Hae-Ryong Park

Kyungnam University, 창녕읍, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea

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Publications (65)97.36 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two new glabretal triterpenes, pancastatins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the immature fruits of Poncirus trifoliata. Their chemical structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses including one- and two-dimensional NMR and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited selective cytotoxicity against PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells under low-glucose stress conditions.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of phenolic compounds, possessing outstanding antioxidant activity corresponding to ascorbic acid, in wasted acorn shells was revealed by means of thermochemolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (thermochemolysis-GC/MS) in the presence of organic alkalis. The chromatogram of intact acorn shell samples obtained by thermochemolysis-GC/MS using tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) showed a strong peak of 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid methyl ester. This product was also clearly observed on the chromatograms of the methanol and water extracts from the acorn shells, indicating that 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid methyl ester was derived from free and/or esterified gallic acids through the thermochemolysis reaction. Based on the peak intensities, the contents of gallic acid components were determined as ca. 27 wt% for the both extracts. Furthermore, the content of free gallic acid was selectively estimated with discriminating from its esterified counterpart by using tetramethylammonium acetate (TMAAc) as a methylating reagent. These results were also correlated with high antioxidant activity of the acorn shell extracts evaluated by a DPPH radical scavenging method.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
  • Jeung-Min Lee · Dahee Koo · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: Many successful therapeutic drug, including several anticancer agents, have been isolated for natural products. In a recent screen of methanolic extracts from several natural products, we isolated an active compound, from the methanolic extract of persimmon calyx, which promoted cytotoxicity and apoptosis in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. This compound was identified as 28-oxoallobetulin, a prototypical compound, by UV-MS analysis and various NMR spectroscopic methods. The highly cytotoxic effects of 28-oxoallobetulin on HT-29 cells were demonstrated using MTT reduction, LDH release, and colony formation assays. Furthermore, we were able to detect apoptotic bodies in HT-29 cells by Hoechst staining as well as flow cytometric analysis for the presence of sub-G1 DNA peaks, indicative of apoptotic cells. Finally apoptosis in HT-29 cells following 28-oxoallobetulin treatment was also confirmed by the presence of activated caspase-3 and specific proteolytic cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Food science and biotechnology
  • Eun-Soon Son · Jeong-Un Choi · Kyung-Jin Lee · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the selective cytotoxic activity of methanolic extracts of Saururus chinensis (SCE) was examined on glucose-deprived HT-29 cells. The effects of SCE on 2-deoxy-glucose (2DG) or glucose-free stressed HT-29 cells were evaluated through the MTT reduction assay, morphological observations, and the colony formation assay, in which SCE (5, 10 μg/mL) was found to be highly toxic to HT-29 cells only during glucose-deprived conditions. In addition, the mechanism of selective cytotoxic effects on SCE was assessed by Western blot analysis; SCE suppressed the accumulation of GRP78. Furthermore, apoptotic effects of SCE on glucose-deprived HT-29 cells were identified by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometric analysis. In conclusion, SCE induced apoptosis in HT-29 cells under glucose-deprived conditions by down-regulation of GRP78. Cytotoxic effects on HT-29 cells were only observed during glucose deprivation, suggesting that SCE may be a target for novel therapeutic agents for treating colon cancer under glucose-deprived stress.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Food science and biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: In our study, each part (flesh, white rind, and green rind) of watermelon was extracted using hydrothermal extraction method at temperatures ranging from 100 to at the intervals of 10, 30, and 60 min. We found that hydrothermal treatment has a significant bearing not only on tyrosinase inhibitory activity but also on neuronal cell protection of watermelon parts. The peak tyrosinase inhibitory activity (about 93%) was observed in both the flesh and green rind extracts at for 60 min. In addition, we observed that hydrothermal extracts of watermelon parts at for 60 min also evidenced significant protection effect for neuronal cell against in a concentrationdependent manner. The results of this study confirm that hydrothermal treatment may be an efficient processing method for the purpose of obtaining potent bioactive substances from watermelon.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
  • Youngkyoung Kang · Jeong-Un Choi · Eun-Ah Lee · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: In the course of screening program for skin whitening compounds, flaniostatin (FST) was isolated from the leaves of Cudrania tricuspidata as a novel inhibitor of tyrosinase. The structure of FST was determined by ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic analyses as a new isoflavone glycoside. The FST was exhibited a tyrosinase inhibitory effect in a dose-dependent manner. This effect was higher than that of arbutin at the same concentrations. These results indicated that FST isolated from C. tricuspidata may be a positive tool for skin-whitening agent research.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Food science and biotechnology
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    Young-Kyoung Kang · Eun-Ah Lee · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: In an attempt to identify the neuroprotective effect of Cudrania tricuspidata (CT) leaves against ROS (reactive oxygen species)-induced oxidative stress in neuronal cells, the extracts from CT leaves were investigated using PC12 cells and N18-RE-105 cells. The methanolic and ethanolic extracts from CT were denoted as CTM (Cudrania tricuspidata Leaves methanolic extracts) and CTE (Cudrania tricuspidata Leaves ethanolic extracts), respectively. The neuroprotective effects of the extracts were measured by DCF-DA assay, MTT reduction assay, and LDH release assay. The PC12 cells exposed to -induced oxidative stress and the N18-RE-105 cells exposed to glutamate-induced oxidative stress were treated with various concentrations of CTM and CTE. The results, CTM treatments resulted in the induction of a dose-dependent protective effect in PC12 cells and N18-RE-105 cells. Interestingly, CTE also showed neuroprotective effect in PC12 cells and N18-RE-105 cells. Therefore, these results suggest that CTM and CTE could be a new potential candidate as neuroprotective agents against ROS-induced oxidative stress in neuronal cells.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibiting the unfolded protein response (UPR) can be a therapeutic approach, especially for targeting the tumor microenvironment. Here, we show that compound C (also known as dorsomorphin), a small-molecule inhibitor of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, inhibit the UPR-induced transcription program depending on the glucose deprivation conditions. We found that compound C prevented UPR marker glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) accumulation and exerted enhanced cytotoxicity during glucose deprivation. Gene expression profiling, together with biochemical analysis, revealed that compound C had a unique mode of action to suppress the transcriptional activation of UPR-targeted genes, as compared with the classic UPR inhibitors versipelostatin and biguanides. Surprisingly, the UPR-inhibiting activity of compound C was not associated with either AMPK or BMP signaling inhibition. We further found that combination treatments of compound C and the classic UPR inhibitors resulted in synergistic cell death with UPR suppression during glucose deprivation. Our findings demonstrate that compound C could be a unique tool for developing a UPR-targeted antitumor therapy.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2012 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Caffeine, a psychoactive stimulant, has been implicated in the modulation of learning and memory functions due to its action as a non-selective adenosine receptors antagonist. On the contrary, some side effects of caffeine have been reported, such as an increased energy loss and metabolic rate, decrease DNA synthesis in the spleen, and increased oxidative damage to exert on LDL particles. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a safe stimulant from natural plants mixture (Aralia elata, Acori graminei Rhizoma, Chrysanthemum, Dandleion, Guarana, Shepherd's purse) that can be used as a substitute for caffeine. Thirty SD rats were divided into three groups; control group, caffeine group (15.0 mg/kg, i.p.), and natural plants mixture group (NP, 1 mL/kg, p.o.). The effect of NP extract on stimulant activity was evaluated with open-field test (OFT) and plus maze test for measurement of behavioral profiles. Plasma lipid profiles, lipid peroxidation in LDL (conjugated dienes), total antioxidant capacity (TRAP) and DNA damage in white blood, liver, and brain cells were measured. In the OFT, immobility time was increased significantly by acute (once) and chronic (3 weeks) supplementation of NP and showed a similar effect to caffeine treatment. Three weeks of caffeine treatment caused plasma lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in liver cells, whereas there were no changes in the NP group. NP group showed a higher plasma HDL cholesterol concentration compared to the caffeine group. The results indicate that the natural plants mixture had a stimulant effect without inducing oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to assess the neuroprotective effects of methanolic extracts from sweet persimmon peel (PPE) against glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in hybridoma N18-RE-105 cells. The neuroprotective effects of PPE in N18-RE-105 cells were measured using the MTT reduction assay, LDH release assay, and phase-contrast microscopy. The results of the MTT reduction assay showed that treating cells with 500 PPE resulted in cell viability of 66.9%. Additionally, the morphological changes and the results of the LDH release assay showed that glutamate-induced damage to nerve cells was strongly inhibited by PPE. GSH content of N18-RE-105 cells was 3.5 compared to that of the control, whereas pretreatment with 500 PPE increased GSH content by 4.7 . PPE was fractionated with hexane, and that layer had the highest neuroprotective effects in glutamate-stressed N18-RE-105 cells. In conclusion, our data showed that glutamate potentiated the effects of N18-RE-105 cell death by a mechanism involving oxidative stress. Therefore, PPE may be a potential candidate for prevention and therapy of neurodegenerative diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011
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    Kyung-Jin Jo · Jeung-Min Lee · Seung-Cheol Lee · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: Natural products are the source of numerous therapeutic agents. Recent progress in the discovery of drugs from natural products has resulted in development of compounds for use in cancer treatment. Results from this study demonstrated that methanolic extracts of persimmon calyx (PCE) have cytotoxic effects in human cancer cells. Through MTT reduction assay, lactate dehydrogenase release assay, morphological assay, and colony formation assay, highly cytotoxic effects were demonstrated in human cancer cells treated with various concentrations of PCE. As expected, PCE inhibited growth of HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, 500 µg/ml of PCE showed 31.1% inhibition against HT-29 cells. Interestingly, characteristics of apoptosis, including chromatin condensation and sharking, were shown to occur in HT-29 cells 24 h after treatment with 500 µg/ml of PCE. In addition, PCE also showed cytotoxic activity against HeLa and PANC-1 cells, as well as HT-29 cells. These results indicate that PCE contains bioactive materials and that it is a potential candidate for use as a chemotherapeutic agent against human cancer cells.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of medicinal plant research
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    ABSTRACT: 4,8-Dihydroxy-5-methoxy-2-naphthaldehyde (Compound I) was isolated from blackened heartwood of Diospyros kaki and was methylated with diazomethane. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Compound I and two methylated derivatives [4-hydroxy-5,8-dimethoxy-2-(2-oxopropyl)-naphthalene (D-1) and 2-glycidyl-4-hydroxy-5,8-dimethoxy naphthalene (D-2)] were evaluated. Compound I showed higher 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and reducing power than D-1 and D-2. However, D-1 and D-2 exhibited slightly stronger 2,2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)+ (ABTS+) radical scavenging activity than Compound I. Compound I also exhibited stronger cytotoxic activity than D-1 and D-2 against the growth of HT-29 colon cancer cells. The results supported the hypothesis that methylation of naphthalene derivatives slightly increased ABTS+ radical scavenging activity, but significantly decreased DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and cytotoxic activity. Key wordsNaphthalene derivatives–Persimmon wood–Antioxidant activity–Cytotoxic activity
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of Wood Science
  • Jae-Hee Park · Won-Mi Chu · Jeung-Min Lee · Hae-Ryong Park · Eun-Ju Park
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate antihyperglycemic effect of Gleditschiae Spina (GS) in streptozotocin (STZ)-nicotinamide (NA)-induced type 2 diabetic rats. The rats were divided into four groups: normal control (NC), diabetic control (DC), diabetic rats supplemented with acarbose (AC, 4 mg/kg), and with GS ethanol extracts (GSE, 50 mg/kg). Weekly fasting blood glucose (FBG) for 10 weeks and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 10th week were monitored using glucose oxidase-peroxidase reactive strips. The FBG level was significantly reduced in AC group after 8 weeks and in GSE group at the end of period. The AUCs for the glucose response from OGTT and blood glucose level after sacrifice were significantly lower in the AC and GSE groups than the DC group. GSE supplementation significantly increased plasma total radical-trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP) in STZ-NA-induced diabetic rats, compared with DC group. The present study indicates that GSE could ameliorate type 2 diabetes and be comparable to acarbose, a standard hypoglycemic drug. Also, we suggest that GSE may possess antioxidant activity against the STZ-NA-induced oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to investigate the physiological activities of stings of Gleditsia sinensis extracts. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring total phenolic contents (TPC), comet assay, and 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (RSA). Anti-diabetic activity was measured by inhibition activities on -glucosidase. Stings of Gleditsia sinensis extracts were prepared by extracting them with methanol and ethanol. The methanolic extracts showed the highest phenol content (1.12 g/100 g gallic acid equivalents). The -glucosidase inhibitory activity of methanol extracts were 17.9% higher, and that of ethanol extracts were 10.3% higher at a concentration of 1 mg/ml. These results indicate that stings of Gleditsia sinensis might be potential candidates as antioxidant and anti-diabetic agents.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011
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    ABSTRACT: Postmortem examinations of tissues of humans and rodents with a host of neurodegenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, have identified oxidative damage in proteins, lipids, and DNA. The aim of this study was to better understand the cellular mechanisms of neuronal cell degeneration induced via oxidative stress and the protective roles of bioactive substance. In order to achieve this aim, we established a screening program to discover therapeutic agents that exhibit preferential neuroprotective activity in H(2)O(2)-treated PC12 cells. During the course of our screening program, we isolated an active compound, SG-168, from Dendrobium nobile Lindley and identified it as a neuroprotective agent. SG-168 was identified as a compound with an acetal skeleton, a prototypical compound, by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry analysis and various nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic methods. The protective effect of SG-168 in PC12 cells with H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative damage was investigated by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide reduction assay. As expected, incubation with H(2)O(2) for 2 hours resulted in cell viability of 31.8% compared to the control, while pretreatment of SG-168 increased cell viability by 15-50% compared to the H(2)O(2)-stressed control cells. These results showed that SG-168 inhibits H(2)O(2)-induced apoptotic cell death. Interestingly, flow cytometric analysis showed that H(2)O(2)-treated PC12 cells incubated with SG-168 exhibited greatly suppressed apoptosis. In summation, the results of this study suggest that SG-168 has potential as a new antioxidant agent against neuronal diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of medicinal food
  • Hae-Ryong Park · Kazuo Furihata · Yoichi Hayakawa · Kazuo Shin-ya
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · ChemInform
  • Jeung-Min Lee · Jae-Hee Park · Hae-Ryong Park · Eun-Ju Park
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    ABSTRACT: The physiological activities of Strychnos nux-vomica extracts were investigated through the total phenolic contents (TPC), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (RSA), comet assay, and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. S. nux-vomica extracts were prepared with methanol, ethanol, and acetone. The methanol extract showed the highest phenolic content (71 mg/100 g gallic acid equivalents). Pretreatment with S. nux-vomica extracts resulted in significant reductions in oxidative DNA damage at all of the concentrations tested (1&50 μg/mL). The α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of a methanol extract was 12.8% at the concentration of 1 mg/mL. Therefore, these results indicate that S. nux-vomica might be a noble potential candidate exhibiting antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer cells in poorly vascularized solid tumors are constantly or intermittently exposed to stressful microenvironments, including glucose deprivation, hypoxia, and other forms of nutrient starvation. These tumor-specific conditions, especially glucose deprivation, activate a signaling pathway called the unfolded protein response (UPR), which enhances cell survival by induction of the stress proteins. We have established a screening method to discover anticancer agents that could preferentially inhibit tumor cell viability under glucose-deprived conditions. Here we identify arctigenin (ARC-G) as an active compound that shows selective cytotoxicity and inhibits the UPR during glucose deprivation. Indeed, ARC-G blocked expression of UPR target genes such as phosphorylated-PERK, ATF4, CHOP, and GRP78, which was accompanied by enhanced phosphorylation of eIF2 alpha during glucose deprivation. The UPR inhibition led to apoptosis involving a mitochondrial pathway by activation of caspase-9 and -3. Furthermore, ARC-G suppressed tumor growth of colon cancer HT-29 xenografts. Our results demonstrate that ARC-G can be served as a novel type of antitumor agent targeting the UPR in glucose-deprived solid tumors.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: The antioxidant activity of methanol extracts from five different parts (flesh, peel, core, seed, calyx) of Jangseong Daebong persimmon (Diospyros kaki cv. Hachiya) were evaluated by determining total phenol content (TPC), DPPH radical scavenging activity (RSA), ABTS RSA, and reducing power (RP). The flesh extract gave the highest yield (92.93%) while the lowest yield was obtained from the seed (5.17%). The seed extract showed the highest total phenolic content (76.47±0.009 mg GAE/g extract), DPPH RSA (IC50=52.05±1.61 μg/mL), ABTS RSA (IC50=30.94±0.41 μg/mL) and RP (IC50=87.94±0.37 μg/mL). In addition, the calyx extract also showed high antioxidant activity. On the other hand, the core extract gave the lowest TPC and all antioxidant assays. In particular, HT-29 cells showed extensive cell death when treated with 500 μg/mL of calyx extracts. Thus, these results suggest that methanolic extracts of Jangseong Daebong persimmon seed and calyx may serve as a potential source of natural antioxidant for food and nutraceutical application.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    Sang-Bong Lee · Hae-Ryong Park
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    ABSTRACT: Natural products have recently become the focus of increased research interest due to their potential pharmacological activities. Therefore, we established a program to screen natural products for cytotoxic activity using the MTT reduction assay system to test HT-29 human colon cancer cells. During the course of screening, we found that the acetone extracts of guava (Psidium guajava L.) branch (GBA) had cytotoxic effects on HT-29 cells. The GBA showed highly cytotoxic effects via the MTT reduction assay, LDH release assay, and colony formation assay. In particular, the GBA of the 250 µ µ µ µg/ml showed 35.5% inhibition against growth of HT-29 cells. As expected, GBA induced characteristic apoptotic effects in HT-29 cells, including chromatin condensation and sharking that occurred 24 h after the cells had been treated at a concentration level of 250 µ µ µ µg/ml. To examine the functions on apoptosis, we used a flow cytometric analysis. The apoptotic cells were distributed according to the cell cycle phase shown by sub-G1 DNA content.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of medicinal plant research

Publication Stats

980 Citations
97.36 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005-2015
    • Kyungnam University
      창녕읍, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
  • 2007-2010
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2003-2006
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      • Biological Resource Center
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea