Keiichiro Nakamura

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (49)119.83 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. The interaction of these factors might result in increased risks of miscarriage and pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). To examine the pregnancy risks in women with PCOS, we compared obstetrical outcomes between patients with and without PCOS. We also studied the differences in maternal characteristics, glucose intolerance and pregnancy complications between PCOS patients with and without GDM, with and without obesity, and between successful pregnancies and miscarriages. We observed a high incidence of GDM and prevalence of GDM diagnosis in the first trimester in PCOS. Patients with GDM had higher body mass index (BMI) and lower homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β) at preconception than those without GDM. Obese pregnant women with PCOS demonstrated a high incidence of GDM with severe insulin resistance, including high fasting insulin, HOMA of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and HOMA-β at preconception compared with normal-weight patients. BMI was significantly correlated with HOMA-IR or HOMA-β, and both indices were lower in PCOS patients with than without GDM for the same BMI. There were no significant differences in maternal characteristics (excluding maternal age) between PCOS patients with successful pregnancy and PCOS patients with miscarriages. Our data suggest that pregnant women with PCOS have an increased risk of GDM, especially if they have obesity and/or poorer insulin secretion. Measure of β-cell function, such as HOMA-β, at preconception might be a useful predictor of the risk of GDM in pregnant PCOS patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Endocrine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to identify the correlations between inflammation markers such as neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) and the prognosis in patients with recurrent cervical cancer. The associations among NLR, PLR and CRP and clinical characteristics and prognosis were examined in 32 patients receiving chemotherapy with recurrent cervical cancer following concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT). The patient median survival time was 198 days (range, 42-1,022 days). Pretreatment NLR and PLR were significantly correlated with the recurrence of cervical cancer following CCRT (R=-0.538, P=0.002; and R=-0.542, P=0.001, respectively). Pretreatment PLR >322.0 was significantly associated with a poor prognosis for recurrent cervical cancer following CCRT by univariate and multivariate analyses (P=0.015 and P=0.029). These findings indicate that pretreatment PLR is an important predictor of prognosis in patients with recurrent cervical cancer following CCRT.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) determined at pretreatment is important in the prediction of prognosis in various cancers. We investigated if the GPS used both at pretreatment and during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) could predict the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer. We collected GPS and clinicopathological data from the medical records of 91 patients who underwent CCRT for cervical cancer; their GPSs at pretreatment and during CCRT were retrospectively analyzed for correlations with recurrence and survival. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox's proportional hazard regression was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. The median follow-up for all patients who were alive at the time of last follow-up was 38.0 months (range, 1-108 months). The DFS and OS rates of patients with a high GPS during CCRT (GPS 1 + 2; 55 patients; 60.4%) were significantly shorter than those for patients with a low GPS (GPS 0; 36 patients; 39.6%) (DFS, P < 0.001; OS, P < 0.001). Furthermore, multivariate analyses showed that high GPS during CCRT was an independent prognostic factor of survival for OS (P = 0.008). During CCRT, a high GPS was revealed to be an important predictor of survival for cervical cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Pure ovarian choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare malignancy that can be gestational or non-gestational in origin. Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare congenital developmental disorder characterized by pre- and postnatal growth failure, relative macrocephaly, a triangular face, hemihypotrophy, and fifth-finger clinodactyly. We report a rare case of pure ovarian choriocarcinoma occurring in a 19-year-old woman with SRS. Following surgery, multiple chemotherapy courses were effective and she was free of disease at the 10-month follow-up.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Acta medica Okayama
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    ABSTRACT: Cases of cardiac metastasis from uterine cervical carcinoma are rare. While they are occasionally found on autopsy, antemortem recognition is extremely rare. We confirmed a case of cardiac metastasis from cervical carcinoma antemortem, because we observed a decrease in platelet count during the course of treatment. The patient was a 27-year-old woman diagnosed with stage Ib1 uterine cervical carcinoma. Radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed. Para-aortic lymph node metastasis was detected on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT). Adjuvant chemotherapy was started, and most of the metastatic lesions disappeared. Pelvic lymph node recurrence was suspected on PET-CT during continued chemotherapy; therefore, treatment was shifted to radiation therapy. Tumor shrinkage was recognized, and the initial therapy was completed. A noticeable decrease in platelet count was recognized seven months after treatment. Multidetector CT was performed, and an intracardiac tumor was detected. The patient did not desire any further treatment. She died three weeks after the intracardiac tumor was confirmed. Few previous autopsy studies have reported cardiac metastasis from cervical carcinoma. Thus, it is necessary to consider the possibility of cardiac metastasis for patients diagnosed with terminal cervical carcinoma.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation and tumor immunology are important in the prognosis of various cancers. We herein investigated whether pre-treatment neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125) predict recurrence and survival in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). We collected complete blood counts and clinicopathological data from medical records of 320 patients with EC; their pre-treatment NLR, PLR and CA125 were analyzed for correlations with recurrence and survival, retrospectively. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of patients with high NLR and CA125 were significantly shorter than those for patients with low NLR and CA125 (DFS: p=0.002 and p<0.001; OS: p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Furthermore, NLR was also an independent predictive factor for mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio (HR)=3.318; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.154-9.538; p=0.026). Pre-treatment NLR is a predictor of poor prognosis in EC. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Anticancer research
  • Keiichiro Nakamura · Ikuo Joja · Takeshi Nagasaka · Tomoko Haruma · Yuji Hiramatsu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate prognostic values of maximum standardized lymph node (LN) uptake (SUVmax), minimum apparent LN diffusion coefficient (ADCmin), and LN short-axis length in women with cervical cancer. Retrospective review of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) of LN confined to the pelvis in 80 cervical cancer patients before undergoing radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Optimal cut-off values for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We used ROC curve analyses to evaluate whether LN SUVmax, LN ADCmin and LN short-axis length predicted risk of recurrence or survival. Median DFS and OS for all patients were 18.97 and 22.28months, respectively. DFS and OS rates of patients with high LN SUVmax was significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting low LN SUVmax (P=0.003 and P=0.019). Patients with low LN ADCmin had poorer DFS and OS than those with high LN ADCmin (P=0.033 and P=0.005). DFS for patients exhibiting longer LN short-axis length was significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting shorter LN short-axis length (P=0.018). Multivariate analyses indicated that high LN SUVmax was an independent predictor for both DFS and OS (P=0.0231 and P=0.0146). LN SUVmax could be an important predictor of recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer confined to the pelvis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation of pretreatment and posttreatment measurements as the mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmean) by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) findings with prognostic factors in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of primary cervical cancer. The pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor were examined for their correlations with the prognosis in 69 patients with SCC of primary cervical cancer by radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy (CCRT). The median disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) times of patients were 20.97 and 23.47 months (follow-up periods for DFS and OS: 1–72 and 1–72 months). The DFS and OS rates of patients with low pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor were also significantly worse than those of patients exhibiting high pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor (DFS; P = 0.0130 and P < 0.0001, OS; P = 0.0010 and P < 0.0001). Multivariate analyses showed that low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor was an independent prognostic factor for DFS and OS (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001). The low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor is a useful clinical prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer. The low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor is a useful clinical prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Cancer Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of enoxaparin (ENO) and fondaparinux (FPX) on postoperative plasma D-dimer levels and risk factors associated with postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in patients with gynecologic cancer. For this study, 434 patients with gynecologic cancer were recruited and a surgical treatment strategy was employed. Plasma D-dimer levels were measured prior to surgery, as well as on a schedule up to 3 weeks postoperatively and again after day 28. Patients with clinical signs and elevation of the plasma D-dimer level underwent multidetector row computed tomography. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with ENO or FPX on postoperative days 3-10 compared to patients with gynecologic cancers who were not receiving ENO or FPX. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with FPX compared to patients with ENO on postoperative days 5-7. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3, the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), advancing age and non-O blood group were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3 and the use of ESAs were independent risk factors for postoperative PTE. The postoperative D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with gynecologic cancer who were administered ENO or FPX compared to patients were not administered either ENO or FPX. The use of ESAs and high plasma D-dimer levels on postoperative day 3 were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE and PTE.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Struma ovarii is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 0.3% of ovarian tumors. Due to its ultrasound morphology, which is quite similar to that of malignant ovarian carcinoma, most struma ovarii cases are open operated with laparotomy rather than laparoscopy. We present 3 cases of struma ovarii, which were diagnosed preoperatively by imaging studies and removed by laparoscopic surgery. All patients were premenopausal women between ages 31‒50. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were complex masses composed of multiple cysts and solid components with T2-hypointense regions as well as multiple T1-hyperintense cystic areas, findings that are typical for struma ovarii. A combination of plain computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, and scintigraphy was useful for diagnosis. Laboratory examination revealed elevated serum thyroglobulin, which led to the diagnosis of struma ovarii. Laparoscopic surgeries were performed without rupturing the tumors. Although it has been difficult to differentiate between struma ovarii and malignant tumors by conventional methods, recently MRI techniques appear make it possible to diagnose struma ovarii preoperatively from the abovementioned imaging characteristic, together with laboratory data. As for treatment, we think laparoscopy could be successful for struma ovarii, but the surgeon must be careful not to rupture the tumor intra-abdominally in order to prevent dissemination, which could lead to malignancy.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Acta medica Okayama
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of increased levels of D-dimer and associated factors in preoperative patients with gynecological cancer. Furthermore, we determined the incidence and risk factors associated with preoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). Overall, 456 patients with invasive gynecological cancer scheduled to undergo surgery were recruited. Preoperative plasma D-dimer levels were measured and patients whose plasma D-dimer concentration exceeded the pre-set cut-off value underwent computed tomography scanning. The incidence of elevated D-dimer and VTE was identified as significantly higher in patients with ovarian cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed that advanced age, low hemoglobin levels and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were independent factors for preoperative elevations in plasma D-dimer levels. Advanced age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE. Massive ascites and the presence of co-morbidities were independent risk factors for preoperative VTE in ovarian cancer. Advanced age and stage were independent risk factors for preoperative VTE in endometrial cancer. Advanced age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE in cervical cancer. Plasma D-dimer levels and the incidence of preoperative VTE were higher in patients with ovarian cancer compared with those with other gynecological cancers. Advanced age, low hemoglobin levels and elevated CRP levels were significant factors associated with elevated plasma D-dimer levels and age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE in gynecological cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Oncology letters
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma soluble fibrin (SF) levels over time in gynecologic cancer patients following surgery. Furthermore, we examined the duration of the coagulation stage and determined a suitable duration for which thromboprophylaxis with anticoagulant agents should be administered. We retrospectively studied 311 patients with invasive gynecologic cancer who underwent surgery at Okayama University Hospital, Japan. The plasma SF levels were measured serially prior to the operation and on postoperative days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 21 and 28. The plasma SF levels increased rapidly, peaked on postoperative day 1 and then decreased. The SF levels of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) were significantly different from those of VTE-negative patients on postoperative days 0-10. The SF levels on each day did not significantly differ between patients treated with chemical anticoagulants and those treated mechanically. The plasma SF levels were elevated (≥7.0 μg/ml) in 159 of the 311 patients (51.1%) on one of the days when these levels were measured. Among the patients with elevated plasma SF levels, 110 patients (69.2%) peaked on days 0-3 and only 9 patients (5.7%) peaked on days 21-28. Although only 1 of the 14 patients (7.1%) who showed peak levels on day 14 had undergone chemotherapy following surgery, 8 of the 9 patients (88.9%) whose levels peaked on days 21-28 had undergone chemotherapy following surgery (P= 0.0002). In conclusion, the plasma SF levels increased rapidly, peaked on postoperative day 1 and then decreased. These levels peaked within 14 days of surgery in most cases. Therefore, chemical thromboprophylaxis may be administered for at least up to 14 days following surgery.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Oncology letters
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) derived from diffusion-weighted MR imaging and of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) derived from PET/CT imaging of the primary tumour in patients with endometrial cancer. Methods: SUVmax reflects the highest tumour metabolism rate and ADCmin reflects the highest cellularity, and both parameters have been used for tumour grading and prediction of prognosis. The correlations between prognosis and SUVmax and ADCmin of the primary tumour were determined in 131 patients with endometrial cancer. The patients were divided into groups based on ADCmin and SUVmax cut-off values to predict recurrence and survival, which were derived from receiver operating characteristic curves. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of the groups were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between survival curves were evaluated using the log-rank test. Results: The median DFS and OS times of all patients were 19.2 and 20.5 months (follow-up periods 1-70 months for both DFS and OS), respectively. Patients with high SUVmax had significantly lower DFS (P < 0.0001) and OS (P = 0.0092) than patients with low SUVmax. Multivariate analysis showed that high SUVmax was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS (P = 0.0161) and OS (P = 0.0232). Conclusion: The SUVmax of the primary tumour derived from PET/CT imaging could be an important prognostic indicator of recurrence and survival in patients with endometrial cancer.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation of the max, mean and minimal apparent diffusion coefficient values (ADCmax, ADCmean, and ADCmin) on diffusion weighted imaging findings with prognostic factors in cervical cancer. Methods: A cohort of 80 cervical cancer patients underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within the 2 to 4 weeks prior to radical hysterectomy. The optimal cutoff value for segregating disease free survival (DFS) was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We used ROC curve analyses to evaluate whether preoperative ADCmax, ADCmean, ADCmin on MRI predicted the risk group of recurrence. Results: Analyses of ROC curves identified an optimal The ROC curves identified an optimal ADCmax, ADCmean, and ADCmin cutoff values of 1.122 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s, 0.852 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s, 0.670 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s and for predicting the recurrence of cervical cancer. The patients categorized into the lower ADCmean or ADCmin groups showed the shorter disease free survivals compared with the higher ADCmean or ADCmin, respectively (P<0.0001 or P=0.0210). In particular, the ADCmean of primary cervical cancer was an independent predictive factor for disease recurrence by a multivariate analysis (P=0.0133). Conclusions: The ADCmean of primary cervical cancer calculated by MRI could be an important factor for identifying patients with a risk of disease recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    Keiichiro Nakamura · Junichi Kodama · Atsushi Hongo · Yuji Hiramatsu
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    ABSTRACT: Background Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (Emmprin/CD147) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Enriched on the surface of many tumor cells, emmprin promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. We evaluated the clinical importance of emmprin and investigated its role in endometrial cancer. Methods Emmprin expression was examined in uterine normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia and cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the biological functions and inhibitory effects of an emmprin knockdown were investigated in HEC-50B and KLE endometrial cancer cell lines. Results The levels of emmprin expression were significantly increased in the endometrial cancer specimens compared with the normal endometrium and endometrial hyperplasia specimens (p < 0.05). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of patients with high emmprin expression were significantly higher than those of patients with low emmprin expression (DFS: p < 0.001; OS: p < 0.001). Emmprin knockdown by the siRNA led to cell proliferation, migration and invasion through TGF-β, EGF, NF-κB, VEGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expression, which in turn resulted in increased levels of E-cadherin and reduced levels of Vimentin and Snail in endometrial cancer. Conclusions The present findings suggest that low emmprin expression might be a predictor of favorable prognosis in endometrial cancer patients, and that emmprin may represent a potential therapeutic target for endometrial cancer.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · BMC Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: We generated novel truncated insulin-like growth factor I receptors (IGF-IRs) designated as 126/STOP, 223/STOP and 325/STOP in order to establish shorter soluble IGF-IRs than previously reported 486/STOP without abrogating the same antitumor effects. Stable transfection of 223/STOP and 325/STOP, but not 126/STOP caused inhibition of anchorage-independent growth of CaOV-3 ovarian cancer cells in vitro. This antitumor effect was reproduced when we used recombinant proteins of these constructs, suggesting a bystander effect of these shorter truncated IGF-IRs. Tumorigenesis in vivo of CaOV-3 cells tranfected with 223/STOP or 325/STOP was strictly inhibited, and inoculation of these cells in nude mice caused massive apoptosis exclusively in vivo. Phosphorylations of IGF-IR and Akt, but not Erk were attenuated in 223/STOP- or 325/STOP-transfected CaOV-3 cells, and downregulations of IGF-IR and Akt phosphorylation seemed to play at least a partial role in the anti-tumor effect of these novel truncated IGF-IRs. Since 223/STOP and 325/STOP are smaller in size than previously reported 486/STOP, and they retain the same antitumor effects, they could be good candidates for clinical application in the future.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Cancer biology & therapy
  • Keiichiro Nakamura · Atsushi Hongo · Junichi Kodama · Yuji Hiramatsu
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors for epithelial ovarian cancer. We found that the pretreatment values of maximum standardized uptake (SUVmax) of the primary tumor by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), tumor marker CA125 and C-reactive protein (CRP) were correlated with clinical characteristics and prognosis for such patients. The clinical parameters and prognoses and their correlations with SUVmax of primary tumor, CA125 and CRP were examined for 51 patients with primary ovarian cancer. The SUVmax of the primary tumor had a statistically significant association with stage (p = 0.010) and histology (p = 0.001). CA125 was significant associated with stage (p = 0.011), histology (p = 0.005) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.025). CRP was also significantly associated with stage (p = 0.049). Disease-free survival rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax, CA125 and CRP were significantly lower than those exhibiting a low SUVmax, CA125 and CRP levels (p = 0.008, 0.034, and 0.037, respectively). Furthermore, overall survival rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax were significantly lower than those exhibiting a low SUVmax (p = 0.049).The high SUVmax of primary tumor is an important factor for identifying ovarian cancer patients with a predictor for poor prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Acta medica Okayama
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether preoperative measurements of the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the tumor marker CA125 are correlated with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer. The distribution of cases that scored positive for each of the biological parameters examined and the correlations with the ADCmin of the primary tumor and the serum tumor marker CA125 were examined for 111 patients with preoperative assessment of primary endometrial cancer. There were significant correlations between the ADCmin of the primary tumor and the FIGO stage (P=0.001), depth of myometrial invasion (P<0.001), cervical involvement (P=0.003), lymph node metastasis (P=0.027), ovarian metastasis (P<0.001), peritoneal cytology (P=0.027) and tumor maximum size (P<0.001). The disease-free survival (DFS) rate of patients with high serum CA125 was significantly lower than that of patients with low serum CA125 (P=0.0395). The DFS rate of patients with a low ADCmin of the primary tumor was significantly lower than that of patients with a high ADCmin of the primary tumor (P<0.001). In particular, the ADCmin of the primary tumor was an independent factor for disease recurrence in a multivariate analysis (P=0.019). The present findings indicate that a low preoperative ADCmin of the primary tumor is an important predictive factor for identifying endometrial cancer patients with a risk of disease recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Keiichiro Nakamura · Ikuo Joja · Junichi Kodama · Atsushi Hongo · Yuji Hiramatsu
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to determine if measurements of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) by positron emission tomography/computed tomography and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) by magnetic resonance imaging are correlated with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary cervical cancer. The correlations between biological parameters and prognosis and SUVmax and ADCmin of the primary tumour were determined in 66 patients with cervical cancer before radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. There were significant correlations between SUVmax of the primary tumour and FIGO stage (p = 0.036), tumour maximum size (p = 0.018) and pelvic lymph node metastasis (p = 0.044). The median durations of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 16.1 and 19.2 months, respectively. The DFS and OS of patients exhibiting high SUVmax of the primary tumour were significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting low SUVmax of the primary tumour (p = 0.0171 and p = 0.0367). The OS of patients exhibiting low ADCmin of the primary tumour was significantly lower than that of patients exhibiting high ADCmin of the primary tumour (p = 0.0376). The DFS and OS of patients exhibiting high SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour were significantly lower (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that high SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS (p = 0.0030) and OS (p = 0.0036). High SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour is an important predictive factor for identifying patients with cervical cancer who have a poor prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine