[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mutational profiles of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with partial tandem duplication of mixed-lineage leukemia gene (MLL-PTD) have not been comprehensively studied. We studied 19 gene mutations for 98 patients with MLL-PTD AML to determine the mutation frequency and clinical correlations. MLL-PTD was screened by reverse-transcriptase PCR and confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. The mutational analyses were performed with PCR-based assays followed by direct sequencing. Gene mutations of signaling pathways occurred in 63.3% of patients, with FLT3-ITD (44.9%) and FLT3-TKD (13.3%) being the most frequent. 66% of patients had gene mutations involving epigenetic regulation, and DNMT3A (32.7%), IDH2 (18.4%), TET2 (18.4%), and IDH1 (10.2%) mutations were most common. Genes of transcription pathways and tumor suppressors accounted for 23.5% and 10.2% of patients. RUNX1 mutation occurred in 23.5% of patients, while none had NPM1 or double CEBPA mutation. 90.8% of MLL-PTD AML patients had at least one additional gene mutation. Of 55 MLL-PTD AML patients who received standard chemotherapy, age older than 50 years and DNMT3A mutation were associated with inferior outcome. In conclusion, gene mutations involving DNA methylation and activated signaling pathway were common co-existed gene mutations. DNMT3A mutation was a poor prognostic factor in MLL-PTD AML.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Age over 60 years is one of the five parameters of the International Prognostic Index (IPI), which is the most important clinical prognostic predictor in DLBCL. A previous study on German DLBCL patients over 60 years of age showed that immunoblastic morphology, but not germinal center B cell-like (GCB)/non-GCB subtype, correlated with short survival. We collected 174 DLBCL cases over 60 years of age in Taiwan and performed immunophenotyping and detection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNA (EBER) by in situ hybridization. Of the cases, 5.2 % were positive for CD5 and 5.7 % positive for EBER. Neither immunoblastic morphology nor GCB/non-GCB subtype correlated with survival. In univariate analysis, adverse prognostic factors included IPI ≥ 3 (P < 0.000001), B symptoms (P = 0.000075), bone marrow/peripheral blood involvement (P = 0.017), EBER positivity (P = 0.0013), and CD5 positivity (P = 0.016). In multivariate analysis, CD5 positivity was the only independent adverse prognostic factor (HR = 3.16; 95 % CI = 1.34-7.47; P = 0.0087) in addition to IPI ≥ 3 (HR = 3.07; 95 % CI = 1.84-5.11; P = 0.000018). Surprisingly, despite an overall 5.2 % incidence of central nervous system (CNS) relapse in our patients, none of the CD5+ cases experienced CNS relapse (P = 1.00). This is in stark contrast to the more frequent CNS relapse in Japanese CD5+ DLBCL patients. EBER positivity was associated with IPI ≥ 3 (P = 0.010), stage III-IV (P = 0.0082), and B symptoms (P = 0.011). In multivariate analysis, EBER positivity was not an independent adverse prognostic factor (P = 0.81), its effect being due likely to accompanying adverse clinical parameters.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical course for hematologic malignancy varies widely and no prognostic tool is available for patients with a hematologic malignancy under palliative care. To assess the application of the Palliative Prognostic Index (PPI), Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) as prognostic tools in patients with hematologic malignancies under palliative care.
We included 217 patients with pathologically proven hematologic malignancies under palliative care consultation service (PCCS) between January 2006 and December 2012 at a single medical center in Taiwan. Patients were categorized into subgroups by PPI, CCI, and GPS for survival analysis.
The median survival was 16 days (interquartile range, 4-47.5 days) for all patients and 204 patients (94%) died within 180 days after PCCS. There was a significant difference in survival among patients categorized using the PPI (median survival 49, 15, and 7 days in patients categorized into a good, intermittent, and poor prognostic group, respectively) and the GPS (median survival 66 and 13 days for GPS 0 and 1, respectively). There was no difference in survival between patients with a GPS score of 0 versus 2, or a CCI score of 0 versus ≥1. The survival time was significantly discriminated after stratifying patients with a good PPI score based on the CCI (median survival 102 and 41 days in patients with a CCI score of 0 and ≥1, respectively) from those with a poor PPI score by using the GPS (median survival 47 and 7 days in patients with GPS scores of 0 and 1-2, respectively).
PPI is a useful prognosticator of life expectancy in terminally ill patients under palliative care for a hematologic malignancy. Concurrent use of the GPS and CCI improved the accuracy of prognostication using the PPI.
Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · BMC Palliative Care
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Breast is an uncommon location of lymphoma involvement. The most common type of primary breast lymphoma (PBL) is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Rituximab is the widely used monoclonal antibody against CD20+ B-cell lymphoma, especially DLBCL. We aimed to analyze the clinical features, prognostic factors, and treatment outcome with or without rituximab in primary breast DLBCL.
We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with PBL from October 1987 to March 2012 in our hospital, excluding metastasis by whole-body computed tomography and bone marrow study.
Twenty-three patients were diagnosed with PBL. All were females. Eighteen patients were stage IE and five were stage IIE according to the Ann Arbor staging system. Two patients had lymphoma other than DLBCL. The median age of primary breast DLBCL patients was 48 years (range 27-79). Two were excluded from the analysis due to refusal or ineligibility for chemotherapy. No significant prognostic factor was found. Patients receiving chemotherapy with (RC) or without (C) rituximab were not significantly different in the 5-year overall survival (RC: 57.1%; C: 58.3%; p = 0.457) or progression-free survival (RC: 57.1%; C: 50.0%; p = 0.456). A high incidence of relapse in the central nervous system (CNS) (17.6%) was observed.
In accordance with prior literature reports, our Taiwanese cohort of primary breast DLBCL seemed younger than those reported in Japan, Korea, and Western societies. Relapse in the CNS was not uncommon. The benefit of rituximab in addition to chemotherapy was not statistically significant. Treatment modality remained to be defined by further large-scale studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M0) is a rare subtype of AML with poor prognosis. Although genetic alterations are increasingly reported in AML, the gene mutations have not been comprehensively studied in AML-M0. We aimed to examine a wide spectrum of gene mutations in patients with AML-M0 to determine their clinical relevance. Twenty gene mutations including class I, class II, class III of epigenetic regulators (IDH1, IDH2, TET2, DNMT3A, MLL-PTD, ASXL1, and EZH2), and class IV (tumor suppressor genes) were analyzed in 67 patients with AML-M0. Mutational analysis was performed with polymerase chain reaction–based assays followed by direct sequencing. The most frequent gene mutations from our data were FLT3-ITD/FLT3-TKD (28.4%), followed by mutations in IDH1/IDH2 (28.8%), RUNX1 (23.9%), N-RAS/K-RAS (12.3%), TET2 (8.2%), DNMT3A (8.1%), MLL-PTD (7.8%), and ASXL1 (6.3%). Seventy-nine percent (53/67) of patients had at least one gene mutation. Class I genes (49.3%) were the most common mutated genes, which were mutually exclusive. Class III genes of epigenetic regulators were also frequent (43.9%). In multivariate analysis, old age [hazard ratio (HR) 1.029, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.013-1.044, P = .001) was the independent adverse factor for overall survival, and RUNX1 mutation (HR 2.326, 95% CI 0.978-5.533, P = .056) had a trend toward inferior survival. In conclusion, our study showed a high frequency of FLT3, RUNX1, and IDH mutations in AML-M0, suggesting that these mutations played a role in the pathogenesis and served as potential therapeutic targets in this rare and unfavorable subtype of AML.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) presenting with ascites is predominantly based on the morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics, which are comparable to peripheral blood and bone marrow cells. However, it is relatively difficult to diagnose CLL due to the pleomorphism of the lymphocytes in ascites. The current study presents an 80-year-old male with a prior diagnosis of CLL who developed large ascites. Predominant T lymphocytes rendered morphological and immunophenotypic diagnosis difficult. Clonality analysis of immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements was performed on the lymphocytes from the ascites to diagnose the involvement of CLL, a laparotomy and biopsy from the peritoneal node confirmed the involvement of small lymphocytic lymphoma/CLL. The clonality analysis of Ig gene rearrangements may provide a powerful and accurate method for diagnosing CLL presenting with ascites.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Solid cancers with bone marrow metastases are rare but lethal. This study aimed to identify clinical factors predictive of survival in adult patients with solid cancers and bone marrow metastases.
A total of 83 patients were enrolled consecutively between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012. Bone marrow metastases were confirmed by biopsies. Patient clinical features and laboratory data were analyzed for associations.
The median age of the patients was 54 years (range, 23-88 years), and 58% were male. The 3 most common primary tumor locations were the stomach (32 patients, 39%), prostate (16 patients, 19%), and lungs (12 patients, 15%). The median overall survival was 49 days (range, 3-1423 days). Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1, cancers of prostate origin, platelet counts over 50,000/ml, and undergoing antitumor therapies had a significantly better prognosis in the multivariate analysis. The median survival times were 173 and 33 days for patients with 2-3 more favorable parameters (n=24) and those with 0-1 (n=69), respectively (hazard ratio 0.30; 95% CI 0.17-0.52, p<0.001).
Solid cancers with bone marrow metastases are dismal and incurable diseases. Understanding prognostic factors to these diseases helps medical personnel to provide appropriate treatments and better inform patients about outcomes. Antitumor therapies may improve outcomes in selected patient cohorts.
No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the potential value of (11)C-acetate (ACT) PET/CT in characterizing multiple myeloma (MM) compared with (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Bone marrow histological and whole-body (WB) MRI findings served as the reference standards.
In this prospective study, 15 untreated MM patients (10 men and 5 women, age range 48-69 years) underwent dual-tracer (11)C-ACT and (18)F-FDG PET/CT and WB MRI for pretreatment staging, and 13 of them had repeated examinations after induction therapy. Diffuse and focal bone marrow uptake was assessed by visual and quantitative analyses, including measurement of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Between-group differences and correlations were assessed with the Mann-Whitney U test and the Pearson test.
At staging, all 15 patients had diffuse myeloma involvement upon bone marrow examination with 30-90 % of plasma cell infiltrates. Diffuse infiltration was detected in all of them (100 %) using (11)C-ACT with a positive correlation between bone marrow uptake values and percentages of plasma cell infiltrates (r = +0.63, p = 0.01). In contrast, a diagnosis of diffuse infiltration could be established using (18)F-FDG in only six patients (40 %). Focal lesions were shown in 13 patients on both (11)C-ACT PET/CT and WB MRI, and in 10 patients on (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Focal lesions demonstrated (11)C-ACT uptake with a mean SUVmax of 11.4 ± 3.3 (range 4.6-19.6, n = 59), which was significantly higher than the (18)F-FDG uptake (mean SUVmax 6.6 ± 3.1, range 2.3-13.7, n = 29; p < 0.0001). After treatment, the diffuse bone marrow (11)C-ACT uptake showed a mean SUVmax reduction of 66 % in patients with at least a very good partial response versus 34 % in those with at most a partial response only (p = 0.01).
PET/CT using (11)C-ACT as a biomarker showed a higher detection rate for both diffuse and focal myeloma lesions at diagnosis than using (18)F-FDG, and may be valuable for response assessment.
No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) have an increased risk for thrombosis and bleeding and show a defect in adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. This risk of thrombosis is further increased in MPN patients bearing the JAK2V617F mutation. Two ADP receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y12, are present on platelets. Although the pattern of defective ADP-induced platelet aggregation in MPN suggests an abnormality in the P2Y12 pathway, no previous studies have specifically evaluated P2Y12 function in MPN or the relationship between P2Y12 function and the JAK2V617F mutation.
Forty-one MPN patients were enrolled, including 24 with essential thrombocythemia (ET), 16 with polycythemia vera (PV) and 1 with primary myelofibrosis. Platelet P2Y12 function in MPN was evaluated by flow-cytometric measurement of the phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). Clinical data were collected by review of medical records. JAK2V617F mutation was detected by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. JAK2V617F allele burden was measured by the pyrosequencing method.
In patients with MPN, platelet P2Y12 function determined by VASP platelet reactivity index (PRI) was inversely correlated with platelet and white blood cell (WBC) counts. In subgroup analysis, PRI was inversely correlated with platelet and WBC counts in PV. PRI was also inversely correlated with platelet counts in ET, but the correlation of PRI and WBC counts did not reach statistical significance. Eight of the 41 patients had a history of thrombosis and only 2 had a bleeding history. Neither thrombosis nor bleeding patients were found to have significantly different PRIs. JAK2V617F mutation data were available in 35 cases. PRI was not different between JAK2V617F mutation and wild-type patients but PRI had a trend towards an inverse correlation with JAK2V617F allele burden for patients with mutations.
The present study provides the first explicit demonstration of a defect in the P2Y12 pathway in platelets of patients with MPN. Furthermore, platelet P2Y12 function, assayed by VASP, is inversely correlated with platelet and WBC counts in patients with MPN. Platelet P2Y12 function also appears to be inversely correlated with JAK2V617F allele burden. This compromised P2Y12 function may be a novel mechanism for the bleeding tendency associated with extreme thrombocytosis in MPN.
No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Acta Haematologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are prone to both bleeding and thrombosis. The bleeding complications are well known. In contrast, APL-associated thrombosis is relatively underappreciated. We aimed to explore the issue of APL-associated thrombosis events. In the past 20 years, 127 cases with APL were found in our hospital database. We collected their coagulation laboratory profiles, including leukemia burdens, white blood cell and platelet counts, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, and disseminated intravascular coagulation scores. Data were compared between patients with or without thrombosis. Clinical outcomes and potential risk factors were obtained for analysis. Ten cases with APL-associated thrombosis were found. The incidence of thrombosis was 7.9% in our cohort. Five patients had cerebral infarction, 5 had catheter-related thrombosis and 1 had acute myocardial infarction. No laboratory data were associated with clinical thrombosis. Three patients died during the induction phase but thrombosis was not the direct cause of death for any of them. We conclude that patients with APL are susceptible to thrombosis in addition to bleeding. Laboratory coagulation parameters did not predict thrombosis in our series. Ischemic stroke and catheter-related thrombosis were the most common events in our Taiwanese cohort. Such a thrombosis pattern is unique and worth further investigation.
No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Acta Haematologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the characteristics of patients with hematologic malignancies and solid cancers who received palliative care. A total of 124 patients with hematologic malignancy and 3032 patients with solid cancer, who received palliative care consultation services between 2006 and 2010 in a medical center in Taiwan, were retrospectively analyzed. Higher prevalence of oral stomatitis, diarrhea, and hematologic symptoms including infection, fever, severe anemia, and bleeding, and lower prevalence of constipation, abdominal distension, and pain were observed in patients with hematologic malignancies compared to that in patients with solid cancer. The interval from hospital admission to palliative care referral was longer for patients with hematologic malignancy than that for patients with solid cancer. Hematologists should refer patients earlier, and palliative care specialists should understand the specific needs of patients with hematologic malignancy.
No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · The American journal of hospice & palliative care
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Dry eye is a major ocular complication of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) and may predispose bacterial colonization to the conjunctiva. To investigate the conjunctival bacterial flora in patients receiving PBSCT, we encompassed patients who received PBSCT at least 1 year from 2002 to 2008 in this cross-sectional study.
Patients were divided into three groups in accordance to the result of the Schirmer Ia test. In the control group, we enrolled dry-eye patients with underlying disease other than hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of which the age range was similar to the study group.
Thirty-six patients with 72 eyes were included in our study. The culture rates were 22% (8 in 36) in the first group (Schirmer Ia= 0-5 mm), 20% (4 in 20) in the second group (Schirmer Ia= 6-9 mm), and 0% (n=16) in the third group (Schirmer Ia ≥ 10 mm). The flora in patients receiving PBSCT were coagulase-negative Staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus and Corynebacterium sp. The bacterial colonization rate in the post-PBSCT group was not higher than the control group (22.2% vs. 30.8% ), and coagulase-negative Staphylococci was the most common flora in the control group.
In conclusion, despite not having statistical significance, there seems to be a positive correlation between the colonization rate and the severity of dry eye. However, bacterial profile isolated in post-PBSCT patients is not significantly different from other dry eye patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) as a routine follow-up has been a standard practice for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma although it is not recommended in most guidelines. We aimed to describe the value of surveillance CT in detection of disease relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma grade 3 (FL3) and to evaluate whether relapse detected by different methods influenced outcome. In this retrospective review of consecutive 341 patients with DLBCL or FL3 diagnosed between 2003 and 2009 in complete response (CR) or unconfirmed CR, 113 patients experienced relapses. We found that routine surveillance CT detected asymptomatic relapse in 25 patients (22.1 %; group 1), including 22 of 100 patients with DLBCL and three of 13 with FL3. The first presentation of relapse of the other 88 patients (group 2) included patient-reported symptoms (60.2 %), physical examination (13.3 %), or abnormal laboratory data (4.4 %). For 72 patients received chemotherapy after relapse, the overall survival after relapse was not different between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.569). The results of our study suggested that routine surveillance CT only has a limited role in the early detection of relapse and the relapse detected by surveillance CT or not has no impact on survival after relapse for patients with DLBCL or FL3.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Annals of Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment intensity will affect outcome in elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We retrospectively reviewed 333 DLBCL patients aged over 60 years who were diagnosed between January 2003 and December 2010 to evaluate the difference between different treatment regimens. The median age was 73 years; 56.8 % of patients received treatment with rituximab-containing regimens. In univariate analysis, patients with younger age, better performance status, early Ann Arbor stage, lower International Prognostic Index (IPI), normal serum lactate dehydrogenase, normal serum albumin, or normal serum beta-2 microglobulin received more intensive treatment regimens. In multivariate analysis, patients with younger age (p < 0.001) or better performance status (p = 0.027) received treatment of more intensive regimens. The treatment regimens were not different between patients with lower and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). Female gender, normal serum beta-2 microglobulin, lower CCI, lower IPI, and treatment with more intensive regimens predicted better progression-free survival and overall survival in multivariate analysis. Patients treated with rituximab-containing regimens had better progression-free survival (median 22.2 vs. 9.9 months, p = 0.005) and better overall survival (median 34.9 vs. 21.8 months, p = 0.042) as compared to those treated without rituximab. In conclusion, our results showed that patients with younger age or better performance status received more intensive treatment. The treatment regimen was not different between patients with lower and higher CCI. Rituximab-containing regimens improved the outcome of elderly patients with DLBCL.
No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Annals of Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT:: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and frequently limits treatment success. Patients suffering complications with AKI often have high mortality. This investigation analyzed the outcomes of patients receiving allogeneic HSCT and identified the association between prognosis and RIFLE (risk of renal failure, injury to kidney, failure of kidney function, loss of kidney function and end-stage renal disease) classification. This study reviewed the medical records of 101 patients receiving allogeneic HSCT during an 8-year period at a specialized hematology ward in a university hospital in Taiwan. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were retrospectively gathered as predicators. Overall 6-month mortality was 36.6% (37/101). Mortality progressively and significantly increased (χ for trend, P < 0.001) based on RIFLE classification severity. Multiple variable Cox regression analysis identified maximum RIFLE score on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT, occurrence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease and respiratory failure during admission as independent risk factors for 6-month mortality. Using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, the RIFLE classification on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT has the best discriminative power (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.696 ± 0.057, P < 0.001) compared with day 0 to 7, 14 to 30 and 30 to 60 post-HSCT. Cumulative survival rates at 6-month follow-up differed significantly (P < 0.05) among non-AKI, RIFLE-R versus RIFLE-I and RIFLE-F. Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, respiratory failure and severity of maximum RIFLE score on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT were independent predictors for 6-month mortality. RIFLE classification on day 7 to 14 post-HSCT can improve the accuracy of 6-month mortality in patients who received allogeneic HSCT.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · The American Journal of the Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bleeding is the leading cause of death for patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Blood component transfusion to correct coagulopathy is the keystone in reducing bleeding. The benefit of fresh frozen plasma transfusion is unproven. Using laboratory profiles to predict bleeding is important guidance for the determination of transfusion policies in the treatment of APL.
For 116 patients of APL, bleeding events were collected and correlated with various hematologic and coagulation parameters, including leukemic cell percentages, white blood cell (WBC) and platelet counts, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen levels, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) scores.
Overt DIC occurred in 77.6% of patients. Severity of DIC was associated with bone marrow leukemic cell percentages but unrelated to bleeding. Patients with bleeding had significantly higher WBC counts (26.73 ± 6.18 vs. 13.03 ± 3.03 per μL, P = 0.026) and more prolonged PT (4.85 ± 0.70 vs. 2.59 ± 0.28 s, P = 0.002) and APTT (3.98 ± 1.68 vs. 0.96 ± 0.93 s, P = 0.017). Fibrinogen levels, platelet counts, and leukemia cell percentages were not significantly different between bleeding and non-bleeding patients. PT is valuable in prediction of bleeding. Patients with PT ≧ 5 s had a relative risk of 6.14 for bleeding. Seven patients had severe bleeding before initiation of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA).
Patients with APL are susceptible to DIC and subsequent bleeding events. Prompt ATRA administration is crucial in preventing hemorrhagic events. High WBC counts, prolonged PT, and APTT are associated with clinical bleeding in our series. PT is the most accurate parameter in predicting bleeding. Based on these findings, supportive care should be directed toward correction of coagulopathy to prevent bleeding complications and fresh frozen plasma appears to be indicated for coagulopathy associated with APL.
No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · European Journal Of Haematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is associated with high morbidity and high mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics and outcomes of HSCT patients with IFIs who are undergoing MV at a single institution in Taiwan.
We performed an observational retrospective analysis of IFIs in HSCT patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) in an intensive care unit (ICU) from the year 2000 to 2009. The characteristics of these HSCT patients and risk factors related to IFIs were evaluated. The status of discharge, length of ICU stay, date of death and cause of death were also recorded.
There were 326 HSCT patients at the Linkou Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital (Taipei, Taiwan) during the study period. Sixty of these patients (18%) were transferred to the ICU and placed on mechanical ventilators. A total of 20 of these 60 patients (33%) had IFIs. Multivariate analysis indicated that independent risk factors for IFI were admission to an ICU more than 40 days after HSCT, graft versus host disease (GVHD), and high dose corticosteroid (p < 0.01 for all). The overall ICU mortality rate was 88% (53 of 60 patients), and was not significantly different for patients with IFIs (85%) and those without IFIs (90%, p = 0.676).
There was a high incidence of IFIs in HSCT patients requiring MV in the ICU in our study cohort. The independent risk factors for IFI are ICU admission more than 40 days after HSCT, GVHD, and use of high-dose corticosteroid.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · BMC Infectious Diseases