[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate genes that are up- and downregulated in rat retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury systematically by using an oligonucleotide microarray system and to determine temporal and spatial expression changes of some genes that showed upregulation in the analysis.
Retinal ischemia was induced in rats by increasing intraocular pressure to 110 mm Hg for 1 hour. Gene expression at 12 hours after reperfusion was compared with that in the control retina by using oligonucleotide microarrays that display a total of 8800 genes and expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Temporal and spatial expression changes of immediate early genes and cell-cycle-related genes were studied by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemical methods.
At 12 hours after reperfusion, 135 genes and ESTs were found to be up- or downregulated. The upregulated genes were classified into seven groups: (1) immediate early genes; (2) cell-cycle-related genes; (3) stress-responsive protein genes; (4) cell-signaling protein genes; (5) cell-adhesion and cell surface protein genes; (6) genes for translation and protein turnover; and (7) genes for metabolism. Real-time PCR analyses showed peaks of Fra-1 expression at 6 hours after reperfusion, whereas those for c-Jun, Jun B, and cyclin D1 were at 24 hours. Fra-1 and Jun B immunoreactivities were found in Müller cells, whereas c-Jun and cyclin D1 immunoreactivities were found in apoptotic retinal neurons.
Gene expression changes after a retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury were profiled by using an oligonucleotide microarray system. Seven groups of genes were found to be upregulated by the injury. Among the immediate early genes, Fra-1 and Jun B immunoreactivities were found in Müller cells whereas c-Jun and cyclin D1 immunoreactivities were found in apoptotic retinal neurons.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To report characteristics of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) of large vascular networks that expand across the retinal vascular arcade.
Among 60 consecutive eyes diagnosed as having PCV by fluorescein and indocyanine green (ICG) angiography, 12 eyes (9 patients) showed large lesions. The clinical and angiographic features of these 12 eyes were studied retrospectively.
Cases of large PCV typically showed dilated network vessels, which spread radially, and multiple polypoidal dilations at the end of the network vessels. Most of the polypoidal dilations formed clusters resembling bunches of grapes and caused large serous and/or hemorrhagic pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs). Among the 12 eyes, 5 showed rapid expansion of the lesions and became large PCVs within 3-24 months. In these eyes, ICG angiography revealed mesh-like choroidal vessels beneath the retinal pigment epithelium.
PCV with a large vascular network that expands across the vascular arcade is not uncommon. Some of these cases seems to have characteristics of choroidal neovascularization rather than choroidal vasculopathy. It is not easy to distinguish such cases from exudative age-related macular degeneration even though they showed typical findings of PCV on ICG angiography.
No preview · Article · Jun 2002 · Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A successful surgical treatment (vitrectomy) for bilateral bullous retinal detachment in a patient with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is reported. A 78-year-old woman had severe reduction of visual acuity in both eyes because of an extremely bullous nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachment accompanied by VKH disease. We performed lens extraction and vitrectomy on both eyes combined with systemic and topical corticosteroid therapy. The retina was reattached immediately after the surgery and her visual acuity promptly improved in both eyes. She had no recurrence of retinal detachment even after tapering the dose of corticosteroid. We suggest that vitrectomy may be an effective therapeutic option in the treatment for severe bullous retinal detachment associated with VKH disease.
No preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Ophthalmic surgery and lasers