[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant treatment in the multimodal therapy concept of rectal carcinoma has considerable effects on prognosis appraisal.
This study aimed to evaluate the tumor response specified as an improvement by at least one stage defined in terms of the International Union Against Cancer stages as a prognostic factor.
This investigation was designed as a prospective cohort study.
This study was performed at a community-based hospital with a specialized colorectal unit.
One hundred seventy-four patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma, treated in the Dresden-Friedrichstadt hospital from 1997 to 2009, who received long-term preoperative chemoradiotherapy and underwent curative resection, were included in this study.
The main outcome measures were cause-specific and disease-free survival with respect to T and N category, International Union Against Cancer stage, venous and lymphatic invasions, grading, CEA level, complete pathologic response, tumor regression grading, International Union Against Cancer stage shift, T, N, and CEA shift, types of neoadjuvant therapy, adjuvant therapy, interval between completion of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery, and number of extracted lymph nodes in resected specimens. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Median follow-up was 45 months. One hundred twenty-one patients (69.5%) showed a response to the treatment, whereas 53 (30.5%) did not. Five-year cause-specific and disease-free survival for responders (n = 121) vs nonresponders (n = 53) were 92.6% and 73.7% vs 84.9% and 47.9%. In the univariate analysis, ypN category, venous and lymphatic invasion, tumor regression grading, International Union Against Cancer stage shift, and T and N shift were significantly predictive for cause-specific and disease-free survival. Furthermore, ypUICC stage, ypT category, grading, and complete pathologic response had an impact on disease-free survival. In the multivariate analysis, only the International Union Against Cancer stage shift kept its independent explanatory power for cause-specific P = .012, HR 3.10 (95% CI 1.28-7.51) and disease-free survival P < .001, HR 3.85 (95% CI 1.98-7.51).
The determination of International Union Against Cancer stage shift depends on the pretreatment staging modalities.
Our investigation demonstrates that the response of tumor to neoadjuvant therapy is an independent prognostic factor in patients with rectal carcinoma.
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extra-levator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) has been introduced to avoid oncologic problems encountered with conventional abdominoperineal excision (APE) such as high rates of inadvertent bowel perforation and of positive circumferential resection margin. We compare our short-term results of this new approach with a historic patient cohort.
From 1997 until 2010, we performed 46 consecutive conventional APE and 28 ELAPE after neoadjuvant therapy with a macroscopically complete resection in the true pelvis. Patient data was prospectively collected in our colorectal tumor database. Patient and tumor characteristics were compared as were the rates of inadvertent bowel perforation, of circumferential margin involvement, and of wound abscesses.
The rates of inadvertent bowel perforation, of circumferential margin involvement, and of wound abscesses were 15.2% vs. 0 (p = 0.04), 4.9% vs. 0 (p = 0.511), and 17.4% vs. 10.7% (p = 0.518), respectively, in the conventional APE vs. ELAPE group.
With a significant reduction of the bowel perforation rate and a reduction of circumferential margin involvement and wound abscess formation, ELAPE improves important surrogate parameters for local recurrence rate and survival.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In 2007, the German Working Group "Workflow Rectal Cancer II" published 19 quality indicators with 36 quality goals for the treatment of rectal cancer. We investigate whether these parameters are practicable in a specialized coloproctologic unit.
We included 578 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who were treated in our institution from January 2000 to December 2008. Patient data were collected in a prospective database. Follow-up was conducted in a colorectal tumor clinic. Data were analyzed for the defined reference groups, and the results were compared with the quality goals.
Median follow-up was 54.4 (range 1-116) months. We achieved 19 of the 36 defined quality goals. Among these were important parameters such as the rate of postoperative mortality (0.9%), the rate of intraoperative local tumor perforation (2.2% for anterior resection and 8.5% for abdominoperineal excision), the 5-year local recurrence rate (5.9% stages I-III), and the 5-year overall survival rates for stages yII and II (79.9%), and stages yIII and III (60.7%) for patients with microscopically negative resection margins.
Most of the defined quality goals can be achieved in a specialized coloproctologic unit. The debate on quality goals has the potential to enable further improvement in the care of rectal cancer patients.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease