Suk Hyung Kwon

Seegene Institute of Life Sciences, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (12)25.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Smilacis Chinae Rhizome (SCR) has been used as an oriental folk medicine for various biological activities. However, its effect on atopic dermatitis (AD) remains undetermined to date. We assessed the effect of orally administered hot-water extract of SCR on AD-like skin lesions in mice and its underlying mechanisms. AD-like murine model was prepared by repeated alternate application of house dust mite (Dermatophagoides farinae) extract (DFE) and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) for 4 weeks, topically to the ears. Daily oral administration of SCR for 3 and 4 weeks significantly reduced inflammatory ear thickening, with the effect being enhanced at the earlier start and longer period of administration. This effect was accompanied by a significant decrease in both Th2 and Th1 serum antibodies (total IgE, DFE-specific IgE, and IgG2a). Histological analysis showed that SCR markedly decreased the epidermal/dermal ear thickening and the dermal infiltration of inflammatory cells. Furthermore, SCR suppressed DFE/DNCB-induced expression of IL-4, IL-13, IL-17, IL-18, TSLP, and IFN-γ genes in the ear tissue. Taken together, our observations demonstrate that chronic oral administration of SCR exerts beneficial effect in mouse AD model, suggesting that SCR has the therapeutic potential as an orally active treatment of AD by modulating both Th1 and Th2 responses. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Phytotherapy Research
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    ABSTRACT: Xanthigen, a mixture of brown seaweed and pomegranate seed extracts, has weight loss properties and lipid-lowering effects in mice and humans. This study elucidated the Xanthigen mechanism of an anti-obesity activity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Xanthigen decreased expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in the adipose tissue of HFD-fed mice. The serum leptin level and the adipose tissue leptin expression in mice fed HFD plus Xanthigen were significantly decreased, compared to HFD-fed mice. Phosphorylation of AMPactivated protein kinase (AMPK) α and β and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) in the adipose tissue of HFD plus Xanthigen-fed mice was elevated, and HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) expression was decreased. Xanthigen may have an anti-obesity activity by down-regulation of PPARγ and activation of the AMPK pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Food science and biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: The nucleotide cofactor specificity of the DNA ligase from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Hyperthermus butylicus (Hbu) was studied to investigate the evolutionary relationship of DNA ligases. The Hbu DNA ligase gene was expressed under control of the T7lac promoter of pTARG in Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL. The expressed enzyme was purified using the IMPACT™-CN system (intein-mediated purification with an affinity chitin-binding tag) and cation-ion (Arg-tag) chromatography. The optimal temperature for Hbu DNA ligase activity was 75 °C, and the optimal pH was 8.0 in Tris-HCl. The activity was highly dependent on MgCl2 or MnCl2 with maximal activity above 5 mM MgCl2 and 2 mM MnCl2. Notably, Hbu DNA ligase can use ADP and GTP in addition to ATP. The broad nucleotide cofactor specificity of Hbu DNA ligase might exemplify an undifferentiated ancestral stage in the evolution of DNA ligases. This study provides new evidence for possible evolutionary relationships among DNA ligases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Extremophiles
  • Sung Suk Cho · Younguk Sun · Mi Yu · Suk Hyung Kwon · Suk-Tae Kwon
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    ABSTRACT: We cloned and sequenced the gene encoding Thermococcus pacificus dUTPase (Tpa dUTPase). The Tpa dUTPase gene consists of 471bp and encodes a 156-amino acid protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of Tpa dUTPase has high sequence similarity with other archaeal dUTPases. The Tpa dUTPase had an 18-kDa major protein band consistent with the 17,801Da molecular mass calculated based on the amino acid sequence. The specific activity of Tpa dUTPase on dUTP at 85°C was 90,909U/mg. For Tpa dUTPase activity, we determined an optimum pH of 8.5 and temperature of 85°C. Magnesium ions strongly induced activity, with an optimum concentration of 0.75mM. The half-life of the enzyme at 94°C was about 7h. The specific activity of the Tpa dUTPase on dUTP was about 10-20-fold higher than that of Tpa dUTPase on dCTP. Tpa dUTPase enhanced the PCR amplification efficiency of long targets when Pfu and Vent DNA polymerases were used.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the protective effect of orally administrated Rexflavone (Sophorae fructus extract) for the postmenopausal symptoms, a randomized double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial was designed. Rexflavone significantly improved 11 menopausal symptoms including hot flash, which was evaluated by the modified Kupperman Index (KI), while hormone level and lipid profile were little changed by consumption. Rexflavone group significantly decreased KI score (-14.91 +/- 8.79) compared to placebo group (-11.45 +/- 6.62) as a representative index for improvement of menopausal symptoms (p < 0.05). We found that Rexflavone has no adverse effect to be safe for long term consumption. It was shown that the consumption of Rexflavone possessed beneficial effects on the postmenopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: Three new prenylated isoflavones, 5,7-dihydroxy-6-(2''-hydroxy-3''-methylbut-3''-enyl)-4'-methoxylisoflavone (1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6-(3''-methylbut-2''-enyl)-2'''-(4'''-hydroxy-4'''-methylethyl)-3'''-methoxydihydrofurano-[4''',5''';7,8]isoflavone (2), and 5,4'-dihydroxy-8-(3''-methylbut-2''-enyl)-2'''-(4'''-hydroxy-4'''-methylethyl)furano-[4''',5''';6,7]isoflavone (3), a benzylated dihydroflavonol, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-8-p-hydroxybenzyldihydroflavonol (4), and eight known flavonoids (5-12) were isolated from the fruits of Cudrania tricuspidata. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of MS and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopic data, including 2D NMR experiments. Compounds 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, and 12 inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide production, with IC(50) values of 11.8-41.8 microM.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Journal of Natural Products
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    ABSTRACT: A new ent-abietane diterpenoid, 3alpha,6beta-dihydroxy-7,17-dioxo-ent-abieta-15(16)-ene (1), and three known ent-kaurane diterpenids, kamebacetal A (2), kamebakaurin (3), and excisanin A (4), and a known triterpenoid, ursolic acid (5), were isolated from the aerial parts of Isodon inflexus. Their chemical structures were determined by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data including 1D-and 2D-NMR experiments. All isolates (1-5) were evaluated for their potential to inhibit LPS-induced nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 cells. Of these, compounds 1-4 inhibited the production of NO with IC(50) values ranging from 1.0 to 26.5 microM.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether Pluronic F127 polymeric micelles could improve the oral bioavailability of a poor water-soluble drug, such as genistein. Genistein is a phytoestrogen that has estrogenic activity. F127 triblock copolymer consists of PEO100-PPO65-PEO100. Genistein was incorporated in the Pluronic F127 polymeric micelles by a solid dispersion method. The genistein release of genistein-loaded polymeric micelles was studied in vitro (in pH 1.2 and pH 6.8). And the oral bioavailabilities of genistein powder and genistein-loaded micelles were estimated at a dose of 4.0 mg/kg as genistein in rats. Drug loading amount and drug loading efficiency were 11.18% and 97.41%, respectively. The average size of the genistein-loaded polymeric micelles was 27.76 nm. And genistein release of the genistein-loaded polymeric micelles in vitro was 58% (pH 1.2) and 82% (pH 6.8). The bioavailability of genistein-loaded polymeric micelles was better than genistein powder. Consequently, Pluronic F127 polymeric micelles are an effective delivery system for the oral administration of genistein.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: Genistein (GT) is an isoflavone from Leguminosae and has received much attention as a phytoestrogen. Genistin is a glycoside form of GT (genistein-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, GT-glu) is mainly found in soy-derived foods. In this study, we examined the pharmacokinetic properties and bioavailability of GT in rats and compared with those of GT-glu. In order to characterize and compare the pharmacokinetics of GT and GT-glu, these compounds were administered intravenously and orally. The plasma concentration of GT was determined by HPLC after enzymatic hydrolysis. After oral administration of GT with various doses (4, 20, 40 mg/kg), the bioavailability of GT was 38.58, 24.34 and 30.75%, respectively. The T(max), C(max) and AUC(0-infinity) of GT after oral administration of GT (40 mg/kg), were 2h, 4876.19 ng/ml, 31,269.66 ng h/ml, respectively. When smaller amount of GT was administered, the faster T(max) was observed. Oral administration of GT-glu resulted in longer T(max), lower C(max), and greater bioavailability than that of GT. The pharmacokinetic parameters of GT following oral administration of GT-glu (64 mg/kg as GT-glu, 40 mg/kg as GT) were obtained as follows: 8h (T(max)), 3763.96 ng/ml (C(max)), 51,221.08 ng h/ml (AUC(0-infinity)) and 48.66% (absolute bioavailability), respectively. These results indicate that the oral bioavailability of GT-glu is greater than that of GT.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
  • Seong Soo Joo · Suk Hyung Kwon · Kwang Woo Hwang · Do Ik Lee
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine if the isoflavones from Sophorae fructus (SISO) have potential clinical benefit in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the treatment of menopausal signs, such as the levels of total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). An additional aim was to present the potential antioxidant effect of SISO in a microglial cell line. For the animal model, the ovaries were removed from adult rats and the indicators of menopause were measured at the pre- and post-administration time points. Although no statistically significant correlation was found, SISO tended to decrease the TC level (p=0.15) and the FSH level (p=0.36), but to increase the HDL level (p=0.303). SISO (< 5 microg/mL) also exerted antioxidant activity on BV-2 microglial cells by inhibiting lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide. This cytoprotective effect was confirmed by trypan blue staining, which was used to test for cellular damage from H2O2. In conclusion, this study highlights the anti-menopausal and antioxidant effect of SISO in an ovariectomized rat model, as well as in microglial cells, and provides new clinical targets for the screening of phytoestrogens as potential candidates for HRT in menopausal women.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: The preventive effects of Sophorae Fructus extracts (I: hot water extract and II: combination product using I) on bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats were investigated. Sophorae Fructus extracts were orally administrated to OVX rats for 9 weeks. Ovariectomy caused the increase of body weight and deoxypyridinoline (Dpd: bone resorption marker) and decrease of calcium (Ca: bone formation marker) level in serum. Dpd level were significantly decreased and Ca levels were elevated at 9 weeks in Sophorae Fructus extracts administered groups after ovariectomy at a dose of 0.556 g/kg/day compared with control group. In administered groups, trabecular bone area (TBA) in the tibia and lumbar were also increased compared with control group in histomorphological analysis. The preventive or treatment effects of Sophorae Fructus extracts on bone loss in OVX rats appears to be due to suppression of bone turnover.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Archives of Pharmacal Research

Publication Stats

124 Citations
25.34 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Seegene Institute of Life Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008-2013
    • Rexgene Biotech. Ltd.
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005-2007
    • Chung-Ang University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea