Thomas Staudinger

Vienna General Hospital, Wien, Vienna, Austria

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Publications (125)503.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Some patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) require intensive care unit (ICU) admission prior to or during chemotherapy. We analyzed all unscheduled ICU admissions in 331 consecutive patients (18-93 years) with newly diagnosed DLBCL. Thirty-seven patients (11.2%) required ICU treatment primarily due to hemodynamic (37.8%) or respiratory failure (24.3%). Bulky disease and high IPI score were predictive of ICU admission in the early course. ICU and hospital survival was 75.7% and 70.3%, respectively. Overall survival in ICU patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL was worse compared to non-ICU-patients (40.7% vs. 72.7% at two years). However, survival of high-risk patients (IPI 3-5), continuous complete remission, and disease-free survival did not differ. Post-ICU survival was poor in patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL (0.1-10 months). Our observations favor unrestricted ICU support in DLBCL patients undergoing first-line therapy. ICU referral of patients with refractory/relapsed disease must be evaluated in the context of the hematologic prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Leukemia & lymphoma
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    ABSTRACT: Pump-driven veno-venous extracorporeal CO2-removal (ECCO2-R) increasingly takes root in hypercapnic lung failure to minimize ventilation invasiveness or to avoid intubation. A recently developed device (iLA activve(®), Novalung, Germany) allows effective decarboxylation via a 22 French double lumen cannula. To assess determinants of gas exchange, we prospectively evaluated the performance of ECCO2-R in ten patients receiving iLA activve(®) due to hypercapnic respiratory failure. Sweep gas flow was increased in steps from 1 to 14 L/min at constant blood flow (phase 1). Similarly, blood flow was gradually increased at constant sweep gas flow (phase 2). At each step gas transfer via the membrane as well as arterial blood gas samples were analyzed. During phase 1, we observed a significant increase in CO2 transfer together with a decrease in PaCO2 levels from a median of 66 mmHg (range 46-85) to 49 (31-65) mmHg from 1 to 14 L/min sweep gas flow (p < 0.0001), while arterial oxygenation deteriorated with high sweep gas flow rates. During phase 2, oxygen transfer significantly increased leading to an increase in PaO2 from 67 (49-87) at 0.5 L/min to 117 (66-305) mmHg at 2.0 L/min (p < 0.0001). Higher blood flows also significantly enhanced decarboxylation (p < 0.0001). Increasing sweep gas flow results in effective CO2-removal, which can be further reinforced by raising blood flow. The clinically relevant oxygenation effect in this setting could broaden the range of indications of the system and help to set up an individually tailored configuration.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Intensive Care Medicine

  • No preview · Article · May 2015 · Medizinische Klinik - Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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    A Hermann · K Riss · P Schellongowski · A Bojic · P Wohlfarth · O Robak · W Sperr · T Staudinger

    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Critical Care
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    Thomas Staudinger · Frédéric Pène

    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
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    ABSTRACT: In patients awaiting lung transplantation (LTX), adequate gas exchange may not be sufficiently achieved by mechanical ventilation alone if acute respiratory decompensation arises. We report on 20 patients with life-threatening hypercapnia who received extracorporeal CO2-removal (ECCO2-R) by means of the interventional lung assist (ILA®, Novalung, Germany) as bridge to LTX. The most common underlying diagnoses were bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, respectively. The type of ILA was pumpless arterio-venous or pump-driven veno-venous (ILA activve®, Novalung, Germany) in 10 patients each. ILA bridging was initiated in 15 invasively ventilated and 5 non-invasively ventilated patients, of whom 1 had to be intubated prior to LTX. Hypercapnia and acidosis were effectively corrected in all patients within the first 12 hours of ILA therapy: PaCO2 declined from 109 (70-146) to 57 (45-64) mmHg, P < 0.0001; pH increased from 7.20 (7.06-7.28) to 7.39 (7.35-7.49), P < 0.0001. Four patients were switched to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation due to progressive hypoxia or circulatory failure. Nineteen patients (95%) were successfully transplanted. Hospital and 1-year survival was 75 and 72%, respectively. Bridging to LTX with ECCO2-R delivered by arterio-venous pumpless or veno-venous pump-driven ILA is feasible and associated with high transplantation and survival rates.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Transplant International
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO) is pivotal in the treatment of patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Comparative data with different oxygenator models have not yet been reported. The aim of this retrospective investigation was therefore to assess whether different oxygenator types might influence changing frequency, infection incidence, and mortality in patients on vv-ECMO. Methods: 42 patients undergoing vv-ECMO between 1998 and 2009 were identified. In 20 out of these patients, a polypropylene (PP) microporous hollow fiber membrane oxygenator, and in 22 patients a nonmicroporous polymethylpentene (PMP) diffusion membrane oxygenator was used. Infection incidence, changing frequency, and mortality were documented. Results: In the PMP group, an oxygenator change was necessary less often than in the PP group (p<0.001). The incidence of bacterial, viral, or fungal growth was similar in the groups, thus independent of the frequency of oxygenator change. Irrespective of the groups, the occurrence of Candida sp. tended to correlate with death (p = 0.06). In general, there was a trend towards a higher infection incidence in the subgroup with pulmonary ARDS (p = 0.07). Moreover, infection incidence was associated with a longer ICU stay (p = 0.03) and longer ECMO therapy (p = 0.03). ICU mortality was lower in the PMP group than in the PP group, although not statistically significant (p = 0.10). Conclusions: The PMP oxygenator membranes showed benefits with regards to changing frequency, but not infection incidence, length of ICU stay, and length of ECMO therapy. There was a trend towards a lower ICU mortality in patients with PMP oxygenators.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · The International journal of artificial organs
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    Frédéric Pène · Jorge I F Salluh · Thomas Staudinger

    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Intensive Care Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Abdominal infections are frequent causes of sepsis and septic shock in the intensive care unit (ICU) and are associated with adverse outcomes. We analyzed the characteristics, treatments and outcome of ICU patients with abdominal infections using data extracted from a one-day point prevalence study, the Extended Prevalence of Infection in the ICU (EPIC) II. Methods: EPIC II included 13,796 adult patients from 1,265 ICUs in 75 countries. Infection was defined using the International Sepsis Forum criteria. Microbiological analyses were performed locally. Participating ICUs provided patient follow-up until hospital discharge or for 60 days. Results: Of the 7,087 infected patients, 1,392 (19.6%) had an abdominal infection on the study day (60% male, mean age 62 +/- 16 years, SAPS II score 39 +/- 16, SOFA score 7.6 +/- 4.6). Microbiological cultures were positive in 931 (67%) patients, most commonly Gram-negative bacteria (48.0%). Antibiotics were administered to 1366 (98.1%) patients. Patients who had been in the ICU for <= 2 days prior to the study day had more Escherichia coli, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus and anaerobic isolates, and fewer enterococci than patients who had been in the ICU longer. ICU and hospital mortality rates were 29.4% and 36.3%, respectively. ICU mortality was higher in patients with abdominal infections than in those with other infections (29.4% vs. 24.4%, p < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, hematological malignancy, mechanical ventilation, cirrhosis, need for renal replacement therapy and SAPS II score were independently associated with increased mortality. Conclusions: The characteristics, microbiology and antibiotic treatment of abdominal infections in critically ill patients are diverse. Mortality in patients with isolated abdominal infections was higher than in those who had other infections.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · BMC Infectious Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Prognostic factors and outcomes of cancer patients with acute organ failure receiving chemotherapy (CT) in the intensive care unit (ICU) are still incompletely described. We therefore retrospectively studied all patients who received CT in any ICU of our institution between October 2006 and November 2013. Fifty-six patients with hematologic (n = 49; 87.5 %) or solid (n = 7; 12.5 %) malignancies, of which 20 (36 %) were diagnosed in the ICU, were analyzed [m/f ratio, 33:23; median age, 47 years (IQR 32 to 62); Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), 3 (2 to 5); Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II), 50 (39 to 61)]. The main reasons for admission were acute respiratory failure, acute kidney failure, and septic shock. Mechanical ventilation and vasopressors were employed in 34 patients (61 %) respectively, hemofiltration in 22 (39 %), and extracorporeal life support in 7 (13 %). Twenty-seven patients (48 %) received their first CT in the ICU. Intention of therapy was cure in 46 patients (82 %). Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) developed in 20 patients (36 %). ICU and hospital survival was 75 and 59 %. Hospital survivors were significantly younger; had lower CCI, SAPS II, and TLS risk scores; presented less often with septic shock; were less likely to develop TLS; and received vasopressors, hemofiltration, and thrombocyte transfusions in lower proportions. After discharge, 88 % continued CT and 69 % of 1-year survivors were in complete remission. Probability of 1- and 2-year survival was 41 and 38 %, respectively. Conclusively, administration of CT in selected ICU cancer patients was feasible and associated with considerable long-term survival as well as long-term disease-free survival.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: ILA Activve is a new minimally invasive device for extracorporeal CO2-removal (ECCO2-R) using a miniaturized pump, a special gas exchange membrane and a double lumen cannula. We retrospectively analyzed our experiences in twelve patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure undergoing ECCO2-R.Indication for ECCO2-R was hypercapnia due to terminal lung failure during bridging to lung transplantation, pneumonia, and COPD or asthma, respectively. The median duration of ECCO2-R was 8 days (range 2-30). Seven patients were successfully weaned, five died. Patients with primarily hypoxic lung failure were significantly longer ventilated prior to ECCO2-R and had a higher mortality rate. Complications were a retroperitoneal hematoma after cannulation in one patient and repeated system changes due to clotting in two patients. We observed effective CO2 removal in all patients with significant reduction of ventilation pressures and minute volumes at median blood flow rates of 1.2 - 1.4 L/min.The iLA Activve system using venous double lumen cannulas proved to be an effective method for extracorporeal CO2 removal. Invasiveness of ventilation could be reduced. Additional severe impairment of oxygenation or prolonged mechanical ventilation prior to ECCO2-R are factors of adverse prognosis. Use of ECCO2-R should be thoroughly reconsidered in these cases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs: 1992)
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    ABSTRACT: A patient suffering from severe cutaneous graft versus host disease (GvHD) developed generalized epidermolysis and refractory hypothermia. Due to the insufficient effect of traditional rewarming methods, an endovascular temperature catheter was placed via the femoral vein to achieve and maintain normothermia over a period of 31 days. This case shows that an endovascular temperature modulation device primarily made for short-term use may be safe and effective even over weeks and may offer an alternative to other rewarming methods in patients with severe epidermolysis and burns.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Medizinische Klinik - Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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    ABSTRACT: Background Infections are a leading cause of death in patients with advanced cirrhosis, but there are relatively few data on the epidemiology of infection in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with cirrhosis. AimsWe used data from the Extended Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care (EPIC) II one-day point-prevalence study to better define the characteristics of infection in these patients. Methods We compared characteristics, including occurrence and types of infections in non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic patients who had not undergone liver transplantation. ResultsThe EPIC II database includes 13,796 adult patients from 1,265 ICUs: 410 of the patients had cirrhosis. The prevalence of infection was higher in cirrhotic than in non-cirrhotic patients (59 vs. 51%, p<0.01). The lungs were the most common site of infection in all patients, but abdominal infections were more common in cirrhotic than in non-cirrhotic patients (30 vs. 19%, p<0.01). Infected cirrhotic patients more often had Gram-positive (56 vs. 47%, p<0.05) isolates than did infected non-cirrhotic patients. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was more frequent in cirrhotic patients. The hospital mortality rate of cirrhotic patients was 42%, compared to 24% in the non-cirrhotic population (p<0.001). Severe sepsis and septic shock were associated with higher in-hospital mortality rates in cirrhotic than in non-cirrhotic patients (41% and 71% vs. 30% and 49%, respectively, p<0.05). Conclusions Infection is more common in cirrhotic than in non-cirrhotic ICU patients and more commonly due to Gram-positive organisms, including MRSA. Infection in patients with cirrhosis was associated with higher mortality rates than in non-cirrhotic patients.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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    Juliane Lippoldt · Elisabeth Pernicka · Thomas Staudinger
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    ABSTRACT: Background Increased elevation of the head of the bed is linked to a higher risk for sacral pressure ulcers. A semirecumbent position of at least 30° is recommended for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients treated with mechanical ventilation. Therefore, prevention of pressure ulcers and prevention of pneumonia seem to demand contradictory, possibly incompatible, positioning. Objectives To measure pressure at the interface between sacral skin and the supporting surface in healthy volunteers at different degrees of upright position with different types of mattresses. Methods An open, prospective, randomized crossover trial was conducted with 20 healthy volunteers. Interface pressure was measured by using a pressure mapping device with the participant in a supine position at 0, 10°, 30°, and 45° elevation and in the reverse Trendelenburg position at 10° and 30°. Four types of mattresses were examined: 2 different foam mattresses and 2 air suspension beds, 1 of the latter with low-air-loss technology. Results Peak sacral interface pressures increased significantly only at 45° of backrest elevation (P < .001). A mattress system with low-air-loss technology significantly reduced peak interface pressures at all angles (P < .001). The reverse Trendelenburg position led to lower peak pressures for all positions (P = .01). Conclusions Backrest elevation up to 30° might be a compromise between the seemingly incompatible demands of skin integrity and the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. The reverse Trendelenburg position and a mattress system with low-air-loss technology could be additional useful tools to help prevent skin breakdown at the sacrum.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · American Journal of Critical Care
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    ABSTRACT: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is the main reason for intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in patients with hematologic malignancies (HM). We report the first series of adult patients with ARF and HM treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). This is a retrospective cohort study on 14 patients with HM (aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) n = 5; highly aggressive NHL, that is acute lymphoblastic leukemia or Burkitt's lymphoma, n = 5; Hodgkin's lymphoma, n = 2; acute myeloid leukemia, n = 1; multiple myeloma, n = 1) receiving ECMO support due to ARF (all data as medians and interquartile ranges; age: 32 years (22 to 51); simplified acute physiology score II (SAPS II): 51 (42 to 65)). Etiology of ARF was pneumonia (n = 10), thoracic manifestation of NHL (n = 2), sepsis of non-pulmonary origin (n = 1), and transfusion related acute lung injury (n = 1). Diagnosis of HM was established during ECMO in four patients, and five firstly received (immuno-) chemotherapy on ECMO. Prior to ECMO, the PaO2/FiO2-ratio was 60 (53 to 65) and the lung injury score 3.3 (3.3 to 3.7). Three patients received veno-arterial ECMO due acute circulatory failure in addition to ARF, all other patients received veno-venous ECMO. All patients needed vasopressors and five needed hemofiltration. Thrombocytopenia occurred in all patients (lowest platelet count was 20 (11 to 21) G/L). Five major bleeding events were noted. ECMO duration was 8.5 (4 to 16) days. ICU and hospital survival was 50%. All survivors were alive at follow-up (36 (10 to 58) months), five patients were in complete remission, one in partial remission, and one had relapsed. ECMO therapy is feasible in selected patients with HM and ARF and can be associated with long-term disease-free survival.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Critical care (London, England)
  • P Schellongowski · T Staudinger
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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of hyperleukocytosis (leukocytes > 100.000/μl) is associated with complications such as leukostasis, tumor lysis and consumption coagulopathy in patients with acute leukemia much more often than in patients with chronic malignant hematological diseases. To manage these situations may be complex as organ failure is often imminent or manifest, infectious complications arise and indications for induction chemotherapy are usually urgent. Prophylaxis and therapy of the tumor lysis syndrome consists of hydration, lowering of uric acid and the management of electrolyte disturbances. Leukostasis requires immediate reduction of the leukocyte count by leukapheresis, administration of hydroxycarbamide and, ultimately, by causative and specific treatment of the underlying disease itself. In patients with curable diseases or favorable long-term prognosis, transfer to the intensive care unit must be evaluated early in the course of impending organ dysfunction, especially in cases of acute respiratory failure.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Der Internist
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    ABSTRACT: Background Patients with follicular lymphoma ineligible for standard treatment with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab represent a considerable challenge as they require alternative therapeutic approaches. Patient and methods We describe a patient who experienced a severe episode of serum sickness. Antichimeric antibodies against rituximab were verified in an early stage of disease, rendering further use of the drug impossible. After five treatment lines he developed progressive follicular lymphoma with skin involvement, which was treated with lenalidomide monotherapy. Results Six cycles of lenalidomide monotherapy (25 mg orally for 21 days, 1 week off) led to a very good partial response rendering the patient eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Data on efficacy of lenalidomide in follicular lymphoma are reviewed. Conclusion As shown here, single-agent lenalidomide represent a therapeutic option for pretreated patients with follicular lymphoma ineligible for rituximab.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in intensive care units (ICUs) and has enormous relevance in health economics. There is growing evidence, however, that a significant percentage of patients with sepsis are not treated in an ICU. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and short- and long-term mortality of sepsis according to patients' location on general wards or in an ICU over a period of a year. We retrospectively collected data on patients with sepsis admitted to the General Hospital of Vienna during a 12-month period. We used world health organization (WHO) ICD-10 classification as the selection criterion and analyzed demographic data, length of stay, and 28-day, hospital, and 3-year mortality on general wards and in the ICU. A total of 68,305 inpatient admission episodes between January 1 and December 31, 2007 were screened for sepsis. Using ICD-10 codes we identified 139 patients with sepsis, giving a cumulative hospital incidence of 2 cases/1,000 admissions; 32 % of these patients needed ICU treatment. The overall 28-day mortality rate was 29.5 %, increasing to 55.4 % 3 years after hospital discharge. On general wards the 28-day mortality rate was 12.6 %, increasing to 42.1 % 3 years after discharge; the respective rates for the ICU were 65.9 and 84.1 %. Sepsis is a disease of predominantly elderly patients. The majority of sepsis occurred on general wards and about 30 % in the ICU. Considerable number of patients with sepsis on general wards died after hospital discharge, thus the often used 28-day in-hospital mortality rate may fail to capture the true impact of sepsis on subsequent outcome.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Wiener klinische Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by damage to the lung caused by various insults, including ventilation itself, and tidal hyperinflation can lead to ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effects of a low tidal volume (V(T)) strategy (V(T) ≈ 3 ml/kg/predicted body weight [PBW]) using pumpless extracorporeal lung assist in established ARDS. Methods: Seventy-nine patients were enrolled after a 'stabilization period' (24 h with optimized therapy and high PEEP). They were randomly assigned to receive a low V(T) ventilation (≈3 ml/kg) combined with extracorporeal CO2 elimination, or to a ARDSNet strategy (≈6 ml/kg) without the extracorporeal device. The primary outcome was the 28-days and 60-days ventilator-free days (VFD). Secondary outcome parameters were respiratory mechanics, gas exchange, analgesic/sedation use, complications and hospital mortality. Results: Ventilation with very low V(T)'s was easy to implement with extracorporeal CO2-removal. VFD's within 60 days were not different between the study group (33.2 ± 20) and the control group (29.2 ± 21, p = 0.469), but in more hypoxemic patients (PaO2/FIO2 ≤150) a post hoc analysis demonstrated significant improved VFD-60 in study patients (40.9 ± 12.8) compared to control (28.2 ± 16.4, p = 0.033). The mortality rate was low (16.5%) and did not differ between groups. Conclusions: The use of very low V(T) combined with extracorporeal CO2 removal has the potential to further reduce VILI compared with a 'normal' lung protective management. Whether this strategy will improve survival in ARDS patients remains to be determined (Clinical trials NCT 00538928).
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Intensive Care Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Estimating attributable mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia has been hampered by confounding factors, small sample sizes, and the difficulty of doing relevant subgroup analyses. We estimated the attributable mortality using the individual original patient data of published randomised trials of ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention. METHODS: We identified relevant studies through systematic review. We analysed individual patient data in a one-stage meta-analytical approach (in which we defined attributable mortality as the ratio between the relative risk reductions [RRR] of mortality and ventilator-associated pneumonia) and in competing risk analyses. Predefined subgroups included surgical, trauma, and medical patients, and patients with different categories of severity of illness scores. FINDINGS: Individual patient data were available for 6284 patients from 24 trials. The overall attributable mortality was 13%, with higher mortality rates in surgical patients and patients with mid-range severity scores at admission (ie, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score [APACHE] 20-29 and simplified acute physiology score [SAPS 2] 35-58). Attributable mortality was close to zero in trauma, medical patients, and patients with low or high severity of illness scores. Competing risk analyses could be done for 5162 patients from 19 studies, and the overall daily hazard for intensive care unit (ICU) mortality after ventilator-associated pneumonia was 1·13 (95% CI 0·98-1·31). The overall daily risk of discharge after ventilator-associated pneumonia was 0·74 (0·68-0·80), leading to an overall cumulative risk for dying in the ICU of 2·20 (1·91-2·54). Highest cumulative risks for dying from ventilator-associated pneumonia were noted for surgical patients (2·97, 95% CI 2·24-3·94) and patients with mid-range severity scores at admission (ie, cumulative risks of 2·49 [1·81-3·44] for patients with APACHE scores of 20-29 and 2·72 [1·95-3·78] for those with SAPS 2 scores of 35-58). INTERPRETATION: The overall attributable mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia is 13%, with higher rates for surgical patients and patients with a mid-range severity score at admission. Attributable mortality is mainly caused by prolonged exposure to the risk of dying due to increased length of ICU stay. FUNDING: None.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Publication Stats

2k Citations
503.16 Total Impact Points


  • 1996-2015
    • Vienna General Hospital
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 1995-2014
    • Medical University of Vienna
      • • Intensive Care Unit
      • • Department of Medicine I
      • • Institut für Sozialmedizin
      • • Department of Radiology
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2013
    • Maastricht University
      • Department of Intensive Care
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2005
    • IST Austria
      Klosterneuberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • 1993-2003
    • University of Vienna
      • • Clinic for Internal Medicine I
      • • Department of Internal Medicine III
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 1999
    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany