[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte‑associated antigen 4 (CTLA‑4) regulates T‑cell activation and Th1/Th2 cytokine production and is involved in the immune response against Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To detect the association of the CTLA‑4 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to HBV infection a hospital‑based case‑control study was conducted. A total of 1,119 unrelated individuals were recruited. The CTLA‑4 variants rs5742909, rs231775 and rs3087243 were genotyped via the TaqMan method in this cohort. A comparison with a chronic active hepatitis B group revealed that the SNP rs231775 exhibited signiﬁcant susceptibility to HBV progression, with the highest odds ratio (OR) reaching 1.659 and P=0.009‑0.049. Although an HBV clearance group was used as a control, results of the present study demonstrated an association of rs5742909 with viral persistence [OR=1.694, 95% confidence intervals (CI)=1.124‑2.553 and P=0.012]. Subsequent analyses revealed risk haplotypes (C‑A‑A and T‑A‑G, for which the highest OR reached 1.865) compared with the protective haplotype C‑G‑G. Therefore, SNPs in the CTLA‑4 gene may be associated with HBV progression and viral persistence which is consistent with its emerging role in the T regulatory cells in the pathogenesis of disease.
Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Molecular Medicine Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are believed to have fundamental roles in tumorigenesis and have great potential for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. However, the roles of miRNAs in hepatocellular carcinogenesis are still not fully elucidated. We investigated the aberrantly expressed miRNAs involved in hepatoma by comparison of miRNA expression profiles in cancerous hepatocytes with normal primary human hepatocytes, and 37 dysregulated miRNAs were screened out by twofold change with a significant difference (P<0.05). Clustering analysis based on 13 miRNAs with changes over 15-folds showed that the miRNA expression patterns between the cancerous and normal hepatocytes were clearly different. Among the 13 miRNAs, we found that miR-375 was significantly downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-375 in liver cancer cells decreased cell proliferation, clonogenicity, migration/invasion and also induced G1 arrest and apoptosis. To unveil the molecular mechanism of miR-375-mediated phenotype in hepatoma cells described above, we examined the putative targets using bioinformatics tools and found that astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) was a potential target of miR-375. Then we demonstrated that miR-375 bound directly to the 3'-untranslated region of AEG-1 and inhibited the expression of AEG-1. TaqMan quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR and western blot analysis showed that miR-375 expression was inversely correlated with AEG-1 expression in HCC tissues. Knockdown of AEG-1 by RNAi in HCC cells, similar to miR-375 overexpression, suppressed tumor properties. Ectopic expression of AEG-1, conversely, could partially reverse the antitumor effects of miR-375. In a mouse model, therapeutic administration of cholesterol-conjugated 2'-O-methyl-modified miR-375 mimics (Chol-miR-375) could significantly suppress the growth of hepatoma xenografts in nude mice. In conclusion, our findings indicate that miR-375 targets AEG-1 in HCC and suppresses liver cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo, and highlight the therapeutic potential of miR-375 in HCC treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human leukocyte antigen DP (HLA-DP) locus has been reported to be associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in populations of Japan and Thailand. We aimed to examine whether the association can be replicated in Han Chinese populations.
Two HLA-DP variants rs2395309 and rs9277535 (the most strongly associated SNPs from each HLA-DP locus) were genotyped in three independent Han cohorts consisting of 2 805 cases and 1 796 controls. By using logistic regression analysis, these two SNPs in the HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 genes were significantly associated with HBV infection in Han Chinese populations (P = 0.021∼3.36×10(-8) at rs2395309; P = 8.37×10(-3)∼2.68×10(-10) at rs9277535). In addition, the genotype distributions of both sites (rs2395309 and rs9277535) were clearly different between southern and northern Chinese population (P = 8.95×10(-5) at rs2395309; P = 1.64×10(-9) at rs9277535). By using asymptomatic HBV carrier as control group, our study showed that there were no associations of two HLA-DP variants with HBV progression (P = 0.305∼0.822 and 0.163∼0.881 in southern Chinese population, respectively; P = 0.097∼0.697 and 0.198∼0.615 in northern Chinese population, respectively).
Our results confirmed that two SNPs (rs2395309 and rs9277535) in the HLA-DP loci were strongly associated with HBV infection in southern and northern Han Chinese populations, but not with HBV progression.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genetic polymorphism of IFNAR-1 plays a large role in determining the clearance or chronicity after hepatitis B virus (HBV) exposure. However, it is not clear whether type I interferon receptor-1 (IFNAR-1) variations continuously exert their effects to influence the final outcomes following HBV chronicity, including acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACLF-HBV), chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis (LC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we report that these four potential outcomes of chronic HBV infection are strongly associated with IFNAR-1 polymorphisms through a hospital-based case-control study of 663 cases. ACLF-HBV and HCC were each compared with CHB+LC. In comparison with the G/G genotype, the C/G and C/C genotypes at both single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites (rs1012335 and rs2257167) showed significant susceptibility to ACLF-HBV (the highest odds ratio [OR] reached 2.374; 95% CI = 1.488, 3.788; p < 0.001 for the C/G genotype at rs2257167), as well as HCC (OR = 2.475; 95% CI = 1.435, 4.426; p < 0.001 for the C/C genotype at rs1012335). The C allele at both loci was a susceptibility allele for ACLF-HBV and HCC, with the highest ORs reaching 1.653 (95% CI = 1.233, 2.216; p < 0.01 at rs1012335) in the ACLF-HBV group, and 1.659 (95% CI = 1.274, 2.159; p < 0.01 at rs1012335) in the HCC group. A strongly linked disequilibrium was also found within these two alleles (p < 0.001). Our research indicates that genetic polymorphisms of IFNAR-1 not only contribute to the determination of clearance or chronicity in the early stages of HBV exposure, but they also persistently influence pathogenesis over the long-term process of chronic HBV infection.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Viral immunology