Kazuhiko Nakata

Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (43)100.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We established a differentiation method for homogeneous α7 integrin-positive human skeletal muscle stem cell (α7+hSMSC)-derived osteoblast-like (α7+hSMSC-OB) cells, and found that interleukin (IL)-1β induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13-regulated proliferation of these cells. These data suggest that MMP-13 plays a potentially unique physiological role in the regeneration of osteoblast-like cells. Here, we examined whether up-regulation of MMP-13 activity by IL-1β was mediated by Wingless/int1 (Wnt) signaling and increased the proliferation of osteoblast-like cells. IL-1β increased the mRNA and protein levels of Wnt16 and the Wnt receptor Lrp5/Fzd2. Exogenous Wnt16 was found to increase MMP-13 mRNA, protein and activity, and interestingly, the proliferation rate of these cells. Treatment with small interfering RNAs against Wnt16 and Lrp5 suppressed the IL-1β-induced increase in cell proliferation. We revealed that a unique signaling cascade, IL-1β→Wnt16→Lrp5→MMP-13, was intimately involved in the proliferation of osteoblast-like cells, and suggest that IL-1β-induced MMP-13 expression and changes in cell proliferation are regulated by Wnt16.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: We previously confirmed a unique and unanticipated role for an α2 integrin, extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (Emmprin), and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3-mediated signaling cascade, in driving the odontoblast-like differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells in a collagen type-I scaffold (CS) combined with bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4 (CS/BMP-4). To explore the early signaling cascade for odontoblastic differentiation, we examined the upregulation of autophagy-related gene (Atg) and Wnt signaling by CS/BMP-4 mediated odontoblast differentiation. In a screening experiment, CS/BMP-4 increased the mRNA and protein levels of Atg5, Lrp5/Fzd9 (an Atg5 receptor), and Wnt5, but not microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain (LC3; a mammalian homolog of yeast Atg8), TFE3, Beclin1, and Atg12, together with the amount of autophagosomes and autophagy fluxes. Treatment with siRNAs against Atg5 and Wnt5 individually suppressed the CS/BMP-4-induced increase in odontoblast differentiation. The odontoblastic phenotype, involving dentin matrix protein-1 and dentin sialophosphoprotein expression, decreased when autophagy was inhibited by chloroquine, but increased after treatment with rapamycin (an autophagy enhancer). Taken together with our previous findings, we have revealed a unique sequential cascade involving Atg5, Wnt5a, α2 integrin, Emmprin, and MMP-3. This cascade results in a potent increase in odontoblastic cell differentiation, indicating the unique involvement of Atg5, autophagy and Wnt5 signaling in CS/BMP-4-induced differentiation of ES cells into odontoblast-like cells, at a relatively early stage.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Experimental Cell Research

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Inorganic polyphosphate [Poly(P)] induces differentiation of osteoblastic cells. In this study, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into purified rat dental pulp fibroblast-like cells (DPFCs) to investigate whether MMP-3 activity induced by Poly(P) is associated with cell differentiation into osteogenic cells. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and an MMP-3 activity assay were used in this study. Poly(P) enhanced expression of mature odontoblast markers dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and dentin matrix protein (DMP)-1 in DPFCs. These cells also developed an osteogenic phenotype with increased expression of osteocalcin (OC) and osteopontin (OP), high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and an increased calcification capacity. Poly(P) induced the expression of MMP-3 mRNA and protein, and increased MMP-3 activity. MMP-3 siRNA potently suppressed the expression of osteogenic biomarkers ALP, OC, OP, DSPP, and DMP-1, and blocked osteogenic calcification. Taken together, Poly(P)-induced MMP-3 regulates differentiation of osteogenic cells from DPFCs.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Bioscience trends
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an IL-1 family member, which binds to IL-1 receptors but does not induce any intracellular signaling. We addressed whether IL-1Ra has a novel function in regulation of the extracellular matrix or adhesion molecules. Polymerase chain reaction array analysis demonstrated a ~5-fold increase in matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 human oral squamous epithelial carcinoma cells compared with the control. In fact, MMP-13 mRNA and protein expression as well as its activity in IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 cell lines were significantly higher than those in the control. IL-1Ra siRNA treatment resulted in strong elevation of MMP-13 expression, whereas addition of rhIL-1Ra (40 ng/ml) suppressed MMP-13 expression, suggesting that IL-1Ra had a specific effect on MMP-13 induction. IL-1Ra siRNA could potently suppress IL-1α. No significant difference was found between the MMP-13 mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected cells and those treated with anti-IL-1α or anti-IL-1β antibodies. These results suggested that continuous supply of IL-1 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 by IL-1Ra siRNA. Histopathological investigation of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue showed specific localization in the junctional epithelial cells of IL-1Ra knockout (KO) mice. Furthermore, infection with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans to establish an experimental periodontitis model resulted in predominant localization of MMP-13 along apical junctional epithelial cells. Laminin-5, which is degraded by MMP-13, was found in the internal basal lamina of wild-type mice, whereas the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice did not show obvious laminin-5 localization. In particular, laminin-5 localization almost disappeared in the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans, suggesting that the suppression of IL-1Ra resulted in strong induction of MMP-13 that degraded laminin-5. In conclusion, IL-1Ra is associated with MMP-13 expression and has a novel function in such regulation without interference of the IL-1 signaling cascade.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · PLoS ONE

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that interleukin (IL)-1β induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3-regulated cell proliferation in mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived odontoblast-like cells, suggesting that MMP-3 plays a potentially unique physiological role in regeneration by odontoblast-like cells. MMPs are able to process virtually any component of the extracellular matrix, including collagen, laminin and bioactive molecules. Because odontoblasts produce dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1), we examined whether the degraded products of DMP-1 by MMP-3 contribute to enhanced proliferation in odontoblast-like cells. IL-1β increased mRNA and protein levels of odontoblastic marker proteins, including DMP-1, but not osteoblastic marker proteins, such as osteocalcin and osteopontin. The recombinant active form of MMP-3 could degrade DMP-1 protein but not osteocalcin and osteopontin in vitro. The exogenous degraded products of DMP-1 by MMP-3 resulted in increased proliferation of odontoblast-like cells in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with a polyclonal antibody against DMP-1 suppressed IL-1β-induced cell proliferation to a basal level, but identical treatment had no effect on the IL-1β-induced increase in MMP-3 expression and activity. Treatment with siRNA against MMP-3 potently suppressed the IL-1β-induced increase in DMP-1 expression and suppressed cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Similarly, treatment with siRNAs against Wnt5a and Wnt5b suppressed the IL-1β-induced increase in DMP-1 expression and suppressed cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Rat KN-3 cells, representative of authentic odontoblasts, showed similar responses to the odontoblast-like cells. Taken together, our current study demonstrates the sequential involvement of Wnt5, MMP-3, DMP-1 expression, and DMP-1 degradation products by MMP-3, in effecting IL-1β-induced proliferation of ESC-derived odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Bioscience trends
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    ABSTRACT: Although it is known that inorganic polyphosphate [Poly(P)] induces differentiation of osteoblasts, there are few reports concerning its effects on cell proliferation, especially in fibroblasts. Because we found that Poly(P) stimulates the proliferation of purified rat dental pulp fibroblast-like cells (DPFCs), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into purified rat DPFCs to investigate whether MMP-3 activity is induced by Poly(P) and/or is associated with cell proliferation in DPFCs. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, an MMP-3 activity assay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to assess cell proliferation were used in this study. Poly(P) induced expression of MMP-3 mRNA and protein, and increased MMP-3 activity and cell proliferation. Silencing of MMP-3 expression with siRNA yielded potent and significant suppression of Poly(P)-induced MMP-3 expression and activity, and decreased cell proliferation. Poly(P) also increased mRNA and protein levels of Wnt5 and the Wnt receptor Lrp5/Fzd9. Although exogenous MMP-3 could not induce Wnt5, exogenous Wnt5 was found to increase MMP-3 activity and, interestingly, the proliferation rate of DPFCs. Transfection with Wnt5a siRNA suppressed the Poly(P)-induced increase in MMP-3 expression and suppressed cell proliferation. These results demonstrate the sequential involvement of Wnt5 and MMP-3 in Poly(P)-induced proliferation of DPFCs, and may have relevance to our understanding and ability to improve wound healing following dental pulp injury.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Bioscience trends
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    ABSTRACT: We previously established a method for the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells into α2 integrin-positive odontoblast-like cells. We also reported that Wnt5 in response to interleukin (IL)-1β induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3-regulated cell proliferation in these cells. Our findings suggest that MMP-3 plays a potentially unique physiological role in the generation of odontoblast-like cells under an inflammatory state. Here, we examined whether up-regulation of autophagy-related gene (Atg) 5 by IL-1β was mediated by Wnt5 signaling, thus leading to increased proliferation of odontoblast-like cells. IL-1β increased the mRNA and protein levels of Atg5, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain (LC3, a mammalian homolog of yeast Atg8) and Atg12. Treatment with siRNAs against Atg5, but not LC3 and Atg12, suppressed the IL-1β-induced increase in MMP-3 expression and cell proliferation. Our siRNA analyses combined with western blot analysis revealed a unique sequential cascade involving Atg5, Wnt5a and MMP-3, which resulted in the potent increase in odontoblastic cell proliferation. These results demonstrate the unique involvement of Atg5 in IL-1β-induced proliferation of embryonic stem cell-derived odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Inorganic polyphosphate [Poly(P)] may represent a physiological source of phosphate and has the ability to induce bone differentiation in osteoblasts. We previously reported that cytokine-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 accelerates the proliferation of purified odontoblast-like cells. In this study, MMP-3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into odontoblast-like cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells to investigate whether MMP-3 activity is induced by Poly(P) and/or is associated with cell proliferation and differentiation into odontoblast-like cells. Treatment with Poly(P) led to an increase in both cell proliferation and additional odontoblastic differentiation. Poly(P)-treated cells showed a small but significant increase in dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) mRNA expression, which are markers of mature odontoblasts. The cells also acquired additional odontoblast-specific properties including adoption of an odontoblastic phenotype typified by high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and a calcification capacity. In addition, Poly(P) induced expression of MMP-3 mRNA and protein, and increased MMP-3 activity. MMP-3 siRNA-mediated disruption of the expression of these effectors potently suppressed the expression of odontoblastic biomarkers ALP, DSPP, and DMP-1, and blocked calcification. Interestingly, upon siRNA-mediated silencing of MMP-3, we noted a potent and significant decrease in cell proliferation. Using specific siRNAs, we revealed that a unique signaling cascade, Poly(P)→MMP-3→DSPP and/or DMP-1, was intimately involved in the proliferation of odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Experimental Cell Research
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine cerebral blood volume dynamics during volitional swallowing using multi-channel functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to understand the basic cortical activation patterns. Fifteen volunteers (age, 26.5±1.3 years, mean±SD) performed volitional swallowing of a 5-ml bolus of water as a task. A 52-channel fNIRS system was used for measuring oxy-Hb levels. We determined the oxy-Hb concentration changes in each channel by calculating the differences between rest and task oxy-Hb levels. Differences in rest and task data were assessed using a paired-t test (p< 0.05). A significant increase in oxy-Hb was found in 21 channels. The cortical regions that exhibited increased oxy-Hb concentration included the bilateral precentral gyrus, postcentral gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus, and supramarginal gyrus. These data provide the first description of cortical activation patterns during volitional swallowing using fNIRS, which will be useful for the evaluation of dysphasia and the effects of the rehabilitation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Neuroscience Letters
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    A Kato · A Ziegler · N Higuchi · K Nakata · H Nakamura · N Ohno
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    ABSTRACT: The C-shaped root canal constitutes an unusual root morphology that can be found primarily in mandibular second permanent molars. Due to the complexity of their structure, C-shaped root canal systems may complicate endodontic interventions. A thorough understanding of root canal morphology is therefore imperative for proper diagnosis and successful treatment. This review aims to summarize current knowledge regarding C-shaped roots and root canals, from basic morphology to advanced endodontic procedures. To this end, a systematic search was conducted using the MEDLINE, BIOSIS, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science, PLoS, and BioMed Central databases, and many rarely-cited articles were included. Furthermore, four interactive 3D models of extracted teeth are introduced that will allow for a better understanding of the complex C-shaped root canal morphology. In addition, the present publication includes an embedded best-practice video showing an exemplary root canal procedure on a tooth with a pronounced C-shaped root canal. The survey of this unusual structure concludes with a number of suggestions concerning future research efforts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · International Endodontic Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A pro-inflammatory cytokine mixture (CM: interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ) and IL-1β-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 activity have been shown to increase the proliferation of rat dental pulp cells and murine stem cell-derived odontoblast-like cells. This suggests that MMP-3 may regulate wound healing and regeneration in the odontoblast-rich dental pulp. Here, we determined whether these results can be extrapolated to human dental pulp by investigating the effects of CM-induced MMP-3 up-regulation on the proliferation and apoptosis of purified odontoblast-like cells derived from human skeletal muscle stem cells. We used siRNA to specifically reduce MMP-3 expression. We found that CM treatment increased MMP-3 mRNA and protein levels as well as MMP-3 activity. Cell proliferation was also markedly increased, with no changes in apoptosis, upon treatment with CM and following the application of exogenous MMP-3. Endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases were constitutively expressed during all experiments and unaffected by MMP-3. Although treatment with MMP-3 siRNA suppressed cell proliferation, it also unexpectedly increased apoptosis. This siRNA-mediated increase in apoptosis could be reversed by exogenous MMP-3. These results demonstrate that cytokine-induced MMP-3 activity regulates cell proliferation and suppresses apoptosis in human odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Experimental Cell Research
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that interleukin 1β acts via matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 to regulate cell proliferation and suppress apoptosis in α2 integrin-positive odontoblast-like cells differentiated from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Here we characterize the signal cascade underpinning odontoblastic differentiation in mouse ES cells. The expression of α2 integrin, extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (Emmprin), and MMP-3 mRNA and protein were all potently increased during odontoblastic differentiation. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) disruption of the expression of these effectors potently suppressed the expression of the odontoblastic biomarkers dentin sialophosphoprotein, dentin matrix protein-1 and alkaline phosphatase, and blocked odontoblast calcification. Our siRNA, western blot and blocking antibody analyses revealed a unique sequential cascade involving α2 integrin, Emmprin and MMP-3 that drives ES cell differentiation into odontoblasts. This cascade requires the interaction between α2 integrin and Emmprin and is potentiated by exogenous MMP-3. Finally, although odontoblast-like cells potently express α2, α6, αV, β1, and β3 integrins, we confirmed that β1 integrin acts as the trigger for ES cell differentiation, apparently in complex with α2 integrin. These results demonstrate a unique and unanticipated role for an α2 integrin-, Emmprin-, and MMP-3-mediated signaling cascade in driving mouse ES cell differentiation into odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Experimental Cell Research
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    ABSTRACT: We previously established a method for differentiating induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem (ES) cells into α2 integrin-positive odontoblast-like cells. We also reported that interleukin (IL)-1β induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3-regulated cell proliferation and suppresses apoptosis in these cells, suggesting that MMP-3 plays a potentially unique physiological role in the regeneration of odontoblast-like cells. Here, we examined whether up-regulation of MMP-3 activity by IL-1β was mediated by Wnt signaling and led to increased proliferation of odontoblast-like cells. IL-1β increased mRNA and protein levels of Wnt5a, Wnt5b and the Wnt receptor Lrp5. Exogenous Wnt5a and Wnt5b were found to increase MMP-3 mRNA, protein and activity, and interestingly the rate of proliferation in these cells. Treatment with siRNAs against Wnt5a, Wnt5b and Lrp5 suppressed the IL-1β-induced increase in MMP-3 expression and suppressed cell proliferation, an effect rescued by application of exogenous Wnt5. These results demonstrate the sequential involvement of Wnt5, Lrp5 and MMP-3 in effecting IL-1β-induced proliferation of ES cell-derived odontoblast-like cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Experimental Cell Research
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    ABSTRACT: We reported previously that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 accelerates bone remodeling in oral periradicular lesions, and indicated a potentially unique role for MMP-13 in wound healing and regeneration of alveolar bone. The ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) family is a set of multifunctional cell surface and secreted glycoproteins, of which ADAM-28 has been localized in bone and bone-like tissues. In this study, we show that interleukin (IL)-1β induces the expression of MMP-13 and ADAM-28 in homogeneous α7 integrin-positive human skeletal muscle stem cell (α7+hSMSC)-derived osteoblast-like (α7+hSMSC-OB) cells, and promotes proliferation while inhibiting apoptosis in these cells. At higher concentrations, however, IL-1β failed to induce the expression of these genes and caused an increase in apoptosis. We further employed ADAM-28 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to investigate whether IL-1β–induced MMP-13 expression is linked to this IL-1β–mediated changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Silencing ADAM-28 expression potently suppressed IL-1β–induced MMP-13 expression and activity, decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in α7+hSMSC-OB cells. In contrast, MMP-13 siRNA had no effect on ADAM-28 expression, suggesting ADAM-28 regulates MMP-13. Exogenous MMP-13 induced α7+hSMSC-OB cell proliferation and could rescue ADAM-28 siRNA–induced apoptosis, and we found that proMMP-13 is partially cleaved into its active form by ADAM-28 in vitro. Overall, our results suggest that IL-1β–induced MMP-13 expression and changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis in α7+hSMSC-OB cells are regulated by ADAM-28.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Experimental Cell Research
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    ABSTRACT: Skeletal muscle stem cells represent an abundant source of autologous cells with potential for regenerative medicine that can be directed to differentiate into multiple lineages including osteoblasts and adipocytes. In the current study, we found that α7 integrin-positive human skeletal muscle stem cells (α7+hSMSCs) could differentiate into the odontoblast lineage under specific inductive conditions in response to bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4). Cell aggregates of FACS-harvested α7+hSMSCs were treated in suspension with retinoic acid followed by culture on a gelatin scaffold in the presence of BMP-4. Following this protocol, α7+hSMSCs were induced to down-regulate myogenic genes (MYOD and α7 integrin) and up-regulate odontogenic markers including dentin sialophosphoprotein, matrix metalloproteinase-20 (enamelysin), dentin sialoprotein, and alkaline phosphatase but not osteoblastic genes (osteopontin and osteocalcin). Following retinoic acid and gelatin scaffold/BMP-4 treatment, there was a coordinated switch in the integrin expression profile that paralleled odontoblastic differentiation where α1β1 integrin was strongly up-regulated with the attenuation of muscle-specific α7β1 integrin expression. Interestingly, using siRNA knockdown strategies revealed that the differentiation-related expression of the α1 integrin receptor positively regulates the expression of the odontoblastic markers dentin sialophosphoprotein and matrix metalloproteinase-20. These results strongly suggest that the differentiation of α7+hSMSCs along the odontogenic lineage is dependent on the concurrent expression of α1 integrin.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been shown to have combinatorial trophic effects with dental pulp stem cells for pulp regeneration. The aim of this investigation is to examine the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in vitro and in vivo compared with those of G-CSF and to assess the potential utility of bFGF as an alternative to G-CSF for pulp regeneration. Five different types of cells were examined in the in vitro effects of bFGF on cell migration, proliferation, anti-apoptosis, neurite outgrowth, angiogenesis and odontogenesis compared with those of G-CSF. The in vivo regenerative potential of pulp tissue including vasculogenesis and odontoblastic differentiation was also compared using an ectopic tooth transplantation model. bFGF was similar to G-CSF in high migration, proliferation and anti-apoptotic effects and angiogenic and neurite outgrowth stimulatory activities in vitro. There was no significant difference between bFGF and G-CSF in the regenerative potential in vivo. The potential utility of bFGF for pulp regeneration is demonstrated as a homing/migration factor similar to the influence of G-CSF. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Oral Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: We previously showed that the stromelysin-1 (matrix metalloproteinase 3) may have a putative role in dental pulp wound healing. However, its mechanism of action in wound repair has not been characterized. This study used stromelysin small interfering RNA transfected into rat dental pulp fibroblast-like cells (DPFCs) to investigate whether stromelysin-1 activity is induced by cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma) and/or is associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis. We used reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, stromelysin-1 activity, WST-1 proliferation, and DNA fragmentation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays to evaluate the siRNA-mediated down-regulation of stromelysin-1 expression and activity and changes in the proliferative/apoptotic responses associated with this reduced expression. Low concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines induced the expression of stromelysin-1 messenger RNA and protein and increased stromelysin-1 activity and cell proliferation, but they had no effect on apoptosis. When stromelysin-1 expression was silenced using stromelysin-1 siRNA, we noted a potent and significant suppression of cytokine-induced stromelysin-1 expression and activity, decreased cell proliferation, and increased apoptosis. Finally, exogenous stromelysin-1 was found to induce cell proliferation in DPFCs. Our results showed that proinflammatory cytokine-induced stromelysin-1 regulates cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis in DPFCs in addition to their better documented destructive role in inflammation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of endodontics
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    ABSTRACT: The age-associated decline in the regenerative abilities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be due to age-related changes in reduction in number, intrinsic properties of MSCs and extrinsic factors of the extracellular environment (the stem cell niche). The effect of age on the efficacy of MSCs transplantation on regeneration, however, has not been clearly demonstrated due to variable methods of isolation of MSCs and variations in stem cell populations. In this study, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) subsets were isolated from young and aged dog teeth based on their migratory response to granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) (MDPSCs). In order to study the age-associated changes, their biological properties and stability were compared and the regenerative potential was examined in a pulpectomized tooth model in aged dogs. MDPSCs from aged dogs were efficiently enriched in stem cells, expressing trophic factors with high proliferation, migration and anti-apoptotic effects as in MDPSCs from young dogs. However, pulp regeneration was retarded 120 days after autologous transplantation of aged MDPSCs. We further demonstrated that isolated periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) from aged dogs, representative of migrating stem cells from outside of the tooth compartment to regenerate pulp tissue, had lower proliferation, migration and anti-apoptotic abilities. These results therefore provide a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the age-dependent decline in pulp regeneration, which are attributed to a decrease in the regenerative potential of resident stem cells.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Experimental gerontology

Publication Stats

377 Citations
100.54 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2015
    • Aichi Gakuin University
      • Department of Endodontics
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2014
    • National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
      • Center for Development of Advanced Medicine for Dental and Oral Diseases
      Ōfu, Aichi, Japan