Yea-Hui Lin

National Taiwan University Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (3)21.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Small-fibre sensory neuropathy of diabetes presenting as impaired thermal sensations is associated with ominous consequences, such as foot ulcer and amputation, but there is a lack of systematic studies on its occurrence in large cohorts. We investigated (1) the impact of glycemic control on thermal thresholds, (2) the frequencies and patterns of sensory deficits, and (3) the contribution of sensory nerve abnormalities to neuropathic symptoms. Quantitative sensory testing and nerve conduction studies were performed to measure warm and cold thresholds of extremities, and amplitudes of nerve action potentials on 498 type 2 diabetic patients and 434 control subjects with similar age and gender distributions, enrolled during the same period. The diabetic patients had higher thermal thresholds than control subjects (p < 0.0001). Thermal thresholds of the lower and upper extremities were linearly correlated with HbA1C on multiple linear regression analysis (p < 0.01). By the multivariate logistic regression analysis, HbA(1C) and age were the most important risk factors independently associated with elevated thermal thresholds (p < 0.01). Elevated warm threshold in the big toe was the most frequent abnormality (60.2%) compared to abnormal cold threshold in the big toe (39.6%) and abnormal sural nerves on nerve conduction studies (12.9%). Elevated thermal thresholds were risk factors for neuropathic symptoms independent of HbA(1C). Small-fibre neuropathy with the impairment of thermal sensations is the most frequent sensory deficit in diabetes, and HbA1C is significantly associated with the elevated thermal thresholds.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the clinical significance and mechanisms of cutaneous denervation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we assessed intraepidermal nerve fibre (IENF) density of the distal leg in 45 SLE patients (4 males and 41 females, aged 38.4 +/- 13.6 years) and analysed its correlations with pathology, lupus activity, sensory thresholds and electrophysiological parameters. Compared with age- and gender-matched control subjects, SLE patients had lower IENF densities (3.08 +/- 2.17 versus 11.27 +/- 3.96 fibres/mm, P < 0.0001); IENF densities were reduced in 38 patients (82.2%). Pathologically, 11 patients (24.4%) were found to have definite cutaneous vasculitis; the severity and extent of cutaneous vasculitis were correlated with IENF densities. Patients with active lupus had even lower IENF densities than those with quiescent lupus (1.86 +/- 1.37 versus 4.15 +/- 2.20 fibres/mm, P = 0.0002). By linear regression analysis, IENF densities were negatively correlated with the SLE disease activity index (r = 0.527, P = 0.0002) and cumulative episodes of lupus flare-up within 2 years before the skin biopsy (r = 0.616, P = 0.0014). Clinically, skin denervation was present not only in the patients with sensory neuropathy but also in the patients with neuropsychiatric syndrome involving the CNS. SLE patients had significantly elevated warm threshold temperatures (P = 0.003) and reduced cold threshold temperatures (P = 0.048); elevated warm threshold temperatures were associated with the reduced IENF densities (P = 0.032). In conclusion, cutaneous vasculitis and lupus activities underlie skin denervation with associated elevation of thermal thresholds as a major manifestation of sensory nerve injury in SLE.
    Full-text · Article · May 2006 · Brain
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    ABSTRACT: Sensory neuropathy is a prominent component of diabetic neuropathy. It is not entirely clear how diabetes influences skin innervation, and whether these changes are correlated with clinical signs and laboratory findings. To investigate these issues, we performed skin biopsies on the distal leg of 38 consecutive type 2 diabetic patients with sensory symptoms in lower limbs (25 males and 13 females, aged 56.2 +/- 9.4 years) and analysed the correlations of intraepidermal nerve fibre (IENF) densities in skin with glycaemic status (duration of diabetes, HbA1C, and fasting and post-prandial glucose levels), and functional parameters of small fibres (warm and cold thresholds) and large fibres (vibratory threshold and parameters of nerve conduction studies). Clinically, 23 patients (60.5%) had signs of small-fibre impairment, and 19 patients (50.0%) had signs of large-fibre impairment. IENF densities were much lower in diabetic patients than in age- and gender-matched controls (1.794 +/- 2.120 versus 9.359 +/- 3.466 fibres/mm, P < 0.0001), and 81.6% (31/38) of diabetic patients had reduced IENF densities. IENF densities were negatively associated with the duration of diabetes (standardized coefficient: -0.422, P = 0.015) by analysis with a multivariate linear regression model. Abnormal results of functional examinations were present in 81.6% (warm threshold), 57.9% (cold threshold), 63.2% (vibratory threshold) and 49% (amplitude of sural sensory action potential) of diabetic patients. Among the three sensory thresholds, the warm threshold temperature had the highest correlation with IENF densities (standardized coefficient: -0.773, P < 0.0001). On nerve conduction studies in lower-limb nerves, there were abnormal responses in 54.1% of sural nerves, and 50.0% of peroneal nerves. Of neurophysiological parameters, the amplitude of the sural sensory action potential had the highest correlation with IENF density (standardized coefficient: 0.739, P < 0.0001). On clinical examination, 15 patients showed no sign of small-fibre impairment, but seven of these patients had reduced IENF densities. In conclusion, small-fibre sensory neuropathy presenting with reduced IENF densities and correlated elevation of warm thresholds is a major manifestation of type 2 diabetes. In addition, the extent of skin denervation increases with diabetic duration.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2004 · Brain