[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Pancreas transplant alone (PTA) is a controversial procedure. Without clearly demonstrated patient survival, recipients report improved quality of life. Nephrotoxic immunosuppression (IS) may exacerbate diabetic renal injury post-PTA.
A single institution retrospective review of patients receiving PTA over a 14-year period was completed. Patient and donor demographics, surgical outcomes, rejection, and patient or graft survival were analyzed. Pre- and Postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were calculated based on the modification of diet and renal disease. Multivariate analysis was performed.
One hundred twenty-three patients undergoing 131 PTAs had an average age of 40.0 years. Seven patients were retransplanted and one received a third pancreas. Mean graft survival was 3.26 years (0-11.3 years) with 21 patients (17%) lost to follow-up. One- and 5-year patient survivals were 96.6% and 91.5%, respectively (mean, 7.15 year). Seventeen patients had an eGFR less than 50 mL/min/1.73 m preoperatively, whereas 64 patients did so post-PTA and 24 had an eGFR less than 30 mL/min. Mean eGFR pretransplantation was 88.9 vs. 55.6 posttransplantation (P<0.0001) with mean follow-up of 3.68 years. All but 16 (12%) patients showed a decrease in eGFR. Mean decrement was 32.1 mg/min/1.73 m. Thirteen developed end-stage renal disease chronic kidney disease (CKD 5) requiring kidney transplantation (KT) at a mean of 4.36 years. Eighty-three patients had an episode of rejection. In post-PTA RF, graft survival was 3.2 vs. 2.4 years (P=0.13). In those requiring KT, graft survival was 7.9 vs. 2.9 years (P<0.0001). Cold ischemia times, donor age, and preoperative eGFR for those with and without RF-requiring KT were not significant. Body mass index was statistically significant. Leukocyte-depleting agents was evaluated, but was not significant. All patients received calcineurin inhibitor IS.
Patients who undergo PTA may be at increased risk for RF. After comparing patient and donor demographics, IS, and human leukocyte antigen mismatch, it seems that PTA is an independent risk factor for the development of renal failure. Patients with more successful pancreatic grafts demonstrated lower eGFR. Patients should be made aware of the risks of long-term IS. Only the most appropriate patients should be chosen for PTA.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Despite the common use of diagnostic pretransplant deceased donor kidney biopsy, there is no consensus on the prognostic significance of the pathologic findings. In order to assist clinicians with interpretation we analyzed 371 pretransplant biopsies and correlated the findings with graft failure. Glomerular pathology was assessed with percent glomerulosclerosis (GS), glomerular size and periglomerular fibrosis (PGF); vascular pathology with arterial wall-to-lumen ratio (WLR) and arteriolar hyalinosis and interstitial pathology with measurement of cumulative fibrosis and presence of scar. Using two-thirds of the study population as a model-development cohort, we found that biopsy features independently associated with an increased risk of graft failure were GS > or =15%, interlobular arterial WLR > or =0.5 and the presence of PGF, arteriolar hyalinosis or scar. The Maryland Aggregate Pathology Index (MAPI), was developed from these parameters and validated on the remaining one-third of the population. Five-year actuarial graft survival was 90% for kidneys with MAPI scores between 0 and 7, 63% for scores from 8 to 11 and 53% for scores from 12 to 15 (p < 0.001). We conclude MAPI may help transplant physicians estimate graft survival from the preimplantation biopsy findings, in clinical situations similar to this study population (cold ischemia over 24 h, GS < 25%).
Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · American Journal of Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Transplant nephrectomy for failed renal transplants can be challenging. Patients often have numerous comorbidities, and the procedure may be associated with considerable blood loss. This study was performed to determine if intraoperative coil embolization of the transplant renal artery reduces blood loss associated with transplant nephrectomy. Data were collected retrospectively on 13 consecutive transplant nephrectomies performed immediately following coil embolization and compared with the 13 most recently performed consecutive transplant nephrectomies without coil embolization. The groups were compared for operative time, estimated blood loss, and transfusion requirements. Mean age was 45 in both groups. There were no major complications in either group. Operative times were not significantly different, although open operative time was reduced in the embolization group (113 vs 96 minutes). Estimated blood loss was 465 mL versus 198 mL (P = .035); packed red blood cell requirements during the operation and subsequent 48 hours were 1.85 units versus 0.31 units (P = .008) and during the operation and subsequent hospital stay were 2.3 units versus 0.69 units (P = .027) in the nonembolized group and embolized group, respectively. Intraoperative embolization of the transplant renal artery immediately prior to surgery facilitates transplant nephrectomy by significantly reducing intraoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements while slightly reducing open operative time.
No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Impact on 1 and 3-year renal allograft survival with the use of unos defined expanded donor criteria kidney grafts. SRT data comparison of a single institution vs national outcomes Campos, L Philosophe, B David, LB Eugene, SJ Clarence, FF Bartlett, ST 6th American Transplant Congress May 21-25, 2005 Seattle, WA Amer Soc Transplant Surg, Amer Soc Transplantat 11
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No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · American Journal of Transplantation