[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) expressing F4 fimbria is the major pathogenic bacteria causing diarrhoea in neonatal and post-weaning piglets. Previous studies have revealed that the susceptibility to ETEC F4ab/F4ac is an autosomal Mendelian dominant trait and the loci controlling the F4ab/F4ac receptor are located on SSC13q41, between markers SW207 and S0283. To pinpoint these loci and further validate previous findings, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using a two generation family-based population, consisting of 301 piglets with phenotypes of susceptibility to ETEC F4ab/F4ac by the vitro adhesion test. The DNA of all piglets and their parents was genotyped using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip, and 50,972 and 50,483 SNPs were available for F4ab and F4ac susceptibility, respectively, in the association analysis after quality control. In summary, 28 and 18 significant SNPs (p<0.05) were detected associated with F4ab and F4ac susceptibility respectively at genome-wide significance level. From these significant findings, two novel candidate genes, HEG1 and ITGB5, were firstly identified as the most promising genes underlying F4ab/F4ac susceptibility in swine according to their functions and positions. Our findings herein provide a novel evidence for unravelling genetic mechanism of diarrhoea risk in piglets.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli expressing F4 fimbriae is the major cause of diarrhoea in neonatal and post-weaning piglets. Previous studies have revealed that the loci controlling the F4ab/F4ac receptors are located on SSC13q41, between markers SW207 and S0283. In this study, we refined their positions in a two generation population containing 366 piglets of three breeds (Large White, Landrace, and Songliao Black). Nine microsatellite markers within this region were selected from the MARC (U.S. Meat Animal Research Center) porcine linkage map, and the pedigree disequilibrium test was employed for fine-mapping. The F4abR gene was located in the interval between S0283 and SW1833, a 4.8-cM region, and the F4acR gene was located in the interval between S0283 and SW1876, a 1.6-cM region. Our results also suggest that the F4ab/F4ac receptors might be controlled by two different but closely linked loci. The results of microsatellite-based haplotype analysis in the corresponding region show that some specific haplotypes were overwhelmingly present in the adhesive or non-adhesive animals, indicating that there are mutations within the identified regions that are strongly associated with the F4ab/ac phenotypes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Haematological traits, which consist of mainly three components: leukocyte traits, erythrocyte traits and platelet traits, play extremely important role in animal immune function and disease resistance. But knowledge of the genetic background controlling variability of these traits is very limited, especially in swine.
In the present study, 18 haematological traits (7 leukocyte traits, 7 erythrocyte traits and 4 platelet traits) were measured in a pig resource population consisting of 368 purebred piglets of three breeds (Landrace, Large White and Songliao Black Pig), after inoculation with the swine fever vaccine when the pigs were 21 days old. A whole-genome scan of QTL for these traits was performed using 206 microsatellite markers covering all 18 autosomes and the X chromosome. Using variance component analysis based on a linear mixed model and the false discovery rate (FDR) test, 35 QTL with FDR < 0.10 were identified: 3 for the leukocyte traits, 28 for the erythrocyte traits, and 4 for the platelet traits. Of the 35 QTL, 25 were significant at FDR < 0.05 level, including 9 significant at FDR < 0.01 level.
Very few QTL were previously identified for hematological traits of pigs and never in purebred populations. Most of the QTL detected here, in particular the QTL for the platelet traits, have not been reported before. Our results lay important foundation for identifying the causal genes underlying the hematological trait variations in pigs.