Ming-Ling Yang

Chung Shan Medical University, 臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (13)33.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Neutrophil infiltration into the lung is the critical characteristic of acute lung injury (ALI), which is a clinical state with acute inflammatory syndrome. Up to now, there is no effective medicine for ALI. Wogonin has been shown to posses serval biological activities including anti-inflammation, anti-oxidant and anti-carcinoma. Methods: Acute lung injury was induced by intratracheal injection of LPS, and wogonin at various concentrations was injected intraperitoneally 30 min prior to LPS. Contents of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and expression of chemokines and adhesion molecules were determined by commercially and ELISA assay kits, respectively. Akt phosphorylation and RhoA activation were measured by western blot and RhoA pull-down activation assay, respectively. Key finding: Neutrophil infiltration was reduced by wogonin in a concentration-dependent manner in the LPS-induced ALI mice model. LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules were inhibited by wogonin in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) with LPS-induced ALI. Furthermore, wogonin suppressed Akt phosphorylation and RhoA activation in lungs in LPS-induced ALI. The similar parallel trend was observed as wogonin reduced LPS-induced neutrophils infiltration, proinflammatory cytokines generation, adhesion molecules expression, Akt phosphorylation, and RhoA activation. Summary: These results suggested that the effects of wogonin in LPS-induced ALI were induced by inhibition of Akt phosphorylation and RhoA activation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Up to date, the morbidity and mortality rates of acute lung injury (ALI) still rank high among clinical illnesses. Endotoxin, also called lipopolysaccharide (LPS), induced sepsis is the major cause for ALI. Beneficial biological effects, such as antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and neuroprotection was found to express by 5,7-dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone (DHMF). The purpose of present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of DHMF and the possibile mechanisms involved in LPS-induced ALI. In our experimental model, ALI was induced in mice by intratracheal injection of LPS, and DHMF at various concentrations was injected intraperitoneally for 30 min prior to LPS administration. Pretreatment with DHMF inhibited not only the histolopatholgical changes occurred in lungs but also leukocytes infiltration in LPS-induced ALI. Decreased activity of antioxidative enzymes (AOE) such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) caused by LPS was reversed by DHMF. LPS-induced lipid peroxidation HIF-1α accumulation, NF-κB phosphorylation, and IκBα degradation were all inhibited by DHMF. In addition, LPS-induced expression of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF-α and IL-1β were also inhibited by 5,7-dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone. These results suggested that the protective mechanisms of DHMF on endotoxin-induced ALI might be via up-regulation of antioxidative enzymes, inhibition of NFκB phosphorylation, and HIF-1α accumulation. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Environmental Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Microglia are the major component of intrinsic brain immune system in neuroinflammation. Although wogonin expresses anti-inflammatory function in microglia, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of the protective effect of wogonin against microglia activation. The aim of this study was to evaluate how wogonin exerts its anti-inflammatory function in BV2 microglial cells after LPS/INFγ administration. Wogonin not only inhibited LPS/ INFγ-induced PGE2 and NO production without affecting cell viability but also exhibited parallel inhibition on LPS/INFγ-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 in the same concentration range. While LPS/INFγ-induced expression of P-p65 and P-IκB was inhibited by wogonin-only weak inhibition on P-p38 and P-JNK were observed, whereas it significantly attenuated the P-ERK1/2 and its upstream activators P-MEK1/2 and P-Src in a parallel concentration-dependent manner. These results indicated that the blockade of PGE2 and NO production by wogonin in LPS/INFγ-stimulated BV2 cells is attributed mainly to interference in the Src-MEK1/2-ERK1/2-NFκB-signaling pathway. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2013.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Environmental Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), also called endotoxin, is the important pathogen of acute lung injury (ALI), which is a clinical syndrome that still lacks effective therapeutic medicine. Rutin belongs to vitamin P and possesses various beneficial effects. In this study, we investigate the potential protective effects and the mechanisms of rutin on LPS-induced ALI. Pre-administration with rutin inhibited LPS-induced arterial blood gas exchange and neutrophils infiltration in the lungs. LPS-induced expression of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 and activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 were suppressed by rutin. In addition, the inhibitory concentration of rutin on phosphorylation of Akt was similar as MIP-2 expression and MMP-9 activation. In conclusion, rutin is a potential protective agent for ALI via suppressing the blood gas exchange and neutrophil infiltration. The mechanism of rutin is down-regulation of MIP-2 expression and MMP-9 activation through inhibition of Akt phosphorylation.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · International Immunopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious disease with unacceptably high mortality and morbidity rates. Up to now, no effective therapeutic strategy for ALI has been established. Rutin, quercetin-3-rhamnosyl glucoside, expresses a wide range of biological activities and pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-carcinogenic, vasoprotective, and cardioprotective activities. Pretreatment with rutin not only inhibited histolopatholgical changes in lung tissues but also infiltration of polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) into bronchoalveolar lavage fuild (BALF) in LPS-induced ALI. In addition, LPS-induced inflammatory responses, including increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and lipid peroxidation, were inhibited by rutin in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, rutin suppressed phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPK, and degradation of IκB, a NF-κB inhibitor. Decreased activities of antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and hemeoxygenase (HO)-1 caused by LPS were reversed by rutin. At the same time, we found that ALI amelioration by chelation of extracellular metal ions with rutin is more efficacious than with deferoxamine. These results indicated that the protective mechanism of rutin is by inhibition of MAPK-NFκB activation and up-regulation of antioxidative enzymes.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Free Radical Biology and Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: We study the cytotoxicity of indium chloride (InCl3 ) in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts, the V79 cells, using MTT assay. The results showed that InCl3 did not induce significant cytotoxicity at various concentrations tested. In addition, the frequency of micronuclei (MN) was assayed to evaluate the genotoxic effects of InCl3 in V79 cells. InCl3 at concentrations ranged 0.1-1 μM significantly increased MN frequency in a concentration-dependent manner. Both catalase and superoxide dismutase at concentrations of 75 and 150 μg/mL significantly inhibited InCl3 -induced MN. Similarly, Germanium oxide (GeO2 ) and dimercaprol expressed antigenotoxic effects. From these findings, it is concluded that InCl3 is a potent genotoxic chemical, which may be mediated partly by inducing oxidative stress. The significance of this study shows that the workers in the semiconductor factories should be cautious in exposing to the hazardous genotoxic InCl3. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 28: 595-600, 2013.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Environmental Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Wogonin is a flavonoid compound which exhibits antioxidation, anti-inflammation, neuroprotection, and antitumorgenesis functions. However, the mechanism of how wogonin reduces proinflammatory cytokine generation in activated microglia is unclear. At present, we found wogonin inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-/interferon-γ (INF-γ)-induced generation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Wogonin exhibited parallel inhibition on LPS-/INF-γ-induced expression of IL-6 and TNF-α messenger RNA at the same concentration range. LPS-/INF-γ-induced phosphorylation of signal transduction and transcription 1 and 3 (STAT1/3) were also inhibited by wogonin. Although wogonin expressed only weak inhibitory effect on LPS-/INF-γ-induced phosphorylation of Janus kinase-2 (Jak-2) and tyrosine kinase (Tyk)-2, it significantly attenuated the phosphorylation of Jak-1 and Jak-3. These results indicated that the blockade of IL-6 and TNF-α production by wogonin in LPS-/INF-γ-stimulated BV2 microglial cells was attributed mainly to the interference in Jak-1/-3-STAT1/3 signaling pathway.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
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    ABSTRACT: Acute lung injury (ALI) presents high mortality and morbidity clinically and by far no effective preventive strategy has been established. Extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves, EGb 761, is a complex mixture that possesses several clinical beneficial effects such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, and cardioprotective property. With EGb 761 pretreatment, both lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced protein leakage and neutrophil infiltration, and LPS-induced inflammatory responses including increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, lipid peroxidation, and metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 activity, were inhibited; LPS-suppressed activation of antioxidative enzymes (AOE) were reversed; and not only the phosphorylation of NF-κB but also the degradation of its inhibitor, IκB, were suppressed. These results suggested that the protection mechanism of EGb 761 is by inhibition of NFκB activation, possibly via the up-regulation of antioxidative enzymes. More studies are needed to further evaluate whether EGb 761 is a suitable candidate as an effective dietary strategy to reduce the incidence of endotoxin-induced ALI.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology
  • Ming-Ling Yang
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    ABSTRACT: The toxicity of dental materials has raised public concern over the past years. One of the most commonly used methacrylic monomers for building the three-dimensional structure of the dental resin composites is 2,2-bis[4-(acryloxypropoxy)phenyl]propane (BAPP). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential toxicological implication of BAPP on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Flow cytometric, fluorometric, and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assays were used to detect the mode of cell death, caspase activities, and cell viability, respectively. In addition, alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (COMET) and cytokinesis block micronucleus (MN) assays were applied to evaluate the genotoxicity. According to the results BAPP demonstrated a cytotoxic effect on HGFs in a dose- and time-dependent manner. With increasing concentrations of BAPP, the mode of cell death shifted from apoptosis to necrosis, and the activities of caspases 3, 8, and 9 were also significantly induced. Moreover, a dose-related increase in the number of micronucleus and DNA strand breaks hinted at the expression of genotoxicity by BAPP. In conclusion, the results gathered from this study had demonstrated that BAPP-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity on HGFs were mediated by DNA damage and the activation of caspases 3, 8, and 9.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
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    Yi-Ching Li · Chung-Hsin Yeh · Ming-Ling Yang · Yu-Hsiang Kuan
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    ABSTRACT: Acute lung injury (ALI), instilled by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is a severe illness with excessive mortality and has no specific treatment strategy. Luteolin is an anti-inflammatory flavonoid and widely distributed in the plants. Pretreatment with luteolin inhibited LPS-induced histological changes of ALI and lung tissue edema. In addition, LPS-induced inflammatory responses, including increased vascular permeability, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 production, and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), were also reduced by luteolin in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, luteolin suppressed activation of NFκB and its upstream molecular factor, Akt. These results suggest that the protection mechanism of luteolin is by inhibition of NFκB activation possibly via Akt.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, its lung fibroblasts (V79), and human lymphocytes are routinely used in in vitro cytogenetic assays, which include micronuclei (MN), sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and chromosome aberration (CA) assays. Mitomycin C (MMC), a DNA cross-link alkylating agent, is both an anticancer medicine and a carcinogen. To study the differential representative values of cell types in MMC-treated cytogenetic assays and its upstream factor, cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease (caspase)-3. Among the chosen cell types, lymphocytes expressed the highest sensitivity in all three MMC-induced assays, whereas CHO and V79 showed varied sensitivity in different assays. In MN assay, the sensitivity of CHO is higher than or equal to V79; in SCE assay, the sensitivity of CHO is the same as V79; and in CA assay, the sensitivity of CHO is higher than V79. In-depth analysis of CA revealed that in chromatid breaks and dicentrics formation, lymphocyte was the most sensitive of all and CHO was more sensitive than V79; and in acentrics and interchanges formation, lymphocyte was much more sensitive than the others. Furthermore, we found caspase-3 activity plays an important role in MMC-induced cytogenetic assays, with MMC-induced caspase-3 activity resulting in more sensitivity in lymphocytes than in CHO and V79. Based on these findings, lymphocyte will make a suitable predictive or representative control reference in cytogenetic assays and caspase-3 activity with its high specificity, positive predictive value, and sensitivity.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
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    ABSTRACT: Acute lung injury (ALI) in critically ill patients remains the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a key mediator of lung injury. This study investigates the protective effects and mechanisms of luteolin in intratracheal instillation of LPS (100μg)-induced ALI in mice. Pretreatment of mice with 70μmol/kg luteolin significantly restores LPS-induced decrease in oxygen pressure and increase in carbon dioxide in arterial blood. The histopathological study established 70μmol/kg luteolin pretreatment markedly attenuates lung histopathological changes, such as haemorrhaging, interstitial edema, and infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) into the lung parenchyma and alveolar spaces. Sufficient evidence for luteolin (35 and 70μmol/kg) suppresses activation and infiltration of PMNs is obtained in expression of surface marker CD11b and Ly6G on cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells and myeloperoxidase activity in lung tissue. Furthermore, luteolin reduces the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase, and the level of oxidative damage, and lipid peroxidation, in lung tissue. In addition, the secretion of TNF-α, KC, and ICAM-1 in the BALF after LPS challenge are also inhibited by luteolin. Moreover, luteolin reduced LPS-induced activation of MAPK and NFκB pathways. Therefore, luteolin is a potential protective antagonists for LPS-induced ALI in mice.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
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    ABSTRACT: Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) not only allows accurate preoperative delineation of the lesions but also provides precise pathomechanic diagnosis for planning the most effective treatment to avoid respiratory compromise. In a 10-month-old baby girl, who was ventilator-dependent after successful correction of double outlet right ventricle (DORV), flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) revealed the new formation of postoperative airway obstruction over the right main bronchus (RMB) and obstructed right tracheal bronchus (RTB). 3D-CT demonstrated tracheobronchial obstruction (TBO) was caused by the dilated ascending aorta (AAo) and right pulmonary artery (RPA). Sequential treatments including artery pexy of AAo and RPA and balloon dilatation (BD) of the stenotic RTB and RMB had successfully restored the airway patency. The patient was successfully weaned from ventilator 2 days after treatments and has shown no respiratory difficulty thus far. Thus, the impact of preoperative 3D-CT on planning treatment cannot be emphasized.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Pediatric Pulmonology