Maria Letizia Bartolozzi

San Giuseppe Hospital, Ареццо, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (45)207.18 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Neurology
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    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of Headache and Pain
  • Alessandro Panconesi · Maria L Bartolozzi · Leonello Guidi

    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of Headache and Pain
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    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of Headache and Pain

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: To assess whether it is feasible to establish specific cut-off values able to discriminate 'physiological' or 'pathological' brain volume rates in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study was based on the analysis of longitudinal MRI data sets of patients with MS (n=206, 87% relapsing-remitting, 7% secondary progressive and 6% primary progressive) and healthy controls (HC; n=35). Brain atrophy rates were computed over a mean follow-up of 7.5 years (range 1-12) for patients with MS and 6.3 years (range 1-12.5) for HC with the SIENA software and expressed as annualised per cent brain volume change (PBVC/y). A weighted (on the follow-up length) receiver operating characteristic analysis and the area under the curve (AUC) were used for statistics. The weighted PBVC/y was -0.51±0.27% in patients with MS and -0.27±0.15% in HC (p<0.0001). There was a significant age-related difference in PBVC/y between HC older and younger than 35 years of age (p=0.02), but not in patients with MS (p=0.8). The cut-off of PBVC/y, as measured by SIENA that could maximise the accuracy in discriminating patients with MS from HC, was -0.37%, with 67% sensitivity and 80% specificity. According to the observed distribution, values of PBVC/y as measured by SIENA that could define a pathological range were above -0.52% with 95% specificity, above -0.46% with 90% specificity and above -0.40% with 80% specificity. Our evidence-based criteria provide values able to discriminate the presence or absence of 'pathological' brain volume loss in MS with high specificity. Such results could be of great value in a clinical setting, particularly in assessing treatment efficacy in MS. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
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    Full-text · Dataset · Feb 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess relapses, disability progression and the role of disease modifying drugs (DMDs) in the year after delivery in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods We prospectively followed-up pregnancies occurring between 2002 and 2008 in women with MS, recruited from 21 Italian MS centres. The risk of relapses and disability progression in the year after delivery was assessed using time-dependent Cox regression analysis. Results 350 out of 423 pregnancies were assessed (pregnancies not resulting in live birth and with a postpartum follow-up period shorter than 1 year were excluded from the analysis). 148 patients (42.3%) had at least one relapse in the year after delivery. An Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score at conception ≥2.0 (HR=1.4; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.0; p=0.046) and a higher number of relapses before (HR=1.5; 95% CI 1.2 to 1.8; p<0.001) and during pregnancy (HR=2.3; 95% CI 1.6 to 3.4; p<0.001) were related to a higher risk of postpartum relapses. On the contrary, early DMD resumption after delivery marginally reduced the risk of postpartum relapses (HR=0.7, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.0; p=0.079). Moreover, 44/338 women progressed by at least one point on the EDSS. Disability progression was associated with a higher number of relapses before (HR=1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.9; p=0.047) and after delivery (HR=2.7, 95% CI 1.4 to 5.2; p=0.002). Conclusions Our findings show an increased risk of postpartum relapses and disability accrual in women with higher disease activity before and during pregnancy. Since it may reduce the risk of postpartum relapses, early DMD resumption should be encouraged, particularly in patients with more active disease.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
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    ABSTRACT: The accrual of brain focal pathology is considered a good substrate of disability in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). However, knowledge on long-term lesion evolution and its relationship with disability progression is poor. The objective of this paper is to evaluate in RRMS the long-term clinical relevance of brain lesion evolution. In 58 RRMS patients we acquired, using the same scanner and protocol, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline and 10±0.5 years later. MRI data were correlated with disability changes as measured by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). The annualized 10-year lesion volume (LV) growth was +0.25±0.5 cm(3) (+6.7±8.7%) for T2-weighted (T2-W) lesions and +0.20±0.31 cm(3) (+11.5±12.3%) for T1-weighted (T1-W) lesions. The univariate analysis showed moderate correlations between baseline MRI measures and EDSS at 10 years (p < 0.001). Also, 10-year EDSS worsening correlated with LV growth and the number of new/enlarging lesions measured over the same period (p < 0.005). In the stepwise multiple regression analysis, EDSS worsening over 10 years was best correlated with the combination of baseline T1-W lesion count and increasing T1-W LV (R = 0.61, p < 0.001). In RRMS patients, long-term brain lesion accrual is associated with worsening in clinical disability. This is particularly true for hypointense, destructive lesions.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Multiple Sclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The MRI incidental finding in asymptomatic subjects of brain white matter (WM) changes meeting the Barkhof criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been recently characterized as the radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS). This entity needs to be more specifically defined to allow risk stratification of these subjects. We used brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) to assess metabolic changes in an RIS population. Methods: Twenty-three RIS subjects who were classified according to the Okuda Criteria underwent 1H-MRSI examination with a central brain (CB) volume of interest (VOI) to measure levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and choline (Cho) normalized to creatine (Cr) in the whole CB-VOI, in lesional/perilesional and normal-appearing WM regions, and in the cortical gray matter (CGM). The 1H-MRSI data were compared with those of 20 demographically matched healthy controls (HC). Results: NAA/Cr levels were significantly lower in RIS than in HC in all regions (p < 0.005 for all). No differences in Cho/Cr levels were found in either brain region. A single-subject analysis showed that NAA/Cr levels were at least 2 SDs below the HC mean in the 44% of RIS in the normal-appearing WM and in the 61% of RIS in the CGM. Conclusion: Decreased brain NAA/Cr levels in a group of RIS subjects indicates that brain metabolic abnormalities suggestive of axonal damage can be significant even at this early disease stage. This information could be useful for stratifying RIS individuals with a high risk of progression to MS.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: This project aims to investigate the role of alcoholic drinks (ADs) as triggers for primary headaches. Patients followed in the Headache Centre and presenting with migraine without aura, migraine with aura (MA), chronic migraine (CM), and tension-type headache (TH) were asked if their headache was precipitated by AD and also about their alcohol habits. Individual characteristics and drink habits were evaluated within two binary logistic models. About one half (49.7%) of patients were abstainers, 17.6% were habitual consumers, and 32.5% were occasional consumers. Out of 448 patients, only 22 (4.9%), all with migraine, reported AD as a trigger factor. None of 44 patients with MA and none of 47 patients with TH reported AD as a trigger factor. Among those patients with migraine who consume AD, only 8% reported that AD can precipitate their headache. Multivariate analyses showed that AD use, both occasional and habitual, is unrelated to TH. Moreover, analysis performed among migraine patients, points out that occasional and habitual drinkers have a lower risk of presenting with CM than abstainers, although statistical significance occurred only among occasional drinkers. Only 3% of migraine patients who abstain from AD reported that they do not consume alcohol because it triggers their headache. Our study shows that AD acts as headache triggers in a small percentage of migraine patients. Differing from some prior studies, our data suggest that AD do not trigger MA and TH attacks. Moreover, the percentage of abstainers in our sample is higher compared with that reported in general population surveys.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Pain Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) the relationship between MRI measures of structural damage and disability changes in the long term. BACKGROUND: A number of studies have variably associated MRI measures with disease progression in MS. However, such relationship is largely unknown in the long term. DESIGN/METHODS: In this ongoing study, we acquired thus far conventional brain MRI in 82 MS patients (56 females; age=37.3±9.9 years; 70 relapsing-remitting [RR], 7 secondary progressive [SP] and 5 primary progressive) at baseline and after 10 years, using the same MRI protocol. Brain lesion volume (LV), baseline normalized brain volume (NBV) and the 10-year percent brain volume change (PBVC) were computed. RESULTS: After 10 years, disease course remained RR in 61 patients and turned into SP in 5 RR patients. In the relapsing group, EDSS increased from 1.8±1.1 to 2.6±1.7 and relapse number was 3.9±3.6. Brain LV increase during follow-up was 2.5±5 cm3 for T2 lesions, 2±3 cm3 for T1 lesions, while PBVC decreased of -5.3±2.2%. At the univariate analysis, 10-year EDSS change correlated significantly with baseline NBV (r=-0.31), T2 (r=0.46) and T1 (r=0.35) LVs. Significant correlation was also found between 10-year change in EDSS and MRI measures (T2-LV: r=0.37; T1-LV: r=0.46; PBVC: r=-0.30). Over 10 years, EDSS worsening was also significantly associated with relapse number (r=0.55). At the multivariate analysis, baseline NBV, 10-year PBVC and T1-LV increase were significant MRI predictors of 10-year disability worsening (r=0.65). Such correlation was even closer when the relapse number was added to the MRI model (r=0.70). CONCLUSIONS: These findings add long-term evidence in suggesting that the combined use of MRI measures of focal and diffuse tissue damage alone or with clinical relapses can explain most of the long-term disability progression in patients with MS.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Feb 2013
  • A Panconesi · M L Bartolozzi · S Mugnai · L Guidi
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    ABSTRACT: Alcoholic drinks (AD) have been known as migraine triggers in about one-third of migraine patients in retrospective studies. We have reviewed the studies concerning the role of AD in triggering the various types of primary headaches published after the International Headache Society classification of 1988. There are many studies showing that AD are triggers of migraine without aura (MO), migraine with aura (MA), cluster headache (CH) and tension-type headache (TH). About one-third of MO and half of CH patients reported AD as trigger factors. Some studies show that AD are triggers in MA and TH in a similar percentage to that found in MO, but there are also discordant findings. There are sparse reports that AD are also triggers of less frequent types of primary headache such as familial hemiplegic migraine, hemicrania continua and paroxysmal hemicrania. The mechanism of alcohol-provoking headache is debated and should be compatible with the principal pathogenetic theories of primary headaches. If AD are capable of triggering practically all primary headaches, they should act at a common pathogenetic level. Vasodilatation is unlikely to be compatible as common mechanism. An action at cortical or more likely at subcortical level is plausible.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Neurological Sciences

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate cognitive changes in a cohort of radiologically isolated syndromes (RIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) and to assess their relationship with quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) measures such as white matter (WM), lesion loads, and cerebral atrophy. We assessed the cognitive performance in a group of 29 subjects with RIS recruited from 5 Italian MS centers and in a group of 26 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). A subgroup of 19 subjects with RIS, 26 patients with RRMS, and 21 healthy control (HC) subjects also underwent quantitative MR assessments, which included WM T1 and T2 lesion volumes and global and cortical brain volumes. Cognitive impairment of the same profile as that of RRMS was found in 27.6% of our subjects with RIS. On MR scans, we found comparable levels of lesion loads and brain atrophy in subjects with RIS and well-established RRMS. In subjects with RIS, high T1 lesion volume (ρ = 0.526, p = 0.025) and low cortical volume (ρ = -0.481, p = 0.043) were associated with worse cognitive performance. These findings emphasize the importance of including accurate neuropsychological testing and quantitative MR metrics in subjects with RIS suggestive of MS. They can provide a better characterization of these asymptomatic subjects, potentially useful for diagnostic and therapeutic decisions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence and dose-dependency of mitoxantrone (MTX)-associated acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) in the network of Italian multiple sclerosis (MS) clinics. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients treated with MTX in MS centers under the Italian national health care system between 1998 and 2008. Demographic, disease, treatment, and follow-up information were collected using hospital records. RESULTS: Data were available for 3,220 patients (63% women) from 40 Italian centers. Follow-up (mean ± SD) was 49 ± 29 months (range 12-140 months). We observed 30 cases of AML (incidence 0.93% [95% confidence interval 0.60%-1.26%]). The mean cumulative dose was higher in patients with AML (78 vs 65 mg/m(2), p = 0.028). The median interval from the start of therapy to AML diagnosis was longer than expected at 33 months (range 13-84 months); 8 patients (27%) developed AML 4 years or more after the first MTX infusion. The rate of mortality associated with AML was 37%. CONCLUSIONS: This higher than expected risk of AML and related mortality requires that treatment decisions must be made jointly between clinicians and patients who understand their prognosis, treatment options, and treatment-related risks. The now large exposed MS population must be monitored for hematologic abnormalities for at least 6 years from the end of therapy, to ensure the rapid actions needed for early diagnosis and treatment of AML
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: To improve the characterization of asymptomatic subjects with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities highly suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS), a condition named as "radiologically isolated syndrome" (RIS). Quantitative MRI metrics such as brain volumes and magnetization transfer (MT) were assessed in 19 subjects previously classified as RIS, 20 demographically-matched relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and 20 healthy controls (HC). Specific measures were: white matter (WM) lesion volumes (LV), total and regional brain volumes, and MT ratio (MTr) in lesions, normal-appearing WM (NAWM) and cortex. LV was similar in RIS and RRMS, without differences in distribution and frequency at lesion mapping. Brain volumes were similarly lower in RRMS and RIS than in HC (p<0.001). Lesional-MTr was lower in RRMS than in RIS (p = 0.048); NAWM-MTr and cortical-MTr were similar in RIS and HC and lower (p<0.01) in RRMS. These values were particularly lower in RRMS than in RIS in the sensorimotor and memory networks. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that 13/19 RIS had ≥70% probability of being classified as RRMS on the basis of their brain volume and lesional-MTr values. Macroscopic brain damage was similar in RIS and RRMS. However, the subtle tissue damage detected by MTr was milder in RIS than in RRMS in clinically relevant brain regions, suggesting an explanation for the lack of clinical manifestations of subjects with RIS. This new approach could be useful for narrowing down the RIS individuals with a high risk of progression to MS.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · PLoS ONE

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · PLoS ONE
  • Alessandro Panconesi · Maria Letizia Bartolozzi · Leonello Guidi
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    ABSTRACT: Alcoholic drinks are a migraine trigger in about one third of patients with migraine in retrospective studies on trigger factors. Many population studies show that patients with migraine consume alcohol in a smaller percentage than the general population. Moreover, research has shown a decreased prevalence of headache with increasing number of alcohol units consumed. The classification criteria of alcohol-related headaches remain problematic. We discuss the role and mechanism of action of alcohol or other components of alcoholic drinks in relation to alcohol-induced headache. In accordance with data from a recent prospective study, we believe that reports overestimate the role of alcohol, as well as other foods, in the triggering of migraine. If a relationship between the intake of alcohol and the migraine attack is not clear, a small dose of alcohol is not contraindicated either for enjoyment or its protective effect on cardiovascular disease.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Current Pain and Headache Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have a favourable clinical status several years after disease onset are classified as 'benign'. In many cases brain tissue damage does not differ between benign MS and the 'classical' MS forms. To assess whether the favourable clinical course in benign MS could be explained by the presence of an efficient functional cortical reorganization. Twenty-five right-handed patients with benign MS (defined as having Expanded Disability Status Scale ≤ 3 and disease duration >15 years) underwent functional MRI during a simple motor task (right-hand tapping) to assess movement-associated brain activation. This was compared with that of 10 patients with relapsing-remitting MS and 10 normal controls. Benign MS patients also underwent conventional brain MRI and magnetization transfer imaging, which was compared with an identical examination obtained 1 year before. Quantitative structural magnetic resonance measures were baseline and changes over time in T2-lesion volume, magnetization transfer ratio in T2 lesions and normal-appearing brain and total brain volume. Movement-related activation was greater in patients with benign MS than in those with relapsing-remitting MS or normal controls, extensively involving bilateral regions of the sensorimotor network as well as basal ganglia, insula and cerebellum. Greater activation correlated with lower T2-lesion magnetization transfer ratio, and with decreasing brain volume and increasing T2 lesion volume. The results suggest that bilateral brain networks, beyond those normally engaged in motor tasks, are recruited during a simple hand movement in patients with benign MS. This increased activation is probably the expression of an extensive, compensatory and tissue-damage related functional cortical reorganization. This can explain, at least in part, the favourable clinical expression of patients with benign MS.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · Multiple Sclerosis

Publication Stats

2k Citations
207.18 Total Impact Points


  • 2010-2013
    • San Giuseppe Hospital
      Ареццо, Tuscany, Italy
    • Università degli Studi di Siena
      • Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience
      Siena, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1999-2007
    • University of Florence
      • Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Psicologia, Area del Farmaco e Salute del Bambino
      Florence, Tuscany, Italy