[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma with widespread metastases in a 68-year-old woman who presented with subcutaneous nodules as the initial symptom. Computed tomography showed a pancreatic mass with hepatic tumors and enlarged lymph nodes besides ring-enhanced subcutaneous nodules. Magnetic resonance diffusionweighted imaging detected the presence of lesions in other organs. Histological analysis of a colonic polypoid lesion revealed carcinoma with endocrine and acinar differentiation compatible with pancreatic origin. Regrettably, she died of a cerebral infarction without any treatment, and autopsy findings confirmed our diagnosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 24-year-old man presented with abdominal distension, diarrhea, and nausea. Blood tests showed eosinophilia (WBC 14400/microl, Eos 36%) and slight hypoproteinemia (TP 6.4 mg/dl, Alb 3.7 mg/dl). Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed massive ascites (WBC 11500/microl, Eos 95%, protein 4.7 g/dl) and wall thickening of the small intestine. Endoscopic and histological examinations showed mucosal redness and edema with eosinophilic infiltration throughout the digestive tracts. Fecal alpha1- antitrypsin clearance was increased (44.6 ml/day). A diagnosis of eosinophilic gastroenteritis with ascites and protein-losing gastroenteropathy was made, and was classified as mixed type of both predominant subserosal and mucosal disease. Prednisolone therapy improved all the symptoms and findings. Measurements of serum levels of several cytokines and chemokines showed that interleukin-5 and soluble interleukin-2 receptor, but not eotaxin, were possible indicators of the disease activity. It should be kept in mind that eosinophilic gastroenteritis is one of the causes of ascites.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 48-year-old woman with iron deficiency anemia (Hb 8.1 g/dl) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated enlarged fold gastritis underwent successful H. pylori eradication. Hemoglobin, serum iron concentrations, and other indices of iron deficiency anemia reached almost normal levels 10 to 16 months after the first eradication treatment. Iron absorption tests and measurements of basal acid output were performed before and after eradication therapy. Iron absorption almost doubled within 3.5 months, whereas basal acid output was nothing but it increased after 15 months. Therefore, it was suggested that the increase in iron absorption was possibly involved in improvement of iron deficiency anemia after H. pylori eradication therapy. Furthermore, it was also suggested that mechanisms other than increase in acid secretion might be involved in increase in iron absorption.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed as having tuberculosis of ileocecum by colonoscopy and started on medication. A month later, she admitted for ileus. Colonoscopy showed improvement of tuberculosis of ileocecum. An ileus tube was inserted on the same day, and ileus was improved once. But after removing the tube, she had ileus again. Computed tomography just after re-inserting an ileus tube with Amidotrizoic acid showed 3 stenoses of ileum. A partial resection of the small intestine was performed. Mycobacterium tuberculosis with PCR was positive. A postoperative course was uneventful and no recurrence has occurred up to now. During treatment of tuberculosis, ileus caused by intestinal tuberculosis may occur. It must be considered to examine the small intestine before beginning to treat tuberculosis of ileocecum or colon.
No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 73-year-old woman without a history of allergic diseases visited our hospital complaining of sore throat and nocturnal cough. Blood tests showed marked eosinophilia (18000/mm(3);WBC 21900/mm(3), Eos 82.0%) with normal serum levels of C-reactive protein, non-specific and various allergen-specific IgE. Stool tests for protozoa or helminthic ova were negative. Chest X-ray films showed no pulmonary abnormalities. Endoscopic and histological examinations revealed reflux esophagitis (grade C according to the Los Angeles Classification System) with hiatal hernia with inflammatory infiltrates including eosinophils within the esophageal mucosa. A computed tomography showed the thickening of the esophageal wall. An administration of lansoprazole improved reflux esophagitis and also eosinophilia, and an alteration to famotidine caused heartburn with an increase in eosinophils. A re-alteration to omeprazole relieved the symptom and decreased eosinophils. It was shown that gastroesophageal reflux disease was one of the possible causes of eosinophilia.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 63-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of brown urine. A physical examination showed jaundice of the skin and conjunctiva bulbar. Blood tests showed elevated serum levels of bilirubin and hepatobiliary enzymes. A type 2-like mass lesion was found near the papilla of Vater during the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and was histologically proven to be a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. A diagnosis of obstructive jaundice due to primary duodenal cancer arising near the papilla of Vater was made. After the jaundice was decreased by endoscopic biliary stenting, a pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. A histopathological examination of the resected specimen concerning the location and manner of invasion of cancer cells revealed that the cancer arose from the duodenal mucosa near the papilla of Vater.
No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forty-four patients with chronic hepatitis C who took an IFN treatment were included in this study. An injection part was warmed by hot pack before and after intramuscular injection. Hyperthermia by hot pack decreased the cases that appealed for sharp pain from 63% to 32% (p<0.01), and was effective for prevention of sharp pain and of a skin symptom. This result suggests that hyperthermia by hot pack is effective means for patients forced to intramuscular injection for a long term.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 70-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C having treated by Interferon (IFN) 13 years before was given the combination therapy of Peg-IFN and ribavirin. Seven weeks later, we confirmed the involuntary movement and the decrease of muscle tone. The involuntary movement of inner and external rotation was repeated at his right leg. On brain MRI, no abnormal finding was pointed out. Five months after the discontinuation of Peg-IFN and ribavirin, these symptoms disappeared. We rarely experience a case showing chorea during IFN therapy, but we should keep in mind about this kind of side effect of IFN.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with HCV serotype 2 have better response to interferon therapy than serotype I, but the duration of therapy required is still controversial. 103 chronic hepatitis C patients received interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin in our hospital. 17 cases (serotype 1; 9, serotype 2; 8) discontinued the therapy within 20 weeks because of adverse evens Sustained virological response was obtained in all falling off cases of serotype 2 (8/8), on the other hand, only one case of serotype 1 (1/9). The shortest duration of the therapy for serotype 2 was only 5weeks. We suggest that combination therapy with interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for serotype 2 could be shortened to 16 weeks.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 41-year-old woman with Basedow's disease was diagnosed as primary biliary cirrhosis. Laparoscopic examination revealed a typical reddish patch and mesh-like white marking on the liver surface. Laparoscopic appearance on the liver surface of primary biliary cirrhosis may not be modified even if Basedow's disease was associated.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 69-year-old woman with a pancreatic cancer was admitted to our hospital due to dermal abscess which the cause bacillus was Serratia marcescens. She had received the PTC drainage for 17 months to reduce jaundice. Re-insertion of PTC tube and the drainage of dermal abscess improved obstructive jaundice temporarily. However, computed tomography revealed the formation of liver abscess with a diameter of 10 cm in which had much partition structure. The cause bacillus also was Serratia marcescens. Right anterior branch of portal vein penetrated liver abscess, differing from the picture of the usual bacterial liver abscess. This case is suggestive because Serratia marcescens infection may be critical for compromised patients.