[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To introduce a new injection material for vocal fold diseases, which could be readily translated to clinical practice, we investigated the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection on the injured vocal fold in terms of histological recovery.
Blood samples were drawn from New Zealand White rabbits and PRP was isolated through centrifugation and separation of the samples. Using a CO2 laser, we made a linear wound in the 24 vocal fold sides of 12 rabbits and injected each wound with PRP on one vocal fold side and normal saline (NS) on the other. Morphologic analyses were conducted at 2, 4, and 12 weeks after injection, and inflammatory response, collagen deposit, and changes in growth factors were assessed using H&E and masson trichrome (MT) staining and western blot assay.
PRP was prepared in approximately 40 minutes. The mean platelet concentration was 1,315,000 platelets/mm(3). In morphological analyses, decreased granulation was observed in the PRP-injected vocal folds (P<0.05). However, the irregular surface and atrophic change were not difference. Histological findings revealed significant inflammation and collagen deposition in NS-injected vocal folds, whereas the PRP-injected vocal folds exhibited less (P<0.05). However, the inflammatory reaction and fibrosis were not difference. In western blot assay, increased amounts of growth factors were observed in PRP-injected vocal folds.
Injection of injured rabbit vocal folds with PRP led to improved wound healing and fewer signs of scarring as demonstrated by decreased inflammation and collagen deposition. The increased vocal fold regeneration may be due to the growth factors associated with PRP.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A local steroid injected directly into the vocal nodules has recently come to the forefront as another treatment option, which is reported as useful and effective. However, vocal nodules are caused mainly by excessive voice use, and therefore, even if a marked improvement was shown after injection, recurrence can occur unless the voice abuse habit is changed. We hypothesized that voice therapy after steroid injection would reduce recurrence of vocal nodules in professional voice users.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives
Currently, a variety of materials are available for the treatment of glottal insufficiency. Ideal injection materials should be inexpensive, easily obtainable, nontoxic, and biocompatible. Plasma gel has recently been developed as an injectable, autologous material used in plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological changes in rabbit vocal folds (VFs) after an injection of plasma gel, compared with collagen (Artecoll) or hyaluronic acid (Reviderm Intra).Study DesignExperimental prospective animal study.SettingAnimal laboratory.Subjects and Methods
Blood samples were collected from 12 New Zealand rabbits. Plasma collected from each rabbit was centrifuged and processed using a gel heating system. All rabbits received a 0.05 ml injection of plasma gel into the right VF, while an equivalent volume of Artecoll or Reviderm Intra was injected into the left VFs of each 6 rabbits randomly. The larynges were collected 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injection, and the tissues were stained for histological analysis.ResultsIn comparison with left VFs injected with Artecoll or Reviderm Intra, there was significantly less inflammatory response and foreign body reaction in the plasma gel injected right VFs (P < .05). Multinucleated foreign body type giant cells were also more prevalent in the left VFs. There were no quantitative differences in the rates of neovascularization or collagen deposition between groups.Conclusion
Plasma gel is a biologically compatible material that may serve as a suitable augmentation material in injection laryngoplasty. Further studies that examine the long-term effects in a larger number of subjects are needed.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paranasal sinus mucoceles (PSMs) can involve the orbit because the topographic anatomies of the paranasal sinuses and orbit are interrelated. We encountered 27 patients with PSMs involving the orbit that caused orbital symptoms. In this study, we evaluated the frequent symptoms and signs of PSMs involving the orbit, and report postoperative changes of orbital symptoms including the effects on visual acuity. A retrospective chart review, radiologic evaluation, and interviews were conducted after Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Over the past 11 years, we encountered 27 patients with PSMs involving the orbit. We classified the patients according to orbital symptoms and PSM origin, and evaluated the surgical outcomes. A total of 27 patients (17 males and 10 females) with PSMs involving the orbit were included in the present study. The mean patient age was 51.0 ± 9.7 years (range 32-90) and the mean follow-up period was 20.5 months (range 2-84). Proptosis (15/27, 56 %) was the most common symptom. Other common symptoms included orbital pain (9/27, 33 %), decreased visual acuity or vision loss (9/27, 33 %), and diplopia (7/27, 26 %). All symptoms except for vision loss were improved by endoscopic marsupialization regardless of the disease period. Four out of five patients with decreased visual acuity experienced complete recovery. The remaining patient showed partial improvement after surgery. Four patients who were blind when they initially visited the hospital did not show any improvement after surgery. For PSM patients with decreased visual acuity, we can predict that vision will improve after surgery regardless of the disease duration. However, blindness will probably not resolve after endoscopic marsupialization. Even if the orbital symptoms (except for blindness) have persisted for a long time, surgery could still produce positive outcomes.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High resolution manometry (HRM), a newly developed device that uses 36 channels to plot pressure topography of esophagus, has recently been applied to evaluate the esophageal and upper esophageal sphincter (UES) status; however, its definite role in laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is not well elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical usefulness of HRM and to elucidate the association between HRM findings and dysphasia in LPRD patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the present methods for assessing speech, there are procedures that make effective diagnostics possible for voice disorders. One such procedure is cepstrum. Spectrum is produced by Fourier transformation of sound waves, and if Fourier transformation is performed again about the spectrum, cepstrum is produced. This study compared cepstrum to jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonic ratio (NHR) for assessment of its usefulness. Cepstrum was measured by Cepstral Peak Prominence (CPP) calculated by the Hillenbrand method and Cepstral Mean Values (CMV) calculated using the Computerized Speech Laboratory software.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The bronchogenic cyst is an uncommon benign congenital anomaly of the primitive ventral foregut. They usually occur in the mediastinum and intrapulmonary regions. Localization in the cervical area is unusual and the majority of cases reported have been found in the pediatric population. Radiologically, it can not be differentiated from other cystic lesions. Therefore, it is pa-thologically confirmed only when there are bronchial tissues such as pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium, smooth muscle, mucous gland or cartilage. Since this cyst has potential for complication, a complete excision is mandatory. We recently experienced a case of retropharyngeal bronchogenic cyst presenting as a lump sensation in 32-year-old male. In this article, we reviewed the etiology, the diagnosis, and the treatment of this case with a review of the literatures.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is an extremely rare soft tissue sarcoma. It is a highly malignant sarcoma, which is locally invasive, frequently leading to multiple recurrences and eventual metastatic spread. The peak incidence of disease is known to occur sporadically between the age of 20s and 50s, and is usually associated with the neurofibromatosis type I. In human body, the trunk and extremities are the most commonly involved sites, with only 8-14% of all lesions appearing in the head and neck region. We present a case of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor involving the right parapharynx in a 48-year-old patient who complained of headaches in the right parietal area and of dysphagia that aggravated over a month. After surgery, tumor was finally diagnosed as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor by histopathologic examinations. The authors report a case of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in the right parapharynx with a review of the literature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Injection of injured rabbit vocal folds with human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) led to improved wound healing and fewer signs of scarring as demonstrated by a decreased collagen content in the treated folds compared with the untreated folds. hADSCs remained viable for up to 12 weeks in rabbit vocal folds.
The aim of this study was to investigate the morphologic and histologic properties of scarred rabbit vocal folds following injection of hADSCs.
This was a randomized, controlled animal study. Twenty-four vocal folds from 12 New Zealand rabbits were scarred using a CO(2) laser and injected with either hADSCs (left vocal fold) or phosphate-buffered saline (right vocal fold). Every 4 weeks for the first 12 weeks after injection, an endoscopic examination was performed to assess the morphology of the vocal folds. Twelve weeks later the animals were euthanized and the tissues were stained for histology.
In comparison with the right vocal folds, there was significantly less granulation tissue in the hADSCs-injected left vocal folds (p < 0.05). Histological examination revealed excessive collagen deposition and perichondral fibrosis in the right vocal folds, whereas the left vocal folds exhibited better wound healing and less collagen deposition (p < 0.05). Among the 12 specimens injected with hADSCs, 4 specimens demonstrated viable hADSCs under immunofluorescent cytochemistry.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Acta oto-laryngologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis or calcific tendinitis of the longus is an under-recognized clinical syndrome first described by Hartley in 1964. This syndrome is caused by calcium hydroxylapatate deposition in the longus colli muscle and tendon. Patients typically present with acute neck pain, neck spasm, a restrained range of motion, odynophagia, dysphagia and sore throat. Clinically, it can be misconceived as acute retropharyngeal abscess because of its rather non-specific presentation and rare occurrence. Diagnosis of retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis can be made radiographically with plain radiograph and CT by detecting calcifications anterior to C1-C3 and swelling prevertebral soft tissue. Recognizing this radiologic imaging findings and features can prevent unnecessary treatment and test. We report three patients with acute prevertebral calcific tendinitis, which was misdiagnosed as acute retropharyngeal abscess.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Foreign bodies in the upper digestive tract are frequently encountered accidental cases in otolaryngologic fields. Oropharyngeal foreign bodies consisting of polyurethane foam have never been reported. Moreover, foreign bodies penetrating into the parapharyngeal space of neck are rare but when it does, it may also cause extensive neurovascular injuries. Polyurethanes are widely used in manufacturing industries but serious hazards of these materials have not been reported. In this article, we report a man who, presented with foreign bodies that entered as a result of an explosion of polyurethane foam in the oral cavity. The foreign body had entered into the parapharyngeal space, very close to the vertebral artery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the expression of cell-cycle regulators in papillary thyroid carcinoma in relation to lymph node metastatic features, and to determine whether immunohistochemical staining of cell-cycle markers can predict lymph node metastasis.
Cross-sectional study of prior surgical specimens.
Academic tertiary referral center.
We reviewed the clinical records of patients who had undergone surgery for thyroid cancer and follicular adenoma between January 2005 and May 2008 at our clinic. Among these cases, 92 patients, comprising 28 patients with follicular adenoma, 32 with papillary thyroid carcinoma without lymph node metastasis, and 32 with papillary thyroid carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, were selected randomly. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from the 92 patients were immunohistochemically stained for cyclin D1, cyclin E, p27(kip1), and p57(kip2), and protein expression levels were quantified and compared among the groups.
Tumor specimens from the papillary thyroid carcinoma group had significantly higher expression levels of cyclin D1 and cyclin E, and cytoplasmic expression of p57(kip2) than the other two groups (P < 0.05). In particular, all malignant cases expressed cyclin D1, and cytoplasmic p57(kip2) was expressed only in malignant cases. Furthermore, differences in the grade of cyclin D1 expression according to lymph node metastasis were statistically significant (P < 0.05).
Our results suggest that immunohistochemistry of certain cell-cycle regulators may be helpful in the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, and that cyclin D1 in particular may be a useful marker for evaluating lymph node metastasis.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, p27 and lymph node metastasis (LNM) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to identify anatomical variations of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) in the upper neck, the landmark of the anterior and inferior border of level IIb, and to evaluate the nerve's effect on the border and the number of lymph nodes (LNs) in level IIb.
Case series with planned data collection.
A total of 181 neck dissections (NDs) were prospectively enrolled in this study. The relation between the SAN and adjacent structures (internal jugular vein [IJV], sternocleidomastoid muscle [SCM], cervical plexus) and the number of LNs in level IIb was investigated.
The SAN crossed the IJV ventrally in 72 cases (39.8%) and dorsally in 104 cases (57.4%), and passed through the IJV in five cases (2.8%). The SAN ran along the inner surface of the SCM and sent branches to the SCM without penetration of the muscle in 83 cases (45.9%), whereas in 98 cases (54.1%) the nerve sent branches to the SCM by penetration. Cervical plexus contribution to the SAN was seen from C2 in 96 cases (53.1%), C2 and C3 in 69 cases (38.1%), and C3 in 16 cases (8.8%). The mean number of LNs of level IIa and level IIb was 6.5 and 8.2 in cases in which the SAN crossed the IJV ventrally, and 6.8 and 5.4 in dorsally crossing cases. LNs included in the neck level IIb in ventrally crossing SAN cases were significantly larger than the dorsally crossing cases (P < 0.05).
Our results may help to minimize the incidence of injuring the SAN in the upper neck during ND. Neck level IIb would contain more LNs if the course of the nerve leans toward the ventral side.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ectopic thyroid tissue is an uncommon embryologic aberration characterized by the presence of thyroid tissue in a site other than its usual pre-tracheal location. Single ectopic thyroid tissue is the most common variant, and the base of the tongue is the most frequent ectopic location. Dual ectopic thyroid is extremely rare, and only eleven cases have been reported in the English literature. Furthermore, adenomatous hyperplasia has never been reported to arise from dual ectopic thyroid. There has been only one reported case of adenomatous hyperplasia arising from a single intratracheal ectopic thyroid. We report a case of adenomatous hyperplasia arising from dual ectopic thyroid tissue that presented as a sublingual mass in a 37-yr-old woman. The diagnosis was made through pathologic examination after surgical resection. We also discuss the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic thyroid, along with a review of the literature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thyroid calcification is widely known as a highly specific sign of malignancy. However, there are few studies on the correlation between the calcification and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The aim of this study was to describe the features of calcification in thyroid mass, and determine the relationship between thyroid calcification and PTC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous methods have been utilized to repair nasal septal perforation with varying degrees of success; however, no consensus has been reached on nasoseptal perforation repair. Here, the authors describe a surgical method based on human dermal allograft (Surederm, Hans Biomed Corp. Korea) for the repair of nasal septal perforations.
Eleven patients with a nasal septal perforation were included in this study. The causes of these septal perforations included previous nasal surgery, trauma, foreign body (button battery), and idiopathy. There were several sites of perforation: 9 in the central area, 1 in the posterior-central area, and 1 in the anterior area. An interpositional graft incorporating Surederm was positioned between bilateral mucoperichondrial flaps using an intranasal approach. A silastic sheet was then left in the nasal septum bilaterally until complete healing had occurred through new nasal mucosa, which took a mean duration of 6 weeks.
Outcomes in ten of the eleven patients were successful, with complete septal perforation closure. The remaining perforation, which was caused by a button battery, closed incompletely; however, its initial size of 2 cm was reduced to 5 mm.
The described technique has a high success rate and can be performed under local anesthesia without external scarring. In the absence of donor site morbidity, this technique can also be utilized to repair posterior or multiple septal perforations without difficulty.
Preview · Article · May 2008 · Yonsei Medical Journal