Dong Kyu Chin

Yonsei University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (40)62.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cross-national study. Objective. To determine the prevalence and incidence of osteoporosis (OP) and osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) in Korea and to investigate if socioeconomic status has an effect. Summary of Background Data. As life expectancy increases, OP and related fragility fractures are also increasing. This presents a serious challenge, not only for health authorities but also for individuals, their families, and society overall. Determining the prevalence and incidence of OP and related fragility fractures is the first step in developing strategies to reduce their increasing disease burdens. Concurrently, we need to confirm whether people with low socioeconomic status are more susceptible to these diseases. Methods. Using the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database from 2008 to 2012, we estimated the annual prevalence and incidence of OP and OVF and investigated the differences according to socioeconomic status by National Health Insurance (NHI) beneficiaries and Medical Aid (MA) recipients. Results. In 2012, the standardized prevalence of OP in the NHI and MA groups was 3968 and 6927 per 100,000, respectively (odds ratio, 3.83). The standardized incidence of OP in the MA group was significantly higher than in the NHI group in 2011 and 2012 (odds ratios, 2.34 and 2.19, respectively). In addition, the standardized incidence of OVF in the MA group in 2011 and 2012 was 408 and 389 per 100,000, respectively, and the incidence in the MA group was significantly higher than in the NHI group (odds ratios, 4.13 and 4.12, respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusion. We confirmed that the prevalence and incidence of OP and OVF in the MA group were higher than those in the NHI group. It showed that low income might be a significant factor related to OP and OVF. Level of Evidence: 3 Copyright
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Spine
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Minimally invasive (MIS) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has shown superior or non-inferior results compared to conventional TLIF in single segment. There were no comparative studies between MIS and conventional TLIF in multi-segment. The purpose of this study was to compare MIS and conventional TLIF in multi-segment. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 2 or 3 segment lumbar degenerative disease was treated either MIS (27 cases) or conventional TLIF (43 cases). Patients checked whole spine sagittal radiography preoperatively, and one-year after. Clinical outcomes, perioperative outcomes, and fusion rate were compared. Radiologic parameters such as cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sagittal vertical axis, and pelvic parameters were measured one year after. Results: The two groups were similar in age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, operated level, and follow-up period. Both groups showed improvement in VAS and ODI after surgery. MIS TILF group had a significantly shorter operation time (167.10 vs. 216.58 min) and less blood loss (532.41 vs. 865.81 ml). Only cervical lordosis (MIS TLIF: -17.2; conventional TLIF: -11.2°) was significantly different preoperatively between the groups. Postoperatively, there were no significant differences in radiologic parameter and fusion rate. In the intragroup comparisons, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and sacral slope were significantly increased and pelvic tilt was significantly decreased after surgery. Conclusions: MIS TLIF and conventional TLIF showed similar clinical and radiological outcomes. MIS TLIF may be a better choice for two- or three-segment lumbar fusion in perioperative outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · World Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) is a relatively rare disease. Because of ambiguous clinical symptom, it is difficult for early diagnosis of OLF and subsequent treatment can be delayed or missed. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to comprehensively assess the prevalence and distribution of thoracic OLF by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and coexisting spinal disease in Korean patients with back pain or leg pain. Methods: The sample included 2134 Korean patients who underwent MRI evaluation for back pain. The prevalence and distribution of thoracic OLF were assessed using lumbar MRI with whole spine sagittal images. Additionally, we examined the presence of coexisting lumbar and cervical diseases. The presence of thoracic OLF as well as clinical parameters such as age, sex, and surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The prevalence of thoracic OLF in total patients was 16.9% (360/2134). The prevalence tended to increase with aging and was higher in women than in men. The lower thoracic segment of T10-11 was the most frequently affected segment. Of the 360 patients with OLF, 31.9% had coexisting herniated thoracic discs at the same level. Approximately 74% of the patients with OLF had coexisting lumbar and cervical disease. Nine (2.5%) of 360 OLF patients underwent surgery for thoracic lesion. Conclusion: The prevalenceof thoracic OLF was relatively higher than those of previous reports. And coexisting lumbar and cervical disease were very frequent. Therefore, we should check coexisting spinal diseases and the exact diagnostic localization of ossification besides lumbar disease.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    ABSTRACT: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has become a common spine procedure, however, there have been no previous studies on whole spine alignment changes after cervical fusion. Our purpose in this study was to determine whole spine sagittal alignment and pelvic alignment changes after ACDF. Forty-eight patients who had undergone ACDF from January 2011 to December 2012 were enrolled in this study. Cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and pelvic parameters were measured preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Clinical outcomes were assessed using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores and Neck Disability Index (NDI) values. Forty-eight patients were grouped according to operative method (cage only, cage & plate), operative level (upper level: C3/4 & C4/5; lower level: C5/6 & C6/7), and cervical lordosis (high lordosis, low lordosis). All patients experienced significant improvements in VAS scores and NDI values after surgery. Among the radiologic parameters, pelvic tilt increased and sacral slope decreased at 12 months postoperatively. Only the high cervical lordosis group showed significantly-decreased cervical lordosis and a shortened SVA postoperatively. Correlation tests revealed that cervical lordosis was significantly correlated with SVA and that SVA was significantly correlated with pelvic tilt and sacral slope. ACDF affects whole spine sagittal alignment, especially in patients with high cervical lordosis. In these patients, alteration of cervical lordosis to a normal angle shortened the SVA and resulted in reciprocal changes in pelvic tilt and sacral slope.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Yonsei medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) is a common surgical option for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). However, its effectiveness for isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) is still controversial. No current studies have directly compared perioperative and postoperative results including various radiologic parameters between IS and DS after MIS TLIF. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and radiologic results between isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis after MIS TLIF. This is a retrospective study of 41 patients who underwent MIS TLIF for single segment, grade 1 or 2 IS (n=18) and DS (n=23). The same surgical techniques and procedure were applied to both groups. Perioperative outcomes (operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, complications), clinical outcomes (VAS, ODI), radiologic parameters (disc height, degree of spondylolisthesis, slip angle, lumbar lordosis, segmental lordosis, sacro-pelvic parameters: pelvic incidence, sacral slope, pelvic tile) and fusion rates using CT scanning were compared between groups at 1 year postoperatively. There were no significantly different perioperative results between groups. Mean VAS and ODI scores significantly improved postoperatively in both groups, but were not significantly different between groups at each follow-up point. Radiologic parameters were not significantly different between groups except disc height and degree of spondylolisthesis. The disc heights were increased postoperatively (IS: 6.79 to 9.22 mm; DS: 8.18 to 8.97 mm) in both groups and there were significant differences preoperatively. In addition, disc height restoration was greater for IS than DS (2.43 mm vs. 0.79 mm, p=0.01). However, postoperative disc heights were not significantly different between groups. The degree of spondylolisthesis was significantly different between groups both pre- (16.77 vs. 11.33%, p<0.01) and postoperatively (9.79 vs. 3.78%, p<0.01). However, slip reduction was no different between groups (6.97 vs. 7.56%, p=0.74). Fusion rates were not significantly different between groups. MIS TLIF resulted in similar clinical outcomes when used to treat both isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Although disc height restoration was more effective for IS than DS, other radiologic parameters including fusion rate were no different between groups. For both isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis, MIS TLIF can be a safe and effective surgical option. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · World Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate a suitable animal model for studies of male osteoporosis. Osteoporosis has a particularly high incidence in postmenopausal women, resulting in a substantial amount of research with respect to this disease in women. However, research on osteoporosis in men is still lacking. Twenty 10-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study, including 4 rats used to establish a baseline bone mineral density (BMD). The other 16 rats were divided into two groups: a sham surgery group (n=8), which underwent a sham operation, and an orchiectomized rat group (OCX) (n=8), which underwent bilateral OCX at 10 weeks of age. Bone mineral density was measured in 4 rats from both the sham surgery group and the OCX group 8 weeks after the surgery, while BMD in the remainder of the rats was measured 10 weeks post-surgery. Femoral BMD at 8 weeks post-surgery was found to be significantly lower in the OCX group compared to the sham group; a finding that was also similar 10 weeks post-surgery. 8 weeks after undergoing orchiectomy performed via a scrotal, white rats are a suitable model for studies of male osteoporosis.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the molecular responses of various genes and proteins related to disc degeneration upon treatment with cytokines that affect disc-cell proliferation and phenotype in living human intervertebral discs (IVDs). Responsiveness to these cytokines according to the degree of disc degeneration was also evaluated. The disc specimens were classified into two groups: group 1 (6 patients) showed mild degeneration of IVDs and group 2 (6 patients) exhibited severe degeneration of IVDs. Gene expression was analyzed after treatment with four cytokines: recombinant human bone morphogenic protein (rhBMP-2), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Molecular responses were assessed after exposure of cells from the IVD specimens to these cytokines via real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining. mRNA gene expression was significantly greater for aggrecan, type I collagen, type II collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and Sox9 in group 1 than mRNA gene expression in group 2, when the samples were not treated with cytokines. Analysis of mRNA levels for these molecules after morphogen treatment revealed significant increases in both groups, which were much higher in group 1 than in group 2. The average number of IVD cells that were immunofluorescence stained positive for alkaline phosphatase increased after treatment with rhBMP-2 and TGF-β in group 1. The biologic responsiveness to treatment of rhBMP-2, TGF-β, TNF-α, and IL-1β in the degenerative living human IVD can be different according to the degree of degeneration of the IVD.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Yonsei Medical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive surgery with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) is an important minimally invasive fusion technique for the lumbar spine. Lumbar spine reoperation is challenging and is thought to have greater complication risks. The purpose of this study was to compare MIS TLIF with unilateral screw fixation perioperative results between primary and revision surgeries. This was a prospective study that included 46 patients who underwent MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw. The patients were divided into two groups, primary and revision MIS TLIF, to compare perioperative results and complications. The two groups were similar in age, sex, and level of operation, and were not significantly different in the length of follow-up or clinical results. Although dural tears were more common with the revision group (primary 1; revision 4), operation time, blood loss, total perioperative complication, and fusion rates were not significantly different between the two groups. Both groups showed substantial improvements in VAS and ODI scores one year after surgical treatment. Revision MIS TLIF performed by an experienced surgeon does not necessarily increase the risk of perioperative complication compared with primary surgery. MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation is a valuable option for revision lumbar surgery.
    Preview · Article · May 2014 · BioMed Research International
  • K.H. Kim · S.U. Kuh · J.Y. Park · S.J. Lee · H.S. Park · D.K. Chin · K.S. Kim · Y.E. Cho
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    ABSTRACT: COL6A1 and BMP-2 genes have been implicated in ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) susceptibility in Japanese and Chinese Han populations. However, no study has yet investigated the DNA of unaffected family members of patients with OPLL. This study investigated differences in genetic polymorphisms of BMP-2 and COL6A1 between Korean patients with OPLL and their family members (with and without OPLL). A total of 321 subjects (110 patients with OPLL and 211 family members) were enrolled in the study. Associations between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the BMP-2 gene (Ser37Ala and Ser87Ser) and two SNPs of COL6A1 [promoter (-572) and intron 33 (+20)] with susceptibility to OPLL of the cervical spine were investigated between the two groups (OPLL+ and OPLL-). Of the 321 subjects, 162 had cervical OPLL (50.4%; 110 patients, 52 family members). There was a familial tendency of OPLL in 34 of the 110 families (30.9%). Allele and haplotype frequencies of the four SNPs in the BMP-2 and COL6A1 genes did not differ significantly between the OPLL+ and OPLL- groups, even when excluding participants over 50 years of age. This is the first report identifying SNPs of COL6A1 and BMP-2 in Korean patients and family members with OPLL. Although allele and haplotype frequencies were similar with those of a previous study in Japanese and Chinese patients, unaffected family members also showed similar rates of these SNPs in the present study. These results suggest that these SNPs may not directly influence the expression of OPLL.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Genetics and molecular research: GMR
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    ABSTRACT: Jumping from high place for the purpose of suicide results in various damages to body area. A burst fracture of vertebrae is representative of them and we reviewed eight patients who were diagnosed with spinal burst fracture following suicide falling-down. The demographics, characteristics, performed operation, combined injuries, psychological past histories of the patients were analyzed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Surgeon spine angle during surgery was studied ergonomically and the kinematics of the surgeon's spine was related with musculoskeletal fatigue and pain. Spine angles varied depending on operation table height and visualization method, and in a previous paper we showed that the use of a loupe and a table height at the midpoint between the umbilicus and the sternum are optimal for reducing musculoskeletal loading. However, no studies have previously included a microscope as a possible visualization method. The objective of this study is to assess differences in surgeon spine angles depending on operating table height and visualization method, including microscope. We enrolled 18 experienced spine surgeons for this study, who each performed a discectomy using a spine surgery simulator. Three different methods were used to visualize the surgical field (naked eye, loupe, microscope) and three different operating table heights (anterior superior iliac spine, umbilicus, the midpoint between the umbilicus and the sternum) were studied. Whole spine angles were compared for three different views during the discectomy simulation: midline, ipsilateral, and contralateral. A 16-camera optoelectronic motion analysis system was used, and 16 markers were placed from the head to the pelvis. Lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, cervical lordosis, and occipital angle were compared between the different operating table heights and visualization methods as well as a natural standing position. Whole spine angles differed significantly depending on visualization method. All parameters were closer to natural standing values when discectomy was performed with a microscope, and there were no differences between the naked eye and the loupe. Whole spine angles were also found to differ from the natural standing position depending on operating table height, and became closer to natural standing position values as the operating table height increased, independent of the visualization method. When using a microscope, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, and cervical lordosis showed no differences according to table heights above the umbilicus. This study suggests that the use of a microscope and a table height above the umbilicus are optimal for reducing surgeon musculoskeletal fatigue.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · European Spine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose All structures of the spine, including the spinal canal, change continuously with age. The purpose of this study was to determine how the spinal canal of the lumbar spine changes with age. The L4/5 is the most common site of spinal stenosis and has the largest flexion-extension motion, whereas the T5/6 has the least motion. Therefore, we measured the spinal canal diameter and vertebral body height at T5, T6, L4, and L5 with age. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective study of aged 40 to 77 years. We reviewed whole spine sagittal MRIs of 370 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) (Group 2) and 166 herniated cervical disc (HCD) (Group 1). Each group was divided into four age groups, and demographic parameters (age, gender, height, weight, BMI), the mid-spinal canal diameter, and mid-vertebrae height at T5, T6, L4, L5 were compared. Within- and between-group comparisons were made to evaluate changes by age and correlations were carried out to evaluate the relationships between all parameters. Results Height, weight, and all radiologic parameters were significantly lower in Group 2 than Group 1. Group 1 did not show any differences, when based on age, but in Group 2, height, weight, and T6, L4, and L5 height were significantly decreased in patients in their 70's than patients in their 40's, except for spinal canal diameter. Age was associated with all parameters except spinal canal diameter. Conclusion Vertebral height decreased with age, but spinal canal diameter did not change in patients with either LSS or HCD. Mid-spinal canal diameter was not affected by aging.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Yonsei medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Object: Clinical results for unilateral pedicle screw fixation after lumbar interbody fusion have been reported to be as good as those for bilateral instrumentation. However, no studies have directly compared unilateral and bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation after minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether unilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is comparable with bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in 1-segment MIS TLIF. Methods: This was a prospective randomized study of 53 patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation after MIS TLIF for 1-segment lumbar degenerative disc disease. Twenty-six patients were assigned to a unilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation group and 27 patients were assigned to a bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation group. Operative time, blood loss, clinical outcomes (that is, Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] and visual analog scale [VAS] scores), complication rates, and fusion rates were assessed using CT scanning 2 years after surgical treatment. Results: The 2 groups were similar in age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, and operated level, and they did not differ significantly in the length of follow-up (27.5 [Group 1] vs 28.9 [Group 2] months) or clinical results. Both groups showed substantial improvements in VAS and ODI scores 2 years after surgical treatment. The groups differed significantly in operative time (unilateral 84.2 minutes; bilateral 137.6 minutes), blood loss (unilateral 92.7 ml; bilateral, 232.0 ml), fusion rate (unilateral 84.6%; bilateral 96.3%), and postoperative scoliotic change (unilateral 23.1%; bilateral 3.7%). Conclusions: Unilateral and bilateral screw fixation after MIS TLIF produced similar clinical results. Although perioperative results were better with unilateral screw fixation, the long-term results were better with bilateral screw fixation, suggesting bilateral screw fixation is a better choice after MIS TLIF.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Neurosurgical FOCUS
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: It is well known that arthrodesis is associated with adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). However, previous studies were performed with simple radiography or CT. MRI is most sensitive in assessing the degenerative change of a disc, and this is the first study about ASD by radiography, CT and MRI. We sought to factors related to ASD at cervical spine by an MRI and CT, after anterior cervical spine surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of cervical disc herniation. Patients of cervical disc herniation with only radiculopathy were treated with either arthroplasty (22 patients) or ACDF with cage alone (21 patients). These patients were required to undergo MRI, CT and radiography preoperatively, as well as radiography follow-up for 3 months and 1 year, and we conducted a cross-sectional study by MRI, CT and radiography including clinical evaluations 5 years after. Clinical outcomes were assessed using VAS and NDI. The fusion rate and ASD rate, and radiologic parameters (cervical lordosis, operated segmental height, C2-7 ROM, operated segmental ROM, upper segmental ROM and lower segmental ROM) were measured. RESULTS: The study groups were demographically similar, and substantial improvements in VAS (for arm) and NDI (for neck) scores were noted, and there were no significant differences between groups. Fusion rates were 95.2 % in the fusion group and 4.5 % in the arthroplasty group. ASD rates of the fusion and arthroplasty groups were 42.9 and 50 %, respectively. Among the radiologic parameters, operated segmental height and operated segmental ROM significantly decreased, while the upper segmental ROM significantly increased in the fusion group. In a comparative study between patients with ASD and without ASD, the clinical results were found to be similar, although preexisting ASD and other segment degeneration were significantly higher in the ASD group. C2-7 ROM was significantly decreased in ASD group, and other radiologic parameters have no significant differences between groups. CONCLUSION: The ASD rate of 46.5 % after ACDF or arthroplasty, and arthroplasty did not significantly lower the rate of ASD. ASD occurred in patients who had preexisting ASD and in patients who also had other segment degeneration. ASD may be associated with a natural history of cervical spondylosis rather than arthrodesis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · European Spine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: To establish normative data for spinal canal AP diameter from cervical vertebra to sacrum in the Korean young and to assess the exposed spinal canal after laminectomy which was related with restenosis by post-laminectomy membrane formation. From PET/CT, axial bone-window CT of 83 young adults (20-29 years) were obtained, and we measured AP diameters of C3, C5, C7, T1, T4, T8, T12, L1, L3, L5 and S1. We also measured exposed AP diameter of C3, C5, C7, T1 and T2 above imaginary line for laminectomy. The shortest mean AP diameter was at C5 (14.5±1.5 mm), and the longest was at S1 (17.4±2.3 mm). AP diameter increased from C3 (14.6±1.1 mm) to T1 (16.1±1.2 mm) at cervical spine. In the thoracic spine, the diameter gradually decreased from T1 (16.1±1.2 mm) to T8 (14.6±1.3 mm) and increased to T12 (16.7±1.2 mm). The diameter decreased from L1 (16.7±1.3 mm) to L3 (15.7±1.9 mm), and it increased to S1 (17.4±2.3 mm) at lumbar spine. Exposed AP diameter above imaginary line for laminectomy was the longest at C3 (4.8±1.2 mm) and gradually decreased to T1 (3.3±0.9 mm) and T2 (0 mm). Spinal AP diameter was the shortest in the mid-cervical area (C5) and increased to the upper thoracic area. From the upper thoracic vertebra, the diameter gradually decreased to the mid-thoracic vertebra (T8) and then increased to the lower thoracic vertebra. Lumbar vertebra also was similar with thoracic vertebra. Below T2, there was no exposed dural sac after laminectomy. This means that restenosis by post-laminectomy membrane formation can occur above T1.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The ergonomic problems for surgeons during spine surgery are an awkward body posture, repetitive movements, increased muscle activity, an overflexed spine, and a protracted time in a standing posture. The authors analyzed whole spine angles during discectomy. The objective of this study is to assess differences in surgeon whole spines angles according to operating table height and the methods used to visualize surgical field. Materials and methods A cohort of 12 experienced spine surgeons was enrolled. Twelve experienced spine surgeons performed discectomy using a spine surgery simulator. Three different methods were used to visualize the surgical field (naked eye, loupe, and out of loupe) and three different operating table heights. Whole spine angles were compared for three different views during discectomy simulation; midline, ipsilateral, and contralateral. A 16-camera optoelectronic motion analysis system was used, and 16 markers were placed from head to pelvis. Lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, cervical lordosis, and occipital angle were compared at the different operating table heights, while using the three visualization methods, with natural standing position. Results Whole spine angles were significantly different for visualization methods. Lumbar lordosis, cervical lordosis, and occipital angle were closer to natural standing values when discectomy was performed with a loupe, but most measures differed from natural standing values when performed out of loupe. Thoracic kyphosis was also similar to the natural standing position during discectomy using a loupe, but differed from the natural standing position when performed with naked eye. Whole spine angles were also found to differ from the natural standing position according to operating table height, and became closer to natural standing position values as operating table height increased, when simulation was conducted with loupe. Conclusion This study suggests that loupe use and a table height midpoint between the umbilicus and sternum are optimal for reducing surgeon musculoskeletal fatigue.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · European Spine Journal
  • K H Kim · S U Kuh · J Y Park · K S Kim · D K Chin · Y E Cho
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the importance, risk factors, and clinical course of the radiolucent "halo" phenomenon around bone cement following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic compression fracture. Preoperative osteonecrosis and a lump cement pattern were the most important risk factors for the peri-cement halo phenomenon, and it was associated with vertebral recollapse. We observed a newly developed radiolucent area around the bone cement following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic compression fractures. Here, we describe the importance of the peri-cement halo phenomenon, as well as any associated risk factors and long-term sequelae. In total, 175 patients (202 treated vertebrae) were enrolled in this study. The treated vertebrae were subdivided into two groups: Group A (with halo, n = 32) and Group B (without halo, n = 170), and the groups were compared with respect to multiple preoperative (age, sex, BMD, preoperative osteonecrosis) and perioperative factors (operative approach: vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty; cement distribution pattern; cement leakage; cement volume), and postoperative results (VAS score, recollapse). Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the incidence of the peri-cement halo and all of the parameters described above. Rates of osteonecrosis were also significantly higher in Group A than in Group B (62.5% vs. 31.2%, p < 0.05), and kyphoplasty (KP) was performed more frequently in Group A (43.8% vs. 17.6%, p < 0.05). Lump cement (93.8% vs. 30.6%, p < 0.05) and recollapse (78.1% vs. 24.7%, p < 0.05) were also more common among individuals in Group A. Logistic regression analysis also showed that preoperative osteonecrosis (OR = 3.679; 95% CI = 1.677-8.073; p = 0.001), KP (OR = 3.630; 95% CI = 1.628-8.095; p = 0.002), lump pattern (OR = 13.870; 95% CI = 2.907-66.188; p = 0.001), and vertebral recollapse (OR = 5.356; 95% CI = 1.897-15.122; p = 0.002) were significantly associated with peri-cement halo. The peri-cement halo was found to be associated with vertebral recollapse, this sign likely represents a poor prognostic factor after vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic compression fractures.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Osteoporosis International
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective review of clinical and radiological parameters. To assess for at least 2 years the radiological and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) vertebroplasty to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with avascular necrosis. Recently, osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with avascular osteonecrosis have been treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty. However, there have been no previous multiyear, clinical, and radiological studies of the results of vertebroplasty in the vertebral body with noninfected avascular osteonecrosis. Thirty patients were followed for at least 2 years after vertebroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed several parameters, including visual analogue scale score, Oswestry Disability Index, compression ratio, kyphotic angle, injection pattern of PMMA (interdigitation and solid mass), and morphological changes of the PMMA-cemented vertebral bodies. RESULTS.: The vertebral height and kyphotic angle were significantly corrected after vertebroplasty. However, the restored vertebral height recollapsed (P < 0.05), and the kyphotic angle became aggravated (P < 0.05) during the 2 years or longer of postoperative follow-up. Visual analogue scale and Oswestry Disability Index were significantly decreased at postoperative day 1. However, visual analogue scale and Oswestry Disability Index were significantly increased at 24 months postoperatively. There were 4 kinds of morphological changes of the injected PMMA-cemented vertebral body, including heterotopic ossification, fusion with the adjacent vertebral body, bone cement fragmentation and migration, and development of a radiolucent line around the PMMA mass in the vertebral body. After vertebroplasty, the compression and kyphosis of avascular necrotic vertebral bodies progressed continuously for 2 years or longer. Vertebroplasty may not provide sufficient stability. Therefore, we strongly recommend that strict observation and follow-up be used after vertebroplasty.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · Spine
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    Jee Hee Kim · Young Mok Park · Dong Kyu Chin
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic hypertrophic spinal pachymeningitis (IHSP) is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by hypertrophic inflammation of the dura mater and various clinical courses that are from myelopathy. Although many associated diseases have been suggested, the etiology of IHSP is not well understood. The ideal treatment is controversial. In the first case, a 55-year-old woman presented back pain, progressive paraparesis, both leg numbness, and voiding difficulty. Initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an anterior epidural mass lesion involving from C6 to mid-thoracic spine area with low signal intensity on T1 and T2 weighted images. We performed decompressive laminectomy and lesional biopsy. After operation, she was subsequently treated with steroid and could walk unaided. In the second case, a 45-year-old woman presented with fever and quadriplegia after a spine fusion operation due to lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative herniated lumbar disc. Initial MRI showed anterior and posterior epidural mass lesion from foramen magnum to C4 level. She underwent decompressive laminectomy and durotomy followed by steroid therapy. However, her conditions deteriorated gradually and medical complications occurred. In our cases, etiology was not found despite through investigations. Initial MRI showed dural thickening with mixed signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images. Pathologic examination revealed chronic nonspecific inflammation in both patients. Although one patient developed several complications, the other showed slow improvement of neurological symptoms with decompressive surgery and steroid therapy. In case of chronic compressive myelopathy due to the dural hypertrophic change, decompressive surgery such as laminectomy or laminoplasty may be helpful as well as postoperative steroid therapy.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    ABSTRACT: Retrospective analysis to compare the effect and complication of epidural patient-controlled analgesia (epidural PCA) with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) for the treatment of the post-operative pain after posterior lumbar instrumented fusion. Sixty patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disease at our institution from September 2007 to January 2008 were enrolled in this study. Out of sixty patients, thirty patients received IV PCA group and thirty patients received epidural PCA group. The pain scale was measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS) score. There were no significant difference between IV PCA group and epidural PCA group on the PCA related complications (p=0.7168). Ten patients in IV PCA group and six patients in epidural PCA group showed PCA related complications. Also, there were no significant differences in reduction of VAS score between two groups on postoperative 2 hours (p=0.9618) and 6 hours (p=0.0744). However, postoperative 12 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours showed the significant differences as mean of reduction of VAS score (p=0.0069, 0.0165, 0.0058 respectively). The epidural PCA is more effective method to control the post-operative pain than IV PCA after 12 hours of spinal fusion operation. However, during the first twelve hours after operation, there were no differences between IV PCA and epidural PCA.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society

Publication Stats

303 Citations
62.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007-2015
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006-2015
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      • • The Spine and Spinal Cord Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea