Gi-Young Ko

Asan Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (171)447.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cirrhosis-related chylothorax and chylous ascites are rare conditions. The pathophysiologic mechanism of cirrhosis-related chylous fluid collections is believed to be excessive lymph flow resulting from portal hypertension. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation is a well-established method for reducing portal hypertension. The case of a 61-year-old man with cirrhosis-related chylothorax treated successfully with a TIPS is described. A systematic review of the literature revealed nine additional cases of chylothorax or chylous ascites treated successfully with a TIPS. These cases showed that TIPS creation may be effective and safe for the treatment of chylous fluid collections in patients with cirrhosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Background: This study aimed to assess the prognostic impact of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on long-term survival outcomes in patients undergoing resection of small solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Enrolled patients had undergone macroscopic curative resection of solitary 2-5 cm HCC with (n = 105) or without (n = 830; control group) preoperative TACE. Results: TACE group was divided into subgroups A (n = 68, 1-2 TACEs within 12 months), B (n = 23, ≥3 TACEs within 12 months), and C (n = 14, TACE prior to 12 months). The number of TACE sessions was 1.8 ± 1.6. In TACE A-C subgroups, pathological response of tumor necrosis >50 % at median post-TACE period after final TACE was observed in 41 (60.3 %) at 1.9 months, 10 (43.5 %) at 2.1 months, and 2 (14.3 %) at 18.9 months, respectively. The 5-year tumor recurrence and patient survival rates were 62.8 and 70.4 % in TACE group and 51.4 and 83.4 % in control group, respectively (p ≤ 0.003). Median periods of postoperative tumor recurrence in TACE A-C subgroups and control group were 35, 13, 14, and 55 months, respectively (p < 0.001); and postoperative survival periods at 75 % survival rate were 51, 38, 51, and 98 months, respectively (p = 0.003). TACE-induced extensive tumor necrosis did not improve postoperative prognosis in TACE A subgroup (p ≥ 0.053). Postoperative prognosis after preoperative sequential TACE and portal vein embolization was comparable to that of the control group (p ≥ 0.052). Conclusions: Preoperative TACE for small solitary HCCs may adversely affect post-resection prognosis, irrespective of pathological responses. Preoperative TACE should be avoided for patients with resectable small HCCs.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · World Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether variant meso-Rex bypass with transposition of abdominal autogenous vein can be used as an alternative treatment modality for selected patients with symptomatic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Methods: This was a retrospective review of six consecutive patients who received this alternative procedure for the treatment of symptomatic portal hypertension secondary to idiopathic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Their clinical characteristics, operative procedures and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The procedure was attempted in six patients, and all had a patent shunt established by intraoperative portography at the end of the procedure; the coronary vein was used in four patients and the inferior mesenteric vein was used in two. During the median period of 23.5 months (range 10-30 months), follow-up was uneventful except one patient; reduced portal hypertension and no new episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding were observed in all patients, with the exception of one patient with shunt stenosis and recurrent varix bleeding who had to undergo endovascular treatment to restore portal vein blood flow. Technical and clinical success was achieved in all patients. Conclusions: This procedure could be used safely and effectively to treat selected patients with portal hypertension secondary to extrahepatic portal vein obstruction.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · BMC Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate the radiologic and histological characteristics of biliary intraductal metastasis of advanced gastric cancer and the clinical outcomes of percutaneous, metallic stent placement. Materials and methods: We retrospectively assessed 24 patients with obstructive jaundice related to biliary intraductal metastasis of gastric cancers who underwent PTBD and subsequent metallic stent placement between 2003 and 2012. Results: Intraductal metastases appeared as uniform, concentric, linear (n = 17) or band-like (n = 7), enhanced wall thickening on CT, and 20 patients (83.3 %) had cystic ductal lesions. On pathology specimens, malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer caused a desmoplastic reaction. The technical and clinical success rate of stent placement was achieved in all 24 patients. The median survival time was 203 days. Stent occlusion was observed in four patients with 49-278 days following stent placement. The median stent patency time was 156 days. Conclusions: The radiologic and histological characteristics of biliary intraductal metastasis of advanced gastric cancer consist of uniform, linear or band-like, enhanced biliary wall thickening and malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer, together with the desmoplastic reaction without any disruption of the epithelial layer. Uncovered metallic stent placement was also a safe and effective method of palliative treatment in these patients. Key points: • The CT findings of intraductal metastasis were linear/band-like, enhanced biliary wall thickening. • The histological finding was malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer. • It showed a desmoplastic reaction without any disruption of the epithelial layer. • Uncovered metallic stent placement was a safe and effective palliative treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · European Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) induces shrinkage of the embolized lobe and compensatory regeneration in the non-embolized lobe, but does not always induce sufficient regeneration of the future remnant liver (FRL). We previously developed preoperative sequential PVE-hepatic vein embolization (HVE), and here we present our experience of treating 42 patients with sequential PVE-HVE. During 8-year study period, preoperative PVE-HVE was performed on 42 patients with hepatobiliary malignancies. Primary diseases were bile duct cancers [perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (n = 33) and diffuse bile duct cancer (n = 1)], hepatocellular carcinomas (n = 4), and intrahepatic tumors [intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 3) and gallbladder cancer liver invasion (n = 1)]. These patients demonstrated insufficient FRL regeneration following PVE, thus HVE was performed to induce further regeneration. No PVE-HVE procedure-associated complications occurred. In the bile duct cancer group, FRL volume was 33.9 ± 2.2 % before PVE, 38.4 ± 1.5 % before HVE, 43.7 ± 2.1 % at surgery, and 73.6 ± 8.3 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. The degree of FRL hypertrophy was 13.3 % after PVE, 28.9 % after PHV-HVE, and 117.1 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. All patients except one recovered uneventfully after surgery, and the 3-year patient survival rate was 45.1 %. In the HCC group, transarterial chemoembolization was initially performed and FRL regeneration following PVE-HVE occurred very slowly. Active FRL regeneration occurred in the liver tumor group, but rapid tumor growth was observed in 1 of 4 patients. The sequential application of HVE following PVE safely and effectively induces further FRL regeneration in non-cirrhotic livers. Further validation using larger patient population and multicenter studies is needed to reliably widen the indications.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · World Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate technical and clinical outcomes of vascular plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) for the treatment of gastric varices (GVs) and hepatic encephalopathy (HE). From March 2012 to June 2014, 73 consecutive patients (47 men, 26 women; mean age, 59 y; range, 28-79 y) who had undergone PARTO were evaluated in a prospective multicenter study. Among 57 patients with GVs, 28 had GVs in danger of rupture, 23 had experienced recent bleeding, and 6 had active variceal bleeding. The 16 patients with HE had been treated unsuccessfully with medical therapies. Placement of the vascular plug and subsequent gelatin sponge embolization were technically successful in all 73 patients. There were no procedure-related complications. Follow-up CT obtained within 1 wk after PARTO showed complete thrombosis of GVs and portosystemic shunts in 72 of 73 patients (98.6%). Sixty patients who underwent follow-up longer than 3 mo showed complete obliteration of GVs and portosystemic shunts. There were no cases of variceal bleeding or HE at the end of follow-up (mean, 544 d). Improvement in Child-Pugh score was observed in 24 patients (40%) at 1-mo follow-up. Worsening of ascites and esophageal varices was observed in 14 (23.3%) and 16 (26.7%) patients at 3-mo follow-up. The present results of PARTO indicate that it can be rapidly performed with high technical success and durable clinical efficacy for the treatment of GVs and HE in the presence of a portosystemic shunt. Therefore, PARTO might be considered a first-line treatment in appropriate patients. Copyright © 2015 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and clinical outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). TAE was performed in 20 referred patients (male:female = 13:7; median age, 56.3 y) for GI bleeding from GISTs. The locations of GISTs were assessed using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and catheter angiography. The technical and clinical success of TAE and clinical outcomes including procedure-related complications, recurrent bleeding, 30-day and overall mortality, and cumulative survival were evaluated. The sites of GIST-related bleeding or tumor staining were the jejunum (n = 9), stomach (n = 5), ileum (n = 3), duodenum (n = 2), and jejunum and colon (n = 1). Angiography showed bleeding from GIST in 5 patients, and tumor staining was noted in only 15 patients. TAE was performed for patients with and without contrast medium extravasation on angiography. Technical and clinical success rates of TAE were 95% (19 of 20 patients) and 90% (18 of 20 patients), respectively. Recurrent bleeding was noted in 1 patient. There were no procedure-related complications. In 15 patients, surgical resection of the tumors was performed after TAE. The 30-day and overall mortality rates were 10% (2 of 20 patients) and 30% (6 of 20 patients), respectively. TAE is a safe and effective method for controlling GI bleeding from the GIST. Copyright © 2015 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and survival outcome of chemoembolization plus radiation therapy (RT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with main portal vein (PV) tumor thrombosis. This retrospective study evaluated 151 patients with HCC and main PV involvement (101 with Child-Pugh class A liver function and 50 with Child-Pugh class B liver function) treated with combined cisplatin-based chemoembolization and RT. Medical records, imaging, and laboratory studies were reviewed, and complications, survival, and mortality rates were determined. After chemoembolization, major complications occurred in 19.9% of patients, with the rate of major complications significantly higher in Child-Pugh class B cases than in Child-Pugh class A cases (32% vs 13.9%; P = .016). The 30-day mortality rate was 0.7%. One hundred forty-seven patients received adjuvant RT an average of 17.4 days after chemoembolization for main PV tumor thrombosis. Adjuvant RT could not be performed in four patients because of intolerance of the initial chemoembolization. There were no major complications after RT. The objective tumor response at 6 months was 25.2%, with a median survival of 12 months (14 mo in Child-Pugh class A cases and 8 mo in Child-Pugh class B cases). Patients with Child-Pugh class B liver function with extrahepatic metastases, no tumor response, and absence of second-line sorafenib treatment had poor survival. Chemoembolization combined with RT improves survival, with a median survival of 12 months in patients with HCC with main PV involvement. Copyright © 2015 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    ABSTRACT: To construct prognostic nomograms capable of estimating individual probabilities of tumor progression and overall survival (OS) at specific time points during serial transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The study included 1,181 consecutive patients with nonmetastatic HCC undergoing repeated transarterial chemoembolization at a single tertiary referral center. Patients were assigned to 2 cohorts according to the first transarterial chemoembolization date: derivation (2004-2006; n = 854) and validation (2007; n = 327) sets. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were developed based on covariates derived before transarterial chemoembolization and assessed for their association with 5-year OS and 3-year progression-free survival (PFS). The accuracy of the models was internally and externally validated. The 5-year OS of the derivation set was 25.4%, and 3-year PFS was 20.8%. Nomograms for OS and PFS were built into the derivation set incorporating the following factors: log [tumor volume] calculated as 4/3 × 3.14 × (maximum radius of tumor in cm(3)); tumor number; tumor type (nodular or infiltrative); Child-Pugh class (A or B); (model for end-stage liver disease score/10)(-2); log [α-fetoprotein]; and portal vein invasion. The models had good discrimination and calibration abilities with C-indexes of 0.80 (5-y survival) and 0.77 (3-y progression). The results of external validation confirmed that these models performed well in terms of discrimination and goodness-of-fit (C-indexes 0.77 for 5-y survival and 0.73 for 3-y progression). Nomograms quantifying the survival and progression outcomes in patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization are useful clinical aids in providing personalized care. Copyright © 2015 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    ABSTRACT: Secure reconstruction of multiple hepatic ducts severely damaged by tumor invasion or iatrogenic injury is very difficult. If percutaneous or endoscopic biliary stenting fails, one or more percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tubes must be maintained in place for the rest of the patient's life. To cope with such difficult situations, we present a surgical technique termed cluster hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), which can be coupled with palliative bile duct resection. The cluster HJ technique consisted of applying multiple internal biliary stents and a single wide porto-enterostomy to surrounding connective tissues. We present a preliminary study with six patients. Five perihilar cholangiocarcinoma patients undergoing palliative bile duct resection received this procedure. Follow-up PTBD tubogram and hepatobiliary scintigraphy were performed at 1-2 weeks after surgery, after which the PTBD tubes were removed. No patient showed surgical complications, and the 6-month patency rate of clustered HJ was 80 %. Another patient with laparoscopic cholecystectomy-associated major bile duct injury showed no biliary complications in the 5-year period following this procedure. Based on the results of this study, the cluster HJ technique may be a useful surgical method enabling the secure reconstruction of severely damaged hilar bile ducts.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: We present a rare case of functional stenosis of the jejunal loop following left hepatectomy and hepaticojejunostomy long after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), which was successfully managed by balloon dilation. A 70-year-old Korean man had undergone PPPD 6 years before due to 1.8 cm-sized distal bile duct cancer. Sudden onset of obstructive jaundice led to diagnosis of recurrent bile duct cancer mimicking perihilar cholangiocarcinoma of type IIIb. After left portal vein embolization, the patient underwent resection of the left liver and caudate lobe and remnant extrahepatic bile duct. The pre-existing jejunal loop and choledochojejunostomy site were used again for new hepaticojejunostomy. The patient recovered uneventfully, but clamping of the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube resulted in cholangitis. Biliary imaging studies revealed that biliary passage into the afferent jejunal limb was significantly impaired. We performed balloon dilation of the afferent jejunal loop by using a 20 mm-wide balloon. Follow-up hepatobiliary scintigraphy showed gradual improvement in biliary excretion and the PTBD tube was removed at 1 month after balloon dilation. This very unusual condition was regarded as disuse atrophy of the jejunal loop, which was successfully managed by balloon dilation and intraluminal keeping of a large-bore PTBD tube for 1 month.
    Preview · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Both preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) alone and portal vein embolization (PVE) alone have a detrimental prognostic effect on the post-resection outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The main objective of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of preoperative TACE on the long-term survival outcomes in patients undergoing preoperative PVE and right liver resection for solitary HCC. Patients who underwent macroscopic curative right liver resection of solitary HCC that lied between 3.0 and 7.0 cm (n=113) with or without preoperative TACE and PVE were selected for the study, making these subjects were divided into three groups; the TACE-PVE group (n=27), the PVE-alone group (n=13), and the control group (n=73). The subjects in the three groups were followed up for ≥36 months or until death. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall patient survival rates of all 113 patients were 96.5%, 88.2%, 81.3% and 65.0%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall patient survival rates were 96.3%, 83.4%, 83.4% and 47.6% respectively in the TACE-PVE group; 84.6%, 76.9%, 57.7% and 19.2% respectively in the PVE-alone group; and 98.6%, 91.7%, 85.1% and 81.7% respectively in the control group (p=0.047). Patients were also sub-grouped according to tumor size, and those with a tumor of up to cutoff at 5 cm showed no prognostic difference (p=0.774), but tumor size >5 cm was associated with inferior patient survival only in the TACE-PVE group (p=0.018). Preoperative sequential TACE and PVE appear to be compliant to the conventional oncological concept in addition to induction of the future remnant liver regeneration. Therefore, we suggest that preoperative TACE should be come first whenever preoperative PVE for major hepatectomy is planned, especially in patients with hypervascular HCC tumors.
    Preview · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcomes of percutaneous unilateral metallic stent placement in patients with a malignant obstruction of the biliary hila and a contralateral portal vein steno-occlusion. Sixty patients with a malignant hilar obstruction and unilobar portal vein steno-occlusion caused by tumor invasion or preoperative portal vein embolization were enrolled in this retrospective study from October 2010 to October 2013. All patients were treated with percutaneous placement of a biliary metallic stent, including expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered stents in 27 patients and uncovered stents in 33 patients. A total of 70 stents were successfully placed in 60 patients. Procedural-related minor complications, including self-limiting hemobilia (n = 2) and cholangitis (n = 4) occurred in six (10%) patients. Acute cholecystitis occurred in two patients. Successful internal drainage was achieved in 54 (90%) of the 60 patients. According to a Kaplan-Meier analysis, median survival time was 210 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 135-284 days), and median stent patency time was 133 days (95% CI, 94-171 days). No significant difference in stent patency was observed between covered and uncovered stents (p = 0.646). Stent dysfunction occurred in 16 (29.6%) of 54 patients after a mean of 159 days (range, 65-321 days). Unilateral placement of ePTFE-covered and uncovered stents in the hepatic lobe with a patent portal vein is a safe and effective method for palliative treatment of patients with a contralateral portal vein steno-occlusion caused by an advanced hilar malignancy or portal vein embolization. No significant difference in stent patency was detected between covered and uncovered metallic stents.
    Preview · Article · May 2015 · Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the association of need for early relaparotomy with clinical outcomes after elective open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). A total of 292 consecutive patients who underwent elective open AAA repair at Asan Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2010 were included in this study, and we compared the demographics, clinical characteristics, related risk factors, and clinical outcomes of early relaparotomy versus nonrelaparotomy patients. The incidence of early relaparotomy during a single hospital stay was 4.1% (n = 12), and the most common causes were bowel ischemia (n = 5, 41.7%) and postoperative bleeding (n = 3, 25.0%). Among the demographics and clinical characteristics significantly associated with relaparotomy were: age (P = 0.025), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (P = 0.010), number of RBC units transfused during the AAA repair (P = 0.022) and in the following week (P = 0.005), and length of intensive care (P < 0.001) and overall hospital stay (P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, presence of COPD (P = 0.009) and number of RBC units transfused during the AAA repair (P = 0.006) were statistically significantly associated with relaparotomy. Furthermore, early relaparotomy was associated with perioperative (within 30 days) (P = 0.048) and overall in-hospital mortality (P = 0.001). Early relaparotomy has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes: increased mortality and hospital length of stay. Presence of COPD and need for RBC transfusion are associated with early relaparotomy.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), with or without other embolic materials for acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding, and to determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS. TAE using NBCA only or in conjunction with other materials was performed for 102 patients (80 male and 22 female patients; mean age, 61.3 years) with acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Technical success, clinical success, and clinical factors, including age, sex, bleeding tendency, endoscopic attempts at hemostasis, number of transfusions, and bleeding causes (i.e., cancer vs noncancer), were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate clinical factors and their ability to predict patient outcomes. Survival curves were obtained using Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank tests. RESULTS. There were 36 patients with cancer-related bleeding and 66 with non-cancer-related bleeding. Overall technical and clinical success rates were 100% (102/102) and 76.5% (78/102), respectively. Procedure-related complications included bowel infarction, which was noted in two patients. Recurrent bleeding and bleeding-related 30-day mortality rates were 15.7% (16/102) and 8.8% (9/102), respectively. Cancer-related bleeding increased clinical failure significantly (p = 0.003) and bleeding-related 30-day mortality with marginal significance (p = 0.05). Overall survival was poorer in patients with cancer-related bleeding. CONCLUSION. TAE with NBCA with or without other embolic agents showed high technical and clinical effectiveness in the management of acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Cancer-related bleeding was the only factor related to clinical failure, and possibly related to bleeding-related 30-day mortality.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · American Journal of Roentgenology
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    ABSTRACT: Endovascular stenting is accepted as an effective treatment for patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). We herein present a case of successful endovascular treatment. A 46-year-old woman, who was followed up for 10 years after a diagnosis of BCS, showed progression progressive of liver cirrhosis and deterioration deteriorated of liver function. Three main hepatic veins were thrombosed with complete occlusion of the suprahepatic of the inferior vena cava (IVC); thus, hepatic venous blood flow was draining into the inferior right hepatic veins through the intrahepatic collaterals and passed passing through the subcutaneous venous collaterals. She underwent endovascular stenting of the IVC for palliation. A septoplasty needle was passed through the occluded IVC through into the internal jugular vein access and then to access the femoral vein using a snare wire. Severe elastic recoiling was observed after balloon dilatation; thus, a 28×80 mm stenting was done inserted across the occlusion, and repeat double ballooning was performed. The final venogram shows showed restored IVC inflow. The patient began to lose body weight 1 day after stenting, and edema disappeared within 1 week. She is was doing well at the 6 month follow-up visit with nearly normal liver function and marked resolution of cutaneous venous engorgement. In conclusion, endovascular stenting appeared to be an effective treatment to alleviate portal pressure and to prevent BCS-associated complications; thus, endovascular stenting should be considered before marked hepatic vein stenosis or complete occlusion occurs in patients with BCS.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to evaluate the risk factors and the role of graft material in the development of an acute phase systemic inflammatory response, and the clinical outcome in patients who undergo endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We retrospectively evaluated the risk factors and the role of graft material in an increased risk of developing systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and the clinical outcome in patients who underwent EVAR or OSR of an AAA. A total of 308 consecutive patients who underwent AAA repair were included; 178 received EVAR and 130 received OSR. There was no significant difference in the incidence of SIRS between EVAR patients and OSR patients. Regardless of treatment modality, SIRS was observed more frequently in patients treated with woven polyester grafts. Postoperative hospitalization was significantly prolonged in patients that experienced SIRS. In multivariate analyses, the initial white blood cell count (P = 0.001) and the use of woven polyester grafts (P = 0.005) were significantly associated with an increased risk of developing SIRS in patients who underwent EVAR. By contrast, the use of woven polyester grafts was the only factor associated with an increased risk of developing SIRS in patients who underwent OSR, although this was not statistically significant (P = 0.052). The current study shows that the graft composition plays a primordial role in the development of SIRS, and it leads to prolonged hospitalization in both EVAR and OSR patients.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for the treatment of active postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and compare the efficacy of NBCA with gelatin sponge particles. From January 2004 to September 2013, 26 patients with PPH underwent TAE using NBCA as the primary embolic material. All patients were actively bleeding, and 12 (46.2%) had coagulopathy. TAE was performed using 1:2-1:4 mixtures of NBCA and ethiodized oil with or without use of a coil or gelatin sponge. To compare the efficacy of NBCA with conventional embolic material, 50 patients with active bleeding who underwent TAE using gelatin sponge were also analyzed. Angiograms demonstrated pseudoaneurysm or extravasation or both. The technical and clinical success rates were 100% and 92.3% (24 of 26 patients), respectively, for NBCA and 98% and 86.0% (43 of 50 patients), respectively, for gelatin sponge. In the NBCA group, one patient recovered with conservative management, and the other patient died because of multiorgan dysfunction. There were no major or minor procedure-related complications. TAE using NBCA as the primary embolic agent is an effective method for treating PPH with extravasation or pseudoaneurysm; NBCA is comparable to gelatin sponge particles. TAE using NBCA seems to fill pseudoaneurysms and make devascularization more effective than using gelatin sponge. Copyright © 2014 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transfemoral liver biopsy using a Quick-Core biopsy needle in selected living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. Materials & methods: Eight LDLT recipients underwent nine sessions of transfemoral liver biopsy. Six patients had received modified-right-lobe LDLT and two patients had received dual-left-lobes LDLT. Indications for transfemoral liver biopsy were patients with acute HV angle relative to the IVC on the coronal plane and/or patients with thin (<10mm) liver parenchyma surrounding a HV to be biopsied on enhanced computed tomography. Under fluoroscopic guidance, the right inferior HV in the modified-right-lobe or the left HV in the right-sided left lobe with cranial orientation was negotiated using a 5-F catheter via the common femoral vein. Then, a stiffening cannula was introduced into the HV over a stiff guide wire. Needle passage was then performed with an 18- or 19-G Quick-Core biopsy needle. Results: Technical success was achieved in all sessions without major complications. The median number of needle passages was four (range, 2-6). The median total length of obtained liver specimens in each session was 44 mm (range, 24-75 mm). The median number of portal tracts was 18 (range, 10-29) and the obtained liver specimens were adequate for histological diagnosis in all sessions. Conclusion: Transfemoral liver biopsy using a Quick-Core biopsy needle is an effective and safe alternative for obtaining a liver specimen when standard transjugular liver biopsy is not feasible because of an unfavorable HV angle relative to the IVC and/or thin liver parenchyma surrounding a HV. Liver Transpl , 2014. © 2014 AASLD.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Liver Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A double stent system (covered stent in uncovered stent) was designed to provide long-term patency without tumor ingrowth or stent-related complications, such as stent migration, cholecystitis, or pancreatitis. Purpose: To investigate the safety and efficacy of double stents in patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions. Material and methods: This prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter study enrolled 160 consecutive patients (102 men; mean age, 64 years; range, 33-91 years) with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions treated with a double stent system from January 2010 to March 2012. Results: The technical success rate of the double stent placement was 100%. No stent migration was observed. Procedure-related minor (self-limiting hemobilia [n = 6] and cholangitis [n = 2]) and major (pancreatitis [n = 16], cholecystitis [n = 3], and hepatic abscess [n = 2]) complications occurred in a total of 29 patients. The mean serum bilirubin level, which was 8.9 ± 5.6 mg/dL before drainage, decreased to 2.2 ± 4.6 mg/dL 1 month after stent placement (P < 0.001). Successful internal drainage was achieved in 148 patients (92.5%). During the mean follow-up period of 205 days, acute cholecystitis (n = 3) and hepatic abscess (n = 2) occurred in five patients. The median patient survival and stent patency time were 135 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 96-160 days) and 114 days (95% CI, 83-131 days), respectively. Of 153 patients, 22 (14.4%) presented with stent dysfunction due to sludge incrustation (n = 17), tumor overgrowth (n = 4), or blood clot (n = 1), and required repeat intervention. Tumor ingrowth was not observed in any of these patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous treatment of malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction using a double stent safely and effectively achieves internal biliary drainage.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Acta Radiologica

Publication Stats

2k Citations
447.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006-2015
    • Asan Medical Center
      • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003-2015
    • University of Ulsan
      • College of Medicine
      Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002-2015
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2009
    • University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
      • Department of Radiology
      San Antonio, Texas, United States