M P Di Simone

University of Bologna, Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (29)77.81 Total impact

  • B Aramini · S Mattioli · M Lugaresi · S Brusori · M P Di Simone · F D'Ovidio
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of gastroesophageal (GE) mucosal prolapse in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was investigated as well as the clinical profile and treatment outcome of these patients. Of the patients who were referred to our service between 1980 and 2008, those patients who received a complete diagnostic work-up, and were successively treated and followed up at our center with interviews, radiology studies, endoscopy, and, when indicated, esophageal manometry and pH recording were selected. The prevalence of GE prolapse in GERD patients was 13.5% (70/516) (40 males and 30 females with a median age of 48, interquartile range 38-57). All patients had dysphagia and reflux symptoms, and 98% (69/70) had epigastric or retrosternal pain. Belching decreased the intensity or resolved the pain in 70% (49/70) of the cases, gross esophagitis was documented in 90% (63/70) of the cases, and hiatus hernias were observed in 62% (43/70) of the cases. GE prolapse in GERD patients was accompanied by more severe pain (P < 0.05) usually associated with belching, more severe esophagitis, and dysphagia (P < 0.05). A fundoplication was offered to 100% of the patients and was accepted by 56% (39/70) (median follow up 60 months, interquartile range 54-72), which included two Collis-Nissen techniques for true short esophagus. Patients who did not accept surgery were medically treated (median follow up 60 months, interquartile range 21-72). Persistent pain was reported in 98% (30/31) of medical cases, belching was reported in 45% (14/31), and GERD symptoms and esophagitis were reported in 81% (25/31). After surgery, pain was resolved in 98% (38/39) of the operative cases, and 79% (31/39) of them were free of GERD symptoms and esophagitis. GE prolapse has a relatively low prevalence in GERD patients. It is characterized by epigastric or retrosternal pain, and the need to belch to attenuate or resolve the pain. The pain is allegedly a result of the mechanical consequences of prolapse of the gastric mucosa into the esophagus.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Diseases of the Esophagus
  • S Mattioli · A Ruffato · M P Di Simone · M L Lugaresi · F D'Ovidio
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays the subjective assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life after surgery for achalasia is often associated with the instrumental methods in order to evaluate long-term results of therapy. To assess the long-term objective and subjective results of the surgical treatment of achalasia and to study the correlation between clinical-instrumental methods and those based on the patient's self-assessment and on Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaires. One hundred and twenty-four patients consecutively submitted to trans-abdominal Heller-Dor operation were periodically followed up with clinical examination, endoscopy, barium swallow and manometry. The Health-Related Quality of Life was assessed using the 36 item short form (SF-36) and the Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaire. The statistical comparison between the results of the self-assessment questionnaires and the long-term clinical-instrumental result was calculated by means of linear regression analysis. Over the years, 123 patients underwent at least one complete clinical-instrumental check-up and filled the self-assessment questionnaires. Mean follow-up was 105 months (range 12-288) with a median of 82.5 months. The result of the surgery was considered satisfactory in 93.5% of the patients, while the reflux oesophagitis observed in 6.5% of the cases was the main cause of failure. Clinical scores for dysphagia and for gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms were significantly reduced after surgery. The results of the SF-36 and Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaires were in our population very high and clinical correlation (p<0.05) emerged in physical function, in role physical, in mental health and in vitality domains of SF-36 questionnaire, and in self-control and general health scales of Psychological General Well-Being Index questionnaire. Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaires can be considered valid aids in evaluating surgical results, but the clinical-instrumental evaluation remains the cardinal point of every long-term assessment in order to diagnose complications, the disease-related conditions of the patient and to acquire reliable data on which scientific discussion can be based.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Digestive and Liver Disease
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence and clinical presentation of reducible and irreducible hiatus hernia were investigated within a gastro-esophageal reflux disease patient population. Reflux symptoms and esophagitis data were collected on 791 patients. The barium swallow was used to assess the esophagogastric junction. Clinical and endoscopic findings were tested to predict radiographic findings. The esophagogastric junction was normal in 17% of patients, 53% had a sliding hiatus hernia with a reducible esophagogastric junction; in 23% it was irreducible although axial, and 8% had massive incarcerated hiatus hernia. The presence of reducible sliding hiatus hernia did not influence clinical presentation. Axial irreducibility presented with long-standing severe symptoms and esophagitis in 80% of cases. Clinical and endoscopic findings predicted axial irreducibility in 52% of cases. In conclusion, sliding hiatus hernia with an reducible esophagogastric junction does not influence the severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease. An irreducible esophagogastric junction is associated with long-standing severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. Clinical and endoscopic findings may only be indicative of axial esophagogastric junction irreducibility; thus barium swallow should be part of the work-up.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    S Mattioli · M L Lugaresi · M Pierluigi · M P Di Simone · F D'Ovidio
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    ABSTRACT: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a complex multifactorial disorder whose treatment is based on knowledge of its pathophysiology, natural history and evolution. Recently the relationship between the severest degrees of cardial incontinence and hiatus hernia has been emphasized, which causes the impairment of the mechanical properties of the gastro-oesophageal barrier and of oesophageal acid clearing. Among different types of hiatus hernia, those characterized by the permanent axial orad migration of the oesophago-gastric (EG) junction (nonreducible hiatus hernia) are correlated with severe GERD. Barium swallow may adequately differentiate hiatal insufficiency, concentric hiatus hernia and short oesophagus which are the steps of migration across or above the diaphragm. When associated with panmural oesophagitis and fibrosis of the oesophageal wall, these conditions may be the cause of recurrence of hiatus hernia and reflux after laparoscopic standard anti-reflux surgical procedures; in the presence of nonreducibility of the EG junction below the diaphragm without tension, dedicated surgical procedures are necessary. It is currently agreed that surgical therapy is indicated for patients affected by severe GERD who are not compliant with long-term medical therapy, require high dosages of drugs and are too young for lifetime medical treatment. While the existence of severe GERD correlated with an irreversible anatomical disorder represents an elective indication for surgery, warrants further investigation. Accurate identification of the functional and anatomical abnormalities underlying GERD is mandatory in order to decide whether medical or surgical therapy should be implemented, and to tailor the surgical technique, laparoscopic or open, to each patient.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2003 · Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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    M P Di Simone · S Mattioli · F D'Ovidio · F Bassi
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the value of multislice computed tomography (CT) with three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the images as a pre-treatment examination in order to plan endoluminal stenting in 14 patients with large tumours involving the oesophagus and/or the tracheobronchial tree. The measurement of the stenosis obtained during 3D reconstruction of the CT images corresponded to that obtained by endoscopy and to the prosthesis chosen in all cases, with the exception of one patient undergoing double stenting due to inadequate gaseous distension of the oesophageal lumen. 3D CT may add information with respect to axial imaging, and be helpful to better plan and perform stenting of the oesophagus and airways without burdening the preoperative work-up.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2003 · European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our paper is to define, on the basis of a long experience, the anatomical and radiological classification of the progressive phases of the axial intrathoracic migration of the esophago-gastric junction (EGJ), through a standardised radiological method that allows precise identification of the anatomical structures involved. From 1981 to 2001, 1388 patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) were examined by traditional contrast techniques that consisted in taking single contrast radiograms of the patients in different positions after administering a small high-density bolus of barium: with the patient standing up in frontal position, at rest, during forced inspiration, and during straining; standing up in a right front 30 degrees oblique position; and in prone position, in a right posterior 30 degrees oblique projection. On the basis of previous radiological and manometric studies aimed at verifying the diagnostic reliability of the radiological examination [8], the distance of the esophago-gastric junction from the esophageal hiatus was indirectly evaluated in an anterior-posterior projection, according to the criteria introduced by Monges [3]. The sling fibers, which form a radiologically detectable cut at the apex of the angle of His, are the lowest portion of the EGJ. On the basis of the radiological findings, and in agreement with the radiological classifications reported in the literature, we evidenced five groups, with pathologically characteristic signs: - 1(st) group (63%) patients who in orthostatic position have an EGJ regularly placed within the abdomen (16%), and patients with the EGJ regularly placed within the abdomen, but with a small sliding intermittent hiatus hernia (47%); - 2(nd) group (13%) cardial tuberosity malposition; - 3(rd) group (7%) concentric hiatus hernia; - 4(th) group (8%) acquired short esophagus; - 5(th) group (9%) massive incarcerated gastric hiatus hernia. Traditional radiography, performed with an adequate technique and with the necessary expedients, allows for the correct interpretation of the anatomical disoder called GERD, and is therefore the first diagnostic approach in defining correct patient management.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · La radiologia medica
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    ABSTRACT: Bleeding due to radiation proctocolitis is a frequent and severe complication of radiotherapy in cancers of the pelvis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic treatment with Nd:YAG laser in this condition. A series of 9 patients with radiation-induced damage in the rectum and sigma were treated with endoscopic Nd:YAG laser until significant bleeding stopped and endoscopic features of proctocolitis improved. They received a median of 3 laser treatments (range 1-10) over a maximum time period of 11 months. In 4 cases, bleeding ceased and, in 4, it was reduced to occasional spotting. In the remaining patient, laser therapy led to only a transient improvement, but did not modify the requirement of blood transfusion. In the 5 patients also suffering from urgency, incontinence and/or rectal mucoid discharge, the laser therapy course also relieved these symptoms. No significant treatment-related complications were observed. Endoscopic Nd: YAG laser is a useful and safe treatment for patients with bleeding due to radiation proctocolitis.
    No preview · Article · May 2001 · Digestive and Liver Disease
  • S Brusori · L Braccaioli · C Bnà · M L Lugaresi · M P Di Simone · S Mattioli · G Gavelli
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    ABSTRACT: To repropose the importance of videofluoroscopy in the study of esophageal motor disorders, comparing the radiologic and manometric results; the manometric results are considered the reference parameters. From 1996 to 1999, 76 patients (42 males and 34 females), were studied first using manometry and then videofluoroscopy. The patients had symptoms like dysphagia, thoracic pain or both. The manometric study was performed with a perfusional system equipped with 6 tips (4 radial for the study of the esophageal sphincters and 2 placed longitudinally for the study of the esophageal peristalsis). With the patient in a supine position we analysed 5-10 deglutitions with 5 ml water bolus at 20-25 degrees C, administered using a graduated syringe. The radiologic study was performed with a remote-control digital television system, connected to a video recorder. Three 7.5 ml bolues of high density barium suspension (250% weight/volume) were injected orally in the upright position and other three were injected in the prone position following the passage from the oral cavity to the stomach. The comparison of the manometric and videofluoroscopic results suggests that the total sensitivity of the radiological study in the detection of esophageal motor disorders was 92%. In particular dynamic radiologic investigation diagnosed the normal esophageal functionality in 100% of the cases, nonspecific esophageal motility disorders in 89.6%, diffuse esophageal spasm in 100% of the cases, the presence of achalasia in 90%, whereas "nutcraker esophagus" only in 50%. Videofluoroscopy therefore showed high sensitivity in four groups of the five considered. It has some limitations in the diagnosis of initial achalasia, and is not sufficiently sensitive in the diagnosis of "nutcracker esophagus". Videofluoroscopy is a simple method which presents high sensitivity and specificity in the detection of motility disorders of the esophagus and could therefore be proposed as the first diagnostic method in patients with specific symptoms.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2001 · La radiologia medica
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    ABSTRACT: In order to define the optimal extent of resection for cancer of the cardia, we considered 116 patients operated upon with five different surgical techniques. The procedures were: transabdominal total gastrectomy associated with distal esophagectomy in 38 patients; transabdominal total gastrectomy and left thoracotomic esophageal resection at the inferior pulmonary vein level in 26 patients; transabdominal total gastrectomy and right thoracotomic esophageal resection at the azygos vein level in 27 patients; transabdominal total gastrectomy and transhiatal lower third esophagectomy in 18 patients; transhiatal total esophagectomy and upper third gastrectomy with cervical esophago-gastroplasty in seven patients. Grading, staging, neoplastic lymphangitis, satellite intramural metastases, infiltration of the resection margin, site of recurrence, and survival were analyzed. N+ was the single independent prognostic factor for survival. A poorly differentiated grading was related to T (P = 0.0009), N (P = 0.001), satellite growth (P = 0.05), and infiltration of the resection margin (P = 0.0001). Recurrence was local in 26% and distant in 74% of patients. The modalities of recurrence were not related to the aggressiveness parameters and the surgical technique. Infiltration of the esophageal resection margin was related to the type of operation (P = 0.005) and survival (P = 0.02), but it was not related to the site of recurrence. Transabdominal total gastrectomy and the right thoracotomic esophageal resection procedure achieved free margins and control of the lymph nodal metastatic spread. Transabdominal total gastrectomy and right thoracotomic esophageal resection at the azygos vein level provides a radical oncologic resection, particularly in poorly differentiated tumors. However, surgery alone cannot cure the majority of adenocarcinomas of the cardia.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2001 · Diseases of the Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: Impaired gastrointestinal function outside the esophagus has been found in achalasic patients. Moreover, achalasia may occur in diseases in which a systemic dysautonomia is evident. These findings raise the question of whether a generalized subclinical alteration of autonomic control is also present in primary achalasia. Cardiovascular reflex tests and power spectral analysis of heart rate variability were studied in patients with primary achalasia to establish whether autonomic nervous system changes are present in districts other than the gastrointestinal tract. Nineteen normotensive patients with untreated primary achalasia and with no history of cardiac, renal, or endocrinological diseases were examined. Cardiovascular reflex tests included: the tilt test (10 min at 65 degrees), Valsalva maneuver (40 mm Hg for 15 sec), deep breathing (6 breaths/min), and sustained handgrip (30% of maximal effort for 5 min). The parameters evaluated were systolic and diastolic blood pressure (continuously recorded), ECG, oronasal and thoracic respiration, tachogram, and plethysmogram. To evaluate the balance between parasympathetic and sympathetic functions, power spectral analysis of the heart rate variability was carried out. Each patient was paired with two sex- and age-matched healthy controls. In achalasic patients the head-up tilt test, Valsalva maneuver, deep breathing test, and sustained handgrip did not show significant differences from the control group. Low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) spectral powers and the ratio of LF to HF did not differ in both groups. This study failed to disclose impaired cardiovascular autonomic control in achalasic patients. We suggest that in primary achalasia the defect is limited to the gastrointestinal tract.
    No preview · Article · May 2000 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the nitrinergic neurons in the esophageal and gastric component of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and gastric fundus of patients with primary achalasia. Four muscle strips were obtained from the esophagogastric junction (two from the esophageal and two from the gastric side of the LES), and two from the gastric fundus of six patients with endstage achalasia who underwent an esophagogastric myotomy plus hemifundoplication. Control specimens were obtained from eight patients who underwent surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus. Fixed sections were processed for NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and the number (mean +/- SE) of nitrinergic neurons per section was visually quantified in each specimen. In the controls, nitric oxide fibers were distributed to the muscle layer and surrounding myenteric neurons of both the LES and the gastric fundus. By contrast, achalasic patients showed a marked decrease of nitric oxide nerves and labeled neurons in both esophageal and gastric components of the LES and the gastric fundus. Quantitative assessment in achalasic patients showed that the mean number of nitrinergic neurons was dramatically reduced in both the esophageal (0.2 +/- 0.1) and the gastric component (2 +/- 0.6) of the LES as compared to those in controls (15 +/- 5 and 12 +/- 4, respectively; p < 0.05); nitrinergic neurons in the gastric fundus (3 +/- 1) were significantly reduced in comparison to those of controls (10 +/- 2) (p < 0.05). Our results indicate that achalasia is a motor disorder with an intrinsic inhibitory denervation of the esophageal and gastric component of the LES and of the proximal stomach, thus providing further evidence for an extraesophageal extension of the disease.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1999 · The American Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: The pathophysiologic influence of progressive intrathoracic migration of the gastroesophageal junction axial to the esophagus on gastroesophageal reflux disease was investigated. A radiologic-manometric study was performed on hiatal insufficiency, concentric hiatus hernia, and short esophagus, the three radiologic steps of intrathoracic gastroesophageal junction migration, and on healthy volunteers. The distances between inferior and superior margins of the lower esophageal sphincter and the diaphragm were measured. Endoscopic, manometric, and pH-metric evaluations were performed after barium swallow in 38 patients with severe gastroesophageal reflux disease and sliding hiatus hernia with intraabdominally reducible gastroesophageal junction, in 35 patients with hiatal insufficiency, in 40 with concentric hiatus hernia, and in 19 with short esophagus. The distance from the lower esophageal sphincter inferior margin to the diaphragm was different in healthy volunteers (-2.6 +/- 0.9 cm [standard deviation]) versus that in patients with hiatal insufficiency (-1.0 +/- 0.7 cm; p = 0.02), concentric hiatus hernia (-0.8 +/- 1.0 cm; p = 0.02), and short esophagus (4.0 +/- 2.5 cm; p = 0.0002), and in patients with short esophagus versus hiatal insufficiency (p = 0.0002) and concentric hiatus hernia (p = 0.0002). Lower esophageal sphincter tone was reduced between healthy volunteers (19 +/- 9.1 mm Hg [standard deviation]) and patients with sliding hiatus hernia (12 +/- 7.2 mm Hg;p = 0.02), hiatal insufficiency (10 +/- 5.9 mm Hg; p = 0.0001), concentric hiatus hernia (7 +/- 3.1 mm Hg; p = 0.00002), and short esophagus (7 +/- 3.7 mm Hg; p = 0.00003) and between concentric hiatus hernia versus sliding hiatus hernia (p = 0.007). Acid gastroesophageal reflux total time percent was increased between healthy volunteers (2.4% +/- 1.8% [standard deviation]) and patients with sliding hiatus hernia (12.8% +/- 7.8%;p = 0.02), hiatal insufficiency (17.2% +/- 15.8%; p = 0.0001), concentric hiatus hernia (24.0% +/- 19.6%;p = 0.00002), and short esophagus (26.1% +/- 19.6%;p = 0.00002) and between sliding hiatus hernia versus concentric hiatus hernia (p = 0.002) and short esophagus (p = 0.01). Permanent gastroesophageal junction orad migration axial to the esophagus has greater pathophysiologic relevance on gastroesophageal reflux disease than sliding hiatus hernia with an intraabdominally reducible gastroesophgeal junction. Hiatal insufficiency, concentric hiatus hernia, and short esophagus are markers of progressively increasing irreversible cardial incontinence and therefore indications for surgical therapy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • S Mattioli · F D'Ovidio · MD Massimo P Di Simone · A Lazzari · R Paladini · B Begliomini
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    ABSTRACT: Cervicothoracoabdominal and cervicoabdominal approach are routinely adopted for total or subtotal esophagectomy. We propose a modification of the Nanson's patient position to optimize sequential or simultaneous left cervicotomy, laparotomy, and eventual right thoracotomy with one or two surgical teams. This technique permits better control of the operative field for each phase of the procedure with coordinated operating of two surgical teams on the neck, abdomen, and chest. (C) 1997 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to define the length of follow-up necessary to obtain definitive results of the Heller myotomy for the therapy of esophageal achalasia and the modalities of long-term follow-up. Insufficient myotomy, periesophageal scarring, and gastroesophageal reflux esophagitis are the most common late complications of operation for achalasia. Columnar-lined esophagus with or without dysplasia and cancer can further complicate postoperative reflux esophagitis. Because progressive worsening of results with time has been reported, we assessed the timing of appearance of these complications. Since 1973, 129 patients submitted to Heller myotomy were clinically and objectively followed up. Mean follow-up was 97.4 months (range, 12 to 268 months). Of 129 patients, 42 were followed up for less than 5 years (17 voluntary drop outs, 10 reoperations, 3 deaths, 12 in follow-up), 47 more than 5 years, 26 more than 10 years, 12 more than 15 years, and 2 more than 20 years. The timing of onset of symptoms and complications related to the myotomy were evaluated as was the development of dysplasia and cancer. In 11 patients, severe dysphagia due to insufficient myotomy reappeared a mean of 12.4 months after the operation (range, 3 to 30 months). In 7 patients with periesophageal scarring, dysphagia recurred a mean of 18.8 months (range, 6 to 28 months) after the operation. Postoperative reflux esophagitis appeared in 22 patients a mean of 76.5 months (range 21 to 168 months) after the operation. Columnar-lined esophagus was detected in 8 patients a mean of 143.1 months (range, 85 to 230 months) after the operation. Mild to moderate dysplasia was found in 5 of 8 patients with columnar-lined esophagus a mean of 191.6 months after the operation (range, 152 to 287 months), and intramucosal adenocarcinoma was found in 1 patient with columnar-lined esophagus after 8 years. Dysphagia secondary to insufficient myotomy and periesophageal scarring recurs early, not later than 3 years. Conversely, abnormal gastroesophageal reflux with related complications can appear more than 10 years postoperatively. Five years after the operation the follow-up should be primarily endoscopic and histologic. Results should withstand a follow-up of at least 10 years.
    No preview · Article · May 1996 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
  • S Mattioli · M P Di Simone · F Bassi · V Pilotti · V Felice · M Pastina · A Lazzari · G Gozzetti
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    ABSTRACT: In surgery for achalasia, the length of the myotomy and the opportunity of associating an antireflux procedure are still debated. Prospective and comparative studies on different techniques are few. The aims of this work is to compare the long term results of three different techniques successively adopted by the same surgical group. Between January 1955 and December 1991, 185 achalasic patients were submitted to myotomy by using in temporal sequence three different techniques. The first technique utilized (1955-1972) was a long esophagogastric abdominal myotomy (83 patients), secondly (1973-1978) a limited transthoracic myotomy (30 patients) and at last (1979-1991) a long esophagogastric abdominal myotomy associated to the Dor gastroplasty (72 patients). Since 1972, patients were prospectively followed up according to a protocol which included a clinical interview, x-rays, manometry and endoscopy at given dates. Post-operative esophagogastric transit and gastro-esophageal reflux were assessed to verify the therapeutical outcome. Results obtained with the three different techniques were analyzed and compared by using the actuarial Kaplan-Meier curves. The mean follow up was 193.3 months for the patient group that underwent abdominal myotomy (62/83 patients), 137.3 months for the thoracic myotomy group (30/30 patients) and 86.9 months for the abdominal myotomy plus Dor gastroplasty group (69/72 patients). Long-term results in the abdominal myotomy and in the thoracic myotomy groups were respectively poor in 51.6% and in 46.6% of patients. Major causes of failure were insufficient myotomy (6.5%), periesophageal scarring (9.6%) and reflux esophagitis (22.6%) for the abdominal myotomy group; insufficient myotomy (20%) and reflux esophagitis (23%) for the thoracic myotomy group. In the abdominal myotomy plus Dor gastroplasty group long-term results were excellent or good in 87% of patients and poor in 13%. Reflux esophagitis (10% of cases) was the principal cause of failure. The comparison of the actuarial curves shows a significantly better long term outcome for the abdominal myotomy plus Dor antireflux procedure than for the abdominal myotomy (p = 0.01) and for the thoracic myotomy (p = 0.002) techniques.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Precise staging of reflux esophagitis is very important for therapeutic decisions; in fact, chronic gastroesophageal reflux may cause transmural inflammation that leads to fibrosis with loss of esophageal wall compliance. In reflux esophagitis, endoscopic stating is limited to mucosal injury, while endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is able to visualize changes in the layer structure and localized or diffuse thickenings of the esophageal wall. In order to evaluate the usefulness of EUS in reflux esophagitis, a prospective study of 31 patients and ten normal subjects was performed. Endoscopic reflux esophagitis was staged as: E1 (erythema, n = 7), E2 (erosions, n = 13), E3 (ulcers, n = 11). EUS findings were recorded and evaluated at five different levels, starting from the gastroesophageal junction, using a quantitative method, the center line method. With this method, the sectorial and mean thickness, and area were calculated for each level. There was a significant difference between patients with reflux esophagitis and normal subjects in our study. E3 patients showed a significant upward involvement of the wall far from the visible lesions. Mild esophagitis may also cause esophageal wall thickening, involving even the entire wall. There was no correlation between the onset time of symptoms and the degree of thickening. In conclusion, EUS seems to be an important supplement to endoscopy in staging reflux esophagitis, as the progression of the inflammation is not related to the endoscopic findings.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1994 · Endoscopy
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    ABSTRACT: Eighty-eight of 119 patients who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis were evaluated. Forty patients had a handsewn anastomosis (Hs) with mucosectomy, and 48 had a stapled anastomosis (St). In each patient, we evaluated operative, morphologic, functional, and manometric features. The results in the Hs and St groups were similar when the anastomosis was within 1 cm of the dentate line. In particular, there was no correlation between the type of anastomosis and the number of bowel movements in a 24-hour period, the presence of the urge to defecate, and the use of antidiarrheal drugs. Leakage was significantly higher in the Hs group, even when the anastomosis was less than 1 cm from the dentate line. Pouchitis was more frequent in the Hs group, and, within this group, among those with a short distance between the anastomosis and the dentate line. No correlations were found between the presence of columnar epithelium or active colitis in the mucosa below the anastomosis, the functional outcomes, and the incidence of pouchitis.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1994 · The American Journal of Surgery
  • G Gozzetti · S Mattioli · M P Di Simone
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    ABSTRACT: Aim of the study is to analyse the preliminary results that we obtained with laparoscopic surgery for esophageal functional diseases. Twenty four patients between April 1992 and December 1993 underwent laparoscopic procedures for gastroesophageal reflux disease and achalasia, respecting the same principles adopted for the traditional surgery. A 360 degrees Nissen fundoplication modified according to DeMeester was performed in 12 patients with severe cardial incontinence or reducible gastric hiatal hernia. The 12 patients with achalasia underwent esophagogastric myotomy associated with a Dor hemifundoplication. Myotomy and gastroplasty were performed under manometric control. The mortality was zero in both techniques. All Nissen procedures were completed laparoscopically, while 2 Heller-Dor were converted to the laparotomy version. The mean duration time of the procedure has been 190' for the Nissen operation and 230' for the Heller-Dor. In one patient submitted to the antireflux gastroplasty occurred a pleural effusion. The short term results (mean follow-up 6 months) of the laparoscopic procedures were comparable with the traditional laparotomy operation. In conclusion: the two procedures are feasible via laparoscopy; the intraoperative manometry is useful for the Heller-Dor operation; the laparoscopic approach for functional diseases must be considered experimental until were obtained satisfactory long term results.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1994 · Minerva chirurgica
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    ABSTRACT: The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resting tone originates from the tension of the muscular fibers of the gastro-esophageal (GE) junction. This study determined which of the muscular structures' of the GE junction are actually responsible and to what degree for the LES resting tone in achalasic patients. Controversy still exists as to the length of myotomy on the esophageal and gastric sides of the GE junction. Experimental and clinical studies have supposed that the anatomical complex formed by the U and the sling fibers of the lesser curvature of the stomach can be part of the LES. The variations induced on the LES resting tone by the separate division of the esophageal and gastric muscular fibers of the GE junction were studied by means of intraoperative manometry in 32 patients who underwent myotomy for achalasia. After surgical preparation of the GE junction, the mean pressure was 29.3 +/- 13 mmHg. After esophageal side myotomy, the mean LES pressure decreased to 13.6 +/- 7.9 mmHg (paired t test, p < 0.0005). The residual pressure was further reduced after gastric side myotomy (3.4 +/- 1.9 mmHg; paired t test, p < 0.0005). In achalasic patients, 45% of the LES resting tone is maintained by the gastric side anatomical component of the GE junction. The range of variability of the gastric component of the LES is wide. This information should be taken into account when performing extramucosal myotomy as therapy for esophageal achalasia.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 1993 · Annals of Surgery

Publication Stats

418 Citations
77.81 Total Impact Points


  • 1992-2011
    • University of Bologna
      • Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine DIMES
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1994
    • Università Politecnica delle Marche
      Ancona, The Marches, Italy
  • 1993
    • Università degli Studi del Sannio
      Benevento, Campania, Italy