Alessandra Macedo

University of São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Are you Alessandra Macedo?

Claim your profile

Publications (8)6.52 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effects of defatted amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus L.) snacks on plasma lipids in moderate hypercholesterolemic patients. Twenty-two subjects [30-65 years old), 11 males, with total cholesterol (TC) >= 240 mg.dL(-1), low-density cholesterol (LDL-c) 160-190 mg.dL(-1) and plasma triglycerides (TG) < 400 mg.dL(-1)] were randomized in a double blind clinical trial to receive an amaranth snack (50 g/day) or equivalent corn snack (placebo) for 2 months. There were no differences between amaranth and placebo on TC and LDL-c, and TG respectively: -8.4 and -5.7% (p = 0.17); -12.3 and -9.7% (p = 0.41) and -0.6 and -7.3% (p = 0.47). However, amaranth snacks significantly reduced high-density cholesterol (HDL-c): -15.2 vs. -4% (p = 0.03). In conclusion, the intake of 50 g of extruded amaranth daily during 60 days did not significantly reduce LDL-c in moderate hypercholesterolemic subjects; furthermore there was a significant reduction in HDL-c. Studies with greater number of subjects and greater quantity of this food are necessary to test the effects of amaranth on lipid metabolism in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study using anthropometric data to assess the evolution of nutritional status in lung transplant candidates who are initially malnourished or overweight. We included patients with an initial body mass index (BMI) < 17 kg/m(2) (malnourished, n = 10) or > 27 kg/m(2) (overweight, n = 20). Each patient subsequently had three appointments with a nutritionist (nutritional interventions). In the malnourished group, there were no significant post-intervention changes in the anthropometric variables. In the overweight group, however, nutritional intervention had a positive impact on weight, BMI and waist circumference.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia: publicacao oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased knowledge about nutritional status and energy and nutrient intakes is required to improve the treatment of patients with heart failure (HF). To verify the nutritional status and evaluate the adequacy of energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes in patients with HF in outpatient clinical settings. We collected anthropometric and habitual dietary intake data of 125 patients (72% men, 52.1 +/- 9.8 years, BMI 26.9 +/- 4.4 kg/m2). Anthropometric variables were compared between genders, and the adequacy of energy and nutrient intakes was analyzed according to current recommendations. Muscle depletion or risk of depletion was present in 38.4% of patients (association with male gender, p <0.0001). In 69.6% of cases the mean energy intake was lower than the one required (p <0.0001). Among the micronutrients evaluated in this study, there was an important prevalence of inadequacy in magnesium, zinc, iron and thiamine intakes, and most patients had calcium and potassium intakes below the adequate levels, and sodium intake above the adequate levels. Outpatients with HF showed muscle depletion, and inadequate energy and nutrient intakes. There was no significant association between habitual dietary energy intake and nutritional status. Multidisciplinary care should be encouraged to better assess the general condition of these patients.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: FUNDAMENTO: Maior conhecimento sobre o estado nutricional e a ingestão de energia e nutrientes é necessário para auxiliar no tratamento de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC). OBJETIVO: Verificar o estado nutricional e analisar a adequação da ingestão de energia, macro e micronutrientes de pacientes com IC em atendimento ambulatorial. MÉTODOS: Foram coletados dados antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar habitual de 125 pacientes (72% homens, 52,1±9,8 anos, IMC 26,9±4,4 kg/m2). As variáveis antropométricas foram comparadas entre os sexos, e analisou-se a adequação da ingestão de energia e nutrientes perante as recomendações. RESULTADOS: Depleção ou risco de depleção das reservas musculares estava presente em 38,4% dos pacientes (associação com sexo masculino; p < 0,0001). Em 69,6% dos casos, a ingestão média de energia foi menor que as necessidades energéticas (p < 0,0001). Entre os micronutrientes analisados, magnésio, zinco, ferro e tiamina apresentaram prevalências de inadequação importantes, e a maioria dos pacientes teve consumo de cálcio e potássio abaixo da ingestão adequada e consumo de sódio acima. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes ambulatoriais com IC apresentam depleção de reservas musculares, com ingestão inadequada de energia e diversos nutrientes. Não se observou associação significante entre quantidade de energia proveniente da dieta habitual e o estado nutricional. O acompanhamento multiprofissional deve ser estimulado para avaliar melhor o estado geral desses pacientes.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the nutritional profile of lung transplant candidates. A retrospective cross-sectional study involving lung transplant candidates at a public hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Data related to gender, age and underlying lung disease were compiled for the participants. For the assessment of the nutritional profile of the patients, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), waist circumference and triceps skinfold thickness (TST) were determined during the first outpatient visit. We included 117 patients, 69 of which (59%) were male. The mean age of the participants was 42.5 +/- 15.2 years. The most prevalent underlying disease, seen in 29 patients (24.8%), was pulmonary emphysema. The nutritional profile was considered normal in 48.3% of the patients with pulmonary emphysema, 55% of those with cystic fibrosis, 56% of those with bronchiectasis and 50% of those with other lung diseases. The majority (51.7%) of the patients with pulmonary fibrosis were classified as overweight. The TSTs indicated that the risk of depletion was highest (64.7%) among the patients with cystic fibrosis, followed by those with bronchiectasis (52.6%). Patients with pulmonary fibrosis presented the highest BMIs, although the corresponding TSTs and MAMCs were normal. Patients with cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis presented the highest prevalence of nutritional depletion, based on TST and MAMC.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia: publicacao oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: Verificar o perfil nutricional dos pacientes candidatos ao transplante de pulmão. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo com pacientes candidatos ao transplante de pulmão em um hospital público da cidade de São Paulo. O gênero, a idade e a doença pulmonar de base dos participantes foram compilados. Para a avaliação do perfil nutricional dos pacientes, o índice de massa corporal (IMC), a circunferência muscular do braço (CMB), a circunferência da cintura (CC) e a prega cutânea tricipital (PCT) foram determinados durante o primeiro atendimento ambulatorial. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 117 pacientes, sendo 69 (59%) do gênero masculino. A média de idade dos participantes foi de 42,5 ± 15,2 anos. A doença de base de maior prevalência foi o enfisema pulmonar, em 29 pacientes (24,8%). O perfil nutricional de 48,3% dos pacientes com enfisema pulmonar, de 55% dos com fibrose cística, 56% dos com bronquiectasias e de 50% dos com outras doenças pulmonares foi considerado normal. A maior parte dos pacientes com fibrose pulmonar (51,7%) foi classificada com excesso de peso. A PCT indicou que os pacientes com fibrose cística apresentaram um elevado risco de depleção (64,7%), seguidos pelos pacientes com bronquiectasias (52,6%). CONCLUSÕES: Os pacientes com fibrose pulmonar foram os que obtiveram maiores valores de IMC, mas com PCT e CMB correspondentes a eutrofia. Pacientes com fibrose cística e bronquiectasias apresentaram maior prevalência de depleção nutricional, baseado na PCT e CMB.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the nutritional profile of lung transplant candidates. Methods: A retrospective cross- sectional study involving lung transplant candidates at a public hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Data related to gender, age and underlying lung disease were compiled for the participants. For the assessment of the nutritional profile of the patients, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), waist circumference and triceps skinfold thickness (TST) were determined during the first outpatient visit. Results: We included 117 patients, 69 of which (59%) were male. The mean age of the participants was 42.5 ± 15.2 years. The most prevalent underlying disease, seen in 29 patients (24.8%), was pulmonary emphysema. The nutritional profile was considered normal in 48.3% of the patients with pulmonary emphysema, 55% of those with cystic fibrosis, 56% of those with bronchiectasis and 50% of those with other lung diseases. The majority (51.7%) of the patients with pulmonary fibrosis were classified as overweight. The TSTs indicated that the risk of depletion was highest (64.7%) among the patients with cystic fibrosis, followed by those with bronchiectasis (52.6%). Conclusions: Patients with pulmonary fibrosis presented the highest BMIs, although the corresponding TSTs and MAMCs were normal. Patients with cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis presented the highest prevalence of nutritional depletion, based on TST and MAMC.
    Preview · Article ·