[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) has been suggested to play critical roles in the pathogenesis of alcoholic fatty liver (AFL), but the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. The current study was designed to evaluate whether CYP2E1 suppression by chlormethiazole (CMZ) could suppress AFL in mice, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
Mice were treated with or without CMZ (50 mg/kg bw, i.p.) and subjected to liquid diet with or without ethanol (5%, w/v) for 4 weeks. Biochemical parameters were measured using commercial kits. The protein and mRNA levels were detected by western blot and qPCR, respectively. Histopathology and immunohistochemical assay were performed with routine methods.
CYP2E1 inhibition by CMZ completely blocked AFL in mice, shown as the decline of the hepatic and serum triglyceride levels, and the fewer fat droplets in the liver sections. Chronic ethanol exposure led to significant decrease of the mRNA and protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α), which was blocked by CMZ co-treatment. CMZ co-treatment suppressed ethanol-induced oxidative stress, overproduction of tumor necrosis α (TNF-α), and decrease of protein levels of the PPAR-α co-activators including p300 and deacetylated PGC1-α. Furthermore, CMZ co-treatment led to the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and PI3K/Akt/GSK3β pathway. However, chronic ethanol-induced decline of acyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) protein levels was partially restored by CMZ, while the activation of autophagy appeared to be suppressed by CMZ.
These results suggested that CMZ suppressed chronic ethanol-induced oxidative stress, TNF-α overproduction, decline of p300 protein level and deacetylation of PGC1-α, and activated AMPK, MAPK, and PI3K/Akt/GSK3β pathway, which might contribute to the activation of PPAR-α and account for the protection of CMZ against AFL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic exposure to n-hexane induces peripheral-central axonopathy, mediated by its metabolite 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD), in occupational workers and experimental animals, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In the current study, we investigated the effects of 2,5-HD on middle-molecular-weight neurofilament (NF-M) axonal transport using live-cell imaging technique in cultured rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) cells. PA-GFP-NF-M plasmid was transfected into DRG neurons and live-cell imaging was performed to observe the slow axonal transport of NF-M. The levels of cytoskeleton and motor proteins in DRG cells were detected by Western-blot and the concentration of ATP was determined using an ATP Assay Kit. The results showed that 2,5-HD administration resulted in decrease of NF-M axonal transport and reduction of three neurofilament subunits levels in DRG cells. Furthermore, 2,5-HD exposure significantly decreased ATP contents and the protein levels of kinesin heavy chain (KHC). These findings indicated that 2,5-HD reduced slow axonal transport, neurofilaments cargoes, motor proteins and ATP energy in rat DRG cells, which may contribute to 2,5-HD-induced neurotoxicity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The formation of pyrrole adducts might be responsible for peripheral nerve injury caused by n-hexane, but there is not an effective biomarker for monitoring occupational exposure of n-hexane. The current study was designed to investigate the changes of pyrrole adducts in serum and urine of rats exposed to 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) and analyze the correlation between pyrrole adducts and 2,5-HD.
Two groups of male Wistar rats (n = 8) were administered a single dose of 200 and 400 mg/kg 2,5-HD (i.p.), and another two groups (n = 8) were given daily dose of 200 and 400 mg/kg 2,5-HD (i.p.) for 5 days. Pyrrole adducts and 2,5-HD in serum and urine were determined, at different time points after dosing, using Ehrlich's reagent and gas chromatography, respectively.
The levels of pyrrole adducts in serum accumulated in a time-dependant manner after repeated exposure to 2,5-HD, while pyrrole adducts in urine, and 2,5-HD in serum and urine were kept stable. The half-life times (t 1/2) of 2,5-HD and pyrrole adducts in serum were 2.27 ± 0.28 and 25.3 ± 3.34 h, respectively. Furthermore, the levels of pyrrole adducts in urine were significantly correlated with the levels of 2,5-HD in serum (r = 0.736, P < 0.001) and urine (r = 0.730, P < 0.001), and the levels of pyrrole adducts in serum were correlated with the cumulative dosage of 2,5-HD (r = 0.965, P < 0.001).
The results suggested that pyrrole adducts in serum and urine might be markers of chronic exposure to n-hexane or 2,5-HD.
No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is a garlic-derived organosulfur compound. The current study is designed to evaluate the protective effects of DADS against ethanol-induced oxidative stress, and to explore the underlying mechanisms by examining the HO-1/Nrf-2 pathway.
We investigated whether or not DADS could activate the HO-1 in normal human liver cell LO2, and then evaluated the protective effects of DADS against ethanol-induced damage in LO2 cells and in acute ethanol-intoxicated mice. The biochemical parameters were measured using commercial kits. HO-1 mRNA level was determined by RT-PCR. Histopathology and immunofluorescence assay were performed with routine methods. Protein levels were measured by western blot.
DADS significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of HO-1, stimulated the nuclear translocation of Nrf-2 and increased the phosphorylation of MAPK in LO2 cells. The nuclear translocation of Nrf-2 was abrogated by MAPK inhibitors. DADS significantly suppressed ethanol-induced elevation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate transaminase (AST) activities, decrease of glutathione (GSH) level, increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and apoptosis of LO2 cells, which were all blocked by ZnPPIX. In mice, DADS effectively suppressed acute ethanol-induced elevation of aminotransferase activities, and improved liver histopathological changes, which might be associated with HO-1 activation.
These results demonstrate that DADS could induce the activation of HO-1/Nrf-2 pathway, which may contribute to the protective effects of DADS against ethanol-induced liver injury.
DADS may be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of ALD due to significant activation of HO-1/Nrf-2 pathway.
No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Previous studies investigating the association between cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) polymorphisms and the risk of alcoholic liver diseases (ALD) have yielded conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to clarify the association between CYP2E1 polymorphisms and the risks of ALD.
A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify the relevant studies. The fixed or random effect model was selected based on the heterogeneity test among studies. Publication bias was estimated using Begg’s funnel plots and Egger’s regression test.
A total of 27 and 9 studies were finally included for the association between the CYP2E1 Pst I/Rsa I or Dra I polymorphisms and the risks of ALD, respectively. Overall, the combined results showed that homozygous genotype c2c2 was significantly associated with increase risk of ALD in worldwide populations (c2c2 vs. c1c1: OR = 3.12, 95%CI 1.91–5.11) when ALD patients were compared with alcoholics without ALD. Significant associations between CYP2E1 Pst I/Rsa I polymorphism and ALD risk were also observed in Asians (c2c2 vs. c1c1: OR = 4.11, 95%CI 2.32–7.29) and in Caucasians (c2c2/c1c2 vs. c1c1: OR = 1.58, 95%CI 1.04–2.42) when ALD patients were compared with alcoholics without ALD. However, subgroup analysis stratified by ALD types showed that CYP2E1 Pst I/Rsa I polymorphism was not significantly associated with the risks of alcoholic cirrhosis (ALC). No significant association was observed between CYP2E1 Dra I polymorphism and ALD risks.
This meta-analysis suggested that CYP2E1 Pst I/Rsa I polymorphism might be not significantly associated with advanced form of ALD (ALC), but might be significantly associated with other form of ALD such as steatosis, hepatisis, fibrosis. Furthermore, CYP2E1 Dra I polymorphism might be not significantly associated with the ALD risks. Since potential confounders could not be ruled out completely, further studies were needed to confirm these results.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the changes in the levels of autophagy-related proteins, Atg1, Atg5, and Beclin1, in organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) caused by tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP), and to investigate the molecular pathogenic mechanism of OPIDN.
Thirty adult Roman hens were randomly and equally divided into control group and 1, 5, 10, and 21 d intoxication groups. Each hen in the intoxication group was administered TOCP by gavage at a single dose of 750 mg/kg, while each hen in the control group was administered the same volume of corn oil. The hens were killed at the corresponding time points, and their tibial nerves and spinal cords were collected. The levels of Atg1, Atg5, and Beclin1 in the tibial nerves and spinal cords were measured by immunoblotting.
Compared with those in the control group, the levels of Atg1 in tibial nerves decreased by 29.8%, 64.4%, 43.5%, and 19.8% at 1, 5, 10, and 21 d, respectively, after intoxication ((P < 0.05); the levels of Atg5 in tibial nerves decreased by 36.8%, 49.6%, 51.2%, and 31.5% at 1, 5, 10, and 21 d, respectively, after intoxication (P < 0.05); the levels of Beclin1 in tibial nerves decreased by 68.5%, 66.3%, and 32.2% at 1, 5, and 10 d, respectively, after intoxication (P < 0.05). Compared with those in the control group, the levels of Atg1 in spinal cords decreased by 23.5%, 48.7%, and 20% at 1, 5, and 10 d, respectively, after intoxication (P < 0.05); the levels of Atg5 in spinal cords decreased by 32.7%, 51.5%, 47.3%, and 39.6% at 1, 5, 10, and 21 d, respectively, after intoxication (P < 0.05); the levels of Beclin1 in spinal cords decreased by 28.9%, 50.2%, 43.2%, and 28.3% at 1, 5, 10, and 21 d, respectively, after intoxication (P < 0.05).
The intoxication of TOCP is associated with the significant changes in the levels of autophagy-related proteins in the nervous tissues of hens, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of OPIDN.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inconsistent results were obtained for the lipid-regulating effects of garlic in clinical trials. With increasing interest in complementary medicine for hyperlipoidemia, it is important to explore the real effects of garlic. This meta- analysis was performed to investigate the influence of garlic on serum lipid parameters.
A total of 26 studies were included into meta-analysis. Overall, garlic was superior to placebo in reducing serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels. Compared with the placebo groups, serum TC and TG levels in the garlic group were reduced by 0.28 (95% CI, -0.45, -0.11) mmol L⁻¹ (P = 0.001) and 0.13 (95% CI, -0.20, -0.06) mmol L⁻¹ (P < 0.001), respectively. The effects of garlic were more striking in subjects with long-term intervention and higher baseline TC levels. Garlic powder and aged garlic extract were more effective in reducing serum TC levels, while garlic oil was more effective in lowering serum TG levels. In contrast, garlic did not influence other lipid parameters, including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein B, and TC/HDL-C ratio.
Garlic could reduce serum TC and TG levels, and garlic therapy should benefit patients with risk of cardiovascular diseases.
No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of 2,5-hexanedione (HD) on degradation of low-molecular-weight neurofilaments (NF-L) in nervous tissue of rats, and to explore the molecular mechanism of n-hexane neuropathy.
Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into one-week poisoning group (n = 10), two-week poisoning group (n = 10), three-week poisoning group (n = 10), four-week poisoning group (n = 10), and control group (n = 10). In the four poisoning groups, a rat model of n-hexane neuropathy was established by intraperitoneal injection of HD (400 mg/kg/d). The change in the sciatic nerve ultrastructure of each rat was observed under an electron microscope. The progression of HD-induced peripheral neuropathy was evaluated using a gait scoring system. The degradation rates of NF-L in the sciatic nerve and spinal cord of each rat were measured by Western Blotting.
The rats showed decrease in muscle strength and abnormal gait after two weeks of HD poisoning and mild or moderate paralysis after four weeks of HD poisoning. The sciatic nerve showed degenerative change, according to electron microscope observation. Compared with the control group, the two-week poisoning group, three-week poisoning group, and four-week poisoning group had the NF-L degradation rates decreased by 25.8%, 70.4%, and 69.7%, respectively, in the supernatant fraction of sciatic nerve, and by 14.7%, 64.6%, and 67.3%, respectively, in the sediment fraction of sciatic nerve, all showing a significant difference (P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, the one-week poisoning group had the NF-L degradation rate decreased by 33.87% in the supernatant fraction of spinal cord, the four-week poisoning group had the NF-L degradation rate increased by 16.2% in the supernatant fraction of spinal cord, and the one-week poisoning group and two-week poisoning group had the NF-L degradation rates decreased by 46.3% and 13.0% in the sediment fraction of spinal cord, all showing a significant difference (P < 0.01).
HD poisoning significantly inhibits NF-L degradation in the sciatic nerve, which may be associated with NF degeneration and accumulation in the axons of patients with n-hexane neuropathy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidences support the important roles of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) activation in ethanol-induced fatty liver, but the underlying mechanisms for its activation are not fully understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway activation could enhance SREBP-1 activity. The current study was designed to investigate the potential roles of PI3K/Akt pathway in acute ethanol-induced fatty liver in mice. In the first experiment, mice were treated with ethanol (2.5 or 5 g/kg bw) or isocaloric/isovolumetric maltose-dextrin solution, and sacrificed at several time points after ethanol exposure. As expected, ethanol dose-dependently increased the hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels and the protein levels of the mature form of SREBP-1 (n-SREBP-1). The phosphorylation of Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) was significantly increased in mice treated with ethanol (5 g/kg bw), while the protein levels of PI3K-p85 were significantly reduced. To confirm the roles of PI3K/Akt pathway, mice were then pretreated with wortmannin (0.7 or 1.4 mg/kg bw), a specific PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitor, before exposure to ethanol. Interestingly, a dual effect of wortmannin was observed. Low dose of wortmannin significantly reduced the hepatic TG levels, while high dose of wortmannin aggravated ethanol-induced fatty liver. The ratio of LC3II/LC3I of wortmannin (1.4 mg/kg bw) group mice was significantly increased, while the p62 protein level was significantly decreased compared to those of ethanol group, which indicated that wortmannin (1.4 mg/kg bw) might suppress the lipid degradation by autophagy. These results supported the hypothesis that PI3K/Akt activation might be involved in acute ethanol-induced fatty liver, and PI3K/Akt inhibitors might have therapeutic potential for the treatment of ethanol-induced fatty liver.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Garlic oil (GO) has been shown to partially attenuate ethanol-induced fatty liver, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The current study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of GO against ethanol-induced steatosis in vitro and in vivo, and to explore potential mechanisms by investigating the sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α), cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1), and etc. In the in vitro study, human normal cell LO2 was exposed to 100 mM ethanol in the presence or absence of GO for 24 h. We found that ethanol increased the protein levels of n-SREBP-1c and CYP2E1, but decreased the protein levels of PPAR-α, which was significantly attenuated by GO co-treatment. In the in vivo study, male Kun-Ming mice were pretreated with single dose of GO (50-200 mg/kg body weight) at 2 h before ethanol (4.8 g/kg body weight) exposure. The changes of n-SREBP-1c, PPAR-α and CYP2E1 were paralleled well to those of in vitro study. Furthermore, GO significantly reduced the protein levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS), and suppressed ethanol-induced hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction. These results suggested that GO had the potential to ameliorate alcoholic steatosis which might be related to its modulation on SREBP-1c, PPAR-α, and CYP2E1.
No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the dynamic changes of neurofilaments (NFs) proteins in spinal cords of hens with phenylmethylsulfonyl fluride (PMSF) pretreatment for exploring the mechanism of tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP)-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN).
Adult Roman hens were randomly divided into three groups, control, TOCP and PMSF + TOCP. Birds in PMSF + TOCP set were pretreated with PMSF, 24 hours later, hens in both TOCP group and PMSF + TOCP group were administrated with TOCP at a single dosage of 750 mg/kg. Then all animals were sacrificed on the corresponding time-points of 1, 5, 10, and 21 days respectively after dosing of 750 mg/kg TOCP. The spinal cords were dissected, homogenized, and centrifuged at 100,000 x g. The levels of high molecular neurofilament (NF-H), medium molecular neurofilament (NF-M) and low molecular neurofilament (NF-L) in both pellet and supernatant fractions of spinal cords were determined by SDS-PAGE and Western-blotting.
The hens in TOCP group showed paralysis gait at the end of 21-day experimental period. The levels of NFs proteins in spinal cords changed obviously. Compared with control, the NFs in pellet showed a dramatic decrease on day 10 and then followed by a recovery. In the supernatant, the NFs proteins showed similar changes, which decreased significantly on day 10 and almost recovered control on day 21. Such as, NF-L, NF-M and NF-H decreased by 51%, 86% and 38% on day10. The OPIDN signs were not observed in PMSF + TOCP group, and imbalances of NFs were obviously alleviated. Compared with control, only NF-M in pellet increased by 21% (P < 0.05) on day 21, others remained no changes; The levels of NF-H and NF-M in supernatant respectively increased by 19% and 35% on day 21, others were no significant statistical differences.
TOCP may induce imbalance of NFs levels in progress of OPIDN, and PMSF pretreatment may protect animals from OPIDN by reducing above changes, which may explain that TOCP-induced imbalance of NFs may be connected with the occurrence and development of OPIDN.
No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe and compare the protective effect of garlic oil against carbon tetrachloride (CCL)-induced acute liver injury.
The experiments include 4 preventive groups and 2 therapeutic groups. In every preventive and therapeutic group, the mice were randomized into 6 groups with 15 each, including one negative control group, one solvent control group, one CCl4 model group and 3 garlic oil groups (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg body weight). Before given a single gavage of CCl4 (80 mg/kg), the mice were pretreated with garlic oil by gavage in preventive group 1 (30 days, once daily), preventive group 2 (5 days, once daily), preventive group 3 (ahead of 2 h, once), preventive group 4 (immediately, once) or the vehicle (corn oil, 10 ml/kg) in solvent control group. In therapeutic groups, the mice were gavaged garlic oil 2 h (once, in therapeutic 1) or for 5 days (once daily, in therapeutic 2) after administration CCl. After 24 h of the last administration, blood was collected and centrifuged at 2500 r/min at 4 degrees C for 10 min, and serum was removed to measure ALT and AST activities. The liver was dissected, weighed to calculate the liver coefficient (relative liver weight). At the same time, the liver samples were studied by histological examinations.
Compared with negative group, the liver coefficient and the activities of ALT and AST in serum of model group were increased remarkably (P < 0.01). Compared with CCl model group, the liver coefficient and the activities of ALT and AST in serum were decreased significantly (P < 0.01) by garlic oil dose-dependently in each preventive group. Simultaneously, histological assessment showed that garlic oil effectively alleviated hepatocyte injuries induced by CCl4. Comparing the preventive effects of garlic oil in every group, it was better in preventive group 3 than others. However, all indexes and histological examinations in therapeutic group 1 did not show the difference with those of CCl4 model group. In therapeutic group 2, all indexes recovered after 5 d of CCl4 administration.
Garlic oil can prevent acute liver injury induced by CCl4 and the effect is better in ahead of 2 h group than others.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to probe into the effects of garlic oil (GO) on the hepatic CYP2E1, CYP1A2 and CYP3A, male Kun-Ming mice were treated with GO (100 mg/kg body weight) or corn oil for 1 day or consecutive 60 days, respectively, and then the protein expressions and the activities of the enzymes were examined. GO did not alter the physical activities of mice and did not induce lesion to the liver. However, it dramatically inhibited the activities and protein levels of hepatic CYP2E1 and 1A2, but not CYP3A. In addition, we noticed that the inhibition of CYP2E1 and 1A2 by GO was more potent in group of 1 day treatment than those in group of 60 days treatment. Compared with the respective control value, the protein levels of CYP2E1 were decreased by 87.40% (p < .01) and 62.26% (p < .01) by 1 day and 60 days of GO treatment, respectively, while the CYP1A2 protein levels were decreased by 70.76% (p < .01) and 41.49% (p < .01), respectively. These data indicated that the mice could adapt to the prolonged treatment, which might be one reasonable explanation for the conflicting data in the literature. The CYP2E1 and 1A2 suppression might contribute to its hepatoprotection, and data about CYP3A indicated that GO was unlikely to alter the metabolism of the concomitantly used drugs.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Human & Experimental Toxicology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the dynamic changes of neurofilament contents in rat's spinal cord induced by 2, 5-hexanedione (2, 5-HD), and explore the molecular mechanism of n-hexane neuropathy.
Male Wistar rats were administered at a dosage of 400 mg/kg/day 2, 5-HD for 2, 4 and 8 weeks respectively. HD-induced neurological defects were detected and quantified using gait score, and the relative lev-els of NF-H, NF-M, and NF-L in spinal cords of rats were determined by Western Blotting.
Exposure to 2, 5-HD produced progressive gait abnormalities, which suggested that the rat model of 2, 5-HD-induced neurotoxicity was established successfully. Western-Blotting results showed that NFs content in spinal cord demonstrated a progressive decline as the intoxication continued. In the supernatant fraction, compared to the controls, NF-H con-tent decreased by 15.7%, 57.0%, and 58.0% respectively after 2, 4, and 8-week treatment with 2, 5-HD (P < 0.01); accordingly, NF-M decreased by 36.0%, 61.3%, and 65.2% respectively (P < 0.01); NF-L decreased by 20.8%, 43.9%, and 44.3% respectively (P < 0.01). In the pellet fraction, the contents of NF-H in groups of 4 and 8 weeks' exposure to HD decreased by 35.6% and 43.2%, respectively (P < 0.01), and those of NF-L decreased by 26.4% and 42.1%, respectively (P < 0.01) when compared to the control. Further-more, NF-M contents in groups of 2, 4 and 8 weeks' exposure decreased by 23.3%, 33.9%, and 63.7% respectively (P < 0.01). The NFs level in spinal cords was highly correlated with gait abnormality of treated rats as the intoxication went on. Multiple correlation coefficients of NF-H, NF-M, and NF-L content with gait score of HD-treated rat were 0.8912, 0.9282 and 0.8981 (P < 0.01) respectively.
The declines of NFs are high-ly related to neurobehavioral abnormality of 2, 5-HD-treated animals, and involved in the development of n-hexane neuropathy.
No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the mechanisms and biomarker of the neuropathy induced by 2,5-hexanedione (HD), male Wistar rats were administrated HD at dosage of 200 or 400mg/kg for 8 weeks (five-times per week). All rats were sacrificed after 8 weeks of treatment and the cerebrum cortex (CC), spinal cord (SC) and sciatic nerves (SN) were dissected, homogenized and used for the determination of cytoskeletal proteins by western blotting. The levels of neurofilaments (NFs) subunits (NF-L, NF-M and NF-H) in nerve tissues of 200 and 400mg/kg HD rats significantly decreased in both the supernatant and pellet fractions. Furthermore, significant negative correlations between NFs levels and gait abnormality were observed. As for microtubule (MT) and microfilament (MF) proteins, the levels of alpha-tubulin, beta-tubulin and beta-actin in the supernatant and pellet fraction of SN significantly decreased in 200 and 400mg/kg HD rats and correlated negatively with gait abnormality. However, the contents of MT and MF proteins in CC and SC were inconsistently affected and had no significant correlation with gait abnormality. The levels of NF-L and NF-H in serum significantly increased, while NF-M, alpha-tubulin, beta-tubulin and beta-actin contents remain unchanged. A significant positive correlation (R=0.9427, P<0.01) was observed between gait abnormality and NF-H level in serum as the intoxication went on. These findings suggested that HD intoxication resulted in a progressive decline of cytoskeletal protein contents, which might be relevant to the mechanisms of HD-induced neuropathy. NF-H was the most sensitive index, which may serve as a good indicator for neurotoxicity of n-hexane or HD.