[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The susceptibility to Hepatitis A virus infection is growing among the European population and many hepatitis outbreaks have been described in 2004-2008. The change in epidemiological characteristics observed in the last decades has to be taken in account in issuing specific recommendations about the use of the vaccine in pre and post exposure prophylaxis.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Igiene e sanita pubblica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measles elimination is an important target for Public Health. Data on measles epidemiology in Italy are presented for years 2005-2008, after National Measles Elimination Plan was launched in 2003. In 2005 less than 300 case were notified but since 2006 outbreaks were detected in many Italian Regions. Even if vaccine coverage improved in last year, it did not reach the value necessary for elimination and there is the need to improve vaccination coverage and to implement effective infection control practices.
No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Igiene e sanita pubblica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The decrease in the incidence of infectious diseases caused by vaccination is responsible for the huge importance given to adverse reactions from both population and health care personnel. Generally no real relationship exists between the true risks associated with vaccines and the risk perceived by the population. This aspect is confirmed by the results of a survey performed in 2009 among 376 students of the University of Roma Tor Vergata and 84 health care workers of the vaccination centers in Lazio Region.