V Rohde

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (129)241.8 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Ultraschall in der Medizin
  • D Wachter · M Psychogios · M Knauth · V Rohde
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: After clipping of intracranial aneurysms, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is recommended for the proof of complete aneurysm occlusion or identification of aneurysm remnants, especially in cases with a more complex angioarchitecture or a difficult operative course. The aim of this study was to evaluate if postoperative intravenous angiographic computed tomography (ivACT) could be a diagnostic alternative in cases of contraindications for DSA. 13 patients (12 female, 1 male) underwent surgical clipping of 5 ruptured and 10 innocent aneurysms. Postoperative ivACT was performed in all patients due to refusal or contraindications for DSA. 12 patients had almost complete aneurysm clipping, while 1 patient's was incomplete, which was diagnosed by ivACT and confirmed by subsequent postoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA), which had been accepted by the patient after clarification of the postoperative findings. This study illustrates the efficacy of ivACT for postoperative control of surgically treated aneurysms. The quality of ivACT generated images seems to be sufficient in the detection of residual aneurysms after clipping. In cases with inconclusive results, postoperative DSA should be performed to obtain further details.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Central European neurosurgery
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As a rare tumor paraganglioma of the filum terminale is of diagnostic challenge. A thorough review of all published cases most often reveals a benign course if complete surgically resection is achieved. We report on the first molecular cytogenetic analyses performed on filum termiale paragangliomas. A 52-year-old man suffered from low back pain for many years that gradually worsened and was aggravated by sitting and bending. The pain radiated dorsally into both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without Gd-DTPA revealed a 12 mm sized, intradural oval mass at the level of L3 with slightly increased T2-signal and a rim of low signal on T2-weighted sequences. The tumor enhanced remarkably after Gd-DTPA. Intervention: The patient underwent a left sided hemilaminectomy of L3. Durotomy revealed a well-delineated, firm and highly vascularized reddish tumor. The proximal terminal filum entered the tumor at the proximal pole and exited its distal pole. Coagulation and dissection of the terminal filum allowed in toto removal of the tumor. DNA was isolated from the formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimen. The tumor was analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization, providing a normal DNA profile without any chromosomal copy number changes. The origin of paragangliomas of the CNS and especially of the filum terminale is still unclear. If no complete surgical resection can be achieved, molecular cytogenetic analysis is of additional value to prognostification of paragangliomas of the filum terminale.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · Clinical neuropathology
  • L Siam · V Rohde
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Central European neurosurgery
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Overdrainage is a common complication observed after shunting patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), with an estimated incidence up to 25%. Gravitational units that counterbalance intracranial pressure changes were developed to overcome this problem. We will set out to investigate whether the combination of a programmable valve and a gravitational unit (proGAV, Aesculap/Miethke, Germany) is capable of reducing the incidence of overdrainage and improving patient-centered outcomes compared to a conventional programmable valve (Medos-Codman, Johnson & Johnson, Germany). SVASONA is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial conducted at seven centers in Germany. Patients with a high probability of iNPH (based on clinical signs and symptoms, lumbar infusion and/or tap test, cranial computed tomography [CCT]) and no contraindications for surgical drainage will randomly be assigned to receive (1) a shunt assistant valve (proGAV) or (2) a conventional, programmable shunt valve (programmable Medos-Codman).We will test the primary hypothesis that the experimental device reduces the rate of overdrainage from 25% to 10%. As secondary analyses, we will measure iNPH-specific outcomes (i.e., the Black grading scale and the NPH Recovery Rate), generic quality of life (Short Form 36), and complications and serious adverse events (SAE). One planned interim analysis for safety and efficacy will be performed halfway through the study. To detect the hypothesized difference in the incidence of overdrainage with a type I error of 5% and a type II error of 20%, correcting for multiple testing and an anticipated dropout rate of 10%, 200 patients will be enrolled.The presented trial is currently recruiting patients, with the first results predicted to be available in late 2008.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Critical incident monitoring is an important tool for quality improvement and the maintenance of high safety standards. It was developed for aviation safety and is now widely accepted as a useful tool to reduce medical care-related morbidity and mortality. Despite this widespread acceptance, the literature has no reports on any neurosurgical applications of critical incident monitoring. We describe the introduction of a mono-institutional critical incident reporting system in a neurosurgical department. Furthermore, we have developed a formula to assess possible counterstrategies. All staff members of a neurosurgical department were advised to report critical incidents. The anonymous reporting form contained a box for the description of the incident, several multiple-choice questions on specific risk factors, place and reason for occurrence of the incident, severity of the consequences and suggested counterstrategies. The incident data was entered into an online documentation system (ADKA DokuPik) and evaluated by an external specialist. For data analysis we applied a modified assessment scheme initially designed for flight safety. Data collection was started in September 2008. The average number of reported incidents was 18 per month (currently 216 in total). Most incidents occurred on the neurosurgical ward (64%). Human error was involved in 86% of the reported incidents. The largest group of incidents consisted of medication-related problems. Accordingly, counterstrategies were developed, resulting in a decrease in the relative number of reported medication-related incidents from 42% (March 09) to 30% (September 09). Implementation of the critical incident reporting system presented no technical problems. The reporting rate was high compared to that reported in the current literature. The formulation, evaluation and introduction of specific counterstrategies to guard against selected groups of incidents may improve patient safety in neurosurgical departments.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Central European neurosurgery
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    A Gutenberg · J Larsen · I Lupi · V Rohde · P Caturegli
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autoimmune hypophysitis (AH) mimics the more common nonsecreting pituitary adenomas and can be diagnosed with certainty only histologically. Approximately 40% of patients with AH are still misdiagnosed as having pituitary macroadenoma and undergo unnecessary surgery. MR imaging is currently the best noninvasive diagnostic tool to differentiate AH from nonsecreting adenomas, though no single radiologic sign is diagnostically accurate. The purpose of this study was to develop a scoring system that summarizes numerous MR imaging signs to increase the probability of diagnosing AH before surgery. This was a case-control study of 402 patients, which compared the presurgical pituitary MR imaging features of patients with nonsecreting pituitary adenoma and controls with AH. MR images were compared on the basis of 16 morphologic features besides sex, age, and relation to pregnancy. Only 2 of the 19 proposed features tested lacked prognostic value. When the other 17 predictors were analyzed jointly in a multiple logistic regression model, 8 (relation to pregnancy, pituitary mass volume and symmetry, signal intensity and signal intensity homogeneity after gadolinium administration, posterior pituitary bright spot presence, stalk size, and mucosal swelling) remained significant predictors of a correct classification. The diagnostic score had a global performance of 0.9917 and correctly classified 97% of the patients, with a sensitivity of 92%, a specificity of 99%, a positive predictive value of 97%, and a negative predictive value of 97% for the diagnosis of AH. This new radiologic score could be integrated into the management of patients with AH, who derive greater benefit from medical as opposed to surgical treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2009 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
  • A Gutenberg · J Larsen · V Rohde
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The combination of paranasal sinus osteoma, mucocele and brain abscess is rare. Only one other case has been reported so far, where the cerebral abscess was diagnosed intraoperatively. We report here on a second patient with combined frontal sinus osteoma, intracerebral mucocele as well as cerebral abscess. However, in our case, the diagnosis of cerebral abscess was reached prior to surgery, which allowed for a tailored treatment strategy with abscess puncture under neuronavigational guidance and, after 3 weeks of antibiotic therapy with documented abscess shrinkage, osteoma and mucocele resection as well as reconstruction of the eroded dura.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Central European neurosurgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report two cases of coil migration after endovascular treatment of pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery within the sphenoid sinus with coils and noncovered stents. Two patients underwent sphenoid sinus exposure for pituitary adenoma and chronic infection, respectively. As a complication pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery within the sphenoid sinus developed. One patient was treated with stent and coils, the second with coils alone. Both patients experienced coil migration after 9 and 26 months, respectively, with the necessity for further treatment. Imaging was performed using flat detector computed tomography (FD-CT). Literature review revealed two additional cases of coil migration and four patients with the same treatment in stable condition. Pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery are a special entity and the environment of the aneurysm within the sphenoid sinus may change over a long time. Coil embolization may lead to the late onset complication of coil migration with the possible risk of acute epistaxis. As a consequence, these patients need a careful and prolonged follow up. FD-CT is an appropriate technique to visualize the implanted coils and if present the migration of coil material.
    No preview · Article · May 2009 · min - Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery
  • No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Clinical Neurophysiology
  • H.C. Ludwig · V. Rohde
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The surgical strategy for spinal meningiomas usually consists of laminectomy, initial tumour debulking, identification of the interface between tumour and spinal cord, resection of the dura including the matrix of the tumour, and duroplasty. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a less invasive surgical strategy consisting of hemilaminectomy or laminectomy, tumour removal and coagulation of the tumour matrix allows comparable surgical and clinical results to be obtained, especially without an increase of the recurrence rate as reported in the literature. Between 1990 and 2005, 61 patients (11 men, 50 women) underwent surgery for spinal meningioma. All patients were treated microsurgically by a posterior approach. In 56 of the 61 patients, the above outlined - less invasive - surgical technique with tumour removal and coagulation of the tumour matrix was performed. In 5 patients, dura resection and duroplasty was additionally performed. Electrophysiological monitoring was routinely used since 1996. Recurrence was defined as new onset or worsening of symptoms and radiological confirmation of tumour growth. The pre-and post-operative clinical status was measured by the Frankel grading system. Pre-operatively, 40 patients were in Frankel grade D, 13 patients in grade C, 6 patients in grade E and 1 patient each in grade A and B. Following surgery no patient presented a permanent worsening of clinical symptoms. All patients who initially presented with a Frankel grades A-C (n = 15) recovered to a better grade at the time of follow-up. Patients who presented with Frankel grade D remained in stable condition (n = 27) or recovered to a better neurological status (n = 13). Two patients experienced a temporary worsening of their symptoms, but subsequently improved to a better state than pre-operatively. Two (3.3%) complications (pseudomeningocele, wound infection) requiring surgery, were encountered. The pseudomeningocele developed in a patient who underwent durotomy. During the follow-up period of 2 months to 10 years (mean 31.3 months), 3 patients (5%) required surgery for symptomatic recurrence: 1 patient had 2 recurrences that occurred 4 and 7 years after first tumour removal and matrix coagulation, 1 recurrence occurred 1 year after tumour removal that was accompanied by matrix coagulation in a patient with a diffuse anterocranial tumour extension and 1 occurred 3 years after tumour removal and durotomy. Two patients showed a small recurrence on MRI during follow-up after 2 and 5 years, respectively, without any symptoms requiring surgery. The high rate of favourable clinical results combined with the low rate of recurrences supports our less invasive surgical concept, which does not aim for resection of the dural matrix of the spinal meningioma.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Acta Neurochirurgica
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare disease and its early detection and appropriate treatment is essential to prevent high morbidity and mortality. There are only few single-institution series who report their experiences with the microsurgical management of SEA and treatment strategies are discussed controversially. Within the last 15 years the authors have treated 46 patients with SEA. This comparatively high number of cases encouraged us to review our experiences with SEA focussing on the clinical presentation, microsurgical management and outcome. Clinical charts of 46 cases with a spinal epidural abscess treated between 1990 and 2004 were reviewed. There were 30 men and 16 women, the age ranged between 32 and 86 years (mean: 57 years). The clinical mean follow-up was 8.5 months (range: 2-84). The clinical presentation and severity of neurological deficits were measured by the Frankel grading system on admission and on follow-up visit. The abscess was located in the cervical spine in 8, the thoracic spine in 17 and the lumbar spine in 21 patients. On admission 8 patients were in Frankel grade A, 7 in B, 15 in C, 8 in D and 8 in E. During follow-up 1 patient was in Frankel grade A, 1 in B, 5 in C, 13 in D and 24 in E. 37 patients underwent primary microsurgery with abscess drainage or removal of chronic granulomatous tissue. The clinical symptoms in 4 patients worsened shortly after the operation due to a compression fracture of the vertebral body (n=2) or progress of the abscess (n=2) making re-operation necessary. 9 patients with severe critical illness or without neurological deficits had primarily a CT-guided puncture for assessment of the causative organism. 3 of them needed additional surgical therapy within the hospital stay because of a new neurological deficit. All patients were immobilised and treated with antibiotics for at least 6 weeks. The mortality was 6.5%. As for complications we noted septicaemia (n=5), meningitis (n=1) and a transient malresorptive hydrocephalus (n=1). Early diagnosis, microsurgical therapy with appropriate antibiotic therapy and careful observation of patients are the keys to successful management of SEA. The goal of surgical treatment is to isolate the causative organism and to perform a decompression at the site of maximal cord compression in cases of neurological deterioration or severe pain. Instrumentation with primary fixation does not seem to be imperative. In cases of post-operative worsening, a fracture of additionally infected bony elements has to be considered and a stabilisation should be discussed on an individual basis.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · min - Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery
  • No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Klinische Neurophysiologie
  • V Rohde · N Uzma · R Thiex · U Samadani
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fibrinolytic therapy for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is considered a viable alternative to microsurgical hematoma removal. However, experimental data suggest that rtPA is neurotoxic and evokes a late perihematomal edema. We present preliminary data focusing on the avoidance of late edema formation after lysis of an intracerebral hematoma in a porcine model. Twenty pigs underwent placement of a frontal intracerebral hematoma with a minimum volume of 1 mL. Half of the pigs were subjected to rtPA clot lysis and MK-801 injection for blockage of the NMDA receptor-mediated rtPA-enhanced excitotoxic pathway. The remaining 10 pigs received desmoteplase (DSPA) for clot lysis, which is known to be a less neurotoxic fibrinolytic agent than rtPA. MRI on the day of surgery and on postoperative days 4 and 10 was used to assess hematoma and edema volumes. Late edema formation could be prevented in both the MK-801/rtPA and DSPA pigs. The benefits of fibrinolytic therapy for intracerebral hematomas appear to be counterbalanced by late edema formation. MK-801 infusion as an adjunct to rtPA lysis, or the use of DSPA instead of rtPA, prevents late edema and therefore has the potential to further improve results after clot lysis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement
  • No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Neuropediatrics
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minimal access spine surgery (MASS) is gaining increasing importance in microsurgery of the lumbar spine. From a current prospective series we present data on MASS for far lateral lumbar disc herniations (LLDH) via a transmuscular trocar technique (T(2)). The surgical procedure and operative results are demonstrated in detail. In contrast to conventional percutaneous endoscopic techniques, T(2) allows one to operate in the typical microsurgical fashion combined with the advantages of a minimal endoscopic approach with three-dimensional visualization of the surgical target using the operating microscope. Microsurgery was performed through a 1.6-cm skin incision with an 11.5-mm diameter trocar that is obliquely inserted into the paraspinal muscles pointing at the lateral isthmus of the upper vertebral body. Fifteen patients were evaluated after a median follow-up period of 24 months. Overall outcome according to the modified MacNab criteria, effect of surgery on radicular pain and sensory or motor deficits, duration of surgery, complication rate, and duration of hospital stay were evaluated. Good to excellent clinical outcomes were achieved in 14/15 patients. Radicular pain and motor deficits improved in all patients postoperatively, while sensory deficits recovered in 13/15 patients. The cosmetic results were excellent in all patients. No aggravation of symptoms after surgery was observed in any of the patients. The T(2) technique represents an auspicious alternative to standard open microsurgery for LLDH, which allows achievement of excellent clinical and cosmetic results, preservation of segmental spine stability, and avoidance of excessive soft tissue trauma.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · min - Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery

Publication Stats

2k Citations
241.80 Total Impact Points


  • 1997-2014
    • RWTH Aachen University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2006
    • Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
      Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2004
    • University Hospital RWTH Aachen
      • Department of Neurology
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1999
    • University of Bonn
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1998
    • Klinikum Duisburg
      Duisburg-Hamborn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany