Koji Sasajima

Nippon Medical School, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (181)298.72 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association)
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    ABSTRACT: A 53-year-old Japanese man with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus underwent a subtotal esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinum. The staging was T3N0M0. Gastrointestinal endoscopy 6 months after surgery revealed a submucosal lesion in the gastric tube used for reconstruction. A biopsy yielded a diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma, consistent with metastasis from the esophageal carcinoma. Despite chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the patient died of bleeding 11 months after initial surgery. We report the clinical, endoscopic, and computed tomographic findings in this patient with intramural gastric-tube metastasis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: We describe an improved endoscopic technique for antegrade dilatation of a cervical esophageal stricture performed with the use of using a guide wire, an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatic-duct (ERCP) catheter, and a balloon dilator. The patient was a 55-year-old woman who had a cervical esophageal stricture associated with definitive chemoradiotherapy for advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Endoscopy showed the stricture was located at the esophageal orifice. The membranous stricture was punctured with an ERCP catheter, and balloon dilators were passed through the stricture under C-arm fluoroscopy. This technique is considered useful for managing severe strictures of the cervical esophagus after combined chemotherapy plus radiotherapy for esophageal cancer.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and feasibility of gemcitabine monotherapy in patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent biliary tract cancer (BTC). Six patients with unresectable advanced BTC and 12 patients with recurrent BTC received gemcitabine monotherapy. Gemcitabine (800-1,000 mg/m²) was administered intravenously over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days. Disease and toxicity were assessed once a week in all patients until the completion of gemcitabine treatment. Computed tomographic/magnetic resonance imaging studies were done every 8 weeks during chemotherapy, and every 4 weeks if progressive disease was suspected. Tumor response was determined according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Toxicity was assessed using the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 2.0. The time to progression and survival time were also calculated. In patients with unresectable BTC, the overall response rate and the median time to progression for patients with partial response or stable disease was 66.7% and 5.68 months, respectively. Clinical benefit was observed in 3 patients with stable disease (50%). The median survival time was 5.2 months. In patients with recurrent BTC, 4 patients (33%) obtained partial responses and 2 patients (17%) had stable disease. The median time to progression was 8.2 months. Six of 12 patients (50%) obtained clinical benefit. The median survival time for cancer of the intrahepatic bile duct, the extrahepatic bile duct, and the ampulla of Vater were 2.8 months, 8.5 months, and 10.7 months, respectively. No significant correlation between the survival time and the resectability of the initial procedure (R number) was detected. The survival time for patients with a performance status of 0 or 1 was significantly longer than that for patients with a performance status of 2 (P=0.0051). Neither grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity nor grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxicity was observed. No treatment-related deaths were observed. Gemcitabine monotherapy may provide a more favorable prognosis in patients with advanced BTC than does best supportive care alone. Moreover, this regimen may represent a therapeutic option for the adjuvant setting in patients with BTC.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperplastic (inflammatory) polyp (HP) is uncommon in the esophagus and esophagogastric junction. We report a case of HP arising in the esophagogastric anastomosis 2 years after esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in a 64-year-old woman. The lesion was resected endoscopically. The histopathological diagnosis was HP. There has been no evidence of carcinoma or HP for more than 6 years after initial surgery. This is the first reported case of HP arising in an esophagogastric anastomosis after esophageal surgery that was successfully treated by endoscopic resection.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the surgical treatment of a patient with diaphragmatic invasion by a ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with biliary and portal venous tumor thrombi. A 67-year-old man was admitted because of jaundice (total serum bilirubin, 6.6 mg/dL). The serum concentration of alpha-fetoprotein was 236.1 ng/mL. The anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies were present in the serum. Computed tomography showed a large hypervascular mass in the right subphrenic region, surrounded by local effusion. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography revealed dilatation of the left intrahepatic bile duct caused by biliary tumor thrombi extending from the right hepatic duct to the common bile duct. Endoscopic nasobiliary drainage was performed, and the total serum bilirubin level returned to the normal range. Angiography revealed a hypervascular tumor without extravasation of contrast medium in the right lobe and obstruction of the right anterior branch of the portal vein. Right hepatectomy was attempted 15 days after drainage. Severe invasion of the diaphragm by the ruptured HCC was detected. Bleeding of the ruptured HCC stopped spontaneously. Partial resection of the diaphragm was performed, followed by primary suture, without an artificial patch. Tumor thrombectomy was performed from the common bile duct. Macroscopic examination revealed that the ruptured HCC had invaded the diaphragm. Biliary and portal venous tumor thrombi were present. Histopathological examination showed a moderately differentiated HCC with biliary and portal venous tumor thrombi. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 14. Five months after the operation, local and intrahepatic recurrences of HCC were detected. Six months after operation, the patient died of liver failure. In conclusion, the outcome of a patient with diaphragmatic invasion by a ruptured HCC with biliary tumor thrombi was poor, even after curative hepatic resection.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
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    ABSTRACT: A 66-year-old male with a chief complaint of dysphagia was admitted to our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 3 tumor on the gastric upper body, and pathological examinations of the biopsy specimens revealed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed significant wall thickness of the stomach, and regional and para-aortic lymph node metastases. The CA19-9 level was high: 978 U/mL on admission. He received neoadjuvant chemotherapy using S-1 (120 mg/body, days 1-21) and cisplatin (108 mg/body, days 8) for faradvanced gastric cancer. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed that the gastric carcinoma had significant reductions in the size of its tumors, and CT showed that the lymph node metastases had disappeared, leading to a partial response. He underwent total gastrectomy, distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy and Roux-en Y reconstruction. Pathological examination of the resected specimens showed a small number of cancer cells in the submucosal layer, suggesting a Grade 2 pathological response, and gave a positive reaction to CA19-9 staining. The postoperative CA19-9 level decreased to a normal level. This case is diagnosed as CA19-9-producing gastric cancer. He was treated on an outpatient basis with adjuvant therapy.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: A 72-year-old male with a chief complaint of dysphagia was admitted to our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination showed double cancers with thoracic esophageal cancer in the middle esophagus and gastric cancer in the antrum. Pathological examinations of the double cancer revealed the first one to be moderately-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and the second to be well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen showed no distant or lymph node metastases. Clinical stagings of the double cancer were stage II (T2N0M0)in esophageal cancer and stage I A (T1N0M0) in gastric cancer. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy using docetaxel, CDDP and 5-FU. After 2 courses of chemotherapy, the adverse event was grade 2 in leucopenia and grade 2 in alopecia. Repeated macroscopic and histological examinations after chemotherapy revealed that the esophageal cancer had significant reductions in the size of tumors, leading to a partial response, and the gastric cancer had disappeared, leading to a complete response. He underwent thoracoscopy-assisted esophagectomy in the prone position, and laparoscopy-assisted gastric tube reconstruction. This neoadjuvant chemotherapy of docetaxel, CDDP and 5-FU might be effective and tolerable as with patients with double cancer of esophageal and gastric cancers.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Skeletal muscle metastasis from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is an unusual entity. A 72-year-old man underwent a subtotal esophagectomy for advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Mediastinal lymph node metastases developed 36 months after operation, and the patient received chemoradiotherapy. He complained about two painful, subcutaneous masses in the upper part of the left arm at 3 months after the end of chemoradiotherapy. Histopathological examination of tissue specimens obtained by explorative surgery showed skeletal muscle metastases from poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The patient died of multiple metastases 7 months after chemoradiotherapy. This is considered a very rare case of metastasis from squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus to the triceps muscle of the left arm.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Esophagus
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the effects of pioglitazone, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ), on mortality and omental adipocyte function in mice with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Male mice were assigned to receive (1) vehicle/sham-operation, (2) pioglitazone/CLP, or (3) vehicle/CLP. Pioglitazone was injected intraperitoneally for 7 d before operation. Serum and omental tissue were collected before, 24, and 48 h after CLP. Serum levels of adiponectin, cytokine, and chemokine were measured with ELISA. mRNA expressions in omental tissues were determined by RT-PCR. Survival was monitored for 7 d after CLP. Survival after CLP was significantly better in the pioglitazone/CLP than in the vehicle/CLP. Serum adiponectin levels before CLP were higher in the pioglitazone/CLP than in the vehicle/CLP. Treatment with pioglitazone significantly inhibited the increases in the serum interleukin-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels after CLP and lowered the mRNA expressions of proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6, and MCP-1 in omental tissue after CLP. The anti-inflammatory effects of pioglitazone on omental adipocyte function appear to be mediated in part by PPAR-γ activation, which down-regulates the production of inflammatory mediators.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a patient in whom a fish bone penetrated the duodenum and migrated into the right renal vein. The bone was successfully removed with surgery. The 75-year-old man was admitted to Nippon Medical School Tama Nagayama Hospital because of right upper abdominal pain persisting for 7 days. The patient's medical history was not relevant to the current disorder. Plain radiography showed no abnormalities. Computed tomography revealed a linear object of high intensity that had penetrated the duodenum and migrated into the right renal vein with thrombus. The object was surrounded by a low-density area, suggesting severe inflammation. The patient had eaten fish 1 day before the onset of abdominal pain. We diagnosed duodenal penetration caused by an ingested fish bone. Endoscopic examination showed erosion, but no fish bone or ulceration was detected in the duodenum. The patient was treated conservatively with fasting, peripheral parental nutrition, and intravenous antibiotics. Three days after admission, non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed no movement of the foreign body. The patient continued to have pain, and the decision was made to surgically explore the abdomen. Intraoperative ultrasonography showed that the foreign body had migrated completely into the right renal vein with thrombus. Severe inflammation of the right renal vein was observed. Because we could not remove the foreign body without seriously injuring the right renal vein, right nephrectomy was performed. Macroscopic examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the presence of a fish bone with thrombus in the right renal vein. The patient was discharged 9 days after operation, with no complications.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
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    ABSTRACT: Most hepatic cysts are asymptomatic, but complications occasionally occur. We describe a patient with biliary obstruction due to a huge simple hepatic cyst treated with laparoscopic resection. A 60-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of a nontender mass in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Laboratory tests revealed the following: serum total bilirubin, 0.6 mg/dL; serum aspartate aminotransferase, 100 IU/L; serum alanine aminotransferase, 78 IU/L; serum alkaline phosphatase, 521 IU/L; and serum gamma glutamic transpeptidase, 298 IU/L. Abdominal computed tomography, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed a huge hepatic cyst, 13 cm in diameter, at the hepatic hilum, accompanied by dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct and obstruction of the common bile duct. We diagnosed biliary obstruction due to a huge hepatic cyst at the hepatic hilum, and laparoscopic surgery was performed. A huge hepatic cyst was seen at the hepatic hilum. After needle puncture of the huge cyst, the anterior wall of the cyst was unroofed, and cholecystectomy was done. Intraoperative cholangiography through a cystic duct revealed stenosis of the duct. Subsequent decapsulation of the cyst was performed in front of the common bile duct. After this procedure, cholangiography revealed that the stenosis of the common bile duct had resolved. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the hepatic cyst was benign. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the results of liver function tests normalized. The patient was discharged 7 days after operation. Computed tomography 3 months after operation revealed disappearance of the hepatic cyst and no dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
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    ABSTRACT: A 78-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. He had been diagnosed as nephritic syndrome at 30 years of age and had been treated with prednisolone 10 mg/day. Blood examination revealed renal dysfunction; BUN 25 mg/dL, Cr 1. 9 mg/dL, and glomerular filtration rate(GFR)47. 4 mL/min. Endoscopy showed a type 2 tumor at the middle thoracic esophagus, and the biopsy specimen revealed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma pathologically. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen showed no metastases at distant regions and lymph nodes. Clinical staging was Stage II (cT2cN0cM0). Because of old age and renal function, we chose chemotherapy using docetaxel, nedaplatin and 5-fluorouracil. The adverse event was grade 2 in leucopenia and grade 1 in inappetence, but the renal function did not progress. Repeated endoscopic examinations after chemotherapy revealed that the esophageal cancer was significantly reduced in size, and no cancer cells were pathologically detected by endoscopic biopsy, resulting in a complete response(CR). This chemotherapy of docetaxel, nedaplatin and 5-fluorouracil might be effective and tolerable for patients with renal dys- function due to nephritic syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a patient with symptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma treated with hepatectomy. A 53-year-old woman presented with upper abdominal distension and appetite loss. The medical history included multiple hepatic hemangiomas that had been detected 2 years earlier but were left untreated. Initial laboratory tests revealed pancytopenia and mild coagulopathy. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a giant hemangioma, 27 cm in diameter, in the enlarged right lobe of the liver. The inferior vena cava was compressed by tumor without thrombus in the infrahepatic vena cava. The portal venous phase of supramesenteric arteriography revealed compression of the portal vein. There were several hemangiomas in the left lobe. Gastric outlet obstruction due to giant hepatic hemangioma in the right lobe was diagnosed. Laparotomy was performed, and a markedly enlarged liver was detected. Right hepatectomy was performed with an anterior approach. The liver-hanging maneuver could not be performed because of tumor compression of the inferior vena cava. Right hepatectomy was performed with intermittent clamping (Pringle maneuver). Hepatic hemangiomas of the left lobe were not resected because the remnant liver would be reduced. The weight of the resected specimen was 2,100 g. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the presence of benign hepatic hemangiomas. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient's appetite improved. The patient was discharged 8 days after the operation. Abdominal distension decreased and laboratory data improved after the operation. Computed tomography revealed hypertrophy of the left lobe of the liver after the operation.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes light and electron microscopic observations in 11 patients with intraepithelial carcinomas concomitant with invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus. The junctions between the intraepithelial carcinomas and non-neoplastic tissues were examined using an electron microscope. Vertical sections through the basal laminae revealed intraepithelial carcinomas with bulky outgrowths and simple replacement histological patterns. The bulky outgrowths contained many pseudopodial cytoplasmic projections from the tumor cells through the basal laminae, while the simple replacement patterns included rare small breaks in the basal laminae. Horizontal sections parallel to the basal laminae showed that the cells of the poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma were readily distinguishable from the non-neoplastic cells in the surface layer of the esophageal epithelia and distinctly smaller and darker than the normal prickle cells. At most of the junctions, mesenchymal cells, degenerated cells, and amorphous material separated the tumor cells from the non-neoplastic epithelial cells. However, tumor cells were occasionally attached directly to normal epithelial cells with well-developed desmosomes. Ductal involvement of the carcinomas was found in the submucosal esophageal gland proper. The tumor cells invaded between the ductal cells and basal laminae, and neoplastic cells were also directly attached to the benign ductal cells by poorly-developed desmosomes. The host-tumor junctions in the intraepithelial carcinomas of the human esophagus consisted of basal laminae with hemidesmosomes and pseudopodial projections, mesenchymal cell accumulations and direct attachments with desmosomes. Acta pathol. jpn. 34: 785∼796, 1984.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Pathology International
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    ABSTRACT: Adenosquamous carcinoma of the colon is rare, accounting for approximately 0.1% of all colon cancers. We present a case of primary adenosquamous carcinoma of the cecum treated with resection. A 73-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital because of abdominal pain and vomiting, and ileus was diagnosed on the basis of colonic obstruction suggested by abdominal X-ray examination. Colonoscopy revealed type 2 advanced cancer of the cecum, and a biopsy confirmed adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen revealed no distant metastases. The levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) before the operation were 17ng/ml and 101U/ml, respectively. Ileocecal resection (D3) was performed, and the clinical stage of the tumor was IIIb (T3N2H0P0). Pathological examination showed adenosquamous carcinoma (moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma) and regional lymph node metastases (No. 201 and 202, positive; No. 203, negative). Adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) was performed, and the patient was disease-free for 15 months after the operation. However, metastasis to the para-aorta lymph nodes was detected with CT examination 16 months after the operation. The patient received best supportive care and died 22 months after surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Nihon Ika Daigaku Igakkai Zasshi

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association)
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    ABSTRACT: We report 3 cases of locoregional failure or remnant esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after chemoradiotherapy that were successfully treated by argon plasma coagulation (APC) as a salvage treatment. Ablation was performed using argon plasma coagulation APC300 (ERBE). A power setting of 60W and an argon gas flow of 1.8L/min was used. APC is able to be repeated multiply without adverse reaction, and is an effective treatment to control the tumor growth.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant granular cell tumors (MGCTs) are very rare soft tissue sarcomas. Definite criteria for pathologic diagnosis and the optimal treatment strategy have not been fully established. Here, we describe a 76-year-old woman with a huge MGCT in the right gluteal region, who developed a local recurrence and died from that tumor 14 months after undergoing an operation for the primary tumor. Although microscopic examination revealed that round and granular tumor cells staining for S-100 protein were dominant, components of the spindle cell sarcoma reacting with alpha smooth muscle actin were partially observed. MGCT is believed to originate from Schwann cells; however, pathologic findings in our case showed both Schwannian and non-Schwannian features. This is the first report on MGCT with these 2 features appearing simultaneously.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · International surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The patient, a 73-year-old male, was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A far-advanced cancer was diagnosed at the esophagogastric junction by upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination. Pathological biopsy examinations revealed poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen showed invasion to the diaphragm. Clinical Stage was IV in an unresectable far-advanced tumor. He received radiation therapy (40 Gy/total, 2 Gy/day×20 times) in combination with chemotherapy using docetaxel (40 mg/m², day 1), nedaplatin (10mg/body, days 1-5) and 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/body, days 1-5). After this combination chemoradiation therapy (CRT), macroscopic examinations showed significant reductions in the size of tumor, leading a partial response according to the RECIST guidelines. He underwent total gastrectomy, partial resection of the lower esophagus via left thoracotomy, and Roux-en Y reconstruction with jejunostomy. Pathological examination of the resected specimens revealed Stage IV (T3N2P1CY0). The postoperative course was uneventful. He was treated on an outpatient basis without adjuvant therapy, and died 6 months after the operation by liver, spleen and lymph node metastases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy

Publication Stats

2k Citations
298.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1980-2012
    • Nippon Medical School
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Nippon Medical School Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1998-2000
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1987-1991
    • Saitama Cancer Center
      Saitama, Saitama, Japan
  • 1975-1976
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Center for Translational Research
      • • Institute of Medical Science
      白山, Tōkyō, Japan