[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A deoxyribonucleic acid probe assay (PACE 2, Gen-Probe, San Diego) was compared with a standard tissue culture method for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis endocervical infection in both asymptomatic and symptomatic women. The results of the probe test were expressed as a ratio of relative light units of the specimen per relative light units of the cutoff recommended by the manufacturer. Samples with sample/cutoff ratios near 1.0 were repeated until two or more consistent ratios were obtained. A total of 426 specimens were obtained, with an overall disease prevalence of 10.1%. Of the 426 specimens examined, seven (1.6%) were near the cutoff and were retested. The results of 426 samples with matching cultures indicated that the manufacturer's discrete cutoff was adequate for results determination. The deoxyribonucleic acid probe test was essentially equivalent to standard tissue culture in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in a low-prevalence patient population.
No preview · Article · Dec 1991 · American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 2-h nonisotopic DNA probe assay for the direct detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in urogenital specimens has recently been modified (PACE 2; Gen-Probe, San Diego, Calif.). The new assay format was developed to increase the sensitivity of the assay and simplify procedural steps. In this study, the new DNA probe test was compared with a culture reference method for the detection of N. gonorrhoeae in endocervical specimens. The results of the DNA probe test were expressed as a ratio of relative light units (RLU) of the specimen/RLU of the cutoff recommended by the manufacturer. All patient samples with sample RLU/cutoff RLU ratios less than 0.7 were interpreted as negative, and ratios greater than 2.0 were interpreted as positive for gonorrhea. Samples with sample RLU/cutoff RLU ratios between 0.7 and 2.0 were repeated until two or more consistent negative or positive ratios were obtained. A total of 469 specimens were tested with an overall disease prevalence of 6.1%. Of the 469 patients tested, 5 specimens (1.0%) fell in this borderline region and were retested. If the manufacturer's recommended cutoff value had been used, the original DNA probe results would have resulted in two false-positives. Our data were analyzed for both symptomatic (prevalence, 11.7%) and asymptomatic (prevalence, 2%) women. The study indicated that with our modification of the manufacturer's endpoint interpretation, the DNA probe test was essentially equivalent to the culture method in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patient populations. The new DNA probe test can serve as a suitable screening and diagnostic test for the diagnosis of gonorrheal genital infections in women. Additionally, it offers the advantages of rapid turnaround time and ease of use and allows simultaneous testing for Chlamydia trachomatis on the same specimen.
Preview · Article · Jun 1991 · Journal of Clinical Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human beta-globin gene expression is confined predominantly to the adult with little or no expression of this gene occurring during embryonic or fetal life. The lack of expression of this gene in embryonic and fetal erythroid tissue could be due to the absence of required positive regulatory factors in these cells or the presence of negative regulatory factors which prevent expression of the adult globin gene. To test the repressor model, we have used a gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay to identify regions in the human beta-globin gene which bind proteins found in K562 cells, a cell line that expresses embryonic and fetal globins but not adult beta-globin. DNA fragments comprising the entire human beta-globin gene were assayed using nuclear proteins from K562 cells, and four regions were found that bind proteins. These are located within the 5'-flanking region, within the first and second introns, and at the 3'-flanking region of the gene. Previous studies have suggested the presence of potential repressor sites 5' of exon 2. For this reason, we examined whether the lack of the binding regions in the 5'-flanking sequence allow expression of the human beta-globin gene in transgenic mice during embryonic life. beta-globin gene expression was confined to adult life, indicating that if a transcriptional repressor is responsible for inactivating this gene in embryonic tissue, it is not regulated solely by sequences upstream from -122 bp in the 5'-flanking region of the human beta-globin gene.
No preview · Article · Jan 1990 · DNA (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.)