Julieta E Barroeta

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (22)44.77 Total impact

  • S Meykler · Z W Baloch · J E Barroeta

    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Cytopathology
  • R. R. Lastra · S. E. Meykler · Z. W. Baloch · J. E. Barroeta
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The sensitivity of endocervical curettage (ECC) can be suboptimal because of limited epithelial tissue. The false-negative rate for ECC in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia involving the endocervical canal has been reported to be 45%. ECC samples are transported to pathology in formalin- or saline-filled containers; this fluid is discarded after the specimen has been submitted. We evaluated the utility of performing liquid-based cytological preparations from ECC transport container fluid as a way to increase the sensitivity of ECC specimens.Methods Consecutive ECC specimens received at one of the two participating institutions were selected prospectively. A surgical pathology mesh bag was placed over a ThinPrep® CytoLyt® solution container, and the specimen was filtered through the bag, collecting the transport fluid in the container. The CytoLyt® was processed to obtain a container fluid ThinPrep® (CF-TP) liquid-based Papanicolaou (Pap) slide. The CF-TP slides were reviewed and the findings were compared with those from the ECC and follow-up specimens.ResultsThe cohort included 53 patients. Discrepancies between CF-TP and ECC were seen in 14 of the 53 patients (26%); a more significant lesion was identified in CF-TP relative to ECC in 13 of these cases. CF-TP diagnosis was confirmed in eight of 11 cases with histological follow-up. A positive CF-TP result was confirmed by histology in six of nine cases with negative ECC.Conclusions Combining the pathological evaluation of ECC specimens with liquid-based cytology performed on the transport container fluid can increase the diagnostic sensitivity of the ECC procedure for the detection of cervical lesions.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Cytopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Gene rearrangements involving the Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 (EWSR1) gene are seen in a broad range of sarcomas and some nonmesenchymal neoplasms. Ewing sarcoma is molecularly defined by a fusion of the EWSR1 gene (or rarely the related FUS gene) to a member of the E26 transformation-specific (ETS) family of transcription factors, frequently the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion. More recently, EWSR1 gene fusion to non-ETS family members, including the nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 2 (NFATC2) gene, has been reported in a histological variant of Ewing sarcoma. Here, we report a malignant round cell tumor of bone with an EWSR1-NFATC2 fusion gene. This report builds upon the unusual morphological and clinical presentation of bone neoplasms containing an EWSR1-NFATC2 fusion gene.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) in liquid-based cervical cytology specimens shows significant underlying pathology in only 30% of cases, while the remaining cases are found to be benign (reactive, reparative/metaplastic). Previous studies have reported positive ProExC and IMP3 staining in neoplastic glandular lesions of the uterine cervix and corpus. We present our experience with the utility of these markers in the evaluation of AGUS cases in liquid-based cervical cytology. The case cohort included 34 cases diagnosed as AGUS. ProExC and IMP3 immunocytochemical (ICC) stains were performed on ThinPrep® slides and the results correlated with subsequent biopsy findings. Positive expression was classified as strong diffuse nuclear immunostaining for ProExC and granular cytoplasmic for IMP3. The presence of AGUS cells on the ICC stained slides was confirmed in all cases. IMP3 was positive in 80% of glandular neoplasms and negative in 93% non-glandular lesions/cases negative for squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL). ProExC was positive in 60% of glandular neoplasms and negative in 83% non-glandular lesions/cases negative for SIL. When used as a panel (ProExC + IMP3), at least one stain was positive in 100% of glandular neoplasm cases and they were both negative in 83% of non-glandular lesions/cases negative for SIL. Based on this study, both ProExC and IMP3, when used as an immuno panel, can predict the presence of glandular lesions on subsequent biopsies and can serve as an aid in the diagnosis and management of AGUS cases. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Meningiomas of the anterior skull base are attractive tumors for resection via an endoscopic endonasal route. The use of the vascularized Hadad-Bassagasteguy nasoseptal flap has dramatically reduced the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak rate-the veritable Achilles heel of this surgical approach. Benign meningiomas, however, can erode through the nasal mucosa-the very same mucosa that is used to reconstruct the anterior cranial fossa floor. The goal of this study was to describe the presence of meningioma invasion into the mucosa in patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal resection of ventral skull base meningiomas. The implications of this finding are discussed with respect to resection, reconstruction, and recurrence. Patients, materials, and methods: This is a retrospective review of three patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal complete resection of ventral skull base meningiomas. Surgically excised tissues were processed for routine histopathological analysis. Results: A complete resection of the bone, dura, and tumor was performed in all three cases. Both patients with visual deficits improved. The first patient to undergo endoscopic surgical resection developed a CSF leak, but the later two patients with larger tumors did not. Histopathological analysis demonstrated mucosal invasion by World Health Organization (WHO) grade I meningioma in two of the three cases. Conclusion: Ventral anterior skull base meningiomas can invade through bone into the mucosa. Because the endoscopic endonasal resection of these meningiomas often requires the use of a vascularized nasoseptal flap to minimize CSF leak complications, it is possible that the nasoseptal flap itself may be compromised by tumor tissue. The creation of the nasoseptal flap should take the findings of this study into consideration to minimize late recurrence.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A: Central European Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of cutaneous and subcutaneous neurofibromas as well as deep-seated plexiform neurofibromas. Although unusual, these lesions have been described in the gynecologic tract, including the cervix; however, when arising in this location, they are commonly asymptomatic or present with lower abdominal pain. Cervical neurofibromas presenting as cervical stenosis have not been described. Awareness by both the clinician and the pathologist of a patient's history is of great help when dealing with a specimen of a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
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    ABSTRACT: Prospective studies analyzing the ThinPrep Imaging System (TIS) have demonstrated a significant decrease in screening time and detection rates comparable or better than manual screening. We retrospectively analyzed the accuracy of the TIS in detecting cervical abnormalities. Our study included all new HSIL diagnoses in 2007 with previous negative (NIL) pap tests screened with TIS. The original 22 fields of view (FOV) were reviewed by 2 blinded screeners followed by manual screening of all slides. Any ASC-US or above was considered "abnormal." Of a total of 111,080 pap tests performed in 2007, 180 were reported as HSIL. Of these, 45 cases had a previous NIL pap diagnosed within the last year, screened with TIS. Following re-examination of the NIL pap, 31 diagnoses remained unchanged and 9 were reclassified as abnormal on the basis of cells present within the original FOV. When manually reviewed, all nine cases were confirmed as abnormal. Four cases were reclassified as abnormal on the basis of the manual screen (abnormal cells absent in the FOV). The sensitivity of TIS for the detection of abnormality was 99.95% (false-negative rate FNR: 0.05%) and the sensitivity for detection of HSIL was 99.07% (FNR: 0.92%). When analyzing the cytotechnologist interpretation of the FOV, the sensitivity for detection of abnormality and HSIL was 99.89% (FNR: 0.1%), and 99.53% (FNR: 0.4%), respectively. On retrospective analysis based on newly diagnosed HSIL cases, the sensitivity of TIS was comparable to that of manual screening with a slightly decreased rate of false negatives.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
  • Renuka Pathi · W Dwayne Lawrence · Julieta E Barroeta

    No preview · Article · May 2009 · The Breast Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The following abstracts are compiled from Check Sample exercises published in 2008. These peer-reviewed case studies assist laboratory professionals with continuing medical education and are developed in the areas of clinical chemistry, cytopathology, forensic pathology, hematology, microbiology, surgical pathology, and transfusion medicine. Abstracts for all exercises published in the program will appear annually in AJCP.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · American Journal of Clinical Pathology
  • Said Khayyata · Julieta E Barroeta · Virginia A LiVolsi · Zubair W Baloch
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the pitfalls of overdiagnosing papillary formation as papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in thyroid cytology specimens. Patients with papillary hyperplastic nodules who had preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) were selected for this study. All patients had been diagnosed as having either PTC or lesions suggestive of PTC on preoperative FNAB. Pathology reports, surgical reports, and cytopathology slides were reviewed and analyzed for demographic data, nature of surgery, and pathologic features. Six women and 2 men with a mean age of 49 years (range, 16-79 years) were included. The lesion size ranged from 1.0 to 3.5 cm. Four patients were diagnosed as having PTC and 4 as having lesions suspicious for PTC. FNAB specimens were available for review in 6 cases. Surgical pathology slides were reviewed in all cases. When cytologic material was evaluated for the morphologic features that led to the misdiagnosis of PTC by comparing it with FNAB specimens of classic variant of PTC, the specimens from these patients showed follicular cells arranged in short, nonbranching papillae in a background of watery colloid and macrophages. The follicular cells were round and demonstrated oncocytic change with nuclear enlargement, prominent central nucleoli, nuclear chromatin clearing, and intranuclear grooves. Caution should be exercised rendering the diagnosis of PTC on FNAB samples when a thyroid lesion shows papillary configurations and oncocytic cells and if convincing nuclear features of PTC are not present. Furthermore, some morphologic features on thyroid aspiration can help differentiate these cases from true PTC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Endocrine Practice
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    ABSTRACT: The most common site for the metastasis of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid (PTC) is regional lymph nodes. Ultrasound (US) imaging may identify abnormal appearing lymph nodes, suspicious for PTC recurrence. Although fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of abnormal lymph nodes is often diagnostic of recurrence, small or cystic lymph nodes may be non-diagnostic due to lack of tumor cells. The measurement of thyroglobulin (TG) levels in FNAB specimens from lymph nodes suspicious for recurrent PTC can serve as an adjunct to the cytologic diagnosis. 115 abnormal appearing lymph nodes were aspirated under ultrasound guidance in 89 patients with history of thyroid carcinoma. In addition to obtaining material for cytologic interpretation, an additional aspirate was obtained by FNAB and rinsed in 1 ml of normal saline for TG level measurements. The cytologic diagnoses included: 35 (30%) reactive lymph node, no tumor seen (NTS), 39 (34%) PTC, 23 (20%) inadequate for evaluation due to lack of lymphoid or epithelial cells (NDX) 15 (13%) atypical/suspicious for PTC, and 3 (3%) other (e.g. paraganglioma, poorly differentiated carcinoma and carcinoma not otherwise specified). TG levels were markedly elevated (median 312 ng/ml; normal < 10 ng/ml) in 28 (72%) cases of PTC lymph node recurrence identified on cytology. TG measurements were also elevated in 5 lymph nodes classified as NTS and 4 NDX on cytology which resulted in 5 and 3 carcinoma diagnoses respectively on histological follow-up. Of the 9 atypical/suspicious cases with elevated TG levels all resulted in carcinoma diagnoses on follow-up. The measurement of TG in FNAB specimens from lymph node in patients with history of PTC is useful in detecting recurrent disease, especially in cases when the specimen is known to be or likely to be inadequate for cytologic evaluation.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · CytoJournal
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) has proven to be an effective diagnostic modality for the detection and staging of pancreatic malignancies. In recent years EUS-FNA has also been used to diagnose lesions of non-pancreatic sites such as structures in close proximity to the gut wall within the mediastinum, abdomen, pelvis and retro-peritoneum. To evaluate experience with EUS-FNA of non-pancreatic sites at a large university medical centre. The study cohort included 234 patients who underwent EUS-FNA of 246 lesions in non-pancreatic sites (122 peri-pancreatic and coeliac lymph nodes; 9 peri-pancreatic masses; other sites: mediastinum 12, gastric 25, liver 27, oesophagus 17, duodenum/colon/rectum 15, retro-peritoneum 8, lung 7, miscellaneous 4). The cytology diagnoses were classified as non-neoplastic/reactive in 82 (33%), atypical/suspicious for malignancy in 25 (10%), malignant in 86 (35%) and non-diagnostic in 53 (22%) cases. Surgical pathology follow-up was available in 75 (31%) cases. Excluding the non-diagnostic cases there were 7 false negative and 3 false positive cases. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of lesions of non-pancreatic sites was 92%, 98% and 97%, respectively. EUS-FNA can be effectively used as a diagnostic modality in the diagnosis of lesions from non-pancreatic sites.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Journal of clinical pathology
  • Julieta E Barroeta · Tunde Farkas
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    ABSTRACT: Simultaneous involvement of the same anatomical site by two different primary malignant tumors is rare. Cases of hematopoietic malignancies associated with breast and skin neoplasms have been described. The association of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) has been established, although the cause for this association is still unclear. There are reports of MCC metastatic to lymph nodes involved by CLL. We report the case of a 57-year-old man with history of CLL with concurrent involvement of the arm by CLL and MCC diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of such tumors colliding in a nonlymphoid site, diagnosed by FNA in the English literature.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
  • Julieta E Barroeta · Theresa L Pasha · Geza Acs · Paul J Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the immunophenotype of endocervical and endometrial stromal cells and to asses its potential application in tumor localization. Paraffin sections of benign endocervix (n = 24), benign endometrium (n = 33), endocervical adenocarcinoma (n = 9), endometrial carcinoma (n = 13), and endometrial hyperplasia (n = 16) were stained with antibodies to CD10, Wilms Tumor-1, CD34, smooth muscle actin, and factor XIIIa by immunohistochemistry. In 16 cases, lower uterine segment was also available. Immunoreactivity of stromal cells was recorded as positive (>/=50% staining), focally positive (>/=5%-<50%) or negative (<5%). Endocervical stromal cells (ECSC) in either benign or malignant cervical epithelial lesions were predominantly CD34/CD10 (CD34 dominant immunophenotype). Endometrial stromal cells (EMSCs) in either benign or malignant epithelial lesions were primarily CD34/CD10 (CD10 dominant immunophenotype). Expression of Wilms Tumor-1 was decreased in EMSC of the EMCA when compared to their counterpart in endometrial hyperplasia. There was no differential expression of smooth muscle actin and factor XIIIa identified between ECSC and EMSC. The immunophenotypes of the ECSC and EMSC overlapped in the lower uterine segment. The functional status of the endometrium had no effect on the immunoprofile. The pattern of CD34 and CD10 immunostaining in stromal cells might be helpful in determining tumor involvement in uterine and cervical sites.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Several immunohistochemical markers have been used to aid in the diagnosis of follicular-derived lesions of the thyroid (FDLT). In this study we analyze the diagnostic efficacy of an immunopanel of antibodies to cytokeratin-19 (CK19), galectin-3 (GAL-3), HBME-1, anti-MAP kinase (ERK), ret-oncoprotein (RET), and p16 using a tissue microarray consisting of both benign and malignant FDLT. The study cohort consisted of 90 cases of FDLT (53 benign, 37 malignant) embedded in a microarray and immunostained with antibodies to CK19, Gal-3, HMBE-1, ERK, RET, and p16. Staining was scored as positive when >25% of the lesional cells showed positive immunostaining. HMBE-1 was expressed in 70% of malignant and 10% of benign FDLT (p value: <0.0001). CK19 and GAL-3 were positive in 70% and 73% of malignant lesions, respectively, and 34% of benign FDLT (p value 0.0005 and 0.0015, respectively). ERK was positive in 4% of the benign and 32% of the malignant cases (p value 0.0002). p16 was expressed in 2% and 46% of the benign and malignant lesions, respectively (p value 0.0001). RET positivity was identified in 15% of the benign lesions and 27% of the malignant cases (p value 0.0016). HBME-1, ERK, and p16 were more specific for malignancy, whereas CK19 and GAL-3 stained benign lesions with a higher frequency and were not specific for malignant FDLT. RET-oncoprotein showed poor sensitivity and specificity.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Endocrine Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical management of patients with solitary thyroid nodule is well established; however, the evaluation of patients with multiple thyroid nodules is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess if there is a correlation between the risk of malignancy and number of thyroid nodules. The study cohort included 2,884 patients (2,410 females and 474 males) with 3,274 thyroid nodules that underwent FNA under ultrasound guidance between November 1997 and April 2004. Multiple thyroid nodules were aspirated in 360 patients; 2 in 332 (291 females, 41 males), 3 nodules in 26 (23 females, 3 males), and 4 nodules in 2 patients (1 female, 1 male). Subsequent information regarding the histological diagnosis was obtained in the cases that underwent surgical excision. The average age for patients with single or multiple nodules was the same (51 yr). The FNA specimens were diagnosed as benign (n = 1,663, 51%), neoplasm (n = 880, 27%), suspicious for neoplasm or papillary carcinoma (n = 234, 7%), malignant (n = 187, 6%), and non-diagnostic (n = 310, 9%). Surgical excision was performed in 1,135 patients: 993 patients with single nodules and 142 patients with multiple nodules. The surgical pathology diagnosis was benign in 656 nodules (52%) and malignant in 596 nodules (48%). In the malignant category 153 tumors were papillary microcarcinoma (<1 cm). Excluding these cases, the malignancy rate was 39% in patients with single nodules, 41% with two nodules, and 21% with three nodules. The cancer risk is similar for patients with one or two nodules over 1 cm and decreases with three or more thyroid nodules.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Endocrine Pathology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
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    ABSTRACT: Ewing's sarcoma of bone and osteosarcoma are rare tumors. A combination of high-grade osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma of bone in anatomically unrelated sites is unique, especially in the absence of previous radiation or retinoblastoma. We present a patient with a rare case of Ewing's sarcoma of the scapula that showed no evidence of recurrence (after 10 years of continued followup) and who subsequently presented with a primary osteosarcoma of the femur.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Chest
  • Jorge I Mora · Julieta E Barroeta · David A Bernstein · Juan Lechago
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a Paneth cell carcinoma arising within the ampulla of Vater in a 64-year-old man. The phenotype of virtually all neoplastic cells was consistent with that of Paneth cells, based on routine morphology and their strong positive immunostaining for lysozyme. Additional widespread positive immunostaining for carcinoembryonic antigen and CA 19.9 supports a totipotential cell as the origin of such neoplastic cells. This case, therefore, represents a true Paneth cell carcinoma, as opposed to inclusion of occasional neoplastic Paneth cells into a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. This pattern of differentiation is rare, and predictions regarding its ultimate biological behavior and malignant potential must be guarded.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine

Publication Stats

210 Citations
44.77 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2015
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2006-2012
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2009
    • Women & Infants Hospital
      Providence, Rhode Island, United States
  • 2008
    • William Penn University
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2004
    • Pennsylvania Medical Society
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States