[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine prevalence of the signs and symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients, and to investigate sensorimotor function impairment based on the esophageal manometry study, thus to determine the correlation between them. The study included 30 patients with IBS, 14 of them with diarrhea (IBSd) and 16 with constipation (IBSc) as a predominant discomfort. Control group consisted of 30 healthy subjects. The patients were included in the study on the basis of the Rome criteria for IBS. In addition to thorough history and physical examination patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and esophageal manometry. The values of esophageal manometry obtained in healthy subjects served as controls in manometry studies. The patients with IBS suffered a great number of both colonic and extracolonic signs and symptoms, however, there was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of particular symptoms between the two patient subgroups. In comparison with healthy subjects, the patients suffering from IBS showed pathologically altered values in the majority of parameters of esophageal motility. Comparison of the two subgroups of IBS patients according to esophageal motility characteristics yielded differences in only few of them. The results obtained in the study could explain why the patients with IBS quite commonly complain of the symptoms related to upper gastrointestinal tract, such as heartburn and chest pain of noncardiac genesis. The results also suggest that the IBS might be associated with considerably more extensive smooth muscle or innervation changes than presumed before.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · Collegium antropologicum
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system characterized by abdominal pain related to bowel emptying, defecation impairment and abdominal distention. The aim of the study was to objectify lower gastrointestinal system disturbances in IBS patients. Thirty IBS patients and 30 healthy subjects were included in the study. IBS patients were divided into two subgroups: IBS with predominant diarrhea (IBSd) and IBS with predominant constipation (IBSc). All study subjects underwent physical examination (including digitorectal examination), standard laboratory testing and anorectal manometry. Endoscopy was performed only in group of IBS patients. A statistically significant difference was recorded in most manometric parameters between healthy subjects and IBS patients, which was even more pronounced in IBSd patients. Study results showed that the intestinal motility disorder underlying IBS could be objectified by use of anorectal manometry.
Preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Collegium antropologicum
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One hundred and thirty-one patients on long-term hemodialysis were examined for the presence of clinical symptoms and signs, and for the effects of dialytic age, age and sex on uremic neuropathy. According to dialysis age, the patients were divided into three subgroups: low dialysis age, < 5 years of dialysis (n = 58); intermediate dialysis age, 5-10 years of hemodialysis (n = 39); and high dialysis age, > 10 years of dialysis (n = 34). Two patient subgroups were differentiated according to mean age of 53.2 years: younger (n = 57) and older (n = 74). Clinical grading of uremic neuropathy was based on Nielsen's criteria. The most common symptoms were restless legs syndrome (47%) and cramps (51%). Sensory symptoms were less common in patients on long-term hemodialysis, most common of them being paresthesia (29%) and burning feet syndrome (28%). Abnormal Achilles reflex (53%) and impaired vibration sense (59%) were the most common clinical signs. Clinically manifested uremic neuropathy was present in more than 80% of all study patients, i.e. mild in 41%, and moderate to severe forms of uremic neuropathy according to Nielsen's criteria in 39%. There was no evident effect of dialytic age and sex on the clinical course of uremic neuropathy, however, there was a clear impact of age. It is concluded that long-term hemodialysis does not influence the clinical course of uremic neuropathy unlike evident deterioration of electroneurophysiologic findings.
Preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Collegium antropologicum