Yuko Uehara

Fukuoka University, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (4)13.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hepatic expression of bile acid transporters is altered in experimental cholestasis and it is unclear whether regulation exists in human cholestatic diseases. We investigated the expression of genes involved in bile acid detoxification, basolateral export and nuclear factor regulation in untreated primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Liver tissues were obtained from patients with early-stage and late-stage PBC. The hepatic expression levels of messenger RNAs were determined by the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The hepatic expression of multidrug-resistance protein 4 messenger RNA was significantly upregulated in early-stage and late-stage PBC patients compared with controls. The hepatic expression of multidrug-resistance protein 2 and multidrug-resistance protein 3 messenger RNAs was significantly elevated only in early-stage PBC patients. The hepatic expression levels of farnesoid X receptor, fetoprotein transcription factor and constitutive androstane receptor mRNAs were correlated with those of multidrug-resistance protein 2, multidrug-resistance protein 3 and multidrug-resistance protein 4 respectively. The hepatic expression of multidrug-resistance protein 4 was enhanced in patients with untreated PBC at all stages. However, the hepatic expression of multidrug-resistance protein 2 and multidrug-resistance protein 3 was enhanced only in early-stage patients. The lack of upregulation of these proteins might contribute to the progression of PBC.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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    ABSTRACT: Recently percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) turned into percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA), and it has become widely used for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was to compare the incidence in postoperative HCC recurrence between these two therapeutic approaches. One hundred and sixty-eight first-time HCC in patient cases were chosen for PEI (n=94) and PRFA (n=74). The localized recurrence rate based on the operator's experience in percutaneous treatment for HCC (on <5 years versus >/=5 years experience) was examined. The PRFA group demonstrated a significantly lower localized recurrence rate within 2 years than the PEI group (8% and 22%, respectively, P<0.01). The local recurrence rate of HCC within 2 years after PEI was significantly lower in those for whom the operator's experience was more than 5 years compared to those for whom it was less than 5 years (12% versus 24%, respectively, P<0.05). In contrast, after PRFA there was no significant difference between these two groups of <5 years and of >/=5 years experience (8% versus 8%, respectively, P=0.98). The present study demonstrated that PRFA resulted in a lower rate of local recurrence in comparison to conventional PEI, regardless of the operator's experience.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · Hepatology Research
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    ABSTRACT: Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a representative marker of cholestasis, in diseases such as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, the hepatic localization of ALP in patients with cholestatic liver diseases has not been fully clarified. Accordingly, we studied the expression of ALP in the liver of PBC, chronic hepatitis C and controls. By immunohistochemistry, in the liver tissue of controls and chronic hepatitis C patients, ALP was found to be localized in the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes and the apical area of the cytoplasm of bile duct epithelial cells. In PBC, ALP was localized in both the canalicular and baso-lateral membranes of hepatocytes and in the whole cytoplasm of the remaining bile duct epithelial cells. The expression of ALP in liver tissues evaluated by Western blotting was increased to 3.6-fold in PBC compared with that in the controls and chronic hepatitis C patients, while the expression of mRNA of ALP evaluated by RT-PCR was increased to 7.0-fold in PBC compared with that in the controls and chronic hepatitis C patients. The present study is the first study to reveal altered localization and increased expression of ALP which may result in the elevation of serum ALP in PBC.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Hepatology Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: hepatic functional reserve is determined by the function and number of hepatocytes, as well as hepatic blood flow. In Japan, endoscopic injection sclerotherapy is often performed prophylactically in patients with high-risk esophageal varices. We examined the effects of blocking portosystemic shunts by this treatment on hepatic circulation and hepatocyte function as evaluated by 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy (HH15, LHL15), an examination via asialoglycoprotein receptors on hepatocytes. Methods: forty-nine patients who underwent prophylactic treatment of esophageal varices were divided into two groups; one having esophageal varices alone and the second having other collateral circulation in addition to esophageal varices. Asialoscintigraphy and general liver function tests were performed both before and after treatment in each group and the data were statistically analyzed. Results: In the group having esophageal varices alone, serum total bile acid significantly decreased at 62.2% and ICGR15, HH15, and LHL15 were slightly improved at -10.9, -3.0, and +4.7%, respectively, after sclerotherapy (P<0.01). However, Child-Pugh's score was not changed after sclerotherapy. In the group having additional collaterals, no parameters were changed after sclerotherapy. Conclusion: we demonstrate that HH15, LHL15, and ICGR15 are partially influenced by hepatic circulation but are mainly determined by the function of hepatocytes, whereas serum total bile acid is markedly influenced by hepatic circulation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Hepatology Research