[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the specific effects of balance and gait exercises among frail elderly individuals.
A randomized three-group parallel controlled study.
Geriatric health services facility in Japan.
Thirty-four frail elderly subjects attending the care facility were randomized into a control group, an exercise group with emphasis on balance or an exercise group with emphasis on gait re-education. Interventions: The two exercise groups received balance or gait exercise for 40 minutes, 2-3 times weekly, for 12 weeks.
One Leg Standing Test, Functional Reach Test, Manual Perturbation Test, Functional Balance Scale, Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment, Timed 'Up and Go' Test and Stair Climbing/Descending Test. These assessments were performed before and after 12-week intervention.
Comparison of the performance before and after intervention demonstrated significant improvement in One Leg Standing Test, Functional Reach Test and Functional Balance Scale in the balance exercise group, and Functional Balance Scale, Timed 'Up and Go' Test and Stair Descending Test showed improvement in the gait exercise group. All test items showed no significant differences in the control groups. Among the three groups, the balance exercise group showed more significant improvement in Functional Balance Scale, and the gait exercise group showed more significant improvement in Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment than the control group. The balance exercise group showed greater improvement in performance in Functional Reach Test than the gait exercise group.
Balance exercises led to improvements in static balance function, and gait exercises resulted in improvements to dynamic balance and gait functions in the very frail elderly.
No preview · Article · Sep 2003 · Clinical Rehabilitation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between outdoor-activity areas and physical functions such as muscle strength, postural balance, gait function, and to identify the physical functions related to accomplishment of outdoor activity in elderly persons utilizing outpatient rehabilitation facilities. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship among physical, social and intellectual activities and physical functions. The subjects were 265 elderly persons (average age: 80.3 +/- 7.0). They were classified into the indoor-activity group, neighborhood outdoor-activity group and long-distance outdoor-activity group, and functional differences among the three groups were examined. The Barthel index, one-leg standing time, timed up-and-go test and performance-oriented mobility assessment were significantly different among the three groups. These results suggested that physical functions have a close relationship with extension of the activity area. Based on 95% confidence intervals, elderly subjects with more than 95 points on the Barthel index seemed able to do neighborhood outdoor activities. Those who can finish timed up-and-go test in less than 18 seconds, and obtain 26 points in performance-oriented mobility assessment may be able to do long-distance outdoor-activities using a bus. Furthermore, it was found that physical function was largely affected by physical activity such as exercise habituation and house keeping. In conclusion the difference of the activity area as well as extended activities of ADL influenced the physical function, which was critical to prevent functional decline in elderly persons.
No preview · Article · Apr 2002 · Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi Japanese Journal of Geriatrics