[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have previously reported the clinical efficacy of water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsions, particularly for non-selective transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI) therapy. W/O/W emulsions limit damage to normal hepatic parenchyma, because of their minimal embolic effect on peripheral arteries and slow release of anticancer agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of ultraselective TAI (UTI) of a W/O/W emulsion for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
11 patients with Stage I-III small HCCs (<5 cm) underwent UTI with a W/O/W emulsion at our institute. Response was assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Disease-free survival time was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
All 10 patients, excluding a patient who underwent a hepatectomy after UTI, achieved complete response. The 6, 12 and 30 month cumulative disease-free survival rates for the 10 patients were 100%, 90% and 60%, respectively. The patient who underwent hepatectomy after UTI developed complete necrosis of the HCC and peritumoral non-tumorous liver parenchyma.
UTI therapy using a W/O/W emulsion for patients with small HCCs results in a good local response.
Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · The British journal of radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have previously reported the clinical efficacy of water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsion containing anticancer agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI) of W/O/W emulsion via a cystic artery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
TAI of a W/O/W emulsion was performed at our institute in five patients with Stage III or IV HCC with blood supply from the cystic artery. In all patients, 2-12 ml/O/W emulsion was infused via a cystic artery. Therapeutic effects and complications were evaluated in these patients.
Of the five patients treated, one achieved a complete response and two achieved a partial response. After treatment, acute cholecystitis or gallbladder ischemia that required treatment was not encountered in any patient.
W/O/W emulsion can be safely infused via a cystic artery without major complications; it is a good therapeutic option for the patients with advanced HCC fed by a cystic artery.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present report describes a technique of simultaneous confluent balloon inflation in cases in which conventional subintimal angioplasty failed. Eight patients with peripheral vascular occlusive disease (n = 4 each with iliac arterial lesions and superficial femoral arterial lesions) of clinical category 3-5 received treatment with the confluent two-balloon technique. Recanalization was successfully completed with this technique in all eight patients, without any major complications. All patients with claudication and rest pain were relieved of their symptoms, and both patients with ulcers showed improvement.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed superselective intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (SIC) according to a protocol in which drug distribution is evaluated by the use of interventional radiology (IVR)-computed tomography (CT) system, and the chemotherapy is combined with medium-dose conformal radiation therapy (CRT). We analyzed retrospectively the factors that affect the midterm survival ratio, including local response, for stage III and IV squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity.
Forty consecutive patients with stage III and IV squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and who had undergone both SIC and CRT were enrolled. A microcatheter was placed in the appropriate feeding artery of the tumor and cisplatin (50mg/body) was infused twice. CRT was administered with a dual-energy (4 and 10 MV) linear accelerator. The total and daily doses delivered were 30 and 2.0 Gy, respectively. Histopathologic effects were classified into five grades: grade 0 or 1 was defined as a poor response, and grade II or higher as a good response. Age, sex, stage, local response to treatment, mode of invasion and lymph node metastasis were analyzed, and differences in the midterm survival ratio were assessed.
The 3-year survival ratio of the 40 cases was 67%. A good local response (III or IV) was achieved in 75% of the cases. The survival ratio of the good local response group was significantly better than that of the poor response group (p=0.04). Mode of invasion (p=0.03) and lymph node metastasis (p=0.01) were also predictive of survival. In the multivariable analysis of survival, however, no variables including good local response (p=0.12), were predictive.
Our new protocol improved local response, but it did not contribute to the survival ratio.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · European Journal of Radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the initial effect, short-term patency, and limb salvage rates of combined stent placement and high-dose prostaglandin E-1 (PGE1) drip infusion for chronic occlusion of the superficial femoral artery (SFA).
A total of 15 arteriosclerotic occlusive lesions of the SFA were treated in 11 consecutive patients (mean age: 78.4 years old). All cases were of category 4 or 5, based on the criteria of the Society of Vascular Surgery and Intermittent Society for Cardiovascular Surgery (SVC/ISCVS). In all cases a self-expandable stainless steel stent was implanted. PGE1 treatment was started 3-5 days before stent placement and continued for 7-10 days after the intervention. The technical success, limb salvage outcomes, patency rates, and complications were examined.
In all cases, the technical success rate of the procedure was 100%. After stent implantation, the clinical status of all cases was improved by at least +2, and major amputation was not required in any cases. The 12-month primary, secondary patency rates, and limb salvage rate were 57%, 100%, and 100%, respectively.
Combined stent placement and high-dose PGE1 drip infusion is a treatment of choice for salvaging the lower limb of a patient with chronic critical ischemia.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · European Journal of Radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although intraarterial chemotherapy has been used to treat head and neck cancers, some cases have shown poor response. If we can predict the response to this therapy on MRI, individual treatment plans may be altered to the most appropriate form of treatment.
To evaluate whether MRI can predict the histological response to preoperative chemoirradiation in patients with cancer of the mouth.
This study comprised of 29 consecutive patients with 30 oral cancers. All patients underwent tumor resection after intraarterial infusion chemotherapy and conformal radiotherapy. We compared the margin of the tumor, the presence of bone invasion, tumor area, and volume on pre- and post-treatment MRI with histological responses.
Eighteen lesions showed an excellent response, nine exhibited a good response, and three a poor response. Only the tumor area on pretreatment T1-weighted images and the tumor area and volume on pretreatment enhanced T1-weighted images were significantly correlated with the histological response (P = 0.039, 0.008, and 0.016, respectively); smaller cancers showed better responses. The other factors were not significantly correlated with the histological responses.
MRI parameters, excluding initial tumor area and volume, were not predictive of the histological response of oral tumors to preoperative treatment.
No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Acta Radiologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the midterm results of transarterial infusion (TAI) with water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsion containing an anticancer agent for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical resection.
We retrospectively analyzed the results of TAI of W/O/W emulsion containing epirubicin for 18 consecutive patients with recurrent HCC after surgical resection. Fourteen patients were males and four were females; their ages ranged from 51 to 86 years (mean 69.8 years). TAI was repeated every 1-6 months based on the response of the tumor. A total of 41 TAI procedures were performed for 18 patients. Angiographically, recurrent HCC appeared a single nodule in nine patients and was multinodular in other nine patients. TAI was performed selectively in 27 procedures and non-selectively in 14 procedures. Maximum response within 3 months was rated as follows: a complete response (CR, complete disappearance of tumor and no evidence of new lesions); partial response (PR, a reduction of <50% in total volume of all tumors calculated from the two longest perpendicular diameters without a new lesion); no response (NC, a reduction of <50% in total volume or an increase of <25% without a new lesion); or progression of disease (PD, an increase of >25% in total volume or evidence of new lesions). Survival time was defined as the time from the date of first TAI to the date of death or last follow-up (median follow-up time: 17 months) and the survival curve was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
The CR rate was 33% and the effective response rate (CR rate+PR rate) was 78%. Survival from the time of initial TAI was 94% at 1 year, 76% at 2 years, and 76% at 3 years.
TAI of W/O/W emulsion may be an effective treatment for patients with recurrent HCC after surgical resection.
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · European journal of radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have performed superselective intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (SIC) on carcinomas of the oral cavity according to a protocol in which the distribution of the drug was evaluated by the use of a combined CT and angiography system, and the chemotherapy was combined with medium-dose conformal radiation therapy (CRT). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathological effect of this treatment on the metastatic neck lymph nodes (LNs).
Twenty consecutive patients who had metastatic neck LNs from squamous cell carcinomas of the mouth and who underwent both SIC and CRT were included in this study, in which a total of 22 LNs were evaluated. A microcatheter was placed in the appropriate feeding artery of the tumor, such as the internal maxillary artery, facial artery, lingual artery and external carotid artery (ECA), and cisplatin (50 mg/body) was infused twice through a microcatheter. The CRT was administered with a dual-energy (4 and 10 MV) linear accelerator. The total and daily doses delivered were 30 and 2.0 Gy, respectively.
Intra-arterial infusion to the LNs was divided into two groups: superselective infusion (mainly to the submandibular LNs via the facial artery, n = 10) and nonsuperselective infusion via the ECA (n = 12). The distribution of cisplatin into the LNs was confirmed by slow-infusion CT. Histopathologic effects on the LNs were evaluated on the specimens obtained during the operation and classified into five grades (0: no or minimal response: I: disappearance of less than three quarters of the tumor cells: II: disappearance of more than three quarters of the tumor cells: III: disappearance of viable tumor cells with a small amount of residual nonviable tumor cells: IV: complete disappearance of all viable and nonviable tumor cells). Grade 0 or 1 was defined as poor response and Grade II or more as good response. Twenty-three LNs from nine patients without CRT and SIC were served as control.
In the superselective infusion group, all 10 LNs showed good response (response rate, 100%: grade II = 4, grade III = 3, grade IV = 3). In the non-superselective group, however, 6 of 12 LNs showed poor response (response rate, 50%: grade 0 = 2, grade I = 4, grade II = 2, grade III = 2, grade IV = 2). All 23 control LNs with no treatment showed grade 0 response.
Superselective infusion seems necessary to obtain good histopathologic effects on the metastatic LNs. SIC combined with CRT can be applied to the metastatic LNs.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate drug distribution in carcinomas of the head and neck region with CT during intraarterial contrast-material injection for superselective intraarterial infusion of anti-cancer agents, and to evaluate perfusion in the carcinomas with intraarterial dynamic CT, using a combined CT and angiography system.
Twenty-three consecutive patients underwent conventional angiography as well as intraarterial injection CT using a combined CT and angiography system. Contrast material enhancement on intraarterial CT images was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively with the following parameters: enhanced pattern, delineation and extent of tumor, peak CT value, peak time, maximum inclination of wash-in and washout, and transfer index (k) using a Patlak plot method. After the feeding vessels had been identified by enhancement of the tumor on CT of the selected vessel, relatively low-dose cisplatin was injected through the microcatheter placed in each artery depending on tumor location. Histopathologic effects were evaluated after surgery and compared with CT findings.
In the qualitative evaluation, tumors showed early, strong enhancement as well as rapid washout compared with the adjacent normal tissues, and dynamic CT was useful for evaluation of the extent of the tumor. When multiple feeders existed, the dose of cisplatin for each feeder could be determined by the percentage of tumor enhanced with CT on each vascular injection. The mean values of quantitative parameters, however, were not significantly different between the good and poor response groups.
Intraarterial CT was useful for evaluation of the arterial supply and drug distribution of the tumor. However, quantitative data did not provide additional information for prediction of the treatment effect. This might indicate that the effectiveness of intraarterial chemotherapy is not directly related to the perfusion of head and neck cancers.
No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Radiation Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: If venous congestion is the primary cause of pituitary gland enlargement in cases of dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), other abnormal pituitary findings may be detectable on MR images. We sought to investigate the perfusion abnormality of the pituitary gland secondary to dural AVFs in the cavernous sinus and to clarify its clinical importance.
Nine consecutive patients (all female; age range, 50-77 years) with dural AVFs in the cavernous sinus underwent prospective MR examinations, including dynamic studies, before and after therapy. Their clinical signs and symptoms were recorded. Two radiologists visually evaluated the enhancement patterns of the anterior pituitary gland. Dynamic MR curves were obtained by locating regions of interest at the center and bilateral peripheral areas of the anterior pituitary gland on coronal images. MR images obtained in five healthy individuals served as controls.
No patient had symptoms of hypopituitarism or other endocrine abnormalities. Asymmetric pituitary enhancement was found in five patients; the side with the dural AVF was less enhancing. This finding disappeared after therapy. Although asymmetric enhancement was not detected in the remaining four patients, statistical analysis showed significantly delayed enhancement of the pituitary gland in the patients compared with enhancement patterns in control subjects. After treatment, this delay improved significantly. The pituitary gland significantly decreased in size after treatment.
Perfusion of the pituitary gland is impaired in patients with a dural AVF in the cavernous sinus. This finding is probably due to venous congestion of the pituitary gland caused by high pressure in the cavernous sinus; it is usually not related to pituitary dysfunction.
Preview · Article · Jun 2003 · American Journal of Neuroradiology