Rong Shu

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (90)68.11 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare the effect of recombinant full-length human amelogenin (rhAm) and enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) on differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) into osteoblasts. Meanwhile, to investigate the possible mechanism of rhAm promoting osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. Methods: The hBMSCs were cultured in vitro. The cells were treated with 10 μg/mL rhAm and 200 μg/mL EMPs. The gene and protein expression of Runx2, ALP, Col-I were observed by using RT-PCR and Western blot at different time points. The influence of rhAm and EMPs on mineralization and osteogenesis of hBMSCs were observed by using alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining methods. The data was analyzed with SPSS 13.0 software package. Results: Both rhAm and EMPs significantly promoted gene and protein expression of Runx2, ALP and Col-I in hBMSCs. Meanwhile, rhAm and EMPs also facilitated osteogenesis and mineralization of hBMSCs. The effects of two proteins on hBMSCs had no significant difference. Conclusions: Both 10 μg/mL rhAm and 200 μg/mL EMPs can significantly promote differentiation of hBMSCs into osteoblasts. The rhAm may be used in inducing periodontal tissue regeneration in the future. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(81070838, 81271156) and Biomedical Engineering Cross Research Foundation of Shanghai Jiao Tong University(YG2011MS31).
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
  • Fei Xue · Rong Shu · Yufeng Xie
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    ABSTRACT: Detecting the distribution and intensity of NLRP3, NLRP1 and AIM2 expression in different types of periodontitis gingival tissues. A total of 65 gingival tissues were collected from clinic and been divided into three groups: patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP) and healthy control subjects. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to detect mRNA expression of NLRP3, NLRP1 and AIM2 in full-thickness tissue. In the meanwhile, immunohistochemistry was used to detect distribution of NLRP3, NLRP1 and AIM2 in the periodontal epithelium and in the connective tissue cells. The overall intensity of NLRP3 expression was significantly higher in CP or G-AgP than healthy tissue. A more significant difference was observed in the periodontal epithelium layer. NLRP1 was barely expressed in the healthy and periodontitis gingival tissues, whereas AIM2 was expressed at a higher level in the chronic periodontitis group than others. The NLRP3, NLRP1 and AIM2 proteins were differentially expressed in gingival tissues from patients with CP and G-AgP and may play vital roles in the progression of periodontal inflammation to different degrees. Our studies may provide a new direction for personalized periodontal treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Archives of oral biology
  • Rong Shu

    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
  • Source
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    ABSTRACT: In human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs), TLR4 recognises Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), such as LPS, and subsequently activates downstream signals that lead to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms of LPS-induced miRNA-146 regulation of TLR4 signals in HGFs. HGFs were treated with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) LPS, the cells were harvested, and kinase phosphorylation levels were detected by western blot. Selective pharmacological inhibitors and agonists were used to block or activate the relevant kinases, miRNA-146a/b expression levels were detected by real-time PCR, and IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α production were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). A luciferase reporter plasmid containing miRNA-146a/b promoter was tested in terms of p50/p65 regulation. After P.g LPS treatment, NF-κB and Erk1/2 were strongly activated in HGFs. miRNA-146a/b, IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α levels were down-regulated when NF-κB inhibitor was used. p50/p65 strongly activated miRNA-146a/b promoter as measured with the luciferase assay. In TLR4 signalling in HGFs, both miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b are downstream targets of NF-κB, but not of AP-1 signalling. miRNA-146a/b expression was specifically dependent on NF-κB but not Erk1/2 or JNK signalling.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Inflammation
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    ABSTRACT: Epulis is a benign hyperplasia of the oral soft tissues. Surgical excision always extends to the periosteum and includes scaling of adjacent teeth to remove any possible irritants. The esthetics of the soft tissues may be compromised, however. This article studies three cases in which an immediate laterally positioned flap (LRF) was used to repair mucogingival defects after epulis biopsies. After 24 months, the color and shape of the surgical areas were healthy and stable, nearly complete root coverage was evident, and no lesions reoccurred. For repairing gingival defects after biopsy, LRF appears to be minimally traumatic while promoting esthetic outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate the effect of hypoxia on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) in vitro. Methods: Human PDLCs were isolated and characterized. The proliferation rate of PDLCs under different concentration of CoCl(2) were tested by MTT assay. The PDLCs' osteogenic differentiation were investigated using real-time PCR and Western blot. The date was statistically analyzed with SPSS13.0 software package. Results: Immunocytochemical staining verified that the isolated cells were PDLCs. The proliferation of PDLCs and the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), RUNX2, collagen I were significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner by 200 μmol/L CoCl(2) and 400 μmol/L CoCl(2). Conclusions: Hypoxia inhibits proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human PDLCs.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To analyze the relation of virulence properties and pathogenicity of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivals) isolated from Chinese patients. Methods: Based on the previous analysis of virulence properties, investigations of pathogenicity properties, including the adhesion to host cells, gingipain activities, and resistance to host immune reaction were performed to analyze the diversity of pathogenic properties of these strains. SAS 8.02 software package was used for statistical analyses. Results: Less-virulent type strain showed higher adherence ability to host red blood cells and weaker resistance to serum killing, while virulent type strain showed the opposite reactions. However, the clinic isolates presented just the opposite relationship between virulence properties and pathogenicity. In addition, there was no obvious correlation between gingipain activities and virulence properties of P. gingivalis strains. Conclusions: The results suggested that there is no obvious linkage between the P. gingivalis virulence properties and pathogenicity diversity.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop new Prevotella intermedia-specific PCR primers based on the 16S rRNA. The new primer set, Pi-192 and Pi-468, increased the accuracy of PCR-based P. intermedia identification and could be useful in the detection of P. intermedia as well as epidemiological studies on periodontal disease.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Anaerobe
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Chronic periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the periodontal tissues and is caused by invasion of certain types of bacteria and Archaea, with Methanobrevibacter oralis as the predominant archaeon. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and quantity of the newly discovered Archaea phylotype Thermoplasmata in patients with chronic periodontitis. Methods: Subgingival plaque samples were obtained from 49 patients with chronic periodontitis and 45 periodontally healthy subjects. Qualitative analyses of Archaea and class Thermoplasmata were carried out by amplification of 16S rRNA genes in DNA extracts from plaque samples, and all the samples were quantitatively analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The prevalence of Archaea in patients with chronic periodontitis was 69.4% according to the conventional PCR results, but was 87.8% according to real-time PCR. In the control group, three samples were detected as positive, but none of these were confirmed in qualitative analyses. The prevalence of class Thermoplasmata was 18.4% by nested PCR and 24.5% by quantitative PCR in the chronic periodontitis group. The prevalence of Thermoplasmata was significantly lower than that of total Archaea. The relative abundances of Archaea and Thermoplasmata varied among samples. Thermoplasmata were not the predominant archaeons in the subgingival dental plaque. Among the clinical parameters of patients with periodontitis, probing depth was positively associated with Archaea detection. Conclusions: The existence of Archaea was correlated closely with the presence of chronic periodontitis. Thermoplasmata represented a minor archaeon in periodontal infection.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Archives of Oral Biology
  • Rong Shu

    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
  • Yanbin Zhou · Dali Liu · Yunpeng Li · Yiwei Wang · Rong Shu
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the capsule related surface properties of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) isolates. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the capsule structure and the capsule thickness of 2 type of strains and 5 clinical isolates. Microbial adhesion to hydrocarbons (MATH) assay was used to qualitatively assess the hydrophobicity of each strain, and the capacities of these strains were investigated by autoaggregation assay.Ninety-six well biofilm assay and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were applied to quantify and observe the biofilm produced by each strain. TEM showed the variety of capsule thickness of these strains.Virulent type strain W83 possessed thicker capsular structure than less-virulent type strain ATCC33277. The SJD4 possessed thicker capsule than other clinical isolates, followed by SJD11, SJD5, SJD2, and SJD12.Strains W83, SJD4, SJD11, with thicker capsule, were much more hydrophilic with lower MATH percentage, in accordance with a slow autoaggregation in incubation during a period of 240 min. Compared with W83, the hydrophobicity of strains ATCC33277, SJD5, SJD2, and SJD12, with thinner capsule, showed increased MATH percentage and autoaggregations. All clinical strains developed biofilm with different absorbance compared with type strains. The CLSM observation showed biofilm thickness of each strain, ranged from (14.74 ± 4.99) to (24.13 ± 5.45) µm. Strain W83 and SJD11 showed notable poor biofilm formation, while others developed dense and mature biofilm. There was a certain degree of linkage between the Pg capsule thickness and surface properties diversity.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the ability of the polysaccharide from various Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) type and clinical strains in inducing THP-1 cells to produce cytokines interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, in order to analyze the immunogenicity of Pg polysaccharide components and the virulence-associated factors of this periodontal pathogen. The bacterial polysaccharide was extracted from high virulent Pg strains, W83, SJD2, SJD12 and low virulent Pg, ATCC33277, SJD4, SJD5, and SJD11 by phenol-water extraction. The extracted polysaccharide was used to stimulate the THP-1 cells with different simulation periods and doses. The level of the cytokines, including IL-1β,IL-8 and TNF-α in the cell culture suspension was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The polysaccharide extraction of Pg strains was composed of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) and capsular polysaccharide. The secretion of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α, produced by the THP-1 cells showed in a time- and dose-dependent manner in the medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. The level of these cytokines of the high virulent strains was higher than that of the low virulent strains in medium containing 1% fetal bovine serum.Four hours after stimulation with polysaccharide extracted from high virulent strains, the levels of IL-1β,IL-8, and TNF-α in the cell suspension were (1 639 ± 497), (1 648 ± 513) and (140 ± 48) µg/L, respectively, whereas for low virulent strains, the levels of IL-1β, IL-8, and TNF-α were (773 ± 382), (892 ± 400) and (67 ± 33) µg/L, respectively. Polysaccharide extracted from Pg could induced the THP-1 cells to secrete the cytokines of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α. The level of the cytokines produced by the THP-1 cells associates with the bacterial virulent properties.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
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    ABSTRACT: Porphyromonas gingivalis strain SJD2 was isolated from subgingival plaque of a patient in China with chronic periodontitis. Here, we report the draft genome of this strain, with a size of 2,328,850 bp, average G+C content of 48.3%, and 2,020 predicted protein-coding sequences.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Genome Announcements
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop new Prevotella intermedia-specific PCR primers based on the 16S rRNA. The new primer set, Pi-192 and Pi-468, increased the accuracy of PCR-based P. intermedia identification and could be useful in the detection of P. intermedia as well as epidemiological studies on periodontal disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Anaerobe
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical effect of osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) combined with simultaneous implant placement in the treatment of edentulous posterior maxilla subject to insufficient bone height in the periodontally compromised patients. Forty-seven Straumanns implants were placed in the posterior maxilla in 35 patients with the procedure of OSFE. The final prostheses were restored after 3 to 6 months. The follow-up period was 6 to 30 months. Radiographs were taken and PD, PLI, BOP were measured and analyzed. The overall survival rate was 95.74% during the study period. Forty-five out of the 47 implants were clinically stable and loaded without pain or any subjective sensation. The perforation ratio of the membrane was 4.26%. The average of PD around the implants was (3.22±1.07) mm. The average of the marginal bone loss was (1.38±0.59) mm. OSFE without bone graft proves to be an effective and predictable treatment for atrophic edentulous posterior maxillary region in patients with periodontitis, but the long-term effect needs further observation. Supported by Youth Research Fund of Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Health(2011Y73).
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Although various microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate immune and inflammatory responses, the function of miRNAs in periodontitis has not been clearly illuminated. In this study, we measured miRNA-146 (miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p) expression and explored its regulatory function in the inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Methods miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p expression was measured by performing real-time polymerase chain reaction in HGFs after Porphyromonas gingivalis (p.g) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. After the HGFs were transfected with miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p inhibitor, the expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Meanwhile, IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) were detected by western blot and quantitative PCR. A luciferase assay was used to detect whether miRNA-146 could directly bind to the 3’-UTR of IRAK1. Results The expression levels of miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p significantly increased in the P.g LPS-stimulated HGFs compared to the non-stimulated HGFs. The inhibition of miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p resulted in increased IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α secretion. The mRNA and protein levels of IRAK1, but not TRAF6, also increased. We further found that miRNA-146a and miRNA-146b-5p directly bound to the IRAK1 3’-UTR. Conclusion Our data suggest that miRNA-146 inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion through IRAK1 in HGFs, which indicates that miRNA-146 functions as a negative regulator of periodontal inflammation.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Inflammation
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of homologous and heterologous extracellular DNAs (eDNAs) and histone-like DNA-binding protein (HLP) on Streptococcus intermedius biofilm development and rigidity. Formed biofilm mass was measured with 0·1% crystal violet staining method and observed with a scanning electron microscope. The localizations of eDNA and extracellular HLP (eHLP) in formed biofilm were detected by staining with 7-hydoxyl-9H-(1,3-dichloro-9,9-dimethylacridin-2-one) and anti-HLP antibody without fixation, respectively. DNase I treatment (200 U ml−1) markedly decreased biofilm formation and cell density in biofilms. Colocalization of eHLP and eDNA in biofilm was confirmed. The addition of eDNA (up to 1 μg ml−1) purified from Strep. intermedius, other Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, or human KB cells into the Strep. intermedius culture increased the biofilm mass of all tested strains of Strep. intermedius, wild-type, HLP-downregulated strain and control strains. In contrast, the addition of eDNA (>1 μg ml−1) decreased the biofilm mass of all Strep. intermedius strains. These findings demonstrated that eDNA and eHLP play crucial roles in biofilm development and its rigidity. eDNA- and HLP-targeting strategies may be applicable to novel treatments for bacterial biofilm-related infectious diseases.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Applied Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Cleft palate represents one of the most common congenital birth defects in humans. TGFβ signaling, which is mediated by Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways, plays a crucial role in regulating craniofacial development and patterning, particularly in palate development. However, it remains largely unknown whether the Smad-independent pathway contributes to TGFβ signaling function during palatogenesis. In this study, we investigated the function of TGFβ activated kinase 1 (Tak1), a key regulator of Smad-independent TGFβ signaling in palate development. We show that Tak1 protein is expressed in both the epithelium and mesenchyme of the developing palatal shelves. While deletion of Tak1 in the palatal epithelium or mesenchyme did not give rise to a cleft palate defect, inactivation of Tak1 in the neural crest lineage using the Wnt1-Cre transgenic allele resulted in failed palate elevation and subsequently the cleft palate formation. The failure in palate elevation in Wnt1-Cre;Tak1F/F mice results from a malformed tongue and micrognathia, resembling human Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) cleft of the secondary palate. We found that the abnormal tongue development is associated with Fgf10 overexpression in the neural crest-derived tongue tissue. The failed palate elevation and cleft palate were recapitulated in an Fgf10-overexpressing mouse model. The repressive effect of the Tak1-mediated non-canonical TGFβ signaling on Fgf10 expression was further confirmed by inhibition of p38, a downstream kinase of Tak1, in the primary cell culture of developing tongue. Tak1 thus functions to regulate tongue development by controlling Fgf10 expression, and could represent a candidate gene for mutation in human PRS clefting.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
  • Y.-B. Zhou · D.-L. Liu · Y.-P. Li · R. Shu
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To detect the biochemical reactions and analyze the carbohydrate metabolism of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) clinical isolates, with type strains as controls. Methods: API 20A and ATB Rapid ID 32A biochemical reaction testing systems were used to determine the biochemical metabolic properties of P.gingivalis clinical isolates (SJD2, SJD4, SJD5, SJD11 and SJD12), with type strains (W83 and ATCC 33277) as controls. Results: All tested P.gingivalis strains possessed enzymatic activity of β-galactosidase and β-N-Acetyl-glucosaminidase. These strains had capacities to hydrolyse several amino acid residues and free amino acids such as tryptophan and arginine. In addition, there existed heterogeneity in the biochemical reactions among P.gingivalis strains. Furthermore, different bacterial identification results were found between API 20A biochemical reaction testing system and ATB Rapid ID 32A biochemical reaction testing system. Conclusion: P.gingivalis may utilize peptides and amino acids as main carbon or nitrogen resources, with the ability of metabolizing carbohydrate. There are differences in biochemical properties among different strains. ATB Rapid ID 32A test system may be more suitable for identification of gram-negative subgingival anaerobes.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Medical Science)
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of 25 kDa full-length rhAm and porcine EMPs on cell behaviors of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDLF) and foreskin fibroblasts(HFF). rhAm was induced by BL21/pET28a-His-SUMO-rhAm express system, and 25 kDa full-length rhAm was analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. EMPs were extracted by acetic acid method. HPDLF and HFF were cultured in vitro. The cells were treated with rhAm and EMPs at different concentrations. The cell adhesion, proliferation and migration assays were qualitatively analyzed. The data was statistically analyzed with SAS 5.0 software package. 10-20 μg/mL rhAm significantly promoted the adhesion, proliferation and migration of HPDLF and HFF (P<0.05), but no significant difference between two proteins was found (P>0.05). 25 kDa rhAm and EMPs shows similar biological effects on fibroblast, which indicates that rhAm may play an important role in the periodontal regeneration through the activation of fibroblasts. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81070838, 81271156) and Biomedical Engineering Cross Research Foundation of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (YG2011MS31).
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology

Publication Stats

427 Citations
68.11 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006-2015
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • • Department of Periodontology
      • • School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011-2014
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2002-2004
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China