Ercument Ayva

Afyon Kocatepe University, Kara Hissar Sahib, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey

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Publications (5)4.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy on pain during the first 24 hours after a cardiac surgical procedure. A total of 60 patients who had undergone median sternotomy (MS) for coronary artery bypass graft (n = 55) or valve repair surgery (n = 5) were randomized to receive TENS and pharmacologic analgesia, placebo TENS and pharmacologic analgesia, or pharmacologic analgesia alone (control group). For each group we recorded severity of pain, analgesic intake, and pulmonary complications. Pethidine HCL and metamizol sodium were administered for postsurgical analgesia. Pain after MS was measured on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS). Mean scores in the TENS, placebo TENS, and control groups, respectively, were 5.70 +/- 1.78, 5.75 +/- 1.83, and 5.95 +/- 1.63 before treatment (P >.05); 2.40 +/- 1.18, 3.90 +/- 1.48, and 3.55 +/- 1.60 on the 12th hour of the intervention (P < .05); and 1.25 +/- 0.91, 2.30 +/- 1.34, and 2.15 +/- 1.13 on the 24th hour of the intervention (P < .05). The mean VAS scores decreased within each group (P < .05). However, the mean VAS scores decreased much more significantly in the TENS group (P < .05). Metamizol sodium intake was 1.05 +/- 0.39 g, 2.30 +/- 1.08 g, and 2.90 +/- 1.20 g and pethidine HCL intake was 17 +/- 16.25 mg, 57 +/- 21.54 mg, and 51.50 +/- 18.99 mg, respectively, in the TENS, placebo TENS, and control groups. Metamizol sodium and pethidine HCL intake was least in the TENS group (P < .05). Postoperative complications were observed in 6 (10%) of patients. The most frequent complication was atelectasia. TENS was more effective than placebo TENS or control treatments in decreasing pain and limiting opioid and nonopioid medication intake during the first 24-hour period following MS.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Heart Surgery Forum
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the possible protective effect of dantrolene on neuronal injury induced by aortic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Nineteen rabbits were divided into three groups: sham (group 1, n = 5, no I/R), control (group 2, n = 7, only I/R) and dantrolene (group 3, n = 7, dantrolene + I/R). Abdominal aortic occlusion between the renal arteries and iliac bifurcations was carried out for 30 min. The spinal cord functions of the subjects were assessed using the Tarlov Scale. Blood and cord tissue samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological evaluation. Tarlov scores in group 3 were significantly higher than in group 2 ( P < 0.05). In group 3, the MDA levels of the spinal cord decreased significantly compared to those of group 2 ( P < 0.05). In rabbits with I/R (group 2), the GSH levels of the spinal cord decreased significantly compared to those of group 1 ( P < 0.01), but dantrolene pretreatment significantly prevented a decrease in GSH levels. Histopathological examination showed that group 3 had less vascular proliferation, hemorrhage, edema and neuron loss than group 2. It was concluded that dantrolene applied after ischemia might help protect the spinal cord against ischemia/reperfusion injury.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of preoperative administration of beta-blockers on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiothoracic surgery and the resulting morbidity and mortality. We retrospectively evaluated 181 patients who underwent operations between May 2004 and December 2007. We divided the patients into 2 groups according to their preoperative use beta-blockers. Group A (n = 89) consisted of patients who did not receive beta-blockers, and group B (n = 92) consisted of patients who received 50 mg metoprolol succinate daily. All patients underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) via sternotomy. Atrial sizes and the baseline clinical and laboratory data were similar for the 2 groups. The 2 groups were also similar with respect to the numbers of grafts per patient, preoperative ejection fractions, cross-clamp times, cardiopulmonary bypass times, and postoperative inotrope use (P > .05). AF occurred in 39 (21.5%) of the 181 patients after the operation. Postoperative AF occurred in 30 (33.7%) of the group A patients and in 9 patients (9.7%) in group B (P < .05). Postoperative AF increases the rates of morbidity and mortality and the length of hospital stay after CABG. The prophylactic use of beta-blockers decreases the rate of postoperative AF and thus AF-related complications.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Heart Surgery Forum
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    ABSTRACT: An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is frequently used as a mechanical support during the treatment of low cardiac output syndrome. The use of a sheath during IABP treatment can be associated with ischaemic complications in the extremities. The aim of our study was to determine the isolated role of sheaths in the development of vascular complications following IABP catheterisation. We evaluated a total of 81 patients who had received an IABP for haemodynamic stability, between January 2003 and October 2007, following cardiovascular surgery. To eliminate surgical-related variables, only patients with IABPs and size 8.5 or 9 French catheters (inserted by experienced cardiovascular surgeons using the percutaneous Seldinger technique) were included in the study. To eliminate patient-related variables, patients with a known risk factor for either thrombosis, embolus or peripheral arterial disease were excluded from the study. The patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (sheathed catheter group; n=42), Group 2 (sheathless catheter group; n=39). Ischaemic complications were observed in a total of five patients. Four of these patients were from Group 1 and one was from Group 2. Sheathed catheterisation was found to increase the risk of vascular complications in patients who underwent IABP application. Therefore sheathless catheterisation is recommended for IABP application.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Advances in Therapy

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology