supports the use of high-risk donation given limited resources. Centers interested in using these donors should educate prospective recipients willing to consider this option. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Annals of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Staging for esophagogastric adenocarcinoma lacked sufficient prognostic accuracy and was revised. We compared survival prognostication between American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 6th and 7th editions. We abstracted data for 836 patients who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (n = 256 neoadjuvant). Monotonicity and strength of survival trends, by stage, were assessed (log-rank test of trend chi-square statistic) and compared using permutation testing. Overall survival (Cox regression) and model fit (Akaike Information Criterion) were determined. A greater log-rank test of trend statistic indicated stronger survival trends by stage in AJCC 7th (152.872 vs 167.623; permutation test P < .001) edition. Greater Cox likelihood chi-square value (162.957 vs 173.951) and lower Akaike Information Criterion (4,831.011 vs 4,820.016) indicated better model fit. Superior performance was also shown after neoadjuvant therapy. AJCC 7th edition staging for esophagogastric adenocarcinoma provides superior prognostic stratification after minimally invasive esophagectomy, overall and after neoadjuvant therapy compared with AJCC 6th edition. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · American journal of surgery
  • K. Noda · S. Haam · J. D’Cunha · J.D. Luketich · C.A. Bermudez · N. Shigemura

    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
  • K. Noda · S. Haam · J. D’Cunha · J.D. Luketich · C.A. Bermudez · N. Shigemura

    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Gastroenterology

Publication Stats

13k Citations
2,075.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996-2015
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • • Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      • • Department of Thoracic and Foregut Surgery
      • • Division of Trauma and General Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Radiology
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2014
    • University of Queensland
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2013
    • UPMC
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2011
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      Portland, Oregon, United States
  • 2007
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
      베서스다, Maryland, United States
    • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
      • Department of Pathology
      Manhattan, New York, United States
    • Shadyside Hospital
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2005
    • Nevada cancer institute
      Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
  • 1997-2004
    • Allegheny General Hospital
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2001
    • University of Maryland, Baltimore
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 2000
    • California State University, Sacramento
      Sacramento, California, United States
  • 1990-1998
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      • Department of Surgery
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1993-1997
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • Department of Surgery
      New York, New York, United States