Ilhan Oztop

Dokuz Eylul University, Ismir, İzmir, Turkey

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Publications (85)149.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To develop a large Turkish National Melanoma registry in order to define demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with melanoma. Methods: The data was collected from 1635 patients with melanoma through a web-based registry system in 22 centers. Herein we present the results of 1157 patients with cutaneous melanoma. Results: The patient median age was 56.4 years and 646 (55.8%) were males. The commonest subtype was superficial spreading type (357, 30.9%). The commonest primary site was the lower extremities (N=353, 30.5%). The most common Breslow thickness was 1-2 mm (361 patients, 43.5%). Only 104 (12.5%) patients had a thickness <1mm. Among 694 patients with available data, 136 (19.6%) presented with stage 4 disease while the most frequent stage was stage 3, encountered in 393 (56.6% patients). Conclusion: Our melanoma registry is the largest in our country providing a snapshot view of cutaneous melanoma and its care. Our patients presented with more advanced stages and they had worse prognosis compared to SEER database.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze clinicopathological characteristics, prognostic factors and survival rates of the patients with urological soft tissue sarcomas treated and followed up in Turkey. For overall survival analyses the Kaplan-Meier method was used. From medical records, nine prognostic factors on overall survival were analysed. For the 53 patients (34 males, 19 females) whose charts were reviewed, the median age was 53 (range 22 to 83) years. Most frequently renal location (n=30; 56.6%) was evident and leiomyosarcoma (n=20, 37.7%) was the most frequently encountered histological type. Median survival time of all patients was 40.3 (95% CI, 14.2-66.3) months. In univariate analysis, male gender, advanced age (≥50 years), metastatic stage, unresectability, grade 3, renal location were determined as worse prognostic factors. In multivariate analysis, metastatic stage, unresectability and grade 3 were determined as indicators of worse prognosis. Urological soft tissue sarcomas are rarely seen tumours in adults. The most important factors in survival are surgical resection, stage of the tumour at onset, grade and location of the tumour, gender and age of the patients.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Annals of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical excision constitutes an important part of the treatment of local advanced malignant melanoma. Due to the high recurrence risk, adjuvant high-dose interferon therapy is still the only therapy used in stage IIB and III high-risk melanoma patients. One hundred two high-risk malignant melanoma patients who received high-dose interferon-α-2b therapy were evaluated retrospectively. The clinicopathological features, survival times, and prognostic factors of the patients were determined. The median disease-free and overall survival times were 25.2 and 60.8 months, respectively. Our findings revealed that male gender, advanced disease stage, lymph node involvement, lymphatic invasion, the presence of ulceration, and a high Clark level were significant negative prognostic factors. In light of the favorable survival results obtained in this study, high-dose interferon treatment as adjuvant therapy for high-risk melanoma is still an efficient treatment and its possible side effects can be prevented by taking the necessary precautions. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Biliary tract cancers are rare, and surgical resection is the standard treatment at early stages. However, reports on the benefits of adjuvant treatment following surgical resection are conflicting. This study aimed to evaluate the factors affecting survival and adjuvant treatments in patients with surgically treated biliary tract cancers. Patient clinical features, adjuvant treatments, and efficacy and prognostic factor data were evaluated. Survival analyses were performed using SPSS 15.0. The median overall survival was 30.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.4-42.9 months). Median survival was 19 months (95% CI, 6-33) for patients treated with fluorouracil based chemotherapy and 53 months (95% CI, 33.2-78.8) with gemcitabine based chemotherapy(p=0.033). On univariate analysis, poor prognostic factors for survival were galbladder localization, perineural invasion, hepatic invasion, a lack of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy treatment, and a lack of lymph node dissection. On multivariate analysis, perineural invasion was a poor prognostic factor (p=0.008). Biliary tract cancers generally have poor prognoses. The main factors affecting survival are tumour localization, perineural invasion, hepatic invasion, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, and lymph node dissection. Gemcitabine-based adjuvant chemotherapy is more effective than 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    ABSTRACT: Data regarding the prognostic importance of BRAFV600 tumor mutations in high-risk, non-metastatic, stage 2 and 3 malignant melanoma (MM) patients are controversial. There is not sufficient information in the medical literature regarding the reliability of BRAF mutations as a predictive factor in prognosis and adjuvant treatment decision issues in this patient group. The data of 50 operated high-risk, non-metastatic, stage 2B/2C and 3 MM patients who received high-dose interferon alfa-2b therapy were evaluated retrospectively. BRAF mutations were analyzed by using microarray-based molecular methods. The associations between BRAF mutations and both clinicopathological characteristics and survival were assessed. Of the 50 patients, 52 % was female and 48 % was male, and the median age was 51.5 years. Twenty-three (46 %) and 27 (54 %) patients had stage 2B/2C and stage 3 disease, respectively. BRAF mutation was detected in 21 patients. The median overall survival (OS) was 58.1 months, whereas the median disease-free survival (DFS) was 22.7 months. When the OS and DFS were compared according to the BRAF mutation status, no difference was detected between the two groups. BRAF mutations were detected more frequently in tumors with mitosis and ulceration; however, no statistically significant difference was observed in other clinicopathological parameters. In conclusion, it is not appropriate to use BRAF mutations as a prognostic and predictive marker for selecting the treatment and assessing its outcomes in patients with early stage, high-risk MM.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Medical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: We investigated the impact of modern chemotherapy regimens and bevacizumab following pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) from metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: A total of 122 consecutive patients who were curatively resected for pulmonary metastases of CRC in twelve oncology centers were retrospectively analysed between January 2000 and April 2012. Results: Of 122 patients, 14 did not receive any treatment following PM. The remaining 108 patients received fluoropyrimidine-based (n = 12), irinotecan-based (n = 56) and oxaliplatin-based (n = 40) chemotherapy combinations. Among these, 52 patients received bevacizumab (BEV) while 56 did not (NoBEV). Median recurrence-free survival (RFS) was 17 months and median overall survival (OS) has not been reached at a median follow-up of 25 months after PM. Three and five-year OS rates were 66% and 53%, respectively. RFS and OS were similar, irrespective of the chemotherapy regimen or BEV use. Positive pulmonary margin, KRAS mutation status, and previous liver metastasectomy were negative independent prognostic factors for RFS, while pathologically confirmed thoracic lymph node involvement was the only negative independent prognostic for OS in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: No significant RFS or OS difference was observed in respect to chemotherapy regimens with or without BEV in patients with pulmonary metastases of CRC following curative resection. © 2014 Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Thoracic Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: We performed this study to examine the prevalence of tumor deposits (TD) in gastric adenocarcinomas (GACa), and the relevance of their presence, size and typeto clinical outcome. Ninety six patients, histopathologically diagnosed as GACa following a total/subtotal gastrectomy were included, and clinicopathologic data were recorded. Due to the statistical analysis, the majority of TD(+) cases were of intestinal type and showed vascular invasion. In these cases, the incidence of local recurrence was significantly higher. The majority of GACa of intestinal type with TD were of high grade and showed vascular invasion. Recurrence and death were more commonly encountered among them. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly shorter in patients with TDs, which was also confirmed by multivariate analysis, and there was a significant difference between both RFS and overall survival of TD(+) and TD(-) cases of intestinal type GACa. In conclusion, in this study, we demonstrate that TDs are not infrequently observed in GACa, they are more commonly associated with the intestinal type and vascular invasive gastric cancers. Our study shows the prognostic impact of TDs, especially regarding the RFS. Therefore, the documentation of TDs might be considered for prospective studies, especially for the intestinal type GACa, a shortcoming of this study.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Pathology - Research and Practice
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    ABSTRACT: The association between systemic inflammatory response and tumor biology has been well documented over the last decade. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic role of neutrophilto- lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). A prospectively recorded database of 67 patients who underwent surgical resection for GIST was reviewed. High and low NLR were defined with respect to the sample median, which was 1.92. Demographical, clinicopathological, and surgical characteristics were analyzed as well as disease free survival (DFS) rates according to NLR classification. We observed better disease free survival rates in patients with low NLR compared to patients with high NLR (85.7% and 69%, respectively; p=0.037). Estimated five-year overall and disease free survival rates were 95.1% and 78.7%, respectively. In univariate analysis synchronous sarcomatosis, tumor size, mitotic rate, presence of necrosis, lymph node metastasis, surgical margin status, risk category and NLR were associated with DFS. On multivariate analysis sarcomatosis (HR: 30.455), surgical margin status (HR: 4.228) and necrosis (HR: 4.415) were found as independent prognostic factors for DFS. NLR can give information about inflammatory status, tumor aggressivity and prognosis in GIST patients. It could be a new prognostic factor for GIST patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Colorectal cancer has a heterogeneous nature that is influenced by the tumour site. Many improvements have been made in identifying and characterizing the genetic alterations between colon and rectal cancers. However, there is not enough information about KRAS mutational differences between rectosigmoid and colon cancers arising elsewhere in the large bowel. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the frequency of KRAS genetic alterations between rectosigmoid cancers and colon cancers. Methods: Eighty-four patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer were included in this study. Genomic DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour tissue sections. KRAS mutation analysis which was designed to detect the seven most common KRAS gene mutations (Gly12Ala, Gly12Asp, Gly12Arg, Gly12Cys, Gly12Ser, Gly12Val and Gly13Asp) was performed. Chi-square test was used to test the association between mutation status and other variables. Results: This study represents the first KRAS mutational results from Turkish rectosigmoid cancer patients. The KRAS mutation frequency of rectosigmoid tumours is higher (34.3%, 12/35) than that of colon-localized tumours (30.6%, 15/49). However, there is no significant correlation between the KRAS mutation status and tumour location (rectosigmoid and colon). Conclusions: KRAS mutation analysis has a predictive and prognostic value in identifying tumours that may be resistant to treatment. Our study shows that differences in the biological behaviour of rectosigmoid and colon cancers should be considered. This finding highlights the importance of personalized cancer management, which could be assisted by cancer genotyping tools.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of gastrointestinal oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze our series of liver resections for metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC) to determine prognostic factors affecting survival and to evaluate the potential roles of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Ninety-nine patients who underwent metastasectomy for liver metastases due to colorectal cancer at the Department of Medical Oncology, 9 Eylul University Hospital between 1996 and 2010 were evaluated in this study. The patients were followed through July 2013. Demographic, perioperative, laboratory, radiological and chemotherapy as well as survival data were obtained by retrospective chart review. Results: In 47 (47.5%) patients, liver metastases were unresectable at initial evaluation; the remaining 52 (52.5%) patients exhibited resectable liver metastases. Simultaneous hepatic resection was applied to 52 (35.4%) patients with synchronous metastasis, whereas 5 (64.5%) patients underwent hepatic resection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Forty-two patients with metachronous metastasis underwent hepatic resection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. R0 resection was obtained in 79 (79.8%) patients. A second hepatectomy was performed in 22 (23.2%) patients. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given to 85 (85.9%) patients after metastasectomy. The median disease-free and overall survivals after initial metastasectomy were 12 and 37 months, respectively, the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates being 46.5%, 24.3% and 17.9%and 92.3%, 59.0% and 39.0%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, the primary tumor site, tumor differentiation, resection margin and DFS were independent factors predicting better overall survival. Conclusions: In selected cases, hepatic metastasectomy for mCRC to the liver can result in long-term survival. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not exert a positive effect on DFS or OS. Adjuvant chemotherapy also did not appear to impact DFS and OS.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    ABSTRACT: Background Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare malignant tumors of embryogenic mesoderm origin. Primary thoracic STSs account for a small percentage of all STSs and limited published information are available on these. This study aimed to identify the prognostic factors for thoracic STS and evaluate the disease's clinical outcomes.Methods The medical records of 109 patients with thoracic STS who were treated between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ survival rates were analyzed and potential prognostic factors evaluated.ResultsThe median follow-up period was 29 months (range, 1–121 months). STSs were most frequently localized on the chest wall (n = 42; 38.5%) and lungs (n = 42; 38.5%). The most common histological types were malignant fibrous histiocytoma (n = 23; 21.1%), liposarcoma (n = 17; 15.6%), and leiomyosarcoma (n = 16; 14.7%). The median survival time of all patients was 40.3 months (95% confident interval, 14.22–66.37 months), with 1- and 5-year survival rates being 93.4% and 63.5%, respectively. Univariate analysis of all groups revealed that metastatic stage, unresectability, tumor diameter of >10 cm, tumor location other than the chest wall, and grade-3 diseases were predictable of poor survival. However, only grade-3 diseases and tumor location other than the chest wall were confirmed by multivariate analysis as poor prognostic factors.Conclusions Primary thoracic STSs are rarely seen malignant tumors. Our results indicated that patients with low-grade tumors and those localized on the chest wall often experienced better survival outcomes.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Thoracic Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC), and the effectiveness and toxicity of first-line platinum/taxane combination therapy. Patients and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 79 patients with PPC, who were treated and followed up between December 2001 and August 2012 at 10 medical oncology clinics. Results: All patients were female, with a median age of 63 years (range 34-79 years). Histopathological diagnoses included primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) (n = 69) and mixed epithelial carcinoma of the peritoneum (MEC) (n = 10). Patients received first-line treatment with carboplatin/paclitaxel (n = 67) or cisplatin/paclitaxel (n = 12) combination therapy. Overall response rate, median progression-free survival, and median survival time in the paclitaxel/carboplatin group and the paclitaxel/cisplatin group were 74.6 vs. 75%, 15.6 vs. 37.8 months, and 41 vs. 70.3 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, favorable prognostic factors were: ECOG performance status 0 (p < 0.001) and optimal cytoreduction (p = 0.03). Conclusion: PPC is a rare, heterogeneous disease. ECOG performance status and optimal cytoreduction are important prognostic factors regarding survival rates. Platinum/taxane combination therapy is an effective and tolerable regimen in this patient group.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Oncology Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of a FOLFOX7 regimen in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Materials and methods: Patients were evaluated in two groups. Group A did not receive any treatment before, and group B had metastasectomy or metastasectomy plus primary tumor resection. Results: In total, 132 mCRC patients had received FOLFOX7 regimen. The A group consisted of 117 (88.6%) patients, and group B consisted of 15 (11.4%) patients. In the A group, 52.1% had an objective response, 9.4% complete response, 42.7% partial response, 24.8% stable response, and 23.1% progression, and there was a 54.5% rate of primary tumor resection, 22.2% rate of metastasectomy, 80.7% rate of R0 metastasectomy, 19.1% rate of R1 metastasectomy, 15 (10-19) months median progression-free survival, and 32 (22-41) months median overall survival. In the B group, 40 (4-70) months median disease-free survival and 58 (21-94) months median overall survival were found. When toxicities were evaluated, grade 3/4 toxicity was observed in 35.6%. Grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity was the most frequently observed toxicity (29.5%). Conclusion: FOLFOX7 regimen was found to be an efficient and safe regimen for the first-line treatment of mCRC patients.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of KRAS and BRAF mutation in colorectal cancer (CRC) is very consistent. Several studies have demonstrated an association between these gene mutations and resistance to anti-EGFR based therapies. Wild type KRAS and BRAF is required for a response to CRC therapy. The aim of this study is to identify the frequency of KRAS and BRAF gene mutations in a series of Turkish CRC patients and to evaluate the relationship between the mutations and demographic features in the Turkish population. KRAS and BRAF mutations were analyzed in 220 colorectal tumor tissues. The mutation assays were performed with genomic DNA using automated microarray-based genotyping technology (Autogenomics Inc., Infinity Biofilm Chip Microarray, KRAS-BRAF Assay). Statistical analyses of the data were performed using SPSS (SPSS/Windows version 19.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). In total, 33.2% of patients possessed a mutant KRAS genotype, and 6.7% of patients harbored BRAF mutations. The most common KRAS mutations were Gly12Asp and Gly12Val. All of the BRAF mutations were V600E. Patients with KRAS mutations did not harbor BRAF mutation. Female patients displayed an increased KRAS mutation frequency compared with male patients (P value =0.027). KRAS and BRAF gene alterations may determine the therapeutic response to anti-EGFR treatments. The utility of these markers was clarified by correlating genotyping studies with demographics and clinical findings. Cancer mutation profiles are influenced by cultural life style, environment and race/ethnicity. Genotype analysis could be used to select patients eligible for treatment. Patients should be classified according to genotypic subgroups for the selection of therapeutic agents.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Translational Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. KIT gene mutations have great importance for GISTs. This study evaluated the relationship between KIT mutations and GIST clinicopathologic features to define region-specific and population-specific differences. Genomic DNA was extracted from 60 GISTs, and polymerase chain reaction was performed for KIT gene exons 9, 11, 13, and 17. Polymerase chain reaction amplicons were sequenced in both directions. This study represents the first mutation data of the KIT gene in GISTs from a Turkish population and reports novel mutations. The mutation rate in exon 11 (46.7%) was remarkably higher than those of the other exons (8.3% for exon 9; 11.7% for exon 13; 1.7% for exon 17). There was an association between malignancy potential and the presence of KIT mutations (odds ratio=3.18). Cases with mutations in codons W557-K558 in exon 11 had 11-fold greater risk of malignancy when compared with those without a mutation in this exon (odds ratio=11). We report different mutations than those previously reported, which emphasizes the importance of personalized medicine that could be empowered by the use of bioinformatics tools in the diagnostic process and therapeutic approaches.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of accompanying comorbidities on survival in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients. A total of 221 patients with stage IIIB- IV NSLC between May 1998 and April 2009 were included. Survival data was analyzed according to age (those younger than 65 and those 65 and older) and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) scores. Eighty-six (39%) patients were aged 65 and older, and the remaining 135 (61%) were younger than 65. In the 65 and over group the median survival of patients was 44 months for CCI Group 0, 16 months for CCI Group 1, 10 months for CCI Group 2, and 10 months for CCI Group 3. For the younger group, the median survival time was 19 months for CCI Group 0, 18 months for CCI Group 1, 11 months for CCI Group 2, and 11 months for CCI Group 3. There were no statistically significant differences in the comorbidity factors regarding survival in the two groups of patients. In conclusion, the frequency of comorbidity factors increased in stage IIIB and IV NSCLC patients as age increased. Although survival in patients with higher CCI scores was shorter, the CCI was not associated with survival for patients having local advanced and metastatic disease; no significant difference was found statistically for these patients. Therefore, these patients need to be managed more thoroughly.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · UHOD - Uluslararasi Hematoloji-Onkoloji Dergisi
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    ABSTRACT: The development of brain metastases (BMs) was associated with poor prognosis in melanoma patients. Patients with BMs have a median survival of <6 months. Melanoma is the third most common tumor to metastasize to the brain with a reported incidence of 10-40 %. Our aim was to identify factors predicting development of BMs and survival. We performed a retrospective analysis of 470 melanoma patients between 2000 and 2012. The logistic regression analyses were used to identify the clinicopathological features of primary melanoma that are predictive of BMs development and survival after a diagnosis of brain metastases. There were 52 patients (11.1 %) who developed melanoma BMs during the study period. The analysis of post-BMs with Kaplan-Meier curves has resulted in a median survival rate of 4.1 months (range 2.9-5.1 months). On logistic regression analysis site of the primary tumor on the head and neck (p = 0.002), primary tumor thickness (Breslow >4 mm) (p = 0.008), ulceration (p = 0.007), and pathologically N2 and N3 diseases (p = 0.001) were found to be significantly associated with the development of BMs. In univariate analysis, tumor thickness and performance status had a significant influence on post-BMs survival. In multivariate analysis, these clinicopathologic factors were not remained as significant predictive factors. Our results revealed the importance of primary tumor characteristics associated with the development of BMs. Ulceration, primary tumor thickness, anatomic site, and pathologic ≥N2 disease were found to be significant predictors of BMs development.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (GEMFUFOL) chemotherapy regimen as first line treatment of metastatic biliary tract cancer. Materials and methods: All patients received folinic acid 400 mg/m(2) on day 1, 5-fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/ m2 on day 1, IV infusion of 5-fluorouracil 2400 mg/m(2) over 46 hours, and gemcitabine 1250 mg/m(2) on day 1. Results: A total of 29 patients with metastatic biliary tract cancer received GEMFUFOL regimen as the first- line treatment. The mean follow-up was 22.1 months (95%CI, 12.5-31.8). One patient (3.4%) achieved complete response, 5 (17.2%) had partial response, and 4 (13.8%) had stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 3.3 months (95%CI, 2.9-3.7), and the median overall survival was 8.8 months (95%CI, 3.5-14). The 1-year and 2-year survival rates were 58.6% and 30%, respectively. Grade 3 and 4 toxicity included neutropenia in 4 patients (13.7%), thrombocytopenia in 2 (6.8%), anemia in 2 (6.8%), and alopecia in 1 (3.4%). Two patients (6.8%) developed febrile neutropenia. A dose reduction was achieved in 8 patients (27.6%) while 5 patients had extended-interval dosage (17.2%) for toxicity. Conclusions: The GEMFUFOL chemotherapy regimen was generally efficacious and tolerable as a first-line treatment of metastatic biliary tract cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    ABSTRACT: CD40, a tumor necrosis factor receptor family member, is expressed in a variety of cell types. This widespread expression suggests that CD40 may play an important role in normal physiology and disease pathogenesis. The objective of the current study was to investigate the expression of CD40, and its association with clinicopathological features and survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. CD40 expression was assessed in 53 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma surgical specimens by immunohistochemistry, and expression was correlated with patient clinicopathological parameters and outcome. Among 53 pancreatic cancer specimens, CD40 expression was detected in 13 specimens (24.5%), and peritumoral lymphocytes were present in 45 specimens (84.9%). Patients with CD40-positive tumors exhibited prolonged median disease-free survival (DFS) compared with patients with CD40-negative tumors (15.60 +/- 3.87 versus 10.03 +/- 1.92); however, this was not significant (p = 0.845). Patients with peritumoral lymphocytic reaction exhibited prolonged median DFS compared with patients without peritumoral lymphocytes (10.96 +/- 1.40 vs. 7.60 +/- 0.47); however, this was not significant (p = 0.624). Patients with peritumoral lymphocytic reaction exhibited higher median overall survival compared with patients without peritumoral lymphocytes (15.20 +/- 1.78 vs. 10.13 +/- 1.39); however, again this was not significant (p = 0.100). These results suggest that CD40 expression on pancreatic cancer cells and peritumoral lymphocytic reaction may serve as prognostic markers.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Hepato-gastroenterology