Joanna Rogalska

Medical University of Bialystok, Belostok, Podlasie, Poland

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Publications (26)57.23 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: It was investigated, in a female rat model of low and moderate lifetime human exposure to cadmium (Cd), whether polyphenols from Aronia melanocarpa berries (chokeberry; AMP) may offer protection from this heavy metal-induced disorders in bone metabolism. For this purpose, numerous indices of bone formation (osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, osteoprotegerin) and resorption (carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of type I collagen, soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand) in the serum and/or distal femur epiphysis (trabecular bone region), as well as bone mineral status (volumetric bone mineral density of the femur and content of mineral components, including calcium, in the bone tissue at the distal femur epiphysis) were evaluated in female Wistar rats that received a 0.1% aqueous extract of AMP, as the only drinking fluid (prepared from lyophilized extract by Adamed Consumer Healthcare), and/or Cd in diet (1 and 5 mg/kg) for 3, 10, 17, and 24 months. Examination of the phytochemical profile of the aronia extract revealed high content of polyphenols (612.40 ± 3.33 mg/g), including anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, phenolic acids, and flavonoids. Among detected compounds anthocyanins were identified as dominating. The exposure to Cd, dose- and duration-dependently, enhanced resorption and inhibited formation of the bone tissue resulting in its decreased mineralization. The administration of AMP under the exposure to 1 and 5 mg Cd/kg diet provided important protection from this heavy metal-induced disturbances in the bone turnover and changes in the bone mineral status, and the beneficial impact of polyphenols resulted from their independent action and interaction with Cd. These findings suggest that consumption of Aronia melanocarpa polyphenols may play a role in prevention against female skeleton damage due to chronic exposure to Cd and that chokeberry represents the good natural plant candidate for further investigations of its prophylactic use under environmental exposure to this heavy metal
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Chemico-Biological Interactions
  • MM Brzoska · M Tomczyk · J Rogalska

    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Planta Medica

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Toxicology Letters

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Toxicology Letters

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Toxicology Letters
  • Malgorzata M Brzóska · Joanna Rogalska
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    ABSTRACT: It was investigated whether protective influence of zinc (Zn) against cadmium (Cd)-induced disorders in bone metabolism may be related to its antioxidative properties and impact on the receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κΒ (RANK)/RANK ligand (RANKL)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system. Numerous indices of oxidative/antioxidative status, and Cd and Zn were determined in the distal femur of the rats administered Zn (30 and 60mg/l) or/and Cd (5 and 50mg/l) for 6months. Soluble RANKL (sRANKL) and OPG were measured in the bone and serum. Zn supplementation importantly protected from Cd-induced oxidative stress preventing protein, DNA, and lipid oxidation in the bone. Moreover, Zn protected from the Cd-induced increase in sRANKL concentration and the sRANKL/OPG ratio, and decrease in OPG concentration in the bone and serum. Numerous correlations were noted between indices of the oxidative/antioxidative bone status, concentrations of sRANKL and OPG in the bone and serum, as well as the bone concentrations of Zn and Cd, and previously reported by us in these animals (Brzóska et al., 2007) indices of bone turnover and bone mineral density. The results allow to conclude that the ability of Zn to prevent from oxidative stress and the RANK/RANKL/OPG system imbalance may be implicated in the mechanisms of its protective impact against Cd-induced bone damage. This paper is the first report from an in vivo study providing evidence that beneficial Zn impact on the skeleton under exposure to Cd is related to the improvement of the bone tissue oxidative/antioxidative status and mediating the RANK/RANKL/OPG system.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
  • Joanna Rogalska · Malgorzata M Brzoska

    No preview · Article · May 2013
  • Malgorzata M Brzoska · Alicja Roszczenko · Joanna Rogalska

    No preview · Article · May 2013

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the influence of chlorfenvinphos (0.3mg/kg bw/24h corresponding to 0.02 LD(50); orally by gastric gavage for 14 and 28 days) on lipid metabolism, and apoptotic and necrotic cells death in the brain of rats as the possible mechanism of neurotoxic action of organophosphate (OP) pesticides at low exposure. Total cholesterol (TCh), triglycerides (TG), phospholipids (PL), and free fatty acids (FFA) were determined and apoptotic, necrotic, and living cells were quantified in the brain. Moreover, the serum and brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) were assayed as biomarkers of neurotoxicity. The treatment with chlorfenvinphos increased (duration dependently) the concentrations of TCh and TG and the ratio of TCh/PL, and decreased PL concentration. The prevalence of apoptotic and necrotic cells increased and that of the living brain cells depressed (by 10%) already after 14 days of the exposure. The brain activities of AChE and BChE decreased by 12% and 15%, and by 18% and 25% after 14 and 28 days, respectively, whereas the serum activities of these enzymes were inhibited (by 24% and 18%, respectively) only after the longer treatment. The changes in lipid metabolism and distribution of the living, apoptotic, and necrotic brain cells correlated with AChE and BChE activities in the serum and brain. The results show that chlorfenvinphos may disturb lipid metabolism and induce apoptosis and necrosis in the brain even at the exposure not affecting the serum activities of cholinesterases, and causing only moderate inhibition of their brain activities. Based on the findings it can be concluded that low repeated exposure to OP pesticides may influence the nervous system through disrupting the lipid profile of the nervous tissue and decreasing the number of the nervous cells.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Experimental and toxicologic pathology: official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie
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    ABSTRACT: It was investigated whether the ability of zinc (Zn) to prevent cadmium (Cd)-induced lipid peroxidation may be connected with its impact on glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and selenium (Se) concentration. GPx and Se were determined in the serum, liver and kidney of the rats that received Cd (5 or 50 mg/L) or/and Zn (30 mg/L) in drinking water for 6 months in whose the protective Zn impact was noted (Rogalska J, Brzóska MM, Roszczenko A, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J. Enhanced zinc consumption prevents cadmium-induced alterations in lipid metabolism in male rats. Chem Biol Interact 2009;177:142-52). Moreover, dependences between these parameters, and indices of lipid peroxidation (F(2)-isoprostane, lipid peroxides, oxidized low density lipoprotein cholesterol) as well as concentrations of Cd and Zn were estimated. The supplementation with Zn during the exposure to 5 mg Cd/L entirely antagonized the Cd-induced increase in GPx activity and Se concentration in the liver and kidney, but not in the serum. Zn administration during the treatment with 50 mg Cd/L totally or partially prevented from the Cd-caused decrease in GPx activity and Se concentration in the serum, liver and kidney. At the higher level of Cd exposure, GPx activity in the serum and tissues positively correlated with Se concentration. Moreover, numerous correlations were noted between GPx and/or Se and the indices of lipid peroxidation. The results indicate that the protective impact of Zn against the Cd-induced lipid peroxidation during the relatively high exposure might be connected with its beneficial influence on Se concentration and GPx activity in the serum and tissues, whereas this bioelement influence at the moderate exposure seems to be independent of GPx and Se.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
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    ABSTRACT: It was estimated, in a rat model of moderate and relatively high chronic human exposure to cadmium (Cd), whether enhanced zinc (Zn) consumption may prevent Cd-induced liver injury and if the possible protective effect of this bioelement depends on its intake. For this purpose, the structure and function of the liver of the rats that received Zn (30 and 60mg/l) or/and Cd (5 and 50mg/l) for 6months were evaluated. The treatment with Cd led to, dependent on the exposure level, pathological changes in the liver, including enhanced apoptosis and induction of inflammatory and necrotic processes. Moreover, the serum activities of hepatic marker enzymes (alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase) and the concentration of proinflammatory cytokine - tumor necrosis factor α were increased. The supplementation with 30 and 60mg Zn/l (enhancing daily Zn intake by 79% and 151%, respectively) partially or totally prevented from some of the Cd-induced changes in the liver structure and function; however, it provided no protection from necrosis, and the administration of 60mg Zn/l during the higher Cd exposure even intensified this process. At both levels of Cd treatment, the use of 30mg Zn/l was more effective in preventing liver injury than that of 60mg Zn/l. The hepatoprotective impact of Zn may be explained, at least partly, by its antioxidative, antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory action, ability to stimulate regenerative processes in the liver tissue, and indirect action resulting in a decrease in the liver pool of the non-metallothionein-bound Cd(2+) ions able to exert toxic action. The results provide strong evidence that enhanced Zn consumption may be beneficial in protection from Cd hepatotoxicity; however, its excessive intake at relatively high exposure to Cd may intensify liver injury.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Chemico-biological interactions
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    ABSTRACT: It was investigated whether cadmium (Cd) may induce oxidative stress in the bone tissue in vivo and in this way contribute to skeleton damage. Total antioxidative status (TAS), antioxidative enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase), total oxidative status (TOS), hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), lipid peroxides (LPO), total thiol groups (TSH) and protein carbonyl groups (PC) as well as Cd in the bone tissue at the distal femoral epiphysis and femoral diaphysis of the male rats that received drinking water containing 0, 5, or 50mg Cd/l for 6 months were measured. Cd, depending on the level of exposure and bone location, decreased the bone antioxidative capacity and enhanced its oxidative status resulting in oxidative stress and oxidative protein and/or lipid modification. The treatment with 5 and 50mg Cd/l decreased TAS and activities of antioxidative enzymes as well as increased TOS and concentrations of H(2)O(2) and PC at the distal femur. Moreover, at the higher exposure, the concentration of LPO increased and that of TSH decreased. The Cd-induced changes in the oxidative/antioxidative balance of the femoral diaphysis, abundant in cortical bone, were less advanced than at the distal femur, where trabecular bone predominates. The results provide evidence that, even moderate, exposure to Cd induces oxidative stress and oxidative modifications in the bone tissue. Numerous correlations noted between the indices of oxidative/antioxidative bone status, and Cd accumulation in the bone tissue as well as indices of bone turnover and bone mineral status, recently reported by us (Toxicology 2007, 237, 89-103) in these rats, allow for the hypothesis that oxidative stress is involved in the mechanisms of damaging Cd action in the skeleton. The paper is the first report from an in vivo study indicating that Cd may affect bone tissue through disorders in its oxidative/antioxidative balance resulting in oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: It has been investigated, based on a rat model of human exposure to cadmium (Cd), whether zinc (Zn) supplementation may prevent Cd-induced alterations in lipid metabolism. For this purpose, the concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA), phospholipids (PL), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TCh), and high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL and LDL, respectively) as well as the concentrations of chosen indices of lipid peroxidation such as lipid peroxides (LPO), F2-isoprostane (F2-IsoP) and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) were estimated in the serum of male Wistar rats administered Cd (5 or 50mg/l) or/and Zn (30 or 60mg/l) in drinking water for 6 months. The exposure to 5 and 50mg Cd/l resulted in marked alterations in the lipid status reflected in increased concentrations of FFA, TCh, LDL, LPO, F2-IsoP and oxLDL, and decreased concentrations of PL and HDL in the serum. The concentrations of LDL, LPO, F2-IsoP and oxLDL were more markedly enhanced at the higher Cd dosage. The supplementation with Zn during the exposure to 5 and 50mg Cd/l entirely prevented all the Cd-induced changes in the serum concentrations of the estimated lipid compounds and indices of lipid peroxidation, except for the F2-IsoP for which Zn provided only partial protection. Based on the results it can be concluded that Zn supplementation during exposure to Cd may have a protective effect on lipid metabolism consisting in its ability to prevent hyperlipidemia, including especially hypercholesterolemia, and to protect from lipid peroxidation. The findings seem to suggest that enhanced dietary Zn intake during Cd exposure, via preventing alterations in the body status of lipids may, at least partly, protect against some effects of Cd toxicity, including oxidative damage to the cellular membranes and atherogenic action. The paper is the first report suggesting protective impact of Zn against proatherogenic Cd action on experimental model of chronic moderate and relatively high human exposure to this toxic metal.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Chemico-biological interactions
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was aimed at estimate, based on the rat model of human moderate and relatively high chronic exposure to cadmium (Cd), whether zinc (Zn) supplementation may prevent Cd-induced weakening in the bone biomechanical properties. For this purpose, male Wistar rats were administered Cd (5 or 50 mg/l) or/and Zn (30 or 60 mg/l) in drinking water for 6 and 12 months. Bone mineral density (BMD) and biomechanical properties (yield load, ultimate load, post-yield load, displacement at yield and at ultimate, stiffness, work to fracture, yield stress, ultimate stress and Young modulus of elasticity) of the femoral distal end and femoral diaphysis were examined. Biomechanical properties of the distal femur were estimated in a compression test, whereas those of the femoral diaphysis -- in a three-point bending test. Exposure to Cd, in a dose and duration dependent manner, decreased the BMD and weakened the biomechanical properties of the femur at its distal end and diaphysis. Zn supplementation during Cd exposure partly, but importantly, prevented the weakening in the bone biomechanical properties. The favorable Zn influence seemed to result from an independent action of this bioelement and its interaction with Cd. However, Zn supply at the exposure to Cd had no statistically significant influence on the BMD at the distal end and diaphysis of the femur. The results of the present paper suggest that Zn supplementation during exposure to Cd may have a protective influence on the bone tissue biomechanical properties, and in this way it can, at least partly, decrease the risk of bone fractures. The findings seem to indicate that enhanced dietary Zn intake may be beneficial for the skeleton in subjects chronically exposed to Cd.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · Chemico-Biological Interactions
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to investigate, based on the rat model of moderate and relatively high human exposure to cadmium (Cd), whether zinc (Zn) supplementation may prevent Cd-induced disorders in bone metabolism. For this purpose, male Wistar rats received Cd (5 and 50mg/l) or/and Zn (30 and 60mg/l) in drinking water for 6 and 12 months. Bone densitometry and biochemical markers of bone turnover were used to assess the effects of Cd or/and Zn. Bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) were measured in the femur. Serum osteocalcin (OC) and alkaline phosphatase in trabecular (bT-ALP) and cortical (bC-ALP) bone were determined as bone formation markers, and carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX) in serum were measured as bone resorption marker. Serum concentration of calcium (Ca) and its renal handling, as well as Zn and Cd concentrations in the serum/blood, urine and femur were evaluated as well. The exposure to 5 and 50mg Cd/l (0.340+/-0.026 and 2.498+/-0.093mg Cd/kg body wt/24h, respectively), in a dose and duration dependent manner, affected bone turnover (inhibited bone formation and stimulated its resorption) and disturbed bone mineralization (decreased BMC, BMD and Zn concentration). Zn supply at the concentration of 30 and 60mg/l (1.904+/-0.123 and 3.699+/-0.213mg/kg body wt/24h, respectively) during Cd exposure influenced the Cd-induced disorders in bone metabolism. Zn administration to the Cd-exposed rats enhanced the bone ALP activity and prevented Cd-induced bone resorption, but had no statistically significant effect on BMC and BMD; however, mean values of the densitometric parameters in the rats receiving both Cd and Zn were higher than in those treated with Cd alone. Moreover, Zn supplementation at both levels of Cd exposure was found to prevent Cd accumulation in the femur and the Cd-induced decrease in bone Zn concentration. The results of the present study allow the conclusion that Zn supplementation during Cd exposure may partly protect from disorders in bone metabolism. The influence of Zn may be accompanied by its ability to prevent Cd-induced Zn deficiency and to decrease Cd accumulation in bone tissue. The findings seem to indicate that enhanced dietary intake of Zn in subjects chronically exposed to moderate and relatively high Cd levels may have a protective influence on the skeleton.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2007 · Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the levels of malonyldialdehyde, marked as the concentration of substances reacting with thiobarbituric acid in liver, brain, serum and kidney in subacute intoxication with low doses of chlorfenvinphos, an organophosphate insecticide. Materials and Methods: The study used male Wistar rats, body weight 250 - 280g. The animals received intragastrically, by a gastric tube, once daily 0.1ml/100g of olive oil (the control group) or oil solution of chlorfenvinphos at a dose of 0.02LD50 (0.3 mg/kg b.w.) (the experimental groups). After 14 and 28 days of the experiment, blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture to obtain serum; liver, kidney and brain sections were taken from the animals in anaesthesia. The level of malonyldialdehyde (as TBARS) was determined in homogenates of the organs and in serum. Additionally, serum cholinesterase activity was determined. Results: There was an increase in the tissues as well in the serum malonyldialdehyde level. Proportionally the highest increase in TBARS, as compared to the control, was observed in the liver on day 28 of chlorfenvinphos administration and in the kidney on day 14 of the exposure. Conclusion: In subacute chlorfenvinphos intoxication, lipid peroxidation is increased in the rat liver, serum, kidney and brain, which may cause various health effects in the population exposed to its action.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Polish Journal of Environmental Studies
  • M. Jurczuk · J. Moniuszko-Jakoniuk · J. Rogalska
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    ABSTRACT: The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) was investigated in liver and kidney of rats exposed to cadmium (Cd) and ethanol (EtOH) alone and in combination. Rats were treated with 50 mg Cd/dm3 in drinking water and/or 5 g of EtOH/kg body wt/24 h intragastrically, for 12 weeks. Exposure to Cd led to an increase in GPx and GST activity with a simultaneous decrease in GR activity in the liver. In the kidney of rats treated with Cd, an increase in the activity of GPx and GR was noted. In the EtOH-exposed rats, GPx activity decreased in the liver, but increased in the kidney. Exposure to EtOH caused a reduction in GR activity only in the liver. The co-exposure to Cd and EtOH led to an increase in the liver and kidney GPx activity compared to control. In the rats simultaneously exposed to Cd and EtOH liver activity of GR decreased compared to control, whereas the kidney GR activity increased compared to control as well as to the groups treated with Cd and EtOH seperately. The co-exposure to Cd and EtOH led to an increase in the liver activity of GST compared to the control and EtOH groups. Analysis of variance (ANOVA/MANOVA) revealed that the changes noted in the activity of investigated enzymes in the Cd + EtOH group resulted from the independent action of both Cd or EtOH as well as from their interactive action. Numerous correlations (negative or positive) were noted between the activity of GPx, GR and GST, and the concentration of GSH, Cd and MDA in the liver and kidney. On the basis of our results it can be concluded that changes in the activity of GPx, GR and GST in the liver and kidney may be involved in the mechanism leading to a decrease in GSH concentration in these organs due to exposure to Cd and EtOH alone and in conjunction with each other.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Polish Journal of Environmental Studies