Jiye Cai

Macau University of Science and Technology, Macao, Macau, Macao

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Publications (123)320.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mast cell degranulation is the typical anaphylaxis process of mast cells associated with the release of cytokines, eicosanoids and their secretory granules, which play very important roles in the allergic inflammatory response of the human body upon anaphylactogen stimulation. The calcium ionophore ionomycin is widely used as a degranulation induction agent for mast cell degranulation studies. In the present work, ionomycin-induced degranulation of RBL-2H3 basophilic leukemia cell line cells was investigated in vitro by high resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM). Ionomycin, which could increase the intracellular free Ca(2+) level and β-Hexosaminidase release, was found to induce the formation of a kind of peculiar vesicles in the cytoplasm area of RBL-2H3 cells. Those vesicles induced by ionomycin would desintegrate to release a larger amount of granules surrounding RBL-2H3 cells by the controlling of F-actin. These results provide the precise morphological information of ionomycin-induced mast cell degranulation at nanoscale, which could benefit our understanding of ionomycin-induced mast cell anaphylaxis model and also validate the applicability of AFM for the detection of allergic inflammatory response in mast cells. SCANNING 9999:1-10, 2016. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Scanning
  • Lin Zhou · Peng Lu · Mingyao Zhu · Baole Li · Peihui Yang · Jiye Cai
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    ABSTRACT: The article describes a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) biosensor for the determination of nucleic acids via a DNA-templated assembly of silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) which represents a novel way for efficient signal amplification. A QCM was modified with probe DNA to specifically capture target DNA. Then, DNA-templated AgNCs were assembled to enhance the sensitivity of the QCM sensor via Ag(I) ions attached to the DNA skeleton, this followed by hydroquinone-induced reductive formation of the AgNCs. TEM and AFM were used to further confirm the formation of DNA-templated AgNCs. The results showed that frequency response of QCM sensor is up to 87 times larger when using this mode of amplification. A linear relationship was obtained between the frequency response and DNA concentration over the 0.6 to 130 nM range, with a 0.1 nM detection limit. In our perception, this scheme for improved sensitivity provides a straightforward and widely applicable tool for sensing DNA. Graphical Abstract A novel quartz crystal microbalance biosensor was developed for highly sensitive and label-free detection of nucleic acid through DNA-templated assembly of silver nanoclusters as an efficient signal amplifier.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Microchimica Acta
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    ABSTRACT: A rapid, facile assay for sensitive cytosensing of breast cancer cells should help to guide potential medical evaluation for breast cancer. Here, we report development of novel resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) cytosensor for cell recognitions and folate (FA) receptor expression analyses on living cells. Using FA-conjugated gold nanoparticles (FA-AuNPs) as nanoprobes, the constructed nanoprobes-assembled recognition interface could increase the binding capacity for cell recognition, amplify Au-aggregates-enhanced RRS signal, and then enhance the sensitivity for membrane antibody assay. FA-AuNPs-based RRS measurements enabled a distinct 34-times-enhancement in RRS intensities after incubation with human breast cancer cells, compared with normal cells. Receptor-targeted cytosensor was used to quantitatively detect human breast cancer MCF-7, liver cancer HepG2 and normal cells, which expressing different amount of FA receptor, respectively. The detection limit for MCF-7 cells was 12 cells/mL with good selectivity and reproducibility. Furthermore, the proposed cytosensor allowed for dynamic evaluation of FA receptor expression on different living cells after dihydroartemisinin stimulus. This assay platform shows the good potential for clinical diagnostics and antibody-targeted drug screening. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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    ABSTRACT: Although the importance of B7/CD28 co-stimulation has been widely studied, little is known about their nano-spatial localization and their corresponding cells' biophysical and biomechanical properties. Here, we investigated the morphological, biophysical, and biomechanical properties of T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and force curves. The nano-spatial distribution of CD28 and CD86 antigen on T cells and DCs was detected by CD86 or CD28 antibody-functionalized AFM tip. Single-molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS)-based force volumes and quantum dots (QDs)-based fluorescence imaging demonstrated that the co-stimulatory molecules were not randomly distributed over the cells' surface, but more than 80% of CD28 and CD86 molecules appeared to be expressed as 100-200 nm nanoclusters and polarize dominantly in the peak of the cell membrane fluctuations. AFM imaging and quantitative analysis showed that the roughness of mature DCs (mDCs) was higher than that of immature DCs (iDCs). The adhesion force distribution of iDCs and mDCs was heterogeneous while the elasticity distribution was homogeneous locally. In addition, mDCs had a fourfold increase of Young's modulus of iDCs, indicating the contribution of the actin cytoskeleton to the elastic properties of the cells. Taken together, the nano-cluster distribution of CD28 and CD86, the rough mDCs surface, the higher adhesion force and elasticity of mDCs may facilitate to the occurrence of B7/CD28 co-stimulation signals and the formation of immune synapse. These nanoscale findings provide new insights into the antigen-presenting function of DCs, the T cell activation and ultimate immune response. SCANNING 9999:1-11, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Scanning
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    ABSTRACT: High levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells is recognized as one of the major causes of cancer cell apoptosis and has been developed into a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer therapy. However, whether apoptosis associated biophysical properties of cancer cells are related to intracellular ROS functions is still unclear. Here, for the first time, we determined the changes of biophysical properties associated with the ROS-mediated oesophageal cancer KYSE-150 cell apoptosis using high resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM). Oridonin was proved to induce ROS-mediated KYSE-150 cell apoptosis in a dose dependent manner, which could be reversed by N-acetylcysteine (NAC) pretreatment. Based on AFM imaging, the morphological damage and ultrastructural changes of KYSE-150 cells were found to be closely associated with ROS-mediated oridonin-induced KYSE-150 cell apoptosis. The changes of cell stiffness determined by AFM force measurement also demonstrated ROS-dependent changes in oridonin induced KYSE-150 cell apoptosis. Our findings not only provided new insights into the anticancer effects of oridonin, but also highlighted the use of AFM as a qualitative and quantitative nanotool to detect ROS-mediated cancer cell apoptosis based on cell biophysical properties, providing novel information of the roles of ROS in cancer cell apoptosis at nanoscale.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: A new method based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) was developed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of drugs on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. The LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cell line is a widely used in vitro cell model for the screening of anti-inflammatory drugs or the study of anti-inflammatory mechanisms. In this work, the inhibitory effects of dexamethasone and quercetin on LPS-CD14 receptor binding in RAW264.7 macrophages was probed by LPS-functionalized tips for the first time. Both dexamethasone and quercetin were found to inhibit LPS-induced NO production, iNOS expression, IκBα phosphorylation, and IKKα/β phosphorylation in RAW264.7 macrophages. The morphology and ultrastructure of RAW264.7 macrophages were determined by AFM, which indicated that dexamethasone and quercetin could inhibit LPS-induced cell surface particle size and roughness increase in RAW264.7 macrophages. The binding of LPS and its receptor in RAW264.7 macrophages was determined by LPS-functionalized AFM tips, which demonstrated that the binding force and binding probability between LPS and CD14 receptor on the surface of RAW264.7 macrophages were also inhibited by dexamethasone or quercetin treatment. The obtained results imply that AFM, which is very useful for the investigation of potential targets for anti-inflammatory drugs on native macrophages and the enhancement of our understanding of the anti-inflammatory effects of drugs, is expected to be developed into a promising tool for the study of anti-inflammatory drugs.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Apigenin has shown to have killing effects on some kinds of solid tumor cells. However, the changes in cell membrane induced by apigenin on subcellular- or nanometer-level were still unclear. In this work, human esophageal cancer cells (EC9706 and KYSE150 cells) were employed as cell model to detect the cytotoxicity of apigenin, including cell growth inhibition, apoptosis induction, membrane toxicity, etc. MTT assay showed that apigenin could remarkably inhibit the growth and proliferation in both types of cells. Annexin V/PI-based flow cytometry analysis showed that the cytotoxic effects of apigenin in KYSE150 cells were mainly through early apoptosis induction, while in EC9706 cells, necrosis, and apoptosis were both involved in cell death. The morphological and ultrastructural properties induced by apigenin were investigated at single cellular- or nanometer-level using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Additionally, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage was measured to assess the changes in membrane permeability. The results indicated that apigenin increased the membrane permeability and caused leakage of LDH, which was consistent with damages on membrane ultrastructure detected by AFM. Therefore, membrane toxicity, including membrane ultrastructure damages and enhanced membrane permeability, played vital roles in apigenin induced human esophageal cancer cell apoptosis. SCANNING 9999:1-7, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Scanning
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    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes is an insulin-dependent metabolic disorder always associated with ketoacidosis and a high morbidity rate in teenagers. The in situ single molecule detection of insulin receptors on healthy and diseased erythrocytes is helpful to understand the pathomechanism of type 1 diabetes ketoacidosis (T1-DKA), which would also benefit the diagnosis and treatment of T1-DKA. Here, we demonstrated, for the first time, the single molecule interaction between insulin and insulin receptor on erythrocytes from a healthy volunteer and a T1-DKA patient using high sensitivity atomic force microscopy (AFM) in PBS solution. The single molecule force results demonstrated the decreased binding force and binding probability between insulin and insulin receptor on T1-DKA erythrocytes, implying the deficit of insulin receptor functions in T1-DKA. The binding kinetic parameters calculated from dynamic force spectroscopy indicated that the insulin-insulin receptor complexes on T1-DKA erythrocytes were less stable than those from healthy volunteer. Using high resolution AFM imaging, a decreased roughness was found both in intact T1-DKA erythrocytes and in the purified membrane of T1-DKA erythrocytes, and an increased stiffness was also found in T1-DKA erythrocytes. Moreover, AFM, which was used to investigate the single molecule interactions between insulin-insulin receptor, cell surface ultrastructure and stiffness in healthy and diseased erythrocytes, was expected to develop into a potential nanotool for pathomechanism studies of clinical samples at the nanoscale.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Analyst
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    ABSTRACT: Quercetin, a wildly distributed bioflavonoid, has been proved to possess excellent antitumor activity on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, the biophysical properties of HepG2 cells were qualitatively and quantitatively determined using high resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM) to understand the anticancer effects of quercetin on HCC cells at nanoscale. The results showed that quercetin could induce severe apoptosis in HepG2 cells through arrest of cell cycle and disruption of mitochondria membrane potential. Additionally, the nuclei and F-actin structures of HepG2 cells were destroyed by quercetin treatment as well. AFM morphological data showed some typical apoptotic characterization of HepG2 cells with increased particle size and roughness in the ultrastructure of cell surface upon quercetin treatment. As an important biophysical property of cells, the membrane stiffness of HepG2 cells was further quantified by AFM force measurements, which indicated that HepG2 cells became much stiffer after quercetin treatment. These results collectively suggest that quercetin can be served as a potential therapeutic agent for HCC, which not only extends our understanding of the anticancer effects of quercetin against HCC cells into nanoscale, but also highlights the applications of AFM for the investigation of anticancer drugs. SCANNING 9999:1-13, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Scanning
  • Jinmei Luo · Haihua Bai · Peihui Yang · Jiye Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Water-soluble germanium-doped cadmium sulfide quantum dots (Ge:CdS q-dots) were successfully synthesized by a facile one-pot method, and used as fluorescent probes for labeling live MCF-7 cells. The optical properties of the q-dots and several key parameters of the synthesis conditions were studied, and the mechanism of these parameters was also discussed. After doping with germanium, the PL intensity increased 50%, while improving the photostability and fluorescence quantum yield. Furthermore, the toxicity of CdS quantum dot decreased after doping with germanium due to its low toxicity, which greatly improved the CdS quantum dots biocompatibility. Then the doped quantum dots modified with folic acid (FA) to use as fluorescent probes, which expanded the application of semiconductor quantum dots in the biomedical field.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing
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    ABSTRACT: Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) was used for real-time and label-free detection of changes and folate receptor (FR) expression levels on living MCF-7 cells for evaluating the anticancer activity of resveratrol. Here, the mechanical changes of cellular responses to resveratrol was tracked by poly(L-lysine) (PLL) modified QCM-D sensor and the inhibition effect of resveratrol on FR expression levels on MCF-7 cells was monitored by chitosan-folic acid (CS-FA) composite membrane functionalized Au substrate for the first time. Changes in morphology and cellular state of MCF-7 cell stimulated by resveratrol at different concentrations were detected by inverted fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry. Atomic force microscopy confirmed that resveratrol influenced the cellular mechanical properties. The results indicated that the MCF-7 cells lose its original elasticity and increase its stiffness induced by resveratrol. Confocal fluorescence imaging further observed that resveratrol reduced the FR expression levels on the living cells surface. This study established a typical model of QCM-D biosensor to evaluate the protein biomarker expression levels on cells surface. QCM-D, which was used to investigate potential targets for anti-tumor drug on living cells and realize a better understanding of drug action mechanism, was expected to be developed into a promising tool for screening of drugs.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Analytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer, a kind of malignant cancer, has more than 1 million new patients and results in 0.5 million deaths every year globally based on the estimation of Globocan in 2008. One of the most important issues against colon cancer is tumor metastasis. Anti-angiogenesis, a form of targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances to prevent the new blood vessel formation, which is critical for tumor metastasis. In our previous studies, we have demonstrated a simple method to synthesize Chry-Ge complex through the reaction between chrysin and triphenylgermanium bromide. In this work, we investigated the mechanism of Chry-Ge induced Colo205 cell apoptosis. We found that Chry-Ge could induce apoptosis in Colo205 cells in mitochondrial-dependent pathway, cause the reorganization of cytoskeleton and induce the damage of nucleus in Colo205 cells. Besides, Chry-Ge was also found to induce membrane ultrastructural changes in Colo205 cells by AFM. Further, we found that Chry-Ge can inhibit tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cell in vitro. Chry-Ge was also tested in vivo in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and found to inhibit bFGF-treated CAMs development. These results suggested that Chry-Ge could induce Colo205 cell apoptosis by mitochondrial pathway and anti-angiogenesis, highlighting the use of organic germanium agents for the treatment of colorectal cancer. SCANNING 9999:1-12, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Scanning
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    ABSTRACT: The migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) plays a key role in tumor-targeted delivery vehicles and tumor-related stroma formation. However, there so far has been no report on the distribution of cell surface molecules during the VEGF-induced migration of MSCs. Here, we have utilized near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) combined with fluorescent quantum dot (QD)-based nano-technology to capture the functional relationship between CD44 and CD29 adhesion molecules on MSCs and the effect of their spatial rearrangements. Before VEGF-induced migration of MSCs, both CD44 and CD29 formed 200-220 nm nano-domains respectively, with little co-localization between the two types of domains. Surprisingly, the size of the CD44 nano-domain rapidly increased in size to 295 nm and apparently larger aggregates were formed following MSC treatment with VEGF for 10 min, while the area of co-localization increased to 0.327 mu m(2). Compared with CD44, CD29 was activated obviously later, for the fact that CD29 aggregation didn't appear until 30 min after VEGF treatment. Consistently, its co-localization area increased to 0.917 mu m(2). The CD44 and CD29 nano-domains further aggregated into larger nano-domains or even formed micro-domains on the membrane of activated MSCs. The aggregation and co-localization of these molecules promoted FAK formation and cytoskeleton rearrangement. All of the above changes induced by VEGF contributed to MSC migration. Taken together, our data of NSOM-based dual color fluorescent imaging demonstrated for the first time that CD44, together with CD29, involved in VEGF-induced migration of MSCs through the interaction between CD44 and its co-receptor of VEGFR-2.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
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    ABSTRACT: Nanoparticle aggregates induced by synergistic effect of electrostatic interaction and hydrogen-bonding recognition between melamine and 3-mercaptopriopionic acid (MA), which conjugated on the surface of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are used for detection of melamine. MA molecules are conjugated on AuNP surfaces to form MA-modified AuNPs (MA-AuNPs), acting as nanoprobes in the detection of melamine. Since such nanoparticle aggregates-mediated signal amplification can be measured by absorption spectroscopy, the method enables sensitive and real-time detection of melamine at the detection limit as low as 0.4 μg/ml, and the linear detection ranging from 0.6 μg/ml to 42 μg/ml. The color change can be readily seen by the naked eye at 30 μg/ml melamine without the aid of any advanced instruments. This method has been successfully applied to detect melamine in infant formula with good reproducibility, and it has the potential of being used in food safety detection.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Food Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: A highly sensitive and recyclable quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) biosensor was developed using chitosan (CS) and folic acid (FA), generating conjugates that are selectively recognized by MCF-7 cancer cell over-expressed folic acid receptors. The prepared CS–FA conjugate was characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy further presented the morphology of the CS–FA conjugate interface. The hydrophilicity of films was characterized by measuring the contact angle. The recognition of MCF-7 cancer cells was investigated in situ using QCM. Captured by FA, the concentration of the MCF-7 cell was determined on-line using a quartz crystal microbalance and a wide linear range of 4.5 × 102 to 1.01 × 105 cells per mL was obtained, with a detection limit of 430 cells per mL. The fluorescence microscope further confirmed the specificity and biocompatibility of the constructed biosensor. In addition, the regeneration of the QCM biosensor was studied by using lysozyme. This receptor-bound ligand based QCM biosensor also showed good selectivity, and repeatability in the cell mixture. For the first time, this simple, economical and label-free chitosan-based QCM sensing was demonstrated, and such design could provide a promising detection strategy for sensitive detection of cancer cell over-expressed folic acid receptors.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · The Analyst
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, LPS activated RAW264.7 cells are widely used as an in vitro inflammatory model for the screen of effective anti-inflammation drugs and the investigation of exact anti-inflammation mechanism of these drugs. But up to now, there are few data about the effect of LPS on the morphology, especially on the membrane ultrastructure and bio-mechanical properties of RAW264.7 macrophages. In this work, the topographical and biophysical changes of RAW264.7 macrophages upon LPS stimulation are detected by high resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM). The AFM results suggested that LPS activated RAW264.7 macrophages changed to be much bigger than control cells with some holes emerged on cell surface. The size of membrane protein clusters and the roughness of membrane significantly increased after LPS exposure. In addition, the AFM force measurement results demonstrated that LPS stimulation increased the adhesion force of RAW264.7 macrophages, and also increased the stiffness of RAW264.7 macrophages, which were attributed to the re-distribution of intracellular F-actin structures induced by LPS. These findings suggested that LPS stimulation could also induce the pathophysiological changes of RAW264.7 macrophages, which would benefit our understanding of the inflammatory processes in macrophages upon pathogen stimulation at nano-scale.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Micron
  • Haihua Bai · Hua Jin · Fen Yang · Haiyan Zhu · Jiye Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Apigenin is a flavonoid, which has been proved to possess effective anti-cancer bioactivities against variety of cell lines. However, little is known about its effect on the cell-surface and the interaction between cell-surface and the reacting drug. In this study, human breast cancer line (MCF-7) was selected to be as a cell model to investigate the effects of apigenin on cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, cellular morphology, etc. MTT assay showed that the growth inhibition induced by apigenin was in a dose-dependent manner when treated with different concentrations of apigenin while had little cytotoxic effects on human normal cells (MCF-10A). Fluorescence-based flow cytometry was used to detect cellular apoptosis and ROS production. The results showed that 80 µM apigenin could effectively induce apoptosis and overproduction of ROS in MCF-7 cells. Here, atomic force microscopy (AFM) was utilized to detect the shapes and membrane structures of MCF-7 cells at cellular or subcellular level. The results showed that the control MCF-7 cells presented typical elongated-spindle shapes with abundant pseudopodia, while after treated with apigenin, the cells shrunk and became round, the pseudopodia diminished. Moreover, the images of ultrastructure indicated that the cell membrane was composed of nanoparticles of 49 nm, but with the treated concentrations of apigenin increasing, the sizes of membrane particles significantly increased to 400 nm. These results can improve our understanding of apigenin, which can be potentially developed as a new agent for treatment of cancers. SCANNING 9999:XX–XX, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Scanning
  • Peng Lu · Shuguang Yao · Jiye Cai · Pei-hui Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Graphical abstract Combining DHA with Ge-132, we synthetized a novel organogermanium compound that possessed better antitumor activity than both DHA and Ge-132. The MTT assay was used to observe the inhibitory effects of DHA-Ge on tumor cells and flow cytomery was employed to assay apoptosis of tumor cells after treatment with DHA-Ge. Atomic force microscopy was carried out to investigate morphology of cells treated with the synthesized complex. These results suggested that the synthesized compound showed excellent antitumor activity and it may be developed to be a promising anti-tumor reagent.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
  • Jiang Pi · Hua Jin · Fen Yang · ZhengW Chen · Jiye Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Cell membrane, which consists of viscous phospholipid bilayer, different kinds of proteins and various nano/micro meter sized domains, plays very important roles in ensuring the stability of intracellular environment and the order of cellular signal transductions. Exploring the precise cell membrane structures and detailed functions of biomolecules in cell membrane would be helpful to understand the underlying mechanisms involved in cell membrane signal transductions and further benefit the research of cell biology, immunology and medicine. Detections of membrane biomolecules at single molecule level can provide some subtle information about molecular structure and functions of cell membrane. In particular, the molecular mechanisms and information obtained at single molecule level are significantly distinguished than that detected by a large amount of biomolecules at large-scale through traditional techniques, providing novel perspective for the study of cell membrane structures and functions. Moreover, the precise investigations of membrane biomolecules urge researchers to explore the cell membranes at single molecule level by in situ imaging methods as the exact conformation and function of biomolecules are highly controlled by the native cellular environment. Recently, in situ single molecule imaging of cell membranes has attracted increasing attention from cell biologists and immunologists. The size of biomolecules and their clusters on cell surface is set at nanoscale, which makes it mandatory to use high and super resolution imaging techniques to realize in situ single molecule imaging of cell membranes. In past decades, some amazing imaging techniques and instruments with super resolution are widely developed for molecule imaging, which can also be further employed for in situ single molecule imaging of cell membranes. With this overview, we attempt to summarize the characteristics of these advanced techniques used for in situ single molecule imaging of cell membranes. We believe that this work will be helpful to promote the technological and methodological developments of super resolution techniques for in situ single molecule imaging of cell membranes and help more researchers better understand which technique is most available for their future exploring of membrane biomolecules, finally promoting the developments of cell biology, immunology and medicine.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Nanoscale
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    ABSTRACT: A novel electrochemical cytosensor was developed for the fast and high-sensitivity recognition of drug-resistant leukemia K562/ADM cells based on the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression level on a cell membrane. The nanocomposite interface of the gold nanoparticles/polyaniline nanofibers (AuNPs/PANI-NF) was chosen to design the biosensor for electrochemical detection. Au/PANI-NF-based cytosensors coated with anti-P-glycoprotein (anti-P-gp) molecules could provide a biomimetic interface for the immunosensing of cell surface P-glycoprotein, and thus could capture the over-expression P-gp cells. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that the gold nanoparticles were uniformly anchored along the structure of the PANI-NF surface, displaying fibrillar morphology with a diameter of ∼70 nm, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) further presented the morphology of the nanocomposite film. Owing to the high affinity of anti-P-gp for leukemia K562/ADM cells of the propounded sensing platform, the proposed biosensor exhibited excellent analytical performance for leukemia K562/ADM cells, ranging from 1.6 × 10(2) to 1.6 × 10(6) cells per mL with a detection limit of 80 cells per mL. Recovery experiments indicated that the sensitivity reported here is suitable for practical application. The cell surface P-gp expression level was analysed by flow cytometric experiments, which confirmed the above recognized result. This strategy is also a cost-effective and convenient operation, implying great promise for the sensitive recognition of cancer cells and cell surface receptors; thus, it is helpful in cancer diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · The Analyst

Publication Stats

1k Citations
320.44 Total Impact Points


  • 2014-2015
    • Macau University of Science and Technology
      Macao, Macau, Macao
  • 2006-2015
    • University of Jinan (Jinan, China)
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2004-2015
    • Jinan University (Guangzhou, China)
      • College of Science and Engineering
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2005-2009
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      • Department of Microbiology and Immunology (Chicago)
      Chicago, IL, United States