Choon-Sik Park

Soonchunhyang University, Onyang, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea

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Publications (228)755.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and -2 are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma and have been identified as markers of asthma severity. Objective: To determine the relation between circulating angiopoietins and clinical variables of patients with asthma. Methods: Fifty patients with bronchial asthma and 25 healthy controls were enrolled. Ang1 and Ang2 plasma levels were analyzed in patients with stable and exacerbated asthma. Results: Plasma Ang1 levels were 28.4 ± 4.01 pg/mg in patients with bronchial asthma and 21.2 ± 5.21 pg/mg in healthy controls. Plasma Ang2 levels were 23.96 ± 1.38 pg/mg in patients with bronchial asthma compared with 36.8 ± 4.46 pg/mg in healthy controls (P = .010). The ratio of Ang2 to Ang1 was lower in patients with asthma than in control subjects. Plasma Ang1 concentrations were correlated with the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FVC), and plasma Ang2 levels were correlated with FEV1 percentage of predicted, FEV1/FVC, and total immunoglobulin E values. The ratio of Ang2 to Ang1 was correlated with FEV1 percentage of predicted and FEV1/FVC. Although plasma Ang1 levels tended to be lower in the exacerbated state than in the stable state in patients with asthma, Ang2 levels were higher in the exacerbated state than in the stable state in patients with asthma (P = .001). Plasma Ang2 levels were correlated with initial eosinophil proportions and initial neutrophil proportions. Plasma Ang2 levels and the ratio of Ang2 to Ang1 were correlated with blood eosinophil proportions in the exacerbated state. Conclusion: These results indicate that circulating angiopoietins could be a useful marker of asthma exacerbation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Respirology
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    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-33 protects against infection and inflammation; however, few studies have explored the relevance of IL-33 in lung cancer patients. We evaluated relation of plasma IL-33 levels with development and progression of lung cancer. A total of 160 patients with lung cancer and 160 controls with normal lungs were enrolled. Plasma IL-33 levels were measured using a specific sandwich ELISA; these levels were followed-up in 18 patients who underwent surgery and in 14 patients treated with chemotherapy. Malignant lesions and normal lung tissues from 10 cancer patients were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for IL-33. IL-33 levels were significantly lower in cancer patients than normal controls (0.08 vs. 0.38ng/mL, p=0.005). Among cancer patients, IL-33 decreased in a stage-dependent manner from 0.76ng/mL in stage I patients to 0.25ng/mL in those with stage II, 0.08ng/mL in those with stage III, and 0.08ng/mL in those with stage IV (p=0.002). The levels were higher at stage I (p=0.041) and markedly lower at stages III and IV than those of controls (p=0.005 and p=0.001, respectively). A similar pattern was observed when IL-33 levels were analyzed by T stage; the levels were 0.39ng/mL at T1/T2 vs. 0.08ng/mL at T3/T4 (p=0.001). However, no difference was noted when stage N1 levels were compared with N2 and N3 levels (p=0.058), or between stage M0 and M1 levels (p=0.147). IL-33 levels gradually decreased after surgical resection of malignant lesions (from 1.075 to 0.756ng/mL, p=0.006), but were unchanged after chemotherapy (0.705 vs. 0.829 ng/mL, p=0.875). On immunohistochemical staining, bronchial epithelial and vascular endothelial cells of normal lung tissues mainly expressed IL-33. Plasma IL-33 levels are associated inversely with progression of lung cancer. The observed decreases may be attributed to lung volume reduction containing bronchial epithelium and vascular endothelium as the sources of IL-33. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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    ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic lung diseases are heterogeneous disorders characterized by varying degrees of pulmonary parenchyma or blood eosinophilia. Causes of eosinophilic lung diseases range from drug ingestion to parasitic or fungal infection as well as idiopathic. The exact pathogenesis of eosinophilic lung disease remains unknown. Urushiol chicken can frequently cause allergic reactions. Contact dermatitis (both local and systemic) represents the most-common side effect of urushiol chicken ingestion. However, there has been no previous report of lung involvement following urushiol chicken ingestion until now. A 66-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with exertional dyspnea. Serial chest X-ray revealed multiple migrating infiltrations in both lung fields, with eosinophilic infiltration revealed by lung biopsy. The patient had ingested urushiol chicken on two occasions within the 2 weeks immediately prior to disease onset. His symptoms and migrating lung lesions were resolved following administration of oral corticosteroids.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
  • Tae-Hoon Kim · Seung-Woo Shin · Jong-Sook Park · Choon-Sik Park
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    ABSTRACT: Environmental particles are believed to provoke airway inflammation in susceptible individuals by stimulating epithelial cells to release mediators that exacerbate lung diseases. Here, we sought to identify genes expressed throughout the genome by epithelial cells stimulated with TiO2 particles. A human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B, was stimulated with or without 40 µg TiO2 for 2 h. RNA was purified from cells and subjected to microarray analysis. Genes exhibiting more than a twofold change in RNA expression were selected. Candidate genes were then analyzed using bioinformatics tools, including pathway, ontology, and network analyses. ITGAV mRNA expression levels were measured in BEAS-2B cells using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Among 37,803 genes, 92 genes displayed more than a twofold change in mRNA levels according to the microarray analysis; 87 genes were upregulated while five genes were downregulated. The 92 genes were classified based on functional annotation using a protein information resource database search for biological processes and a pathway search using the KEGG pathway database. These genes are related to macromolecule biosynthesis, metabolic processes and, in particular, RNA metabolism. When genes with more than a threefold change were analyzed, KIF11, ITGAV, SEMA3C, IBTK, and DEK were selected as candidate genes induced by TiO2 -stimulated BEAS-2B cells. To validate these results, BEAS-2B cells stimulated with 40 µg TiO2 expressed threefold higher ITGAV mRNA levels compared to those without TiO2 particle stimulation. We conclude that KIF11, ITGAV, SEMA3C, IBTK, and DEK are candidate genes expressed by epithelial cells when stimulated with TiO2 particles. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2013.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Environmental Toxicology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is one phenotype of asthma, often occurring in the form of a severe and sudden attack. Due to the time-consuming nature and difficulty of oral aspirin challenge (OAC) for AERD diagnosis, non-invasive biomarkers have been sought. The aim of this study was to identify AERD-associated exonic SNPs and examine the diagnostic potential of a combination of these candidate SNPs to predict AERD. DNA from 165 AERD patients, 397 subjects with aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA), and 398 normal controls were subjected to an Exome BeadChip assay containing 240K SNPs. 1,023 models (210-1) were generated from combinations of the top 10 SNPs, selected by the p-values in association with AERD. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was calculated for each model. SNP Function Portal and PolyPhen-2 were used to validate the functional significance of candidate SNPs. An exonic SNP, exm537513 in HLA-DPB1, showed the lowest p-value (p = 3.40×10-8) in its association with AERD risk. From the top 10 SNPs, a combination model of 7 SNPs (exm537513, exm83523, exm1884673, exm538564, exm2264237, exm396794, and exm791954) showed the best AUC of 0.75 (asymptotic p-value of 7.94×10-21), with 34% sensitivity and 93% specificity to discriminate AERD from ATA. Amino acid changes due to exm83523 in CHIA were predicted to be "probably damaging" to the structure and function of the protein, with a high score of '1'. A combination model of seven SNPs may provide a useful, non-invasive genetic marker combination for predicting AERD.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    Choon-Sik Park

    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Allergy, asthma & immunology research
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we used a proteomic approach to demonstrate that the protein level of fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1) is increased in nasal polyps in patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). To reveal the genetic effect of FABP1 variants, we evaluated the association of FABP1 polymorphisms with the risk of AERD in 207 asthmatics with AERD and 1019 aspirin-tolerant asthmatics (ATA). Seven polymorphisms of FABP1 were selected from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (build 36) using minor allele frequency and linkage disequilibrium criteria. The genotype and haplotype distributions were not significantly different between the AERD and ATA groups in all of the genetic models. The percent decline of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) after the oral aspirin challenge (OAC) test did not differ according to single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes. In haplotype analysis, asthmatic patients who were BL2ht2 homozygotes showed a greater decline in FEV1 after the OAC test than subjects who possessed 1 or no copy of BL2ht2 (P = 0.035). However, these observations were not significant after correction for multiple comparisons (corrected P value = 1.00). Neither genotype nor haplotype was associated with the presence of nasal polyposis in the study subjects. Although we did not find a significant association between the FABP1 polymorphisms and AERD, our data suggest that the 7 SNPs are not associated with the increased expression of FABP1 in asthmatic patients with AERD. Further studies of epigenetic factors that may contribute to the increased expression of FABP1 in AERD should be performed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Experimental Lung Research
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    Tae-Hyeong Lee · Hyun Ji Song · Choon-Sik Park
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    ABSTRACT: Human airways contact with pathogen-associated molecular patterns and danger-associated molecular patterns present in many environments. Asthmatic's airways may be more susceptible to these patterns and lead to inflammasome activation; however, the participation of inflammasome in the development and exacerbation of asthma is not fully understood and remains controversial. Asthma is a heterogeneous group composed of different airway inflammation patterns with different underlying immune mechanisms. One mechanism is neutrophilic airway inflammation based on the axis of inflammasome activation, interleukin (IL) 1β/IL-18 production, T helper 17 activation, IL-8/IL-6 overproduction, and neutrophilic inflammation. The role of inflammasome activation has been highlighted in experimental asthma models and some evidence of inflammasome activation has been recently demonstrated in human neutrophilic asthmatic airways. In addition to caspase-1 activation, proteinase 3 and other protease from activated neutrophils directly cleave pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18 to IL-1β and IL-18, which contribute to the phenotype of subsequent adaptive immune responses without inflammasome activation. Data suggests that neutrophilics in asthmatic airways may have an additional effect in initiating inflammasome activation and amplifying immune responses. Among the mediators from neutrophils, S100A9 seems to be one candidate mediator to explain the action of neutrophils in amplifying the airway inflammation in concert with inflammasome.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Chest
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    ABSTRACT: Background Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is an essential mediator of angiogenesis that establishes vascular integrity, and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) acts as its natural inhibitor. We considered that angiopoietin might be important in bronchial asthma. Methods In total, 35 patients with asthma and 20 healthy subjects were studied. Results The serum Ang-1 levels were significantly elevated in patients with asthma compared to control subjects (293.9 ± 13.8 pg/mL vs. 248.3 ± 16.2 pg/mL, respectively, p = 0.04). The serum Ang-2 levels were not different between the two groups. The areas under the curve (AUC) for serum angiopoietins revealed that the serum level of Ang-1 (0.68) was more sensitive and specific than the serum Ang-2 level (0.55) for differentiating between patients with asthma and control subjects. The serum Ang-1/Ang-2 ratio was correlated with the FEV1/FVC ratio (r = -0.312, p = 0.02), while serum Ang-2 was correlated with body mass index. Conclusions Our results indicate that the serum Ang-1 levels were higher in asthma patients compared with healthy subjects. As the Ang-1/Ang-2 ratio was related to lung function, the data suggest that serum angiopoietin is associated with lung function in patients with asthma.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: To better understand the respiratory lipid phenotypes of asthma, a novel method for lipid profiling of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was developed using HPLC-QTOF-MS with an internal spectral library and high-throughput lipid identifying software. The method was applied to BALF from 38 asthmatic patients (18 patients with non-steroid treated bronchial asthma [NSBA] and 20 patients with steroid treated bronchial asthma [SBA]) and 13 healthy subjects (NC). We identified 69 lipids, which were categorized into one of six lipid classes: lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylserine (PS), sphingomyelin (SM) and triglyceride (TG). Compared to the NC group, the individual quantity levels of the six classes of lipids were significantly higher in the NSBA subjects; in the SBA subjects, the PC, PG, PS, SM and TG levels were similar with the levels observed in the NC group. Using differentially expressed lipid species (p-value < 0.05, FDR < 0.1 and VIP score of PLS-DA > 1), 34 lipid biomarker candidates with high prediction performance between asthmatics and controls were identified (AUROC > 0.9). These novel findings revealed specific characteristics of lipid phenotypes in asthmatic patients and suggested the importance of future research on the relationship between lipid levels and asthma.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Proteome Research
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    June-Hyuk Lee · Choon-Sik Park
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Monocyte chemoattractant proteins (MCPs) are important cytokines that involved in cellular activation and releasing of inflammatoy mediators by basophils and eosinophils in allergic disease. Some MCP gene variants implicate in asthma and monoclonal antibody for MCP-3 blocks allergic inflammations in the patients with asthma. Detection of interactions between gene and environment or between genes for complex disease such as asthma is important. We searched for an evidence of genetic effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MCP genes as well as gene - gene interactions involved in asthma. Methods Four hundreds asthmatics and four hundreds normal controls were enrolled. Asthma was defined as a positive bronchodilator response or positive methacholine provocation test with compatible clinical symptoms. Seven MCP gene SNPs (2 SNPs in MCP-1, 1 in MCP-2, and 4 in MCP-3) were included. Association analyses between SNP and asthma, and the tests for gene - gene interaction were performed. Results Strong linkage disequilibria were found among 7 MCP gene polymorphisms. There was no SNP that showed a significant association with asthma among 7 SNPs of 3 MCP genes. No haplotype was associated with asthma, either. The combination of MCP1-2518G>A, MCP2+46A>C, and MCP3+563C>T was the best predictive model for asthma as compared to the control in tests for gene - gene interaction. The MCP1-2518G>A and MCP2+46A>C was the second best predictive combination and this had the highest synergistic interaction effect on the subject's status than any other combination of polymorphisms. Complete linkages were not associated with the gene - gene interactions models. Conclusions MCP gene polymorphisms probably interact with each other; thus, these findings may help in developing a possible genetic marker to predict asthma.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Allergy, asthma & immunology research
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    ABSTRACT: The tyrosine-protein kinase Tec (TEC) is a member of non-receptor tyrosine kinases and has critical roles in cell signaling transmission, calcium mobilization, gene expression, and transformation. TEC is also involved in various immune responses, such as mast cell activation. Therefore, we hypothesized that TEC polymorphisms might be involved in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) pathogenesis. We genotyped 38 TEC single nucleotide polymorphisms in a total of 592 subjects, which comprised 163 AERD cases and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma controls. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the associations between TEC polymorphisms and the risk of AERD in a Korean population. The results revealed that TEC polymorphisms and major haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD. In another regression analysis for the fall rate of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) by aspirin provocation, two variations (rs7664091 and rs12500534) and one haplotype (TEC_BL2_ht4) showed nominal associations with FEV1 decline (p = 0.03-0.04). However, the association signals were not retained after performing corrections for multiple testing. Despite TEC playing an important role in immune responses, the results from the present study suggest that TEC polymorphisms do not affect AERD susceptibility. Findings from the present study might contribute to the genetic etiology of AERD pathogenesis.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma can be suppressed by inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). However, response to ICS shows marked inter-individual variability. This study is aimed to identify the genetic variants associated with the change in the percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%ΔFEV1) following ICS treatment. A genome-wide association study was performed in a Korean asthmatic cohort. To further investigate these genetic associations, 11 additional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the allantoicase (ALLC) gene were selected from the HapMap database and genotyped in the same asthmatic patients in the follow-up study. In a genome-wide study, we identified the lowest P-value in ALLC, but none of the SNPs met the genome-wide association criteria (P <1.0 × 10-8). However, among 25 SNPs on ALLC in the follow-up study, six variants showed significant associations with the mean %ΔFEV1 in the study subjects (P < 3.73 × 10-6). Although the associated signals could not overcome the genome-wide multiple correction due to small sample size (n = 189), our results suggest that associated SNPs of ALLC might be genetic predictors of response to ICS, at least with respect to ΔFEV1 in Korean asthmatics.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive dyspnea and worsening lung function due to remodeling of the lung, including epithelial mesenchymal transition. ADAM33 is a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain-containing protein, which may be related to lung fibrosis by exerting angiogenesis and remodeling of the lung. Thus, we evaluated the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADAM33 with the risk of IPF. A total of 237 patients with IPF and 183 healthy subjects participated in the present study. Nine polymorphisms were selected. Genotyping was performed by single-base extension. Polymorphisms and haplotypes were analyzed for associations with the risk of IPF using multiple logistic regression models controlling for age, gender, and smoking status as covariates. All SNPs were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs628977G>A in intron 21 was significantly lower in subjects with surgical IPF than in normal controls in the recessive model [33.2 vs. 38.0 %, p = 0.02, OR = 0.40 (0.19-0.84)]. When the subjects with clinical IPF were included, the difference in MAF persisted with a p value of 0.03 [OR = 0.50 (0.27-0.94)]. ADAM33 rs628977G>A was marginally associated with a decreased risk of IPF in a recessive model.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose
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    ABSTRACT: The well-known genetic polymorphisms in ADH1B(His47Arg) and ALDH2(Glu487Lys) have dramatic effects on the rate of metabolizing alcohol and acetaldehyde. We investigated possible involvement of these functional polymorphisms in other common complex-trait diseases. The genetic effects of these two polymorphisms on hepatitis, asthma, type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and tuberculosis (TB) were examined in a Korean population. We demonstrated that the well-known functional polymorphism of a primary alcohol-metabolizing enzyme (ALDH2 Glu487Lys) has a strong genetic association with the risk of TB. The frequency of the minor allele (ALDH2*487Lys) was found to be much lower in TB patients (freq. = 0.099/n = 477) than among controls (freq. = 0.162/n = 796) (P = 0.00001, OR (95% confidential interval) = 0.57 (0.45-0.74)). Our data may indicate that TB was once an endemic disease, which exerted selection pressure for higher frequencies of ALDH2*487Lys in Asian populations. In addition, the calculated attributable fraction (AF) indicates that 39.5% of TB patients can attribute their disease to the detrimental effects of ALDH2Glu487Glu. Our results suggest that this polymorphism is one of the genetic components of TB, at least in the Korean population.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · BMC Medical Genetics

Publication Stats

3k Citations
755.05 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2015
    • Soonchunhyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Onyang, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Hanyang University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Sogang University
      • Department of Life Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003-2005
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea