[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the risk factors for recurrence of IgA nephropathy after kidney transplantation. Of the 184 recipients of allografts for end-stage renal disease caused by primary IgA nephropathy at our institution and affiliated hospitals between 1990 and 2005, 70 developed recurrent IgA nephropathy (group 1), while the remaining 114 did not develop recurrent IgA nephropathy (group 2). The diagnosis of recurrent IgA nephropathy was based on case and/or protocol renal biopsies. We examined the risk factors for recurrence of IgA nephropathy by comparing the two groups. In addition, we also investigated the risk factors for graft loss in the patients with recurrent IgA nephropathy. The recipient's age at transplantation was significantly younger in group 1 than in group 2 (33.4 ± 10.4 vs. 36.7 ± 10.7, P = 0.037). No significant influence of the immunosuppressive regimens used was observed on the likelihood of recurrence of IgA nephropathy. In the analysis of the risk factors for graft loss, the mean age of the donor was significantly higher in the patient group with graft loss (59.1 ± 9.5 vs. 53.9 ± 9.0, P = 0.033), and the serum creatinine level at one year after surgery was also significantly higher in the patient group with graft loss (1.62 ± 0.52 vs. 1.34 ± 0.34, P = 0.022). Recipients with recurrent IgA nephropathy after transplantation, especially younger patients, need to be followed up carefully.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 48-year-old woman who had bilateral swelling in the eyelids and submandibular region was admitted. Clinical findings suggested that her renal function had deteriorated. Laboratory data showed renal insufficiency (2.52 mg/dl), hypergammaglobulinemia (IgG 3,729 mg/dl, IgA 124 mg/dl, IgM 73 mg/dl). Gallium-67 scintigram indicated abnormal uptake in bilateral lacrimal glands, submandibular glands, and kidneys. A diagnosis of Mikulicz's disease and interstitial nephritis was made, since biopsy specimens of her lacrimal gland and minor salivary gland showed diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes. In addition, renal biopsy specimens showed diffuse severe interstitial infiltration of IgG4-positive mononuclear cells. Symptoms and laboratory data normalized in response to methylprednisolone semi-pulse therapy and prednisolone 50 mg/day. Mikulicz's disease was recently reported to be IgG4 associated disease. In our case, Mikulicz's disease complicated with diffuse severe interstitial nephritis was successfully treated by corticosteroid. The present case supports the hypothesis that IgG4-related autoimmune disease could be causes of Mikulicz's disease and interstitial nephritis.
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a persistent public health concern in hemodialysis patients, there seem to have been only a few reports on the prevalence of HCV at the start of hemodialysis. In this study we investigated whether patients starting on hemodialysis therapy are positive for anti-HCV antibody or not.
The 400 patients who began regular hemodialysis between February 2003 and June 2007 were enrolled in this study. Clinical data such as age, anti-HCV antibody and primary cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) were examined. As healthy controls we used 70,717 healthy blood donors in 2005 whose data were obtained from Tokyo Metropolitan Red Cross Blood Center. Anti-HCV antibody was used as an indicator of HCV infection. Since the prevalence of HCV infection is affected by age in Japan, we classified the patients by age group.
The anti-HCV antibody prevalence rate among the patients who were new to hemodialysis was 7.3%, as opposed to 0.15% in the healthy volunteers. The prevalence of HCV in the 31-45-, 46-60-, and 61-year-old groups was significantly higher among the hemodialysis patients than among the healthy volunteers (P = 0.0209, <0.0001, and <0.0001, respectively). The prevalence rate of anti-HCV antibody was higher among men (10.0%) than among women (1.5%, P < 0.0001) in the hemodialysis patients. The anti-HCV-antibody-positive patients were significantly older than the anti-HCV-antibody-negative patients (66.4 +/- 14.3 years versus 58.6+/-16.6 years; P = 0.0152). Diabetic nephropathy was a more frequent cause of ESKD among the anti-HCV-antibody-positive patients (30.4%) than among the anti-HCV-antibody-negative patients (19.9%, P = 0.0122). Among the anti-HCV-antibody-positive patients, 55.2% had received a blood transfusion. The rate was significantly higher than that among the anti-HCV-antibody-negative patients (19.4%, P < 0.0001).
The results showed a much higher rate of anti-HCV antibody positivity in patients new to hemodialysis than in healthy volunteers. Older age, blood transfusion, male gender, and diabetic nephropathy seemed to be risk factors for anti-HCV antibody positivity in Japan.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A consensus conference for the Guidelines for the Management of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in Chronic Dialysis Patients was conducted in the general meeting of the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy (JSDT) in June 2006, and the guidelines were proposed in the Journal of JSDT in 4 months later. The aim of this study was performed on the status of observance with the data, based on 6 months later proposal of the guidelines. Only 48.9% stayed within the range specified by the calcium and phosphorus guideline. Moreover, only 12% of patients were able to remain within the ranges specified by all three guidelines (calcium, phosphorus, and PTH), 6 months later proposal of the guidelines. In our institution, compliance with the JSDT guidelines was inadequate. Major reasons were the special characteristics of the medical care system and patients in our institution as a university hospital. Further improvement in the contents and method of the use of the guidelines is necessary alongside observation of the present situation in Japan.
No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy