[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor invasion and metastasis is a highly complicated, multi-step phenomenon. In the complex event of tumor progression, tumor cells interact with basement membrane and extracellular matrix components. Proteolytic enzymes (proteinases) are involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix, but also in cancer invasion and metastasis. The four categories of proteinases (cysteine-, serine-, aspartic-, and metalloproteinases) are named and classified according to the essential catalytic component in their active site. We and others have shown that proteolytic enzymes play a major role not only in colorectal cancer (CRC) invasion and metastasis, but also in malignant transformation of precancerous lesions into cancer. Tissue and serum-plasma antigen concentrations of proteinases might be of great value in identifying patients with poor prognosis in CRC. Our results, in concordance with others indicate the potential tumor marker impact of proteinases for the early diagnosis of CRC. In addition, proteinases may also serve as potential target molecules for therapeutic agents.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Massive localized lymphoedema (MLL) is a relatively frequent complication in obesity. MLL is present as a giant swelling and associated with characteristic skin changes. Due to the pathologic and morphologic similarity to sarcoma, MLL is also called "pseudosarcoma". MLL can degenerate into angiosarcoma without surgery. We present a case of MLL of the mons pubis in a 54-year-old man with a BMI of 48.6.
No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Case report:
Authors present the case of a 30-year-old female patient, who was admitted to the ICU because of hypertensive crisis accompanied by chest complains, cardiac decompensation, progrediating short of breath and unconsciousness. Despite the quick examinations and the prompt treatment multi-organ failure developed 3 days after admission. Investigations revealed the underlying cause, which was a left-sided suprarenal neoplasm. Hence, multidisciplinary decision was made to carry out a laparoscopic adrenalectomy urgently. The histology examination of the removed neoplasm was pheochromocytoma. In the postoperative period the condition of the patient gradually improved, her symptoms and complains settled, and finally she was discharged in a healthy condition.
The diagnosis of a pheochromocytoma is a difficult task, the symptoms and complains caused by it can simulate many other illnesses. The acute crisis caused by pheochromocytoma usually can be treated conservatively, but in more severe cases with impending multi-organ failure an urgent operative treatment can be unavoidable. Though the operative risk is relatively high, the correct intra- and postoperative treatment with a quick laparoscopic procedure can be effective.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Case report:
The authors report a case of a 34-year-old woman who had postprandial abdominal pain for years. During the course of her examination lactose intolerance and hiatus hernia was diagnosed. After ineffective conservative treatment CT angiography (CTA) and digital substraction angiography (DSA) was performed and showed significant celiac artery stenosis. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was unsuccessful as extravasal mechanical compression was present, therefore, laparoscopic decompression and surgical division of MAL fibres were carried out. The postoperative period was characterized by a complete relief of previous symptoms and repeated CTA showed normal blood flow.
The authors emphasize the importance of the measurement of peak velocity of celiac trunk with Colour Duplex abdominal ultrasonography, the examination has 100% sensitivity and 83% specificity. The Duplex ultrasonography is less expensive than the "gold standard" diagnostic methods like CT and DS angiography, and can lead us to early diagnosis. Laparoscopic surgery is safe and low expense method for celiac artery decompression, however, sometimes it is difficult to reveal the exact reason and thus setting up the proper operation plan.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current surgical treatment modalities for breast reconstruction include latissimus dorsi mycotaneous flap with immediate permanent breast implant (LDI). The aim of the present study was to analyze reconstruction with LDI in terms of quality of life, cosmesis and patient satisfaction. A chart analysis was carried out with the first ten patients who underwent breast reconstruction with LDI. The patients were interviewed and self-assessment quality of life was administered. They also underwent assessment of satisfaction and cosmesis. The high satisfaction and cosmesis scores in the breast reconstruction group indicate the superior results that can be achieved with breast reconstruction.
No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Perineal wound healing problems following extended abdomino-perineal resection of ano-rectal cancer represent a great challenge to the surgeon. Perineal soft-tissue reconstruction with a myocutan flap was thought to reduce surgical wound healing complications. A review of the relevant literature was carried out on perineal soft-tissue reconstruction with rectus abdominis myocutan (VRAM) flap following extended abdomino-perineal rectal resection for cancer. The more commonly used neoadjuvant chemo- and radiotherapy as well as extended surgical radicality resulted in increased perioperative risks, therefore combined procedures between the colorectal and plastic surgical teams are inevitable. This case report illustrates the above trend.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparosocopic splenectomy gradually became the gold standard procedure in the surgical treatment of certain haematological disorders. Operative experience in laparoscopic procedures facilitates the comparison of various techniques.
Two variants in laparoscopic spelenectomy are analysed and presented.
Sixteen patients underwent laparoscopic spelenectomy. Anterior- and postero-anterior laparoscopic approaches are compared with respect to clinicopathologic features.
Using the postero-anterior technique dissection of splenic hilum is more straightforward, recognition of accessory spleen is easier and the likelihood of intraoperative complications is less. In selected cases of splenomegaly the anterior technique is recommended though.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to provide an analysis of factors for angiogenesis and proliferation.
We analyzed tumor tissues from 37 rectal cancer patients with concurrent or subsequent liver metastasis underwent preoperative radiotherapy, surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. Immunohistochemistry was used for expression of proliferation (staining with anti-Ki67: MIB-1) and for detection of microvessel density (MVD, expressed by CD34). Clinicopathological findings were compared with outcome with emphasis to IHC.
A vascular enumeration and pN status and the time of presence of the metastases has shown prognostic role along with the factors above. Increased proliferative activity of the tumor as expressed by MIB-1 staining has no prognostic value, similarly to the localization of tumor, gender, age or grading.
Different prognostic and predictive factors in colorectal cancer have been reported. Higher pN status and tumor vascularisation has been linked to poor prognosis in overall survival and tumor recurrence.
No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cathepsin B (CATB) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (UPA) play an important part in cancer invasion and metastasis. The behavior of CATB and UPA has not been evaluated in the same experimental setting in different gastrointestinal tumors and in precancerous lesions. Serum CATB and plasma UPA levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay and their sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy have been calculated in patients with colorectal (n=72), gastric (n=30), hepatocellular (n=28), and pancreatic cancer (n=15) as well as in gastric epithelial dysplasia (n=25), colorectal adenomas (n=30), and tumor-free control patients (n=44). Serum CATB and plasma UPA antigen concentrations were significantly higher in patients with cancer than in controls. When all tumors were considered, the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of CATB (89, 86, and 89%) were higher than that of UPA (76, 70, and 74%). CATB demonstrated in all types of tumors a better diagnostic accuracy than UPA. The positive predictive values of CATB (95%) and UPA (89%) may suggest their use in the evaluation of patients with a suspicion of malignancy. CATB and UPA were significantly higher in patients with gastric epithelial dysplasia and colorectal adenomas than in controls. Antigen levels of CATB and UPA were significantly correlated in both cancers and precancerous lesions. At the time of clinical presentation, serum CATB and plasma UPA antigen levels are sensitive indicators of gastrointestinal malignancies. Determination of serum CATB and plasma UPA levels may be useful to identify patients at a higher risk for progression to cancer, who could be subjected to a more strict follow-up protocol.
No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The etiological role of human papilloma virus (HPV) in a number of squamous cell malignant tumours is well known. Squamous cell carcinoma of colon (SCC) is a rare disease with uncertain etiology. Our objective was to detect possible HPV infection in a colon SCC patient. The 94-year-old female patient was operated for an obstructive colon tumour. Histology confirmed SCC. Tumour tissue and the removed lymph nodes were examined with polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot hybridization techniques. From HPV types 16 and 18, which most commonly associated with malignant tumours, the presence of HPV type 16 could be confirmed in the primary tumour and in 4 out of the 9 surrounding lymph nodes (of which 2 were metastatic). HPV-16 infection was detected in a colon cancer patient with SCC histological type in the primary tumour and in surrounding lymph nodes. According to our knowledge, no similar study has been published yet.
No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenteric panniculitis can develop in every patient after abdominal surgery. The clinical and pathological signs are usually vague, so different therapeutic approaches are recommended at various stages of the disease. While some authors suggest that these stages are different manifestations of the the same disease, others claim that the various stages represent the progression of a single entity. We report a case of a 65 year-old male patient with mesenteric panniculitis and fibrosis, which developed after laparoscopic sigmoid resection first, and required a Hartmann's procedure finally. The disease developed once again after the elective reconstruction of the colon. This time surgical intervention was not possible and he was treated conservatively with intravenous steroids, antibiotics, parenteral nutrition and continuous nasogastric tube. The patient gradually recovered in three weeks time. We report this successful treatment, and review the relevant literature.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cathepsin B and L (CATB, CATL), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor PAI-1 play an important role in colorectal cancer invasion. The tumor marker utility and prognostic relevance of these proteases have not been evaluated in the same experimental setting and compared with that of CEA and CA-19-9.
Protease, CEA and CA 19-9 serum or plasma levels were determined in 56 patients with colorectal cancer, 25 patients with ulcerative colitis, 26 patients with colorectal adenomas and 35 tumor-free control patients. Protease, CEA, CA 19-9 levels have been determined by ELISA and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, respectively; their sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy have been calculated and correlated with clinicopathological staging.
The protease antigen levels were significantly higher in colorectal cancer compared with other groups. Sensitivity of PAI-1 (94%), CATB (82%), uPA (69%), CATL (41%) were higher than those of CEA or CA 19-9 (30% and 18%, respectively). PAI-1, CATB and uPA demonstrated a better accuracy than CEA or CA 19-9. A combination of PAI-1 with CATB or uPA exhibited the highest sensitivity value (98%). High CATB, PAI-1, CEA and CA 19-9 levels correlated with advanced Dukes stages. CATB (P = 0.0004), CATL (P = 0.02), PAI-1 (P = 0.01) and CA 19-9 (P = 0.004) had a significant prognostic impact. PAI-1 (P = 0.001), CATB (P = 0.04) and CA 19-9 (P = 0.02) proved as independent prognostic variables.
At the time of clinical detection proteases are more sensitive indicators for colorectal cancer than the commonly used tumor markers. Determinations of CATB, CATL and PAI-1 have a major prognostic impact in patients with colorectal cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The etiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a number of squamous malignant tumors is well known. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of colon is a rare disease with uncertain etiology. Our objective was to detect possible HPV infection in a colon SCC patient. The 94-year-old female patient was operated due to colon tumor causing passage disturbances. Histology confirmed SCC. Tumor tissue and the removed lymph nodes were examined with polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot hybridization techniques. Of HPV types most often occurring in malignant tumors (16, 18) the presence of HPV type 16 could be confirmed in the primary tumor and in four out of the nine surrounding lymph nodes, of which two were metastatic. HPV-16 infection could be detected in an SCC patient in the primary tumor and in surrounding lymph nodes. According to our knowledge, no similar study has been published yet.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Pathology & Oncology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The colorectal cancer can be mainly treated by surgery. Metastases are responsible for the poor prognosis. Development of metastases is a difficult, multi-level regulated process with complex molecular interactions. During the past decade, these mechanisms have become better known. Some parts of it had been clarified, others are still targets of the research. Analysis of this system can lead to find substances or methods, which could inhibit the development of metastases. Our aim was an exposition of the factors taking part in the process of development of colorectal metastases.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the last 2 years 9 patients have been operated on in our surgical department because of colon necrosis which developed after open heart surgery. The symptoms--abdominal distension, circumscript peritonitis in the right lower part of the abdomen--developed 2-4 days after the heart operation. Laparotomies were carried out within 2 days from the onset of symptoms in all but one patient. In 7 patients the necrosis of the right colon, while in 2 other patients extreme dilatation of the colon was found. In 6 patients right hemicolectomy was carried out. One operation was finished without anastomosis with double stomas. In the 2 patients with no necrosis catheter-cecostomy was performed. All patients but one after hemicolectomy with reconstruction died after several reoperations because of suture leak. The other 3 patients were cured. We examined and analysed the pre-, intra- and postoperative circumstances of the heart operations, which lead to the severe complications. We think the cause of the problems was the liberal use of wide spectrum antibiotics with caused severe dysbacteriosis and Clostridium difficile toxicosis in the colon. This condition could lead to a pseudomembraneous colitis which resulted in the colon necrosis.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most frequent non-epithelial tumors of the alimentary tract. The interstitial cells of Cajal or more primitive progenitor mesenchymal cells are suggested as their cells of origin. GIST's occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract but are generally located in the stomach and the intestine. About 70% of GIST's are immunohistochemically positive for CD34 and more than 90% for c-kit protein (CD117). About two thirds of GIST's are malignant. The tumor size, mitotic rate, cellularity and nuclear pleomorphism are the most important parameters characterizing the biological behavior of tumors. The diagnostic procedures are similar to those of other gastrointestinal neoplasms but only a half of the patients will have correct preoperative histological diagnosis. GIST's can be cured only by surgery. The procedure of choice, if possible, is resection without extended lymphadenectomy. Radiation and chemotherapy are generally ineffective.
22 patients were operated on for GISTs in our department between 1996 and 2003.
All but one proved to be benign. The patients were all asymptomatic after the operation except the malignant case. In his case an irresectable local recurrence developed later.
GIST is a rare neoplasm of the GI tract. The only possibility for treatment of GISTs is surgical removal.
No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Hepato-gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Between the 1st of January, 1998 and the 31st of December, 2002 we treated 111 patients for gastric cancer in the 2nd Department of Surgery, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. The majority of patients belonged to the advanced stages of the disease. In 65% of the cases a partial or total gastrectomy was performed. We combined the operation with D2 lymph node dissection if a R0 resection was possible, in the other cases with D1 lymphadenectomy. Postoperative morbidity rate ranged to 15%, the mortality 5.4%. 74 patients could be followed, 41 are dead and 33 still alive. According to the follow up examination the median survival time is 20.4 months at the moment. We observed a significantly shorter survival time, if vascular or lymphoid vessel invasion was present in the histologic specimen. The study has not been finished and the follow up will be continued.
No preview · Article · May 2004 · Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Internal hernias are very rare. The hernial orifice, sac and content are situated inside the abdomen. Paraduodenal hernias are relatively rare congenital malformations and account about 50 per cent of all internal hernias. The cause of this malformation is the incomplete rotation of the mid-gut. Right and left paraduodenal hernias are different, varying in anatomic structure and embryological origin. In right paraduodenal hernia the small bowel is partially or completely localised behind the mesocolon of the ascending colon, in left paraduodenal hernia behind the mesocolon of the descending colon. That is why the widely used name "mesocolic" hernia is more convenient, because it refers on the pathogenesis of the disorder. The complaints can vary from recurrent atypical abdominal pains to the complete small bowel obstruction, but often there are no complaints. Abdominal CT scan and the barium meal provide the best diagnostic approach for paraduodenal hernias, but it will be recognised very often only at an emergency operation. A case of small bowel obstruction caused by incomplete left paraduodenal hernia discovered after swallowing a foreign body is described with pathogenesis, diagnosis and possible treatments for the disease.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The classification of tumours originating from the wall of gastrointestinal organs changed dramatically since of electronmicroscopy and immunohystochemistry were introduced. Previously these tumours were classified as leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas or schwannomas. With the new methods these disorders can be described in more details and unified, and so the change to provide correct prognosis improved. Still, there are some unanswered questions remaining for the pathologists. In our material in the past 5 year we treated 9 patients because of GIST. Most of them were found in the stomach (6), one developed in the oesophagus, one in the small bowel and another one in the rectum. With describe our patients and look at the related articles literature about this important diseases. Though the incidence is under 1% of patients operated on because of gastrointestinal diseases, we would like to share our experiences in treatment.
No preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)