Makoto Chiba

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (6)16.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Various mechanisms can influence the intestinal absorption and oral bioavailability of drugs. The barrier effects of efflux transporters may be one of the critical factors limiting the bioavailability of certain drugs. It has been reported that multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) is expressed in the mucosal membrane of the epithelium of the small intestine and secretes various drugs into the jejunum lumen. However, it is possible that total intestinal secretion of Mrp2 substrates is accounted for the contribution of Mrp2 and other transporter(s) to the intestinal secretion of Mrp2 substrates. In this study, we found that phenolsulfonphthalein and pravastatin, both Mrp2 substrates, are transported by different transport systems in the intestine. These results suggest that contribution of transporters to the drug transport may be a critical factor affecting drug disposition and drug-drug interaction. In addition to evaluating the substrate specificity of a transporter, it is important to be aware of the contribution of a transporter to drug disposition.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that the transport function for organic anions on the kidney is maintained in multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2)-deficient rats. Different from Mrp2-deficient rats, Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats have impaired urinary excretion of Mrp2-substrate, phenolsulfonphthalein (PSP). PSP is transported by the potential-sensitive urate transport system in rat brush-border membranes. We analyzed the function of PSP transport system in LEC rats. Unlike Long-Evans Agouti (LEA) rats, the initial uptake of PSP and urate into the renal brush-border membrane vesicles of LEC rats were not significantly enhanced in the presence of positive intravesicular potential, suggesting that the potential-sensitive urate transport system is impaired in LEC rats. LEC rats should be useful for elucidating the potential-sensitive urate transport system in rats at the molecular level.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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    ABSTRACT: Wilson's disease is an inherited, autosomal recessive disorder of copper accumulation and toxicity. Lifelong chelation therapy is essential in all Wilson's disease patients. Intestinal absorption of some compounds is limited partly because they are preferentially transported in the secretory direction. Several ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are expressed in the apical membrane of the small intestine and secrete various drugs into the lumen. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of the intestinal efflux ABC transporters in LEC rats. We found that the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) in the jejunum of Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, an animal model for Wilson's disease, is decreased.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
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    ABSTRACT: The liver plays important roles in the detoxification of xenobiotics. Hepatobiliary transporters contribute to hepatic uptake and efflux processes of xenobiotecs. Expressions of these transporters may be modulated under the condition of hepatic failure. Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats provide a pertinent model for basic and clinical studies on hepatitis. However, only a few reports describing the properties of hepatobiliary transporters in LEC rats have appeared in the literature. We investigated the expression levels of hepatobiliary transporters in LEC rats by real-time RT-PCR. We found that hepatic expressions of three sinusoidal organic anion transporters, Ntcp, Oatp1a1 and Oatp1a4, were decreased in LEC rats. However, no significant difference of the expressions of Mrp2 and Bsep, organic anion transporters located on canalicular membrane, were found between Wistar rats and LEC rats.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that a significant portion of the lactone form of 7-ethyl-10-(4-[1-piperidino]-1-piperidino)-carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11) is excreted into the gastrointestinal lumen via the intestinal membrane and that carboxylesterase activity, which converts CPT-11 to SN-38, was detected in the intestine. It is possible that a reduction in the excretion of CPT-11 lactone into the gastrointestinal lumen induces the gastrointestinal toxicity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of transporter(s) that contribute to the jejunal efflux of the lactone form of CPT-11. The serosal-to-mucosal permeation rate of CPT-11 lactone was investigated in everted sac studies. The secretory transport required metabolic energy and was diminished by sulfobromophthalein (BSP) and 1-naphthol, inhibitors of the ME3277 transport system. However, inhibitors of breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp), multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) did not affect the secretion of CPT-11 lactone. The results suggest that a specific transport system, which is identical to the ME3277 transport system, plays a major role in the secretion of CPT-11 lactone.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that secretory transport limits the oral bioavailability of certain drugs. However, there is little information on the secretion of anionic compounds in the intestine. Phenolsulfonphthalein (PSP) and p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) have been used widely as substrates for organic anion transport systems. PAH is transported in the secretory direction in the intestine. It is possible that PSP and PAH share the same transport system at the mucosal membrane. The purpose of this study was to characterize the transport system for PSP in the intestine. In the jejunum, the serosal-to-mucosal permeation rate of PSP was significantly reduced in an ATP-depleted condition, whereas a significant difference was not observed in the ileum. Some multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) inhibitors inhibited PSP permeation in the jejunum. However, pravastatin, a substrate of Mrp2, did not inhibit the PSP permeation. The jejunal secretory transport of pravastatin was significantly reduced in an ATP-depleted condition and by addition of probenecid, but PSP did not affect the jejunal permeation of pravastatin. These results suggest that PSP is secreted into the intestinal lumen by Mrp2-like transporter and that two Mrp2 substrates, PSP and pravastatin, are likely to be transported by different transport systems at the mucosal membrane.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics

Publication Stats

33 Citations
16.96 Total Impact Points


  • 2006-2008
    • Hokkaido University
      • • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Laboratory of Clinical Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics
      • • Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan