Limin Fu

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (18)

  • Source
    Dataset: Figure S2
    Yadong Xing · Luoyuan Li · Xicheng Ai · Limin Fu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In vitro cell viability of cancer cells after treatment with different concentrations of UCNP-PANPs and different NIR laser irradiation time. Abbreviations: NIR, near infrared; UCNPs, upconversion nanoparticles; UCNPs-PANPs, polyaniline-coated UCNPs.
    Full-text Dataset · Sep 2016
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    Dataset: Figure S1
    Yadong Xing · Luoyuan Li · Xicheng Ai · Limin Fu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The hydrodynamic diameter distribution of UCNP-PANPs by DLS measurement. Abbreviations: DLS, dynamic light scattering; UCNPs, upconversion nanoparticles; UCNPs-PANPs, polyaniline-coated UCNPs.
    Full-text Dataset · Sep 2016
  • Yadong Xing · Luoyuan Li · Xicheng Ai · Limin Fu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, we developed a nanosystem based on upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with a layer of polyaniline nanoparticles (PANPs). The UCNP induces upconversion luminescence for imaging and photothermal conversion properties are due to PANPs. In vitro experiments showed that the UCNPs-PANPs were nontoxic to cells even at a high concentration (800 µg mL−1). Blood analysis and histological experiments demonstrated that the UCNPs-PANPs exhibited no apparent toxicity in mice in vivo. Besides their efficacy in photothermal cancer cell ablation, the UCNP-PANP nanosystem was found to achieve an effective in vivo tumor ablation effect after irradiation using an 808 nm laser. These results demonstrate the potential of the hybrid nanocomposites for use in imaging-guided photothermal therapy.
    Article · Sep 2016 · International Journal of Nanomedicine
  • Article · May 2016 · ChemSusChem
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    Full-text Dataset · Nov 2015
  • Yi Wang · Hao-Yi Wang · Man Yu · [...] · Xicheng Ai
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Charge recombination dynamics in intrinsic perovskite film and in meso-superstructured perovskite solar cells have been systematically studied, which are found to be mediated by the energetic distribution of intra-gap trap states as described by the trap-limited recombination theory. Besides, the passivation effect of the hole-transport material on trap states is discussed.
    Article · Oct 2015 · Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
  • Minxian Tang · Yanjie Huang · Yuan Wang · Limin Fu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a novel ytterbium complex [Yb(tta)3DFQZ] which exhibited obviously enhanced two-photon sensitized near-infrared luminescence properties of Yb(3+) compared to the usually reported Yb(3+) complexes, with a two-photon excitation action cross-section of 22 GM under excitation at 860 nm at 298 K. Unlike other lanthanide complexes, [Yb(tta)3DFQZ] under nitrogen exhibited quantum yields for the sensitized Yb(3+) luminescence that increased with increasing temperature. [Yb(tta)3DFQZ] was dispersed in a polymer film to prepare a near-infrared-emission sensor that made it possible to conveniently detect the temperature in a range from 178 to 378 K without the influence of O2, via a luminescence spectrum of Yb(3+) in the film. This provided a promising solution to the long-standing problem that complex calculations and complicated structures are usually needed for eliminating the influence of O2 on temperature sensing with a luminescent sensor.
    Article · Mar 2015 · Dalton Transactions
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PEDOT nanoparticles with a suitable nanosize of 17.2 nm, broad adsorption from 700 to 1250 nm, and photothermal conversion efficiency (η) of 71.1%, were synthesized using an environmentally friendly hydrothermal method. Due to the electrostatic attraction between indocyanine green (ICG) and PEDOT, the stability of ICG in aqueous solution was effectively improved. The PEDOT nanoparticles modified with glutaraldehyde (GTA) targeted bacteria directly, and MTT experiments demonstrated the low toxicity of PEDOT:ICG@PEG-GTA in different bacteria and cells. Pathogenic bacteria were effectively killed by photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) with PEDOT:ICG@PEG-GTA in the presence of near-infrared (NIR) irradiation (808 nm for PDT, and 1064 nm for PTT). The combination of the two different bacteriostatic methods was significantly more effective than PTT or PDT alone. The obtained PEDOT:ICG@PEG-GTA may be used as a novel synergistic agent in combination photodynamic and photothermal therapy to inactivate pathogenic bacteria in both the NIR I and II window.
    Full-text Article · Feb 2015 · Biomaterials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We carried out a time-resolved charge extraction (TRCE) study on the charge recombination dynamics of open-circuit dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by examining the temporal evolution of electron density with varying the concentration of the electrolyte component tert-butylpyridine (TBP). The charge recombination dynamics extracted from TRCE results exhibit distinctly different temporal behavior depending on the photovoltage or electron density. We proposed a theoretical model of electron density dependent charge recombination, which unifies the transport- and transfer-limited charge recombination mechanisms. This model, as rationalized by transient photovoltage (TPV) kinetics, can account well for the TRCE results. The relevance between electron transport and charge transfer in the recombination process was unraveled, and the electron density dependent pathway of charge recombination was elucidated. This journal is
    Article · Jan 2015 · RSC Advances
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The bridging ligands in d–f bimetallic complexes play an important role in the excitation energy transfer (EET) process. To elaborate on the effect of the ligand on the EET process, a series of bridging ligands (μ-L), 1-(1′,10′-phenanthrolin-2′-yl)-4,4,4-trifluorobutane-1,3-dione (phen3f), 1-(1′,10′-phenanthrolin-2′-yl)-4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentane-1,3-dione (phen5f), 1-(2,2′-bipyridine-6-yl)-4,4,4-trifluorobutane-1,3-dione (bpy3f), and 1-(2,2′-bipyridine-6-yl)-4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentane-1,3-dione (bpy5f), and their corresponding iridium complexes, [(dfppy)2Ir(μ-L)] (dfppy=2-(4′,6′-difluorophenyl)pyridinato-N,C2′), as well as their corresponding heteroleptic IrIII–EuIII complexes [{(dfppy)2Ir(μ-L)}3EuCl]Cl2 were synthesized and characterized. Photophysical and kinetic results revealed that the alternation of the bridge ligand resulted in a systemic difference in the lowest triplet-state energy (T1) of the iridium complexes, the EET efficiency from iridium complexes to the EuIII ion, and a significant difference in the total luminescence quantum yields. Based on the nanosecond time-resolved phosphorescence spectra, a model for the energy-transfer mechanism was proposed for d–f bimetallic complexes, which indicated that the nonradiative relaxation of the excited energy of EuIII, especially energy dissipation by means of the T1 state, was the main reason for the discrepancy in the quantum yields of the four IrIII–EuIII complexes.
    Full-text Article · Aug 2013 · ChemPlusChem
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hierarchical TiO(2) microspheres assembled by nanospindles were prepared via a two-step hydrothermal method. The as-prepared products have uniform diameters of ∼450 nm and surface area of ∼88 m(2) g(-1). The optical investigation evidenced that the photoanode film has a prominent light scattering effect at a wavelength range of 600-800 nm and possesses enhanced dye loading capacity. In addition, the electron recombination and transport dynamic measurements indicated that these hierarchical products could suppress the recombination and improve the diffusion coefficient of the photoelectrons, which can be attributed to the improvement of the connectivity by bridging the neighbouring microspheres through the embedded nanospindles. As a result, a high power conversion efficiency of 8.5% was demonstrated, indicating a ∼30% improvement compared with the cell derived from the well-defined nanocrystalline microspheres (6.5%).
    Article · Nov 2012 · Nanoscale
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Zn-doped anatase TiO(2) nanoparticles are synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method. Detailed electrochemical measurements are undertaken to investigate the origin of the effect of Zn doping on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). It is found that incorporation of Zn(2+) into an anatase lattice elevates the edge of the conduction band (CB) of the photoanodes and the Fermi level is shifted toward the CB edge, which contributes to the improvement in open-circuit voltage (V(OC) ). Charge-density plots across the cell voltage further confirm the increase in the CB edge in DSSCs directly. Photocurrent and transient photovoltage measurements are employed to study transport and recombination dynamics. The electron recombination is accelerated at higher voltages close to the CB edge, thus leading to a negative effect on the V(OC) .
    Article · Nov 2012 · ChemPhysChem
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pure ZnO hexagonal microwires and Fe(III)-doped ZnO microwires (MWs) with a novel rectangular cross section were synthesized in a confined chamber by a convenient one-step thermal evaporation method. An oriented attachment mechanism is consistent with a vapor-solid growth process. Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectroscopy of the Fe(III)-doped ZnO MWs and in situ spectral mappings indicate a quasi-periodic distribution of Fe(III) along a one-dimensional (1-D) superlattice ZnO:ZnFe2O4 wire, while PL mapping shows the presence of optical multicavities and related multimodes. The PL spectra at room temperature show weak near-edge doublets (376 nm and 383 nm) and a broad band (450–650 nm) composed of strong discrete lines, due to a 1-D photonic crystal structure. Such a 1-D coupled optical cavity material may find many applications in future photonic and spintronic devices.
    Full-text Article · May 2010 · Nano Research
  • Fumin Xue · Yan Ma · Limin Fu · [...] · Yuan Wang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a new complex Eu(tta)(3).bpt (tta = thenoyltrifluoroacetonate; bpt = 2-(N,N-di-ethylanilin-4-yl)-4,6-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine) with excellent long-wavelength sensitized luminescent properties, in which four hydrogen atoms replace the methyl groups at the 3,3'- and 5,5'-positions of the pyrazolyl rings in a previously reported complex Eu(tta)(3).dpbt. Upon visible-light excitation (lambda(ex) = 410 nm) at 295 K, the quantum yield (Phi(Ln)(L)) of Eu(3+) luminescence of Eu(tta)(3).bpt is higher by 23% than that of Eu(tta)(3).dpbt. Different from the case of Eu(tta)(3).dpbt, Phi(Ln)(L) of Eu(tta)(3).bpt increases linearly with the decrease in temperature. Because of the different coordination environments around Eu(3+) ion, the fine structure of the hypersensitive (5)D(0)-->(7)F(2) emission band of Eu(tta)(3).bpt is quite different from that of Eu(tta)(3).dpbt, with the strongest emission line locating at 620 nm rather than 613 nm where the strongest emission line of Eu(tta)(3).dpbt appears. The excitation window of Eu(tta)(3).bpt is much broader than that of Eu(tta)(3).dpbt with a red edge extending up to 450 nm in a dilute toluene solution (1.0 x 10(-5) M) and 500 nm in a toluene solution (1.0 x 10(-2) M). Eu(tta)(3).bpt also exhibits excellent two-photon-excitation luminescent properties.
    Article · Apr 2010 · Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report an alternative approach, that is, forming Eu(tta)3dpbt (dpbt = 2-( N, N-diethylanilin-4-yl)-4,6-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine, tta = thenoyltrifluoroacetonato) nanoparticles in water/methanol mixtures, to satisfy the combined requirements of good dispersibility in water solutions and efficient long-wavelength sensitization for Eu (III) complexes to be used in biological applications. The size of Eu(tta)3dpbt colloidal particles with very high luminescent capabilities can be modulated to some extent by changing the preparation conditions. The optical excitation window for the Eu (III) luminescence of Eu(tta)3dpbt nanoparticles, extending up to 475 nm, is wider than that of Eu(tta)3dpbt molecules dissolved in toluene. This is the first example for obviously extending the sensitization window of luminescent lanthanide materials to the long-wavelength region by forming nanoparticles of a lanthanide complex. Quantum yields of Eu (III) luminescence of the prepared Eu(tta)3dpbt colloidal particles, with an average diameter of 33.1 nm, are 0.27, 0.27, 0.24, 0.19, 0.14, and 0.01 upon excitation at 402, 420, 430, 440, 450, and 475 nm, respectively. The Eu(tta)3dpbt nanoparticles exhibited excellent two-photon sensitization performance with a highest delta Phi value of 3.2 x 10(5) GM (1 GM = 10(-50) cm4 s photo(-1) particle(-1)) at the excitation wavelength of 832 nm, which is about 7 times higher than the highest value reported for the CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots. The favorable luminescent properties and the good dispersibility in water solutions of the Eu(tta)3dpbt nanoparticles are very promising for the development of new luminescent nanoprobes for bioanalysis.
    Article · Aug 2008 · Langmuir
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using the organic solvent method, nearly mono-dispersed CdS nanocrystals were obtained in liquid paraffin. The CdS nanocrystals in tetrahedron shape capped with the hydrophobic surfactants in nanometer scale can be assembled to a close-packed mono-layered structure. The CdS nanocrystals with different sizes have been prepared by changing the reaction conditions such as the concentrations of cadmium precursor and sulfur precursor, the initial ratio of Cd:S precursors and the pH value of reaction system. The UV–visible absorption and photoluminescence show the quantum confinement effect clearly. The time-resolved photoluminescence spectra have also been examined.
    Article · Jun 2004 · Optical Materials
  • Limin Fu · Zhenyu Wu · Xicheng Ai · [...] · Bingsuo Zou
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using nanosecond (ns) and femtosecond (fs) time-resolved absorption spectroscopies (pump–probe technique), the carrier dynamics in transition metal oxide nanocrystals of α-Fe2O3 and ZnFe2O4 was studied during the photolysis process. For Fe2O3 and ZnFe2O4 nanocrystals, the fs measurements detect similar profiles of a positive nonlinear absorption in their capped nanocrystals, whereas much weak signals in the naked particles. In the nanosecond measurements Fe2O3 and ZnFe2O4 nanocrystals show obvious excitation-power dependent absorption properties and at the low pump power they show weak photobleaching, but at high pump power they produce positive nonlinear absorptions. For Fe2O3 nanocrystals, the threshold power of negative absorption (bleach) to positive absorption increases with reducing size, whereas for the ZnFe2O4 samples, the threshold powers reach minimum at a critical size of 11 nm, grow for both the bigger and the smaller nanocrystals. These results reflect the influences of their microscopic magnetic couplings and carrier correlation on biexciton absorption in Fe2O3 and ZnFe2O4 nanocrystals. All the results indicate that the time resolved photoabsorption techniques are useful to study the microscopic spin interactions and carrier correlations in transition metal oxide nanocrystals. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.
    Article · Feb 2004 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
  • Yuping He · Zhenyu Wu · Limin Fu · [...] · Bingsuo Zou
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The chromism of tungsten oxides has been investigated for a long time because of its academic and application importance. In this article the photochromism and its dynamics for a WO3 aqueous sol and WO3−TiO2 mixed sols are studied in detail. The chromic performance of the WO3 aqueous sol is improved significantly by adding TiO2 aqueous sol, and shows a clear size effect. The intrinsic absorption peak at around 777 nm from W5+ in WO3 nanocluster, which generally appears at around 1000 nm in a WO3 film, shifts with cluster size because of the quantum confinement effect of delocalized carriers in WO3 nanoclusters. Besides the 777 nm band from W5+ in WO3, a new extrinsic 640 nm band, due to the transient formation of WOClx species in a WO3 sol in the presence of Cl- and TiO2 nanoclusters, appears after adding TiO2 sol. These results are helpful to the understanding of the chromism of tungsten oxides.
    Article · Oct 2003 · Chemistry of Materials