Bao-Chang Cai

Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (98)141.36 Total impact

  • Lin Liu · Bao-Jia Shen · Dong-Hao Xie · Bao-Chang Cai · Kun-Ming Qin · Hao Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Cimicifugae rhizoma was a Ranunculaceae herb belonging to the composite family, and the roots of C. rhizoma have been widely used in tradition Chinese medicine. Materials and methods: Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of phenolic compounds from C. rhizoma. Caffeic acid (CA), isoferulic acid (IA), ferulic acid (FA), and total phenols were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer. Effects of several experimental parameters, such as ultrasonic power (W), extraction temperature (°C), and ethanol concentration (%) on extraction efficiencies of phenolic compounds from C. rhizoma were evaluated. Results: The results showed that the optimal UAE condition was obtained with ultrasonic power of 377.35 W, extraction temperature of 70°C, and ethanol concentration of 58.37% for total phenols, and ultrasonic power of 318.28 W, extraction temperature of 59.65°C, and ethanol concentration of 64.43% for combination of CA, IA, FA. Conclusions: The experimental values under optimal conditions were in good consistent with the predicted values, which suggested UAE is more efficient for the extraction of phenolic compounds from plant materials.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Pharmacognosy Magazine
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    ABSTRACT: Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is utilized as a major regime for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis at present. However, long-term supplement of estrogen may cause uterine hyperplasia and hypertension leading to a high risk of endometrial cancer and breast cancer. Psoralea corylifolia L. has long been used as tonic and food additives in many countries. Previous studies had found two ingredients in Psoralea corylifolia L.: bavachin and bakuchiol exhibited osteoblastic activity. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of bakuchiol and bavachin on ovariectomy-induced bone loss and explore the possible mechanism. In vivo, bakuchiol and bavachin could prevented estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss in ovariectomized rats without uterotrophic activity. In vitro studies suggested that bakuchiol and bavachin induced primary human osteoblast differentiation by up-regulating the Wnt signalling pathway. This study suggests that such a bone-protective role makes them a promising and safe estrogen supplement for the ERT.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
  • Qi-Di Liu · Kun-Ming Qin · Bao-Jia Shen · Hao Cai · Bao-Chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to optimize the processing of Fructus Arctii by response surface methodology (RSM). Based on single factor studies, a three-variable, three-level Box-Behnken design (BBD) was used to monitor the effects of independent variables, including processing temperature and time, on the dependent variables. Response surfaces and contour plots of the contents of total lignans, chlorogenic acid, arctiin, and arctigenin were obtained through ultraviolet and visible (UV-Vis) monitoring and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Fructus Arctii should be processed under heating in a pot at 311 °C, medicine at 119 °C for 123s with flipping frequently. The experimental values under the optimized processing technology were consistent with the predicted values. In conclusion, RSM is an effective method to optimize the processing of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Copyright © 2015 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Rhizoma coptidis (R.C.), a widely used traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for centuries in the treatment of hypertension, inflammation, dysentery and liver diseases, etc. Wine-processing is a specialized technology by sautéing crude herbal medicine using Chinese rice wine. This paper was designed to establish a simultaneous quantitative method of ten alkaloids (berberine, coptisine, palmatine, jatrorrhizine, epiberberine, magnoflorine, columbamine, noroxyhydrastinine, oxyberberine and 8-oxocoptisine) in rat plasma. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetics of those alkaloids after administration of crude and wine-processed R.C. aqueous extracts was compared. As a result, a ultra high-performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC–ESI–MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the first time. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column using gradient elution with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water (containing 0.2% formic acid) at a flow rate of 0.2 ml/min. The validated method showed good linearity over a wide concentration range (r > 0.99), and lower limits of quantification less than 5.46 ng/ml for the each analyte. The intra- and inter-day assay variability was below 9.9% and 10.5% for all analytes, respectively. The extraction recovery of those alkaloids and I.S. ranged from 65.3% to 90.7%. The validated method has been successfully applied to pharmacokinetic comparison after administration of crude and wine-processed R.C. aqueous extracts. Pharmacokinetic comparative study showed that Cmax of coptisine and 8-oxocoptisine and AUC0 − t of coptisine, palmatine and 8-oxocoptisine were increased significantly (p < 0.05) after wine-processing, while other compounds didn’t show significant difference, which suggested that wine-processing exerted limited effects on the absorption of alkaloids. These results might be helpful for R.C.’ clinical reasonable application and further studies on its wine-processing mechanism.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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    ABSTRACT: The primary processing is important links and closely related to the quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, and is not only cleaning of remove the non-officinal parts, drying for termination the physiological status of organisms, but also retaining the most active substances, decreasing the toxic components, and promoting the transformation among chemical ingredients through primary processing. So the traditional primary processing endows with characters, quality, specifications and properties of traditional Chinese medicine, and embodies some important science truth. The traditional primary processing method and technology systems are derived from the long-term practices and experiences, which are distinctive, colorful, diverse, and scientific, which are helpful to development and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources. This paper systemically expounds the research status of the Chinese medicine processing method, summarizes the problems in the primary processing of traditional Chinese medicinal materials research, and prospects its bright future.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
  • Li Wu · Feng Zhang · Shi-zhong Zheng · Yin Lu · Bao-chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effect of emodin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress of pancreatic acinar AR42J cells. Rat pancreatic acinar AR42J cells were cultured in 6-well plates, and divided into the normal control group, the model group (with the final concentration at 1 x 10(-7) mol · L(-1) for cerulean and lipopolysaccharide at 10 mg · L(-1)) and the emodin group (10, 20, 40 μmol · L(-1)). Cells in each group were cultured in three multiple pores for 24 h, and their supernate was removed after cell attachment. The normal control group was added with haploids, the model group was added with the modeling liquid for haploids, and the treatment groups were added with different concentrations of emodin at 15-20 min before the modeling liquid. The cells were continuously cultured for 3 h under 37 °C and 5% CO2. Their intracellular protease and lipase expressions were detected with kits. The cellular morphology was observed under optical microscope. The level of calcium in endoplasmic reticulum was measured under laser confocal microscopy. Western blot assay were used to determine the protein expression of ER-related signaling molecules. Emodin could significantly inhibit levels of amylase, lipase and intracellular calcium and ER. Emodin could reduce pancreatic acinar cell injury induced by the combination of cerulean and lipopolysaccharide. Its action mechanism is correlated with the inhibition of intracellular calcium overload and ER stress.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
  • Hui Guo · Huan Li · Xiao Liu · Hao Cai · Li Wu · Bao-Chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: To develop a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and ultraviolet (UV) detector method for the acid-alkaline simultaneous determination of ten bioactive compounds, and analyze the effect of compatible medicinal plants on the concentration of components in Dahuang Fuzi Tang (DFT). The chromatographic separation was performed on a Hypersil BDS C18 analytical column by gradient elution with acetonitrile and formate buffer (containing 0.15% formic acid, V/V) at 25 °C with a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min(-1) and UV detection at 280 nm. Four of the ten compounds in DFT were identified and their MS fragments were elucidated by HPLC-ESI-MS, and the contents of the six compounds were determined by HPLC-UV. All calibration curves showed good linear regression (r(2) ≥ 0.9990). The limits of detection and limits of quantification were 0.021-0.155 -g·mL(-1) and 0.076-0.520 -g·mL(-1), respectively. Overall precision RSD (intra-day and inter-day) were less than 2.96%, and the average recoveries were 98.35%-101.45%, with RSD ranging from 1.54% to 3.01% for the analytes. The developed method can be applied for the quality control and provide analytical evidence on the chemical basis and combinational principles of DFT. Copyright © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
  • Yi Tao · Chen Sheng · Wei-dong Li · Bao-chang Cai · Tu-lin Lu
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    ABSTRACT: According to the 2010 Chinese pharmacopeia, salt processed and charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex were pre- pared. HPLC-DAD analysis of the content of the bark and leaf of Eucommiae Cortex showed that the bark of Eucommiae Cortex mainly contained lignans such as pinoresinol glucose and iridoid including genipin, geniposide, geniposidic acid, while the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex consisted of flavonoids such as quercetin and phenolic compound such as chlorogenic acid. The content of pinoresinol diglucoside in the bark of Eucommiae Cortex was about 18 times more than that in the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex. The content of pinoresinol diglucoside in salted and charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex decreased approximately by 30% and 85%, respectively. The content of genipin, geniposide and geniposidic acid in the bark of Eucommiae Cortex was about 3 times, 23 times, 28 times more than that in the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex. The content of genipin, geniposide and geniposidic acid in salted Eucommiae Cortex were reduced by 25%, 40% and 40%, respectively. The content of genipin, geniposide and geniposidic acid in charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex were reduced by 98%, 70%, 70%, respectively. The content of caffeic acid in bark of Eucommiae Cortex was about 3 times more than that in the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex. The content of caffeic acid was decreased by about 50% in the salted Eucommiae Cortex. While the content of caffeic acid in charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex was decreased approximately 75%; the content of chlorogenic acid in bark of Eucommiae Cortex was about 1/6 of that in the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex. The content of chlorogenic acid in salted and charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex decreased by 40% and 75%, respectively; the content of quercetin in bark of Eucommiae Cortex was only 1/40 of that in the leaf of Eucommiae Cortex. The content of quercetin in salted and charcoal processed Eucommiae Cortex were reduced by 60% and 50%, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
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    ABSTRACT: As a kind of commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, ginseng has a high reputation at home and abroad. The research of ginseng has been expanded to medicine, pharmacy, biology, food science and other fields, with great achievements in recent years. Ginseng contains ginsenosides, volatile oil, carbohydrates, amino acids, polypeptides, inorganic elements and othser chemical constituents. Each component has extensive physiological activity, and is the base of ginseng's effect. After processing, the complicated changes are taken place in the constituents of ginseng, and some new substances produced. This paper aims to review the studies on chemical constituents and their mechanisms during ginseng processing, and the ideas, methods and the direction of the development of traditional Chinese medicine processing in the future.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
  • Jun Chen · Chao-Qin He · Ai-Hua Lin · Wei Gu · Zhi-Peng Chen · Wei Li · Bao-Chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) in combination with local hyperthermia (HT) represent a promising tool for tumor specific drug delivery. The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of phase transition temperature (Tm) on the properties of TSL. High temperature triggered TSL (HTSL), low temperature triggered TSL (LTSL) and non-TSL (NTSL) were prepared and temperature sensitive release properties were extensively compared in different media. Mouse plasma was determined to have similar effect on the release profiles compared to human plasma, in which complete release were obtained at 38°C and 40°C for LTSL and HTSL, respectively. The temperature at which complete release achieved was found to be obviously lower than Tm. Brucine, an antitumor alkaloid, was encapsulated into different TSLs. After HT treatment, the viabilities of SMMC 7721cells were determined to be 21.3±3.8% and 16.8±3.3% for 127μM brucine LTSL and HTSL, respectively. Treating the tumor-bearing mice with LTSL, HTSL and NTSL led to significantly increased brucine uptake in the heated tumor site compared to the brucine solution group by 2.30, 3.80 and 2.26-fold, respectively. The results of this study suggested that Tm of TSL should be increased to obtain improved drug delivery efficiency to tumor. Chemical compounds studied in this article Brucine (PubChem CID:442021); Calcein (PubChem CID: 65079); 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphacholine (PubChem CID:452110).
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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    ABSTRACT: The ginkgo terpene lactones (GTL), mainly including bilobalide (BB), ginkgolide A (GA), ginkgolide B (GB) and ginkgolide C (GC) possess different biological activities such as peripheral vasoregulation, platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor antagonism, neuroprotective properties and prevention of membrane damage caused by free radicals. To investigate the effects of food and gender on the bioavailability of BB, GA, GB and GC after oral administration of GTL extract, a rapid UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated. A reversed phase C18 column (100mm×2.1mm, i.d., 1.7μm) and a mobile phase consisted of methanol and 1mM ammonium acetate (70/30, v/v) were employed. Compared with the fasted group, the t1/2 values for BB, GA, GB and GC in fed were all increased (p<0.05), AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ values of BB, GA, GB and GC were all significantly increased (p<0.05), but the Cmax values of BB, GA, GB and GC were significantly decreased (p<0.05). In comparison with the male group, all of the t1/2 values and AUC0-t values for BB, GA, GB and GC in female were higher (p<0.05), but no statistical difference in Tmax values for BB, GA, GB and GC between these two groups. Food and gender factor showed significant effects on the pharmacokinetics of BB, GA, GB, and GC. The results suggested that oral doses of GTL should be lowered for fasted and female subjects, compared with the fed and male subjects, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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    ABSTRACT: Metabonomics is a new method to study on the metabolic network and the relationship between body and environment, which conforms to the way of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. In the study process of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, effectively conjunction with metabonomics method will facilitate the integration of TCM with modern biological science and technology, and promote the modernization of TCM. This paper introduce the application of metabonomics in the research of toxicity mechanism of TCM, compatibility mechanism of TCM formula, pharmacology effect of TCM and processing mechanism of TCM. This paper summarize the problems in the TCM metabonomics research and prospect its bright future.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
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    ABSTRACT: Ethnopharmacological relevance: Ascending and descending theory is a core principle of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theories. It plays an essential role in TCM clinical applications. Some TCM medicine has specific properties, which could alter the inclination and direction of their actions. The properties of the ascending and floating process of one herbal medicine are affected by means of herb processing. Wine-processing, which is sautéing with rice wine, is one of the most popular technologies of herb processing. Wine-processing increases the inclination and direction of its actions, thereby producing or strengthening their efficacy in cleaning the upper-energizer heat. Radix scutellariae, the dried roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is a well-known TCM used for the treatment of inflammation, pyrexia, jaundice, etc. Recently, wine-processed Radix scutellariae was normally applied in clinical studies for the treatment of upper-energizer syndrome. In order to investigate the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending of Radix scutellariae, the comparative study of distribution of flavonoids in rat tissues of triple energizers (SanJiao-upper, middle, lower jiao) after oral administration of crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts was carried out. Materials and methods: The rats were randomly assigned to two groups and orally administered with crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts, respectively. At different pre-determined time points after administration, the concentrations of compounds in rat tissue homogenate were determined, and the main tissue pharmacokinetic parameters were investigated. Tissue pharmacokinetic parameters including AUC0-t, t1/2, Tmax and Cmax were calculated using DAS 2.0. An unpaired Student t-test was used to compare the differences in tissue pharmacokinetic parameters between the two groups. All the results were expressed as arithmetic mean±S.D. Results: The parameters of Cmax and AUC0-t of some flavonoids in wine-processed Radix scutellariae were remarkably increased (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001) in the rat upper-energizer tissues (lung and heart) compared with those of the crude group. However, in the rat middle- and lower-energizer tissues (spleen, liver and kidney), the Cmax and AUC0-t of some flavonoids were significantly decreased (p<0.05, p<0.01) compared with the crude group. The main explanation for these differences seems to the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending theory. Conclusions: All of these differences in the distribution of triple energizers after oral administration of crude and wine-processed Radix scutellariae aqueous extracts may lead to the increase of efficacy on the upper-energizer tissues and were in compliance with the ascending and descending theory. Therefore, wine-processing was recommended when Radix scutellariae was used for cleaning the upper-energizer heat and humidity. The obtained knowledge can be used to evaluate the impact of these differences on the efficacy of both the drugs in clinical applications and might be helpful in explaining the effects of wine-processing on ascending and descending theory.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Ethnopharmacology
  • Xiao Liu · Xiao-Li Wang · Li Wu · Huan Li · Kun-Ming Qin · Hao Cai · Ke Pei · Ting Liu · Bao-Chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Da-Huang-Fu-Zi-Tang (DHFZT) is a crucial TCM formula commonly used for the treatment of acute pancreatitis in Chinese clinical application. Our previous work found that DHFZT could act against pancreatic injury in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The goal of this paper was to study the underlying correlations between the chemical spectra and the protective effect of DHFZT on pancreatic acinar cell to reveal the real bioactive compounds in DHFZT. The fingerprint chromatograms of rat serum after oral administration of DHFZT were established by UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS technique. At the same time, the model of anti-acute pancreatitis on cells was established by adding 10(-7)mol/L cerulein to AR42J cell line, and the protective effects of the serum on pancreatic acinar cell from injury was evaluated by detecting the efficacy of amylase. Then, the spectrum-effect relationships between UHPLC fingerprints and anti-acute pancreatitis activities were evaluated using canonical correlation analysis (CCA) statistical method. The chromatogram separation was performed on a C18 reversed phase UHPLC column (2.1mm×100mm, 3.5μm, Agilent), the column temperature was set at 35°C. The mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile with gradient elution. The serum samples were analyzed both in negative and positive ion mode. The mother and productive ions were scanned within the mass range of m/z 100-1200 and 50-1200, respectively. A thorough analysis of a great deal of information of the constituents in the rat serum was undertaken. The structure identification of the detected compounds was achieved by using high resolution MS values as well as the MS/MS fragments. 18 peaks in rat serum after oral administration of DHFZT were detected within only 30min recorded chromatograms. The structure of the 18 compounds were then given out, of which 10 were the original form of compounds absorbed from DHFZT, 8 were the metabolites of the compounds existed in rat serum. According to the CCA results, talatisamine, rhein glucoside, rhein isomer methylation, hypaconine, hydroxyl-chrysophanol, emodin glucuronide conjugation, and chrysophanol glucuronide conjugation were finally found to be the main anti-acute pancreatitis components in DHFZT. The model presented in this paper successfully discovered the spectrum-effect relationships of DHFZT, which showed a representative way to discover the primary active ingredients from the complicated herbal drugs.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of ethnopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) reference standards plays an important role in the quality control of Chinese herbal pieces. This paper overviewed the development of TCM reference standards. By analyzing the 2010 edition of Chinese pharmacopoeia, the application of TCM reference standards in the quality control of Chinese herbal pieces was summarized, and the problems exiting in the system were put forward. In the process of improving the quality control level of Chinese herbal pieces, various kinds of advanced methods and technology should be used to research the characteristic reference standards of Chinese herbal pieces, more and more reasonable reference standards should be introduced in the quality control system of Chinese herbal pieces. This article discussed the solutions in the aspect of TCM reference standards, and future development of quality control on Chinese herbal pieces is prospected.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Recently, the entrapment of hydrophobic drugs in the form of water-soluble drug-cyclodextrin (CD) complex in liposomes has been investigated as a new strategy to combine the relative advantages of CDs and liposomes into one system, namely drug-in-CD-in-liposome (DCL) systems. Areas covered: For DCLs preparation, an overall understanding of the interaction between CDs and lipid components of liposomes is necessary and valuable. The present article reviews the preparation, characterization and application of DCLs, especially as antitumor or transdermal carriers. Double-loading technique, an interesting strategy to control release and increase drug-loading capacity, is also discussed. Expert opinion: DCL approach can be useful in increasing drug solubility and vesicles stability, in controlling the in vivo fate of hydrophobic drugs and in avoiding burst release of drug from the vesicles. To obtain stable DCL, the CDs should have a higher affinity to drug molecules compared with liposomal membrane lipids. DCLs prepared by double-loading technique seem to be a suitable targeted drug delivery system because they have a fast onset action with prolonged drug release process and the significantly enhanced drug-loading capacity. In particular, DCLs are suitable for the delivery of hydrophobic drugs which also possess volatility.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Standard Rhein-L-Arginine cocrystal was gotten used solution recrystallization after purification. Dichloromethane, chosen as a selective solution, was used to evaluate the purity of cocrystal, which was higher than 99.85%, together with ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Standard curve of ultraviolet spectrophotometry was built for the determination as well. NIR spectrum of 41 batches of cocrystal was gotten. Partial least square method was used to build the determination model, whose correlation coefficient was higher than 0.998, and the model was identified. Based on the above results, a simple, quick and lossless method was developed to determine the concentration of cocrystal, and resolve the problem of how to determine the concentration of cocrystal.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · CHINESE JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • Zhipeng Chen · Dan Liu · Jian Wang · Li Wu · Weidong Li · Jun Chen · Bao-Chang Cai · Haibo Cheng
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract To increase the intra-articular (IA) retention time of osteoarthritis drugs in the synovial cavity and slow down the burst release of microspheres (MPs), we prepared a novel drug delivery system named nanoparticles-in-microspheres (NiMs). The system was constructed by dispersing the brucine-loaded nanoparticle, which was prepared by an emulsification method in the MPs. The NiMs were characterized by scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectra and differential scanning calorimetry. After investigating the biocompatibility with synovium of NiMs in rats, the pharmacokinetics was studied and FX-imaging was used to visualize the transmission of nanoparticles after IA administration in rats. From the results, we know that the NiMs were spherical, there was no chemical bond between the drug and the polymer, and the drug was dispersed in the polymer in an amorphous form. Compared with MPs (41%), the burst release of NiMs could be slowed down to 9%. After that, the drug was released from NiMs by diffusion. The results of FX imaging in rats showed that the NiMs could stay in the articular cavity for over 11 d. The studies of pharmacokinetics revealed that the NiMs could slow down the burst release and improve retention in vivo. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using NiMs to slow down the burst release and increase the retention of therapeutic agents in articular joints.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: To compare and study the decoction and dissolution of active constituents in crude and processed Corni Fructus. HPLC, the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) decoction method and the dissolution methods were adopted to compare and study the decoction yield and dissolution rate of loganin and morroniside, active constituents in crude and processed Corni Fructus. The results showed that the content of active constituents loganin and morroniside in crude and processed Corni Fructus did not change significantly; compared with crude Corni Fructus, processed Corni Fructus (decoction) contained much higher loganin, with no obvious change in morroniside; compared with crude Corni Fructus, processed Corni Fructus (extracts) showed no significant difference in loganin dissolution, but notable increase in morroniside dissolution in intestinal fluid; in gastric fluid, processed Corni Fructus showed significant increase in loganin and morroniside dissolutions. However, in comprehensive consideration of the decoction dose in clinical administration, and calculated on the basis of the formula of the decoction yield x dissolution rate = decoction-dissolution product, it showed increase in the decoction-dissolution products of both of the active constituents loganin and morroniside, with significant difference. This suggested that processed Corni Fructus is superior to crude Corni Fructus in clinical application. In this article, we proposed to compare the changes in decoction and dissolution of active constituents in crude and processed Corni Fructus, study the decoction-dissolution product, and then apply it in the quality evaluation of crude and processed Corni Fructus.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
  • Li Wu · Huan Li · Shi-Zhong Zheng · Xiao Liu · Hao Cai · Bao-Chang Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Da-Huang-Fu-Zi-Tang (DHFZT) is a famous traditional Chinese prescription with strong anti-inflammatory effects. Our previous work found that DHFZT could against pancreas injury in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) via inhibiting the Janus kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway in pancreatic tissues. To investigate the therapeutic effects of DHFZT on liver injury in SAP rats, and the effects on JAK2/STAT3 signaling in liver tissue and Kupffer cells (KCs). Fifty SD male rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation group (SO), SAP model group, DHFZT treatment groups (12, 24, and 48mg/kg body weight, respectively). The model of SAP was constructed through injecting sodium taurocholate (3.5%) into pancreatic and biliary duct. One hour before constructing the model, DHFZT was perfused into the stomach. All rats were sacrificed after 24h following the operation, liver were examined with hematoxylin and eosin staining. The protein expression of pJAK2 and pSTAT3 in liver tissue was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The activity of ALT, IL-6 and TNF-α in serum was detected. KCs of each group were isolated. After culture for 4h, the protein expression of JAK2, pJAK2, STAT3 and pSTAT3, the mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in KCs were examined. Sodium taurocholate induced liver injury concomitant with increased expression of pJAK2 and pSTAT3 in liver tissue and KCs. Pretreatment with DHFZT significantly attenuated liver injury induced by SAP, and concurrently, effectively lowered the serum ALT level. Furthermore, our studies showed that DHFZT obviously decreased the expression of pJAK2 and pSTAT3 in liver tissue and KCs. DHFZT could ameliorate liver injury in rats with SAP.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of ethnopharmacology

Publication Stats

712 Citations
141.36 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2015
    • Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Pharmacy
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2012-2013
    • Zhejiang Chinese Medical University
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2009
    • Nanjing University
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China