[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified significant association between variants in MEIS1, BTBD9, and MAP2K5/SKOR1 and restless legs syndrome (RLS). However, many independent replication studies are needed to unequivocally establish a valid genotype-phenotype association across various populations. To further validate the GWAS findings, we investigated three variants, rs2300478 in MEIS1, rs9357271 in BTBD9, and rs1026732 in MAP2K5/SKOR1 in 38 RLS families and 189 RLS patients/560 controls from the US for their association with RLS.
Both family-based and population-based case-control association studies were carried out.
The family-based study showed that SNP rs1026732 in MAP2K5/SKOR1 was significantly associated with RLS (P=0.01). Case-control association studies showed significant association between all three variants and RLS (P=0.0001/OR=1.65, P=0.0021/OR=1.59, and P=0.0011/OR=1.55 for rs2300478, rs9357271, and rs1026732, respectively).
Variants in MEIS1, BTBD9, and MAP2K5/SKOR1 confer a significant risk of RLS in a US population.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We previously mapped a genetic locus for restless legs syndrome (RLS) to chromosome 9p22-24 (RLS3) and a later genome-wide association study (GWAS) implicated the PTPRD gene at the RLS3 locus as a susceptibility gene for RLS. However, from the standpoint of genetics, the GWAS association needs to be validated by independent studies. In this study, we used both family-based and population-based association studies to assess the association between PTPRD and RLS in an American Caucasian population.
We genotyped two intronic SNPs rs1975197 and rs4626664 in PTPRD in 144 family members from 15 families and a case control cohort of 189 patients and 560 controls. Direct DNA sequence analysis was used to screen coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of PTPRD for rare mutations.
A family-based sibling transmission disequilibrium test showed association of RLS with SNP rs1975197 (P = 0.015), but not with rs4626664 (P = 0.622). The association with rs1975197 was significantly replicated by a population-based case control association study (allelic P = 0.0004, odds ratio = 1.68; genotypic P = 0.0013 and 0.0003 for an additive and dominant model, respectively). One rare p.E1639D variant was identified in exon 39 in kindred RLS40005. The rare D1639 allele did not co-segregate with RLS in the family, suggesting that p.E1639D variant is not a causative mutation.
This represents the first independent study to validate the association between PTPRD variants and RLS. Both family-based and population-based association studies suggest that PTPRD variant rs1975197 confers risk of RLS.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Movement Disorders
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in the clinic, and accounts for more than 15% of strokes. Mutations in cardiac sodium channel alpha, beta1 and beta2 subunit genes (SCN5A, SCN1B, and SCN2B) have been identified in AF patients. We hypothesize that mutations in the sodium channel beta3 subunit gene SCN3B are also associated with AF. To test this hypothesis, we carried out a large scale sequencing analysis of all coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of SCN3B in 477 AF patients (28.5% lone AF) from the GeneID Chinese Han population. A novel A130V mutation was identified in a 46-year-old patient with lone AF, and the mutation was absent in 500 controls. Mutation A130V dramatically decreased the cardiac sodium current density when expressed in HEK293/Na(v)1.5 stable cell line, but did not have significant effect on kinetics of activation, inactivation, and channel recovery from inactivation. When co-expressed with wild type SCN3B, the A130V mutant SCN3B negated the function of wild type SCN3B, suggesting that A130V acts by a dominant negative mechanism. Western blot analysis with biotinylated plasma membrane protein extracts revealed that A130V did not affect cell surface expression of Na(v)1.5 or SCN3B, suggesting that mutant A130V SCN3B may not inhibit sodium channel trafficking, instead may affect conduction of sodium ions due to its malfunction as an integral component of the channel complex. This study identifies the first AF-associated mutation in SCN3B, and suggests that mutations in SCN3B may be a new pathogenic cause of AF.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a common autosomal dominant disorder with a high rate of penetrance. It is caused by the mutation of the tumor suppressor gene NF1, which encodes neurofibromin. The main function of neurofibromin is down-regulating the biological activity of the proto-oncoprotein Ras by acting as a Ras-specific GTPase activating protein. In this study, we identified a Chinese family affected with neurofibromatosis type 1. The known gene NF1 associated with NF1 was studied by linkage analysis and by direct sequencing of the entire coding region and exon-intron boundaries of the NF1 gene. The R1947X mutation of NF1 was identified, which was co-segregated with affected individuals in the Chinese family, but not present in unaffected family members. This is the first report, which states that the R1947X mutation of NF1 may be one of reasons for neurofibromatosis type 1 in Chinese population.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Genetics and Genomics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Proximal symphalangism (SYM1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by ankylosis of the proximal interphalangeal joints and fusion of carpal and tarsal bones. We identified and characterized two five-generation Chinese families with SYM1. The two families share some similarities (e.g., osseous fusion of interphalangeal joints of the 2-4 fingers) with SYM1 families with mutations in the NOG gene or the family with mutation R438L recently reported in the GDF5 gene (encoding a bone morphogenetic protein family member). However, they show some unique features including the absence of cuboid bone, the lack of shortness of the first and fifth metacarpal bones, and manifestation of flat feet. Genome-wide linkage analysis of the two families mapped the disease gene to marker D20S112 with a combined LOD score of 4.32. Mutational analysis revealed a novel E491K mutation in the GDF5 gene in both families. The mutation occurs at a highly conserved residue in the TGF-beta domain of GDF5 and represents the second GDF5 mutation identified for SYM1 to date. The E491K mutation co-segregated with the affected individuals in the two families, and did not exist in unaffected family members or 200 normal controls. These results indicate that defects in GDF5 can cause SYM1 in the Chinese population, and expand the spectrum of clinical phenotypes associated with mutant GDF5.
No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A four-generation Chinese family with 13 members affected with autosomal dominant congenital posterior polar cataract was studied. The purpose of this study was to identify the disease-causing gene in the family and to validate that mutations in CRYAB, the alphaB-crystallin gene, cause the congenital cataract.
Linkage analysis was performed with a panel of microsatellite markers flanking candidate genetic loci for cataracts, including 14 known autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) genes. For mutation analysis, the complete coding region and exon-intron boundaries of CRYAB were sequenced with DNA from the proband. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis for exon 1 of CRYAB was performed in all family members and 200 normal control subjects.
The disease gene in the Chinese family was mapped to chromosome 11 in region q22-22.3 with a maximum lod score of 4.52. Direct DNA sequence of CRYAB revealed a heterozygous C-->T transition at nucleotide 58, resulting in a novel 58 C-->T (Pro20Ser) mutation. The Pro20Ser mutation cosegregated with all affected individuals and was not present in unaffected members in the family or in 200 normal control subjects. The mutation occurs at the evolutionarily conserved residue Pro20 in the N-terminal region of alphaB-crystallin.
To date, only one CRYAB mutation has been associated with congenital isolated cataract. This study identified a second novel mutation in CRYAB in a large Chinese cataract family. Together, these results provide strong evidence that CRYAB is a pathogenic gene for congenital cataract.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is characterized by severe hypohidrosis, hypotrichosis, and hypodontia. It can be inherited in autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked patterns. Mutations in the EDA gene, which encodes ectodysplasin-A, are responsible for X-linked HED (XLHED). In the present study, we identified a Chinese Han family with XLHED. Direct DNA sequence analysis of the entire coding region and exon-intron boundaries of EDA identified a novel de novo mutation, c.573_574insT, in two affected males and one carrier female. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis showed that the mutation was not present in 200 controls. The 1-bp insertion mutation resulted in a frameshift, which causes premature termination of EDA polypeptide and truncation of the EDA protein. These results suggest that the c.573_574insT mutation of the EDA gene is a cause for XLHED in the family. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first de novo insertion mutation of EDA described for XLHED.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of Human Genetics