Jaeseok Yang

Seoul National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (71)179.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Current therapies for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have low cure rates or significant side effects. It has been reported that complexes composed of interleukin (IL)-2 and stimulating anti-IL-2 antibody (IL-2C) suppress malignant melanoma growth. We investigated whether it could have similar effects on RCC. Methods: A syngeneic RCC model was established by subcutaneously injecting RENCA cells into BALB/c mice, which were administered IL-2C or phosphate-buffered saline every other day for 4 weeks. RCC size was measured serially, and its weight was assessed 4 weeks after RENCA injection. Immune cell infiltration into RCC lesions and spleen was assessed by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Results: IL-2C treatment increased the numbers of CD8(+) memory T and natural killer (NK) cells in healthy BALB/c mice (P < 0.01). In the spleen of RCC mice, IL-2C treatment also increased the number of CD8(+) memory T, NK cells, and macrophages as compared to PBS-treated controls (P < 0.01). The number of interferon-γ- and IL-10-producing splenocytes increased and decreased, respectively after 4 weeks in the IL-2C-treated mice (P < 0.01). Tumor-infiltrating immune cells including CD4(+) T, CD8(+) T, NK cells as well as macrophages were increased in IL-2C-treated mice than controls (P < 0.05). Pulmonary edema, the most serious side effect of IL-2 therapy, was not exacerbated by IL-2C treatment. However, IL-2C had insignificant inhibitory effect on RCC growth (P = 0.1756). Conclusions: IL-2C enhanced immune response without significant side effects; however, this activity was not sufficient to inhibit RCC growth in a syngeneic, murine model.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2016 · BMC Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Combination therapy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and rituximab showed a good transplant rate in highly sensitized wait-listed patients for deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT), but carried the risk of antibody-mediated rejection. The authors investigated the impact of a new combination therapy of bortezomib, IVIG, and rituximab on transplantation rate.This study was a prospective, open-labeled clinical trial. The desensitization regimen consisted of 2 doses of IVIG (2 g/kg), a single dose of rituximab (375 mg/m), and 4 doses of bortezomib (1.3 mg/m). The transplant rate was analyzed. Anti-Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DRB antibodies were determined by a Luminex solid-phase bead assay at baseline and after 2, 3, and 6 months in the desensitized patients.There were 19 highly sensitized patients who received desensitization and 17 patients in the control group. Baseline values of class I and II panel reactive antibody (%, peak mean fluorescence intensity) were 83 ± 16.0 (14952 ± 5820) and 63 ± 36.0 (10321 ± 7421), respectively. Deceased donor kidney transplantation was successfully performed in 8 patients (42.1%) in the desensitization group versus 4 (23.5%) in the control group. Multivariate time-varying covariate Cox regression analysis showed that desensitization increased the probability of DDKT (hazard ratio, 46.895; 95% confidence interval, 3.468-634.132; P = 0.004). Desensitization decreased mean fluorescence intensity values of class I panel reactive antibody by 15.5% (20.8%) at 2 months. In addition, a liberal mismatch strategy in post hoc analysis increased the benefit of desensitization in donor-specific antibody reduction. Desensitization was well tolerated, and acute rejection occurred only in the control group.In conclusion, a desensitization protocol using bortezomib, high-dose IVIG, and rituximab increased the DDKT rate in highly sensitized, wait-listed patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Both human soluble tumor necrosis factor-α receptor-Fc (sTNF-αR-Fc) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) transgenic pigs have been generated previously for xenotransplantation. Here, we investigated whether overexpression of sTNF-αR-Fc or HO-1 in pig islets prolongs islet xenograft survival. Adult porcine islets were isolated from human sTNF-αR-Fc or HO-1 transgenic and wild type pigs, and were transplanted into diabetic nude mice. Effects of the expression of both genes on islet apoptosis, chemokine expression, cellular infiltration, antibody production, and islet xenograft survival were analyzed. Human sTNF-αR-Fc transgenic pigs successfully expressed sTNF-αR-Fc in the islets; human HO-1 transgenic pigs expressed significant levels of HO-1 in the islets. Pig-to-mouse islet xenograft survival was significantly prolonged in both the sTNF-αR-Fc and HO-1 groups compared with that in the wild type group. Both the sTNF-αR-Fc and HO-1 groups exhibited suppressed intragraft expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and decreased perigraft infiltration of immune cells. However, there was no difference in the anti-pig antibody levels between the groups. Apoptosis of islet cells during the early engraftment was suppressed only in the HO-1 group. Porcine islets from both sTNF-αR-Fc and HO-1 transgenic pigs prolonged xenograft survival by suppressing islet cell apoptosis or secondary inflammatory responses following islet death, indicating that these transgenic pigs might have applications in successful islet xenotransplantation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Transplant Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: HL156A is a novel adenosine5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator. We aimed to investigate the protective mechanism of HL156A against peritoneal fibrosis (PF) in in-vivo and in-vitro models. Rat PF model was induced by daily intraperitoneally injection of chlorhexidine (CHX) solution containing 0.1% CHX gluconate and 15% ethanol for 4 weeks. The rats of treatment group were treated with HL156A (1 mg/kg/day). Control rats were injected with vehicle alone. In vitro, cultured rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMC) were treated either with high glucose (HG, 50 mM), normal glucose (NG, 5 mM), NG+HL156A, or HG + HL156A. HL156A-supplemeted rats ameliorated peritoneal calcification, cocoon formation, bowel obstruction and PF. Immunohistochemistry showed reduced fibronectin accumulation in the peritoneum of HL156A-treated rats, compared to those injected with CHX alone. HL156A treatment to the rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMCs) inhibited HG-induced myofibroblast transdifferentiation and markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Moreover, HL156A ameliorated HG-induced TGF-β1, Smad3, Snail and fibronectin expression in the RPMCs via AMPK up-regulation. These results suggest that HL156A exhibits a protective effect in PF progression. Further research is warranted to seek for the therapeutic potential of HL156A as an anti-fibrotic agent in peritoneal dialysis patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Anti-angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (AT1R-Abs) have been suggested as a risk factor for graft failure and acute rejection (AR). However, the prevalence and clinical significance of pretransplant AT1R-Abs have seldom been evaluated in Asia. Methods In this multicenter, observational cohort study, we tested the AT1R-Abs in pretransplant serum samples obtained from 166 kidney transplant recipients. Statistical analysis was used to set a threshold AT1R-Abs level at 9.05 U/mL. Results Pretransplant AT1R-Abs were detected in 98/166 (59.0%) of the analyzed recipients. No graft loss or patient death was reported during the study period. AT1R-Abs (+) patients had a significantly higher incidence of biopsy-proven AR than AT1R-Abs (−) patients (27.6 versus 10.3%, P = 0.007). Recipients with pretransplant AT1R-Abs had a 3.2-fold higher risk of AR within a year of transplantation (P = 0.006). Five study subjects developed microcirculation inflammation (score ≥2). Four of them were presensitized to AT1R-Abs. In particular, three patients had a high titer of anti-AT1R-Abs (>22.7 U/mL). Conclusions Pretransplant AT1R-Abs is an independent risk factor for AR, especially acute cellular rejection, and is possibly associated with the risk of antibody-mediated injury. Pretransplant assessment of AT1R-Abs may be useful for stratifying immunologic risks.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
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    Hee Jung Jeon · Hyosang Kim · Jaeseok Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: Mineral and bone disorders are common problems in organ transplant recipients. Successful transplantation solves many aspects of abnormal mineral and bone metabolism, but the degree of improvement is frequently incomplete. Posttransplant bone disease can affect long-term outcomes as well as increase the likelihood of fracture. In this article, we reviewed the major posttransplant bone diseases and recent advances in treatment strategies. Recent findings: Pretransplant bone disease and immunosuppressants are important risk factors for posttransplant bone disease. Corticosteroid withdrawal may result in minimal or no protection against fractures, with increased risk for acute rejection. Vitamin D analogue and bisphosphonate are frequently used to prevent and treat posttransplant osteoporosis. Posttransplant hyperparathyroidism increases the risk for all-cause mortality and graft loss, but not major cardiovascular events. Cinacalcet was well tolerated and effectively controlled hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism; however, it did not improve bone mineral density and discontinuation led to parathyroid hormone rebound. Six-month paricalcitol supplementation reduced parathyroid hormone levels and attenuated bone remodeling and mineral loss in case of posttransplant hyperparathyroidism. Summary: Posttransplant bone diseases present in various forms, including osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, adynamic bone disease, and osteonecrosis. Prophylactic and therapeutic approaches to both pretransplant and posttransplant periods should be considered.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
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    Tai Yeon Koo · Jaeseok Yang
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    ABSTRACT: ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOi KT) was introduced to expand the donor pool and minimize shortage of kidneys for transplantation. Because improved outcomes of ABOi KT were reported in Japan in the early 2000s, the number of ABOi KTs has been increasing worldwide. In addition, a better understanding of immune pathogenesis and subsequent aggressive immunosuppression has helped to make effective desensitization protocols. Current strategies of ABOi KT consist of pretransplant antibody removal using plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption to prevent hyperacute rejection and potent maintenance immunosuppression, such as tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil, to inhibit antibody-mediated rejection. Recent outcomes of ABOi KT are comparable with ABO-compatible KT. However, there are still many problems to be resolved. Very high anti-ABO antibody producers are difficult to desensitize. In addition, ABOi KT is associated with an increased risk of infection and possibly malignancy due to aggressive immunosuppression. Optimization of desensitization and patient-tailored immunosuppression protocols are needed to achieve better outcomes of ABOi KT. This review provides an overview of the history, immune mechanism, immunosuppressive protocol, outcomes, current obstacles, and future perspectives in ABOi KT. © 2015. The Korean Society of Nephrology. Published by Elsevier. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Polycystic liver disease (PLD) in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients can induce massive hepatomegaly-related symptoms. Volume-reductive therapies for symptomatic PLD include transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), liver resection and liver transplantation; however, consensus has not been reached regarding treatment selection. We compared three volume-reductive therapies for a better understanding of PLD treatment strategies. We retrospectively analyzed 28 ADPKD patients who underwent TAE, liver resection, or liver transplantation for PLD at a single center, and compared their outcomes. Of 18 TAE patients, five required repeat TAE, and five required rescue liver transplantation or liver resection because of refractory symptoms or hepatic failure. The treatment failure rate for TAE was high (69.6%). Nine underwent liver resection, and the degree of volume reduction in the liver resection group was greater than that in the TAE group (52.4% vs. 7.6%, P < 0.001). One liver resection patient required rescue liver transplantation because of hepatic failure. Seven patients underwent liver transplantations. All liver transplant patients successfully controlled symptoms or hepatic failure, and had good graft function. Three patients in the TAE group died of infections or hepatic failure, whereas no mortality occurred after surgical therapy. liver resection is a good first-line therapy in patients that have severe symptoms, cyst involvement in several segments with some spared segments, and preserved liver function. Liver transplantation is a preferred first-line therapy in patients with poor liver function or whole-liver involvement. Liver transplantation is also a good rescue therapy following TAE or liver resection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Hepatology Research
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    ABSTRACT: With the introduction of the α1, 3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GT-KO) pig and its pivotal role in preventing hyperacute rejection (HAR), coagulation remains a considerable obstacle yet to be overcome in order to provide long-term xenograft survival. Thrombomodulin (TBM) plays a critical anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory role in its part of the protein C pathway. Many studies have demonstrated the strong anticoagulant effects of TBM in xenotransplantation, but its complement regulatory effects have not been appropriately examined. Here, we investigate whether TBM can regulate complement activation as well as coagulation in response to xenogeneic stimuli. We transfected porcine endothelial cells (MPN-3) with adenovirus vectors containing the human TBM gene (ad-hTBM), or a control gene containing GFP (ad-GFP). The expression level of ad-hTBM was measured by flow cytometry. To confirm the anticoagulant effect of TBM, coagulation time was measured after treatment with recalcified human plasma in ad-hTBM-transfected MPN-3, and a thrombin activity assay was performed after treatment with 50% human serum in ad-hTBM-infected MPN-3. Thrombin generation was significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner in ad-TBM group, and coagulation time was increased in the ad-hTBM group when compared to the ad-GFP group. Complement-dependent serum toxicity assays were performed after treatment with 20% human serum or heat-inactivated human serum by LDH assay. Complement-dependent toxicity was significantly attenuated in the ad-hTBM group, but complement-independent toxicity was not attenuated in the ad-hTBM group. These results suggest that human thrombomodulin (hTBM) has complement regulatory effects as well as anticoagulant effects. To further investigate the mechanisms of complement regulation by hTBM, we deleted the EGF5, 6 domains that are involved in thrombin generation or the lectin-like domain involved in inflammation of TBM and functional tests were performed using these modified forms. We showed that the EGF5, 6 domain of TBM principally inhibits complement activation rather than the lectin domain. The EGF5, 6 domains of TBM appear to be the major domains for down-regulating the complement system rather than the lectin-like domain during xenogenic stimuli. The role of EGF5, 6 domains of hTBM may be due to inhibition of thrombin as thrombin can cleave C3a and C5a directly and hTBM may also be involved in complement regulation. Clearly then human TBM has complement regulatory effects as well as anticoagulant effects in xeno-immune response, and it is a promising target for attenuating xenograft rejection. © 2015 The Authors Xenotransplantation Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Xenotransplantation
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of pregnancy and delivery on renal function in transplant recipients and the relationship between doses of immunosuppressants and blood drug levels during pregnancy in 75 women with 88 deliveries. Significant serum creatinine elevation (> 0.5 mg/dL) was found in eight deliveries. In the remaining 80 cases, serum creatinine was reduced by an average of 0.14 mg/dL and returned to pre-pregnant levels after delivery. Tacrolimus was used in 28 deliveries and cyclosporine in others. Tacrolimus blood trough level declined from 5.8 ± 2.8 ng/mL 12 months before delivery to 4.2 ± 1.8 ng/mL at second trimester; therefore, drug dose was increased from 4.1 ± 1.9 mg/d at first trimester to 5.5 ± 2.5 mg/d at delivery. Similarly, cyclosporine levels were 125.1 ± 65.1 ng/mL 12 months before delivery and 75.4 ± 35.0 ng/mL at second trimester resulting in dose elevation from 183.0 ± 71.8 mg/d at first trimester to 225.4 ± 85.1 mg/d at delivery. Renal function in female kidney transplant recipients improved slightly during pregnancy and returned to pre-pregnant level after delivery. The dose elevation of calcineurin inhibitor by approximately 20–25% should be considered during gestational period to maintain optimal blood drug level.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Clinical Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diagnosing acute rejection (AR) in kidney transplant recipients typically requires an invasive kidney biopsy. A previous study has suggested that expression of five genes in peripheral blood can indicate the presence of AR in American pediatric kidney transplant recipients. This study aims to validate if these five genes are also useful to diagnose AR in Korean adult kidney transplant patients. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 143 patients (39 biopsy-proven AR, 84 stable patients, and 20 other graft injuries) at an average of 9 months posttransplantation and performed real-time PCR for five-gene biomarkers (DUSP1, NKTR, MAPK9, PSEN1, and PBEF1). Results: Patients with acute cellular rejection (ACR) had a significantly decreased level of MAPK9 and a significantly increased level of PSEN1 when compared with controls and also with patients with other graft injury (OGI). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, for discrimination between ACR and OGI, an excellent diagnostic accuracy was observed in the gene sets but five-gene set generated a higher AUC than two-gene set. With clinical variables combined to these gene sets, the diagnostic accuracy increased in both five-gene set and two-gene set. Conclusions: These results support the validity of 5 gene-set for the prediction of AR in Asian adult kidney transplant recipients and suggest the promising role of the peripheral blood gene test in the diagnosis of AR in kidney transplantation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a phosphate regulating protein. Several studies demonstrated that elevated FGF23 is independently associated with mortality for early-stage chronic kidney disease and incident hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, little is known about the significance of elevated FGF23 in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Here, we analyzed the association of FGF23 with cardiovascular (CV) events, all-cause mortality, residual renal function (RRF), and CV parameters in PD patients. ♦ Methods: The present study is a single-center, retrospective study. Patients who started PD at Seoul National University Hospital between January 2005 and July 2011 and whose baseline serum samples were available were enrolled. C-terminal FGF23 was measured. Subjects were divided into 2 groups; lower 2 tertiles (FGF23 ≤ 119.0 RU/mL) and top tertile (FGF23 > 119.0 RU/mL). The primary outcome was time to fatal or non-fatal CV events. In the subgroup analysis, the associations of FGF23 with aortic stiffness or with vascular calcification were analyzed. ♦ Results: A total of 205 incident PD patients were analyzed. Mean duration of follow-up was 41.6 ± 20.0 months. The baseline median FGF23 level was 78.6 RU/mL (interquartile range [IQR], 34.1 - 155.0). At baseline, subjects in the higher FGF23 group were younger, and had a lower RRF, lower prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), and cerebrovascular disease. During follow-up, 22 of the 205 patients (10.7%) reached primary outcome. After adjustment for age, DM, pre-existing coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, congestive heart failure, and left ventricular mass index, the higher FGF23 group exhibited significantly higher risk of primary outcome, compared with the lower group (hazard ratio [HR], 2.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 - 6.12; p = 0.045). There were no significant differences in all-cause mortality and development of anuria between the 2 FGF23 groups. In the subgroup analysis, FGF23 groups were not associated with pulse wave velocity and abdominal aortic calcification score. ♦ Conclusion: Elevated FGF23 is associated with higher risk of adverse CV outcome for incident PD patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Peritoneal dialysis international: journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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    ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old pregnant female patient gave stillbirth while being treated for pneumonia. She developed acute respiratory failure, which resulted in mechanical ventilator support. Diagnostic lung biopsy revealed a cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. The patient's condition deteriorated and a venous-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was placed. She was listed for lung transplantation. Because of her worsening condition lung transplantation was performed despite positive cross matching result. She was treated with rituximab, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasmapheresis and recovered without event. There is no sign of rejection at the time of last follow-up.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Highly sensitized (HS) patients seldom have chance to receive kidney transplant. To increase transplantation rate among those population, previous IV immunoglobulin and rituximab desensitization protocol showed good transplant conversion rate, but also carried moderate rate of antibody mediated rejection. Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor can control the production of anti-HLA antibodies through plasma cell apoptosis. A single center waitlist desensitization program was employed to facilitate successful kidney transplantation in HS patients group.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background Asian patients undergoing kidney transplantation (KT) generally have better renal allograft survival and a lower burden of cardiovascular disease than those of other racial groups. The KNOW-KT aims to explore allograft survival rate, cardiovascular events, and metabolic profiles and to elucidate the risk factors in Korean KT patients. Methods KNOW-KT is a multicenter, observational cohort study encompassing 8 transplant centers in the Republic of Korea. KNOW-KT will enroll 1,000 KT recipients between 2012 and 2015 and follow them up to 9 years. At the time of KT and at pre-specified intervals, clinical information, laboratory test results, and functional and imaging studies on cardiovascular disease and metabolic complications will be recorded. Comorbid status will be assessed by the age-adjusted Charlson co-morbidity index. Medication adherence and information on quality of life (QoL) will be monitored periodically. The QoL will be assessed by the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form. Donors will include both living donors and deceased donors whose status will be assessed by the Kidney Donor Risk Index. Primary endpoints include graft loss and patient mortality. Secondary endpoints include renal functional deterioration (a decrease in eGFR to <30 mL/min/1.73 m2), acute rejection, cardiovascular event, albuminuria, new-onset diabetes after transplant, and QoL. Data on other adverse outcomes including episodes of infection, malignancy, recurrence of original renal disease, fracture, and hospitalization will also be collected. A bio-bank has been established for the acquisition of DNA, RNA, and protein from serum and urine samples of recipients at regular intervals. Bio-samples from donors will also be collected at the time of KT. KNOW-KT was registered in an international clinical trial registry (NCT02042963 at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov) on January 20th, 2014. Conclusion The KNOW-KT, the first large-scale cohort study in Asian KT patients, is expected to represent the Asian KT population and provide information on their natural course, complications, and risk factors for complications.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · BMC Nephrology

  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The role of hyperuricemia in disease progression of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) has not been defined well. We investigated the association of serum uric acid (sUA) with renal function and the effect of hypouricemic treatment on the rate of renal function decline. This is a single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. A total of 365 patients with ADPKD who had estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 and who were followed up for > 1 year were included in our analysis. Hyperuricemia was defined by a sUA level of >= 7.0 mg/dL in male and >= 6.0 mg/dL in female or when hypouricemic medications were prescribed. Hyperuricemia was associated with reduced initial eGFR, independent of age, sex, hypertension, albuminuria, and total kidney volume. During a median follow-up period of over 6 years, patients with hyperuricemia showed a faster annual decline in eGFR (-6.3% per year vs. -0.9% per year, p = 0.008). However, after adjusting for age, sex, hypertension and initial eGFR, sUA was no longer associated with either annual eGFR decline or the development of ESRD. Among 53 patients who received hypouricemic treatment, the annual eGFR decline appeared to be attenuated after hypouricemic treatment (pretreatment vs. posttreatment: -5.3 +/- 8. 2 vs. 0.2 +/- 6.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 per year, p = 0.001 by Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Although hyperuricemia was associated with reduced eGFR, it was not an independent factor for renal progression in ADPKD. However, the correction of hyperuricemia may attenuate renal function decline in some patients with mild renal insufficiency.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · BMC Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a retrospective cohort study to determine the prognostic value of standard criteria donor/expanded criteria donor (SCD/ECD) designation, with regard to one-yr GFR and graft survival rate, in a region with short, cold ischemic time (CIT), and how this designation compares with the kidney donor risk index (KDRI) and zero-time kidney biopsies. We reviewed 362 cases of deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). Donor kidneys were classified as SCD or ECD. They were also assessed by the KDRI. Zero-time kidney biopsy was performed in 196 patients, and histologic score was assessed. Median follow-up duration was 46 months. Forty-two cases (11.6%) used ECD kidneys. The mean CIT was only 4.9 ± 2.7 h. Graft survival rates were not significantly different between ECD and SCD groups. The KDRI showed the best correlation with one-yr estimations of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (R(2) = 0.230, p < 0.001), and higher KDRI was associated with a higher risk of graft failure (hazard ratio 2.63, 95% confidence interval 1.01-6.87). However, higher histologic score was not associated with a higher risk of graft failure. KDRI has greater predictive value for short-term outcomes in DDKT with short CIT than the SCD/ECD designation or pathology.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Clinical Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Generation of transgenic pigs for xenotransplantation is one of the most promising technologies for resolving organ shortages. Human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1/HMOX1) can protect transplanted organs by its strong anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. Soluble human TNFRI-Fc (shTNFRI-Fc) can inhibit the binding of human TNF-α (hTNF-α) to TNF receptors on porcine cells, and thereby, prevent hTNF-α-mediated inflammation and apoptosis. Herein, we successfully generated shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 transgenic (TG) pigs expressing both shTNFRI-Fc and hemagglutinin-tagged-human heme oxygenase-1 (HA-hHO-1) by using an F2A self-cleaving peptide. shTNFRI-Fc and HA-hHO-1 transgenes containing the F2A peptide were constructed under the control of the CAG promoter. Transgene insertion and copy number in the genome of transgenic pigs was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Southern blot analysis. Expressions of shTNFRI-Fc and HA-hHO-1 in TG pigs were confirmed using PCR, RT-PCR, western blot, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry. shTNFRI-Fc and HA-hHO-1 were expressed in various organs, including the heart, lung, and spleen. ELISA assays detected shTNFRI-Fc in the sera of TG pigs. For functional analysis, fibroblasts isolated from a shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 TG pig (i.e., #14; 1 × 10(5) cells) were cultured with hTNF-α (20 ng/mL) and cycloheximide (10 μg/mL). The viability of shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 TG pig fibroblasts was significantly higher than that of the wild type (wild type vs. shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 TG at 24 h, 31.6 ± 3.2 vs. 60.4 ± 8.3 %, respectively; p < 0.05). Caspase-3/-7 activity of the shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 TG pig fibroblasts was lower than that of the wild type pig fibroblasts (wild type vs. shTNFRI-Fc-F2A-HA-hHO-1 TG at 12 h, 812,452 ± 113,078 RLU vs. 88,240 ± 10,438 RLU, respectively; p < 0.05). These results show that shTNFRI-Fc and HA-hHO-1 TG pigs generated by the F2A self-cleaving peptide express both shTNFRI-Fc and HA-hHO-1 molecules, which provides protection against oxidative and inflammatory injury. Utilization of the F2A self-cleaving peptide is a promising tool for generating multiple TG pigs for xenotransplantation.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Transgenic Research
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    Hee Jung Jeon · Jaeseok Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Current immunosuppressants have nonspecific immuosuppressive effects, and are not helpful for tolerance induction. Consequently, transplant patients cannot discontinue using them, and their nonspecific immunosuppressive effects result in many side effects, including infection and malignancy. However, most of cellular immunotherapy can have donor antigen-specific immunsuppressive effects. Therefore, cell therapy could be an alternative or adjunctive to nonspecific immunosuppressants. Polyclonal or antigen-specific Foxp3+ regulatory T cells have been actively tried for prevention of acute rejection, treatment of chronic rejection, or tolerance induction in clinical trials. Regulatory macrophages are also under clinical trials for kidney transplant patients. IL-10-secreting type 1 regulatory T cells and donor- or recipient-derived tolerogenic dendritic cells will also be used for immunoregulation in clinical trials of kidney transplantation. These cells have antigen-specific immunoregulatory effects. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have good proliferative capacity and immunosuppressive actions independently of major histocompatibility complex; therefore, even third-party MSCs can be stored and used for many patients. Cell therapy using various immunoregulatory cells is now promising for not only reducing side effects of nonspecific immunosuppressants but also induction of immune tolerance, and is expected to contribute to better outcomes in transplant patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014

Publication Stats

471 Citations
179.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2016
    • Seoul National University
      • • Law Research Institute
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Division of Nephrology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003-2015
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007-2010
    • Gachon University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Incheon
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea