[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of traditional Chinese medicine, Triptolide (TPL) on reversing hypermethylation of antioncogene (apc gene) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line Jurkat in vitro and to explore its mechanisms. The effects of TPL on cell growth, proliferation and cell cycle were detected by growth curve, MTT assay, colony formation test and flow cytometry, respectively. The effect of TPL on apc gene methylation of Jurkat cells was analyzed by nested methylation specific PCR; the expressions of apc gene, dnnt3a, dnmt3b mRNA were measured by RT-PCR; the protein expression of apc gene was detected by Western blot. The results showed that as compared with untreated control cells, the TPL of different concentrations could significantly inhibit growth and proliferation of Jurkat cells in dose-and time-dependent manners with IC₅₀ 19.7 ng/ml at 48 hours. All cytosines in CpG dinucleotides in untreated Jurkat cells had no changed, while all cytosines in Jurkat cells treated with TPL had been converted to thymidine suggesting the methylation of apc gene in Jurkat cells. The TPL could reverse hypermethylation of apc gene and induced the mRNA and protein expression of apc gene in dose-dependent manner. It is concluded that the small dose of TPL can obviously suppress the proliferation of Jurkat cells, activate and up-regulate the expression of apc gene through demethylation of apc gene resulting from DNMT and/or direct action, thereby inhibit the proliferation rate of Jurkat cells.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To establish and evaluate a diagnostic technique based on the AllGlo(TM) probe for the invasive aspergillosis.
With the self-designed AllGlo(TM) probes and primers and the standards, two standard curves of the real-time PCR based on AllGlo(TM) probes were established respectively for A. flavus and A. fumigatus, then its specificity, sensitivity and reproducibility were evaluated respectively.
The findings indicated that the standard curve of A. flavus was Y = -3.003X + 36.825, and A.fumigatus' was Y = -3.052X + 38.016, and their interassay coefficient of variation respectively were 15.60% and 12.94%, suggesting a good reproducibility. The lowest spore concentration they could be detected was 10 CFU/ml, which equated to 100 - 1000 copies of internal transcribed spacer (ITS)2 genes, suggesting a good sensibility. They didn't have cross-positive reaction with other fungus, human genome and bacteria, which indicated a good specificity.
The diagnostic technique based on the AllGlo(TM) probe for the invasive aspergillosis possessed a good sensitivity, good specificity and deadly accuracy.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the methylation status of CpG islands of the secreted frizzled-related protein (SFRP) gene promoter region in malignant hematopoietic cell lines, and to explore the possible relationship of CpG abnormal methylation status with pathogenic mechanism of hematologic malignancies. Methylation-specific PCR was used to detect the status of SFRP gene promoter region in nine malignant hematopoietic cell lines and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy people. The results indicated that hypermethylation of 2 genes coding for SFRP1 and 2 were present in nine malignant hematopoietic cell lines, however, methylation and unmethylation of SFRP4 were both detected in CA46, HL60 and U937 cell lines, and SFRP5 in U266 as well. None of the normal mononuclear cells showed methylation of SFRP 1-5 genes. It is concluded that the hypermethylation of SFRP genes is related to the evolution of malignant hematopoiesis. Methylation of SFRP genes may serve as potential independent biomarkers for early detection of hematologic malignancies.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the efficiency of nested methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (nMS-PCR) for detecting the APC gene promoter methylation and to clarify the roles of methylation in genesis and development of hematologic malignancies, as well as to screen the hematologic malignant cell lines with hypermethylation of APC gene promoter to use as an ideal cell model for exploring the relationship between gen methylation and gene expression. The genome DNA of 10 cell lines modified with bisulfide was amplified and the methylation status of APC gene promoter was detected by using nMS-PCR. The results showed that the methylation of APC gene promoter was detected in Jurkat cells, while could not be detected in CA46, U266, Molt4, K562, HL-60, CEM, AKR, U937 and Raji cell lines. In conclusion, APC gene methylation in hematological malignant cell lines can be accurately detected by nMS-PCP method, which is simple method for detecting methylation status of various hematological malignant cell lines.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology