Hyo-In Hwang

Dankook University, Eidō, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea

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Publications (7)24.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human adult dental pulp tissue is a source of adult stem cells that have a potential to differentiate into various tissues, although the primary cell suspensions cultured from pulp tissue are mixture of both stem cell and non-stem cell populations with heterogeneous phenotypes and various differentiation efficiencies. Therefore, cell-surface protein markers on dental pulp stem cells are critical for detection and purification of stem cell populations. Yet, little is known about the cell-surface molecules that are specifically associated with the undifferentiated and progenitor state of human adult pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Presently, cell surface proteins expressed on hDPSCs were assessed by screening surface molecules specifically expressed on dentinogenic progenitors. Using a decoy immunization strategy, a set of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was generated against undifferentiated pulp progenitor cells. Forty five hybridomas produced MAbs that interacted weakly, if at all, to differentiated pulp cells. Of these, 19 MAbs (18 IgG, one IgM) recognized surface molecules on undifferentiated hDPSCs. By multi-color flow cytometric analysis, 40-60% of newly identified MAb-positive cells were demonstrated to be positive for the CD44 and CD90 mesenchymal markers. When MAb-positive cells were sorted from the heterogeneous pulp cell suspension, mineralization efficiency was increased 3~5 times compared to MAb-negative cells. The results suggest that the decoy immunization is an efficient method for isolation of MAbs against dentinogenic progenitors. These MAbs will be helpful for identification and enrichment of hDPSCs for efficient dentin regeneration.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Stem cells and development
  • Hyo-In Hwang · Tae-Hyung Lee · Young-Joo Jang
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    ABSTRACT: Dental pulp is a soft tissue located inside the hard part of a tooth, and it contains a stem cell population that can regenerate damaged dentin and/or pulp itself. Dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have the potential to be differentiated into a variety of cell types. Although cells cultured primarily from pulp tissue show heterogeneous phenotypes and variable efficiency in their dentinogenic differentiation, proper selection markers, which are specific to hDPSCs, are essential for osteo/dentinogenic study of human dental pulp cells. We had previously screened a set of undifferentiation-specific cell surface antibodies of hDPSCs through decoy immunization. In this study, we show that one of these surface monoclonal antibodies, 3C4, is bound to intact pulp cells in a highly undifferentiation-specific manner. The surface antigen protein bound specifically to 3C4 antibody was identified through direct immunoprecipitation and LC-MS/MS as the cell proliferation-inducing protein 52/Mitofilin, which is a protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane and is a possible antagonist to maintaining mitochondrial activation during differentiation. The expression of mitofilin/3C4 antigen dramatically decreased during differentiation, and the depletion of mitofilin/3C4 antigen induced the expression of osteogenic/dentinogenic markers earlier than during normal differentiation. The 3C4-positive cells isolated by a magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) system were differentiated with a higher efficiency than 3C4-negative cells. These results indicate that finding mitochondria-related stem cell markers is valuable in order to be able to identify and isolate primitive stem cells.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Stem Cells and Development
  • Jung-Kwon Choi · Hyo-In Hwang · Young-Joo Jang
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    ABSTRACT: Although the primary cell cultures from dental pulp and other oral tissue are frequently used to study osteogenic potential and stem cell responses, few systematic and comparative studies on stemness for the dentinogenic differentiation of these cells have been conducted. In the present study, to investigate the stemness of oral primary cells during extended culture, human adult dental pulp cells (hDPCs), periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) were obtained and cultured from pulp tissue, periodontal ligaments, and marginal and attached gingival tissue of extracted third molars, respectively. As shown by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and immunophenotyping, the mesenchymal stem cell markers, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD146 and CD166, were highly expressed in early passage hDPCs, hPDLSCs and hGFs. However, when the cells were treated with osteogenic additives, mineralization markedly increased in the hDPCs and hPDLSCs, but not in the hGFs. Moreover, the expression of dentinogenic markers, such as dentin sialophosphoprotein and dentin matrix protein-1, appeared to decrease during extended culture past passage number 8 of the hDPCs and hPDLSCs. These data suggest that hDPCs and hPDLSCs may have differentiation potential during the early passages, and that their progenitor potential is diminished during extended culture. The hGFs did not show differentiation capability during culture, even though they contained general mesenchymal stem cell surface proteins. The transcriptional expression of dentinogenic markers in hDPCs was not affected by co-culture with hPDLSCs and/or hGFs.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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    Sun-Yi Hyun · Hyo-In Hwang · Young-Joo Jang
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    ABSTRACT: Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) belongs to a family of serine-threonine kinases and plays a critical role in mitotic progression. Plk1 involves in initiation of mitosis, centrosome maturation, bipolar spindle formation, and cytokinesis, which are well-reported as traditional functions of Plk1. In this review, we discuss the role of Plk1 during DNA damage response beyond the functions in mitotsis. When DNA damage is occurred in cells under various stress conditions, the checkpoint mechanism is activated to allow cells to have enough time for repair. In damage is repaired, cells progress continuously their division, which is called checkpoint recovery. If damage is too severe to repair, cells undergo apoptotic pathway. Lastly, if damage is not completely repaired, cells undergo a process called checkpoint adaptation, and resume cell division cycle with damaged DNA. Plk1 targets and regulates many key factors in the process of damage response, and we deal with these subjects in this review.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · BMB reports
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    Hyo-In Hwang · Jae-Hoon Ji · Young-Joo Jang
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    ABSTRACT: Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) is essential for progression of mitosis and localizes to centrosomes, central spindles, midbody, and kinetochore. Ran, a small GTPase of the Ras superfamily, plays a role in microtubule dynamics and chromosome segregation during mitosis. Although Ran-binding protein-1 (RanBP1) has been reported as a regulator of RanGTPase for its mitotic functions, the action mechanism between Ran and RanBP1 during mitosis is still unknown. Here, we demonstrated in vitro and in vivo phosphorylation of RanBP1 by Plk1 as well as the importance of phosphorylation of RanBP1 in the interaction between Plk1 and Ran during early mitosis. Both phosphorylation-defective and N-terminal deletion mutant constructs of RanBP1 disrupted the interaction with Ran, and depletion of Plk1 also disrupted the formation of a complex between Ran and RanBP1. In addition, the results from both ectopic expression of phosphorylation-defective mutant construct and a functional complementation on RanBP1 deficiency with this mutant indicated that phosphorylation of RanBP1 by Plk1 might be crucial to microtubule nucleation and spindle assembly during mitosis.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) is phosphorylated on Thr210 for activation during mitosis. Here, we investigated the question of which kinase(s) is the specific upstream kinase of mitotic Plk1. Upstream kinases of Plk1 were purified from mitotic cell extracts through column chromatography procedures, and identified by mass spectrometry. Candidates for Plk1 kinase included p21-activated kinase, aurora A, and mammalian Ste20-like kinases. Immunoprecipitates of these proteins from mitotic cell extracts phosphorylated Plk1 on Thr210. Even if the activity of Aurora A was blocked with a specific inhibitor, Plk1 phosphorylation still occurred, suggesting that function of Plk1 could be controlled by these kinases for proper mitotic progression, as well as by Aurora A in very late G2 phase for the beginning of mitosis.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · FEBS letters
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    Hee-Jae Lee · Hyo-In Hwang · Young-Joo Jang
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    ABSTRACT: DNA damage during the cell division cycle can activate ATM/ATR and their downstream kinases that are involved in the checkpoint pathway, and cell growth is halted until damage is repaired. As a result of DNA damage induced in mitotic cells by doxorubicin treatment, cells accumulate in a G2-like phase, not in mitosis. Under these conditions, two mitosis-specific kinases, Cdk1 and Plk1, are inhibited by inhibitory phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, respectively. G2-specific phosphorylation of Cdc25 was increased during incubation after mitotic DNA damage. Inhibition of Plk1 through dephosphorylation was dependent on ATM/Chk1 activity. Depleted expression of ATM and Chk1 was achieved using small hairpin RNA (shRNA) plasmid constructs. In this condition, damaged mitotic cells did not accumulated in a G2-like stage, and entered into G1 phase without delay. Protein phosphatase 2A was responsible for dephosphorylation of mitotic Plk1 in response to DNA damage. In knockdown of PP2A catalytic subunits, Plk1 was not dephosphorylated, but rather degraded in response to DNA damage, and cells did not accumulate in G2-like phase. The effect of ATM/Chk1 inhibition was counteracted by overexpression of PP2A, indicated that PP2A may function as a downstream target of ATM/Chk1 at a mitotic DNA damage checkpoint, or may have a dominant effect on ATM/Chk1 function at this checkpoint. Finally, we have shown that negative regulation of Plk1 by dephosphorylation is important to cell accumulation in G2-like phase at the mitotic DNA damage checkpoint, and that this ATM/Chk1/PP2A pathway independent on p53 is a novel mechanism of cellular response to mitotic DNA damage.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)