Yao Huang

Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (8)25.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Argonaute2 (AGO2) protein is the active part of RNA-induced silencing complex, cleaving the target mRNA strand complementary to their bound siRNA. An increasing number of miRNAs has been identified as essential to angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study we investigated how AGO2 affected HCC angiogenesis. Human HCC cell lines HepG2, Hep3B, Huh7, SMMC-7721, Bel-7404, MHCC97-H and LM-3, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were tested. The expression of AGO2 in HCC cells was knocked down with siRNA and restored using recombinant adenovirus expressing Ago2. The levels of relevant mRNAs and proteins were examined using RT-PCR, Western blot and EILSA. Nude mice were implanted with Huh7 or SMMC-7721 cells, and tumor volumes were measured. After the mice were euthanized, the xenograft tumors were used for immunohistological analysis. In 6 HCC cell lines, AGO2 protein expression was significantly correlated with VEGF expression (r=+0.79), and with VEGF secretion (r=+0.852). Knockdown of Ago2 in Huh7 cells and SMMC-7721 cells substantially decreased VEGF expression, whereas the restoration of AGO2 reversed both VEGF expression and secretion. Furthermore, knockdown of Ago2 significantly up-regulated the expression of PTEN (a tumor suppressor involved in the inhibition of HCC angiogenesis), and vice versa. Moreover, the specific PTEN inhibitor bisperoxovanadate (7, 14, 28 nmol/L) dose-dependently restored the expression of VEGF and the capacity of HCC cells to induce HUVECs to form capillary tubule structures. In the xenograft nude mice, knockdown of Ago2 markedly suppressed the tumor growth and decreased PTEN expression and CD31-positive microvascular in the xenograft tumors. A direct relationship exists between the miRNA processing machinery AGO2 and HCC angiogenesis that is mediated by the AGO2/PTEN/VEGF signaling pathway. The results suggest the high value of Ago2 knockdown in anti-angiogenesis therapy for HCC.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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    ABSTRACT: The patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) models can reproduce a similar natural genetic background and similar biological behaviors to tumor cells in patients, which is conducive to the assessment of personalized cancer treatment. In this study, to verify the targeting and effectiveness of the therapeutic strategy using a Survivin promoter-regulated oncolytic adenovirus expressing Hsp70, the PDTX models of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were established in nude mice and the cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells were intravenously infused into mice to partially reconstruct the mouse immune function. The results demonstrated that, either the immune anti-tumor effect caused by CIK cell infusion or the oncolytic effect generated by oncolytic adenovirus replication was very limited. However, the synergistic tumor inhibitory effect was significantly enhanced after treatments with oncolytic adenovirus expressing Hsp70 combined with CIK cells. Oncolytic adenovirus mediated the specific expression of Hsp70 in cancer tissues allowed the CIK chemotaxis, and induce the infiltration of CD3+ T cells in tumor stroma, thereby exhibiting anti-tumor activity. The anti-tumor effect was more effective for the highly malignant tumor xenografts with highly Survivin expression. This strategy can synergistically activate multiple anti-tumor mechanisms and exert effective anti-tumor activities that have a significant inhibitory effect against the growth of HCC xenografts.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Oncotarget
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    ABSTRACT: Cirrhosis is the long‑term outcome of chronic hepatic injury and no effective therapy is currently available for this disease. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that are easily acquired and amplified, and may be potential candidates for cell therapy against cirrhosis. This study aimed to determine the therapeutic effects of human umbilical cord‑derived MSCs (hUCMSCs) for the treatment of liver cirrhosis and identify an effective method for engrafting MSCs. The model of liver cirrhosis was established by induction of diethylnitrosamine (DEN) in rats. The isolated hUCMSCs were identified by morphology, flow cytometry and multilineage differentiation; they were injected into the vein of DEN‑induced rats at varied cell doses and infusion times. Biochemical analyses of the serum and histopathological analysis of the liver tissues were performed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of hUCMSCs in all treatment groups. The results indicated that isolated hUCMSCs were capable of self‑replication and differentiated into multiple lineages, including osteoblast‑, adipocyte‑ and hepatocyte‑like cells. Compared with the control group, administration of hUCMSCs at different cell doses and infusion times relieved DEN‑induced cirrhosis to varying degrees. The therapeutic effects of hUCMSCs on liver cirrhosis gradually improved with increased cell dose and infusion times. The improvement of cirrhosis was due to the capacity of hUCMSCs to breakdown collagen fibers in the liver. It was demonstrated that infusion of hUCMSCs effectively relieved liver cirrhosis by facilitating the breakdown of collagen fibers in a dose‑dependent manner and multiple infusions caused a relatively greater improvement in cirrhosis compared with a single infusion of hUCMSCs.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Molecular Medicine Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Highly selective therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains an unmet medical need. In present study, we found that the tumor suppressor microRNA, let-7 was significantly downregulated in a proportion of primary HCC tissues (12 of 33, 36.4%) and HCC cell lines. In line with this finding, we have engineered a chimeric Ad5/11 fiber oncolytic adenovirus, SG7011(let7T), by introducing eight copies of let-7 target sites (let7T) into the 3' untranslated region of E1A, a key gene associated with adenoviral replication. The results showed that the E1A expression (both RNA and protein levels) of the SG7011(let7T) was tightly regulated according to the endogenous expression level of the let-7. As contrasted with the wild-type adenovirus and the control virus, the replication of SG7011(let7T) was distinctly inhibited in normal liver cells lines (i.e. L-02 and WRL-68) expressing high level of let-7 (>300 folds), whereas was almost not impaired in HCC cells (i.e. Hep3B and PLC/PRF/5) with low level of let-7. Consequently, the cytotoxicity of SG7011(let7T) to normal liver cells was successfully decreased while was almost not attenuated in HCC cells in vitro. The antitumor ability of SG7011(let7T)in vivo was maintained in mice with Hep3B xenograft tumor, whereas was greatly decreased against the SMMC-7721 xenograft tumor expressing a high level of let-7 similar with L-02 when compared to the wild-type adenovirus. These results suggested that SG7011(let7T) may be a promising anticancer agent or vector to mediate the expression of therapeutic gene, broadly applicable in the treatment for HCC and other cancers where the let-7 gene is downregulated.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Oncolytic adenovirus is capable of infecting, replicating in and lysing cancer cells. In adenovirus infection and replication, the wild type E1a gene (wE1a) mediates various genetic events to facilitate viral replication and exert antitumor effect. To enhance its antitumor efficacy and optimize its safety, we manipulated the wE1a gene and designed a 720-bp truncated minimal-E1a (mE1a) by deletions and mutations of amino acid residues. The mE1a gene was incorporated in an adenovirus under the control of hTERT promoter, giving the vector AdDC315-mE1a. A variety of cancer cell lines infected with the virus expressed the mE1a protein and showed considerable down-regulation in Neu protein expression as compared to normal cell lines. mE1a also had a lower binding affinity to the Rb protein, preserving the Rb tumor suppressive function. The mE1a expression allowed efficient adenovirus replication with high and stable replication ratios in cancer cells (about 125- to 8500-fold higher at 48 h and 180- to 10,900-fold higher at 96 h post-infection). Further, the mE1a-supported oncolytic adenovirus induced higher cancer cell apoptosis, stronger cell cycle arrest and more effective antitumor efficacy in hepatocarcinoma xenografts in nude mice. In conclusion, the truncated minimal mE1a can act as a tumor inhibitor gene, and may be used to construct oncolytic adenovirus vectors for use in gene therapy of a variety of cancers.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Chemico-biological interactions

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Replication-competent adenovirus (RCAd) constitutes an alternative in cancer therapy. For obtaining advanced RCAd generations with high oncolytic capability and a good safety profile, we constructed an E2F promoter-regulated RCAd carrying p16 gene, AdE2F-p16, in which the E1a gene was controlled by the E2F promoter. The experimental data showed that the E2F promoter endowed AdE2F-p16 with high specificity in cancer cells. While rarely replicating in normal cells, AdE2F-p16 could replicate in p16-deficient cancer cells, with 2,937- to 160,000-fold increased replicative capability in different cancer cell lines. AdE2F-p16 expressed p16 within cancer cells and led to potent antitumor efficacy in gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice, with a tumor inhibition rate of 59.14%. Due to the combined effects of cancer cell apoptosis induced by p16 expression and oncolysis by virus replication, the E2F promoter-regulated, p16-armed RCAd provides a promising strategy for cancer gene therapy.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Conditionally replicating adenovirus (CRAd) has demonstrated to be safe in clinical studies. We generated a triple-regulated p53-armed CRAd, SG600-p53, in which the partially deleted E1a and E1b genes are regulated under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter and the hypoxia response element. SG600-p53 was proven to be effective both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, the preclinical safety profiles of SG600-p53 in animal models were investigated. SG600-p53 had no adverse effects on mouse behavioral and nervous systems at 1.0 × 1011 viral particles (VP)/kg, 2.0 × 1011 VP/kg and 4.0 × 1011 VP/kg doses, and on cat cardiovascular and respiratory systems at 2.0 × 1010 VP/kg, 4.0 × 1010 VP/kg, and 8.0 × 1010 VP/kg doses. In acute toxicity test in mice, the maximum tolerated dose (2.5 × 1013 VP/kg) induced cachexia, decreased activity, and eye closure in 9/20 mice which could be self-resolved within 30 min. Sensitized by five repeated ip injections at 1.0 × 1010 VP/kg each ip and excitated by one iv injection at 1.0 × 1011 VP/kg, guinea pigs did not show any sign of systemic anaphylaxis. In repeat-dose toxicological studies, the no-observable-adverse-effect levels of SG600-p53 in rats (1.0 × 1011 VP/kg) and cynomolgus monkeys (5.0 × 1011 VP/kg) were 12-fold and 60-fold of the proposed clinical dose, respectively. Intramuscular injections of SG600-p53 in cynomolgus monkeys caused inflammation at injection sites, which was alleviative at the end of observation period. The anti-virus antibody was produced in animal sera and decreased gradually 4 weeks later. No histopathological changes were found by bone marrow examination. Our data in different animal models suggest that SG600-p53 is a safe antitumor therapeutic agent.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Toxicological Sciences

Publication Stats

73 Citations
25.72 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2015
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2009
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China