Hwan Mook Kim

Dr. Harisingh Gour University, Saugor, Madhya Pradesh, India

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Publications (177)546.32 Total impact

  • Yeong-Su Jang · Ju-Hee Kang · Jong Kyu Woo · Hwan Mook Kim · Jong-Ik Hwang · Sang-Jin Lee · Ho-Young Lee · Seung Hyun Oh
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    ABSTRACT: Nerve injury-induced protein 1 (Ninjurin1, Ninj1) is a cell surface molecule that can mediate homophilic adhesion and promote neurite outgrowth from cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Interestingly, Ninj1 overexpressed in human cancer; however its role in metastasis is not clear. This study showed that inhibition of Ninj1 promotes lung cancer metastasis through IL-6/STAT3 signaling. Ninj1 levels were relatively low in highly motile lung cancer cells. While inhibition of Ninj1 enhanced cell migration in lung cancer cells, overexpression of Ninj1 significantly suppressed it. We found that inhibition of Ninj1 significantly increased expression and secretion of IL-6 in A549 cells. We also found that inhibition of IL-6 decreased intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression. In addition, inhibition of Ninj1 significantly increased cell motility and invasiveness of lung cancer cells. In an in vivo model, we found that Ninj1 suppression did not affect tumor growth but induced significant increase in incidence of lung metastasis, and sizes and number of tumor nodules. Taken together, our data clearly demonstrate that Ninj1 suppresses migration, invasion, and metastasis of lung cancer via inhibition of the IL-6 signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Betaine plays an important role in cellular homeostasis. However, the physiological roles of betaine-γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter (BGT-1) are still being disputed in cancer. In this study, we tried to find the possibility of the antitumor effect on colorectal cancer (CRC) cell via lactate calcium salt (CaLa)-induced BGT-1 downregulation. Main methods: The CRC cell viability and clonogenic assay was performed using different doses of BGT-1 inhibitor. The expression level of BGT-1 was measured following the treatment of 2.5mM CaLa. Betaine was treated to confirm the resistance of the antitumor activity by CaLa. Tumor growth was also measured using a xenograft animal model. Key findings: Long-term exposure of 2.5mM CaLa clearly decreased the expression of BGT-1 in the CRC cells. As a result of the downregulation of BGT-1 expression, the clonogenic ability of CRC cells was also decreased in the 2.5mM CaLa-treated group. Reversely, the number of colonies and cell viability was increased by combination treatment with betaine and 2.5mM CaLa, as compared with a single treatment of 2.5mM CaLa. Tumor growth was significantly inhibited in the xenograft model depending on BGT-1 downregulation by 2.5mM CaLa treatment. Significance: These results support the idea that long-lasting calcium supplementation via CaLa contributes to disruption of betaine homeostasis in the CRC cells and is hypothesized to reduce the risk of CRC. In addition, it indicates the possibility of CaLa being a potential incorporating agent with existing therapeutics against CRC.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Life sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that many types of cancer cells have increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and enhance antioxidant capacity as an adaptation to intrinsic oxidative stress, suggesting that cancer cells are more vulnerable to oxidative insults and are more dependent on antioxidant systems compared with normal cells. Thus, disruption of redox homeostasis caused by a decline in antioxidant capacity may provide a method for the selective death of cancer cells. Here we show that ROS-mediated selective death of tumor cells can be caused by inhibiting sulfiredoxin (Srx), which reduces hyperoxidized peroxiredoxins, leading to their reactivation. Srx inhibitor increased the accumulation of sulfinic peroxiredoxins and ROS, which led to oxidative mitochondrial damage and caspase activation, resulting in the death of A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Srx depletion also inhibited the growth of A549 cells like Srx inhibition, and the cytotoxic effects of Srx inhibitor were considerably reversed by Srx overexpression or antioxidants such as N-acetyl cysteine and butylated hydroxyanisol. Moreover, Srx inhibitor rendered tumorigenic ovarian cells more susceptible to ROS-mediated death compared with nontumorigenic cells and significantly suppressed the growth of A549 xenografts without acute toxicity. Our results suggest that Srx might serve as a novel therapeutic target for cancer treatment based on ROS-mediated cell death.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Free Radical Biology and Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we developed a novel drug-like self-micellizing anticancer lipid (SMAL), and investigated its anticancer activity and effects on cell death pathways in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. Three self-assembled nanoparticles were prepared, namely, SMAL102 (lauramide derivative), SMAL104 (palmitamide derivative), and SMAL108 (stearamide derivative) by a thin-film hydration technique, and were characterized for physicochemical and biological parameters. SMAL102 were nanosized (160.23 ± 8.11 nm) with uniform spherical shape, while SMAL104 and SMAL108 did not form spherical shape but formed large size nanoparticles and irregular in shape. Importantly, SMAL102 showed a cytotoxic effect towards CRC cell lines (HCT116 and HT-29), and less toxicity to a normal colon fibroblast cell line (CCD-18Co). Conversely, SMAL104 and SMAL108 did not have an anti-proliferative effect on CRC cell lines. SMAL102 nanoparticles were actively taken up by CRC cell lines, localized in the cell membrane, and exhibited remarkable cytotoxicity in a concentration-dependent manner. The normal colon cell line showed significantly less cellular uptake and non-cytotoxicity as compared with the CRC cell lines. SMAL102 nanoparticles induced caspase-3, caspase-9, and PARP cleavage in HT-29 cells, indicating the induction of apoptosis; whereas LC3B was activated in HCT116 cells, indicating autophagy-induced cell death. Collectively, these results demonstrate that SMAL102 induced cell death via activation of apoptosis and autophagy in CRC cell lines. The present study could be a pioneer for further preclinical and clinical development of such compounds.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces
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    Keun‑Yeong Jeong · Hwan Mook Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of neonatal animals with capsaicin has previously been associated with long-lasting hyperthermia and severe cutaneous lesions. The present study analyzed the effects of capsaicin-induced hyperthermia on the occurrence of infectious disease and pruritic dermatitis in a rat model. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were obtained 1 week prior to parturition. Pups from each litter were randomly assigned to the following experimental groups: Capsaicin-treated (cap-treated; n=10) or vehicle-treated (n=5). Capsaicin (50 mg/kg) or vehicle were systemically administered to the SD rat pups (age, 48 h), after which body temperature was measured using a biotelemetry system, and the effects of hyperthermia on the ability of the rat pups to resist bacterial infection were analyzed. Furthermore, pruritus-induced scratching behavior and dermatitis were assessed, and changes in interleukin (IL)-4- and IL-13-induced immunoglobulin E expression were measured. Treatment of neonatal rats with capsaicin resulted in chronic hyperthermia, which had negative effects on the host immune defense response. The expression levels of T-helper type 2 cell-associated cytokines were significantly increased (P<0.01) in the cap-treated rats following bacterial infection with Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus agalactiae. Furthermore, cap-treated rats exhibited pruritus-induced scratching behavior and dermatitis. The results of the present study suggested that treatment of neonatal rats with capsaicin induces chronic hyperthermia and decreases the effectiveness of the host defense system. Therefore, a cap-treated neonatal rat model may be considered useful when investigating the association between hyperthermia and infectious disease.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Experimental and therapeutic medicine
  • Keun-Yeong Jeong · Hwan Mook Kim · Ji-Hyuk Kang
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    ABSTRACT: Background: There is a remarkable similarity in the central sensitization of itch and pain. However, the interactions between itch and pain are only partially understood. Purpose: To investigate the functional activity of cerebral regions to provide clear information on the neuronal pathways related to both pathological itching (PI) and neuropathic pain (NP). Material and methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. PI was induced via neonatal capsaicin treatment, and scratching behavior was counted. NP was induced via lumbar spinal nerve 5 (L5) ligation, and mechanical allodynia was measured. The activated cerebral regions in the control, PI, and NP rats were measured using a 4.7 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system and manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI). Subsequently, the cerebral activation regions were identified, and the signal intensity was compared. Results: Cerebral activities of the PI-induced rats were found in three regions -7.10 and -4.20 mm, and two regions -2.45 mm from the bregma. In the NP-induced rats, cerebral activities were found in two regions 7.10 and -2.45 mm, and one region -4.20 mm from the bregma. Comparing the PI and NP rats, the cerebral activities were different in one region -7.10 mm and -2.45 mm, and two regions -4.20 mm from the bregma. The different regions were the midbrain area, the geniculate complex, the hypothalamic area, and the amygdala area. Conclusion: Our MEMRI investigation indicates functionally different activity of cerebral regions due to the effect of PI or NP. These findings provide clear information of the signal transduction in the brain regarding PI or NP that share a similar neuronal pathway.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Acta Radiologica
  • Yeong-Su Jang · Jae Jun Sim · Keun-Yeong Jeong · Hwan Mook Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Calcium supplements appear to reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), and it is necessary to clarify the mechanisms by which they exert their effects. In the present study, we investigate the supplementation effect of calcium via lactate calcium salt (CaLa) on CRC cells, focusing on β-catenin destabilization. The clonogenic assay was performed using different doses of CaLa. The expression level of c-Myc and Cyclin D1 was measured in addition to the confirmation of β-catenin expression in the CRC cells. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β expression was also confirmed in order to investigate the mechanism of β-catenin degradation. Tumorigenic ability was confirmed using a xenograft animal model. The number of colonies was significantly decreased after 2.5mM CaLa treatment. CaLa-treated CRC cells showed a decrease in the β-catenin expression. The quantitative level of the β-catenin protein was significantly decreased in the CRC cell lysates, hence the expression level of c-Myc and cyclin D1 was significantly decreased following 2.5mM CaLa treatment. We also confirmed that an increased expression of GSK-3β by CaLa is a key pathway in β-catenin degradation. In the xenograft study, tumorigenicity was significantly inhibited to a maximum of 45% in the CaLa-treated group as compared with the control. These results support the idea that calcium supplementation via CaLa contributes to β-catenin degradation and is hypothesized to reduce the risk of CRC. In addition, it indicates the possibility of CaLa being a potential incorporating agent with existing therapeutics against CRC. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Life sciences
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    ABSTRACT: p53 and Notch-1 play important roles in breast cancer biology. Notch-1 inhibits p53 activity in cervical and breast cancer cells. Conversely, p53 inhibits Notch activity in T-cells but stimulates it in human keratinocytes. Notch co-activator MAML1 binds p53 and functions as a p53 co-activator. We studied the regulation of Notch signaling by p53 in MCF-7 cells and normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC). Results show that overexpression of p53 or activation of endogenous p53 with Nutlin-3 inhibits Notch-dependent transcriptional activity and Notch target expression in a dose-dependent manner. This effect could be partially rescued by transfection of MAML1 but not p300. Standard and quantitative co-immunoprecipitation experiments readily detected a complex containing p53 and Notch-1 in MCF-7 cells. Formation of this complex was inhibited by dominant negative MAML1 (DN-MAML1) and stimulated by wild-type MAML1. Standard and quantitative far-Western experiments showed a complex including p53, Notch-1 and MAML1. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments showed that p53 can associate with Notch-dependent HEY1 promoter and this association is inhibited by DN-MAML1 and stimulated by wild-type MAML1. Our data support a model in which p53 associates with the Notch transcriptional complex (NTC) in a MAML1-dependent fashion, most likely through a p53-MAML1 interaction. In our cellular models, the effect of this association is to inhibit Notch-dependent transcription. Our data suggest that p53-null breast cancers may lack this Notch-modulatory mechanism, and that therapeutic strategies that activate wild-type p53 can indirectly cause inhibition of Notch transcriptional activity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Carcinogenic induction in a colon occurs through a sequence of events leading to metastasis that involved various oncogenic proteins. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates metastatic adhesion of carcinoma cells, and it has recognized as a potential therapeutic target to metastatic colon cancer. However, calcium (Ca2+) dependent calpain-FAK pathway to clear up the mechanism of motility has not been understood. Recently, Ca2+ bound lactate was used to induce intracellular Ca2+ (iCa2+) influx into colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, and we confirmed that iCa2+ influx mediated FAK destabilization and CRC cell motility. Calpeptin, a calpain inhibitor, restored the effect of iCa2+ influx on the CRC cells. We herein discuss the phenomenon of an increase in the CRC cell motility that focused on the iCa2+ influx-induced FAK cleavage via calpain.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer cell motility is a key phenomenon regulating invasion and metastasis. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) plays a major role in cellular adhesion and metastasis of various cancers. The relationship between dietary supplementation of calcium and colon cancer has been extensively investigated. However, the effect of calcium (Ca2+) supplementation on calpain-FAK-motility is not clearly understood. We sought to identify the mechanism of FAK cleavage through Ca2+ bound lactate (CaLa), its downstream signaling and role in the motility of human colon cancer cells. We found that treating HCT116 and HT-29 cells with CaLa immediately increased the intracellular Ca2+ (iCa2+) levels for a prolonged period of time. Ca2+ influx induced cleavage of FAK into an N-terminal FAK (FERM domain) in a dose-dependent manner. Phosphorylated FAK (p-FAK) was also cleaved in to its p-N-terminal FAK. CaLa increased colon cancer cells motility. Calpeptin, a calpain inhibitor, reversed the effects of CaLa on FAK and pFAK cleavage in both cancer cell lines. The cleaved FAK translocates into the nucleus and modulates p53 stability through MDM2-associated ubiquitination. CaLa-induced Ca2+ influx increased the motility of colon cancer cells was mediated by calpain activity through FAK and pFAK protein destabilization. In conclusion, these results suggest that careful consideration may be given in deciding dietary Ca2+ supplementation to patient undergoing treatment for metastatic cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Andrographis paniculata is a medicinal plant traditionally used for treatment of cough and cold, fever, laryngitis, and several infectious diseases. Extracts of A. paniculata have shown versatile potency against various diseases including cancer. The active biomolecules of A. paniculata mainly are lactone and diterpene. Andrographolide and analogues have been widely used for prevention of different diseases. Andrographolides have shown potent antiinflammatory and anticancer activities. It showed potentials as chemopreventive agents by suppressing growth of cancer cells by inhibiting NF-kappaB, PI3K/AKT and other kinase pathways and by inducing apoptosis. Andrographolide induced both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathway in different cancer cells via expression of different anti-apoptotic protein like Bax, p53, and activated caspases. Andrographolide was successfully used as an antineoplastic drug in cancer chemotherapy. Andrographolide inhibited the growth of human breast, prostate, and hepatoma tumors. Andrographolide and analogues need to be subjected to further clinical and biomedical studies in cancer chemoprevention. Andrographolide could be potent anticancer agent when used in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study was performed to elucidate the effect of a lipid-soluble ginseng extract (LSGE) on cancer invasion and metastasis. The LSGE, even at noncytotoxic concentrations, potently inhibited invasion and migration of B16F10 mouse melanoma cells in a dose-dependent manner. In the presence of 3 μg/mL of LSGE, the invasion and migration of B16F10 cells were significantly inhibited by 98.1% and 71.4%, respectively. Furthermore, the LSGE decreased mRNA and protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in B16F10 cells, leading to a decrease in MMP-2 activity. After B16F10 cells were intravenously injected in the tail vein of C57BL/6 mice, 1000 mg/kg/day of LSGE was orally administered for 13 days, after which lung metastasis of cancer cells was inhibited by 59.3%. These findings indicate that LSGE inhibits cancer cell invasion and migration in vitro and lung metastasis of melanoma cells in vivo by inhibiting MMP-2 expression.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Medicinal Food
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the promising anticancer potential of curcumin, its therapeutic application has been limited, owing to its poor solubility, bioavailability, and chemical fragility. Therefore, various formulation approaches have been attempted to address these problems. In this study, we entrapped curcumin into monoolein (MO)-based liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNs) and evaluated the physicochemical properties and anticancer activity of the LCN dispersion. The results revealed that particles in the curcumin-loaded LCN dispersion were discrete and monodispersed, and that the entrapment efficiency was almost 100%. The stability of curcumin in the dispersion was surprisingly enhanced (about 75% of the curcumin survived after 45 days of storage at 40°C), and the in vitro release of curcumin was sustained (10% or less over 15 days). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis using a human colon cancer cell line (HCT116) exhibited 99.1% fluorescence gating for 5 μM curcumin-loaded LCN dispersion compared to 1.36% for the same concentration of the drug in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), indicating markedly enhanced cellular uptake. Consistent with the enhanced cellular uptake of curcumin-loaded LCNs, anticancer activity and cell cycle studies demonstrated apoptosis induction when the cells were treated with the LCN dispersion; however, there was neither noticeable cell death nor significant changes in the cell cycle for the same concentration of the drug in DMSO. In conclusion, entrapping curcumin into MO-based LCNs may provide, in the future, a strategy for overcoming the hurdles associated with both the stability and cellular uptake issues of the drug in the treatment of various cancers.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · International Journal of Nanomedicine
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of 4-O-methylhonokiol in rats. The absorption and disposition of 4-O-methylhonokiol were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats following a single intravenous (2 mg/kg) or oral (10 mg/kg) dose. Its metabolism was studied in vitro using rat liver microsomes and cytosol. 4-O-Methylhonokiol exhibited a high systemic plasma clearance and a large volume of distribution. The oral dose gave a peak plasma concentration of 24.1±3.3 ng/mL at 2.9±1.9 h and a low estimated bioavailability. 4-O-Methylhonokiol was rapidly metabolized and converted at least in part to honokiol in a concentration-dependent manner by cytochrome P450 in rat liver microsomes, predicting a high systemic clearance consistent with the pharmacokinetic results. It was also shown to be metabolized by glucuronidation and sulfation in rat liver microsomes and cytosol, respectively. 4-O-Methylhonokiol showed a moderate permeability with no apparent vectorial transport across Caco-2 cells, suggesting that intestinal permeation process is not likely to limit its oral absorption. Taken together, these results suggest that the rapid hepatic metabolism of 4-O-methylhonokiol could be the major reason for its high systemic clearance and low oral bioavailability. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Phytotherapy Research
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    ABSTRACT: Expression and stability of the tumor suppressor runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) are regulated by histone deacetylase (HDAC). HDAC inhibition alters epigenetic and posttranslational stability of RUNX3, leading to tumor suppression. However, HDAC inhibitors can nonselectively alter global gene expression through chromatin remodeling. Thus, lactam-based HDAC inhibitors were screened to identify potent protein stabilizers that maintain RUNX3 stability by acetylation. RUNX activity and HDAC inhibition were determined for 111 lactam-based analogues through a cell-based RUNX activation and HDAC inhibition assay. 3-[1-(4-Bromobenzyl)-2-oxo-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-hydroxypropanamide (11-8) significantly increased RUNX3 acetylation and stability with relatively low RUNX3 mRNA expression and HDAC inhibitory activity. This compound showed significant antitumor effects, which were stronger than SAHA, in an MKN28 xenograft model. Thus, we propose a novel strategy, in which HDAC inhibitors serve as antitumor chemotherapeutic agents that selectively target epigenetic regulation and protein stability of RUNX3.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · ChemMedChem
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    ABSTRACT: RhoB is expressed during tumor cell proliferation, survival, invasion, and metastasis. In malignant progression, the expression levels of RhoB are commonly attenuated. RhoB is known to be linked to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt survival pathways. Based on aliphatic amido-quaternary ammonium salts that induce apoptosis via up-regulation of RhoB, we synthesized novel aliphatic sulfonamido-quaternary ammonium salts. These new synthetic compounds were evaluated for their biological activities using an in vitro RhoB promoter assay in HeLa cells, and in a growth inhibition assay using human cancer cell lines including PC-3, NUGC-3, MDA-MB-231, ACHN, HCT-15, and NCI-H23. Compound 5b (ethyl-dimethyl-{3-[methyl-(tetradecane-1-sulfonyl)-amino]-propyl}-ammonium; iodide) was the most promising anticancer agent in the series, based upon the potency of growth inhibition and RhoB promotion. These new aliphatic sulfonamido-quaternary ammonium salts could be a valuable series for development of new anticancer chemotherapeutic agents.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Midazolam is a widely used anesthetic of the benzodiazepine class that has shown cytotoxicity and apoptosisinducing activity in neuronal cells and lymphocytes. This study aims to evaluate the effect of midazolam on growth of K562 human leukemia cells and HT29 colon cancer cells. The in vivo effect of midazolam was investigated in BALB/c-nu mice bearing K562 and HT29 cells human tumor xenografts. The results show that midazolam decreased the viability of K562 and HT29 cells by inducing apoptosis and S phase cell-cycle arrest in a concentration-dependent manner. Midazolam activated caspase-9, capspase-3 and PARP indicating induction of the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. Midazolam lowered mitochondrial membrane potential and increased apoptotic DNA fragmentation. Midazolam showed reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity through inhibition of NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) enzyme activity in K562 cells. Midazolam caused inhibition of pERK1/2 signaling which led to inhibition of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-XL and XIAP and phosphorylation activation of the pro-apoptotic protein Bid. Midazolam inhibited growth of HT29 tumors in xenograft mice. Collectively our results demonstrate that midazolam caused growth inhibition of cancer cells via activation of the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway of apoptosis and inhibited HT29 tumor growth in xenograft mice. The mechanism underlying these effects of midazolam might be suppression of ROS production leading to modulation of apoptosis and growth regulatory proteins. These findings present possible clinical implications of midazolam as an anesthetic to relieve pain during in vivo anticancer drug delivery and to enhance anticancer efficacy through its ROS-scavenging and pro-apoptotic properties.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Moleculer Cells
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the effect of zaltoprofen enantiomers on inflammation and pain and compared their effect with racemic zaltoprofen. S(+)-zaltoprofen potently inhibited the inflammatory response in carrageenan-induced paw edema model, whereas R(-)-zaltoprofen did not. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effect of S(+)-zaltoprofen was stronger than that of racemic zaltoprofen, suggesting that S(+)-zaltoprofen is an active component of racemic zaltoprofen in terms of anti-inflammatory activity. In contrast, the results of acetic acid-induced writhing model demonstrated that no significant analgesic effect was observed by racemic zaltoprofen and zaltoprofen enantiomers at doses used in carrageenan-induced paw edema model. However, racemic zaltoprofen and zaltoprofen enantiomers all exerted an analgesic effect at higher doses, which is inconsistent with the result of carrageenan-induced paw edema model. Gastric ulcers induced by racemic zaltoprofen and zaltoprofen enantiomers were minimal. Taken together, these results suggest that S(+)-zaltoprofen is a potent and active anti-inflammatory component of racemic zaltoprofen, but both S(+)-zaltoprofen and R(-)-zaltoprofen might seem to contribute to the analgesic effect of racemic zaltoprofen.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · International immunopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are emerging as potent anticancer agents due to their ability to induce apoptosis in various cancer cells, including prostate cancer cells. In the present study, we synthesized a novel HDAC inhibitor, A248, and investigated its apoptotic activity and molecular target in the DU145 and PC3 human prostate cancer cell lines. A248 inhibited the growth of DU145 and PC3 cells and induced apoptosis, as demonstrated by nuclear fragmentation and the accumulation of cells at subG1 phase of cell cycle. The treatment of DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells with A248 resulted in the downregulation of specificity protein 1 (Sp1) expression. Since the expression levels of survivin and Mcl-1 depend on Sp1, we also investigated the effects of A248 on survivin and Mcl-1 expression using western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. The results showed that A248 markedly decreased the expression of survivin and Mcl-1. These data suggest that A248 has apoptotic activity in human prostate cancer cells and that Sp1 may be the molecular target of A248 treatment for inducing apoptosis in prostate cancer cells.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Molecular Medicine Reports

Publication Stats

4k Citations
546.32 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Dr. Harisingh Gour University
      • Department of Zoology
      Saugor, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2011-2015
    • Gachon University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Pharmacy
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
    • University of Ulsan
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
    • Korea University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • University of Incheon
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1996-2012
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology KRIBB
      • • Bio-Evaluation Center
      • • Bioevaluation Center
      • • Biopotency Evaluation Laboratory
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
    • Korea Institute of Science and Technology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Chungnam National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2004-2010
    • Pohang University of Science and Technology
      • Department of Chemistry
      Geijitsu, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
      • Department of Biological Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • The Seoul Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1996-2006
    • Chungbuk National University
      • • Department of Biochemistry
      • • Department of Pharmacy
      Chinsen, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea