[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The goal of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of lipid emulsion (LE) on local anesthetic levobupivacaine-induced responses in isolated rat aorta and to determine whether the effect of LE is related to the lipid solubility of local anesthetics.
Isolated rat aortic rings were suspended for isometric tension recording. The effects of LE were determined during levobupivacaine-, ropivacaine-, and mepivacaine-induced responses. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase and caveolin-1 phosphorylation was measured in human umbilical vein endothelial cells treated with levobupivacaine alone and with the addition of LE.
Levobupivacaine produced vasoconstriction at lower, and vasodilation at higher, concentrations, and both were significantly reversed by treatment with LE. Levobupivacaine and ropivacaine inhibited the high potassium chloride-mediated contraction, which was restored by LE. The magnitude of LE-mediated reversal was greater with levobupivacaine treatment than with ropivacaine, whereas this reversal was not observed in mepivacaine-induced responses. In LE-pretreated rings, low-dose levobupivacaine- and ropivacaine-induced contraction was attenuated, whereas low-dose mepivacaine-induced contraction was not significantly altered. Treatment with LE also inhibited the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase induced by levobupivacaine in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
These results indicate that reversal of levobupivacaine-induced vasodilation by LE is mediated mainly through the attenuation of levobupivacaine-mediated inhibition of L-type calcium channel-dependent contraction and, in part, by inhibition of levobupivacaine-induced nitric oxide release. LE-mediated reversal of responses induced by local anesthetics may be related to their lipid solubility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: It is well known that propofol protects myocardium against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in the rat heart model. The aim of this study was to investigate whether propofol provides a protective effect against a regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in an in vivo rat heart model after 48 h of reperfusion.
Rats were subjected to 25 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 48 h of reperfusion. The sham group received profopol without ischemic injury. The control group received normal saline with ischemia/reperfusion injury. The propofol group received profopol with ischemia/reperfusion injury. The intralipid group received intralipid with ischemia/reperfusion injury. A microcatheter was advanced into the left ventricle and the hemodynamic function was evaluated. The infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium staining. The serum level of cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) was determined by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).
Propofol demonstrated protective effects on hemodynamic function and infarct size reduction. In the propofol group, the +dP/d(tmax) (P = 0.002) was significantly improved compared to the control group. The infarct size was 49.8% of the area at risk in the control group, and was reduced markedly by administration of propofol to 32.6% in the propofol group (P = 0.014). The ischemia/reperfusion-induced serum level of cTn-I was reduced by propofol infusion during the peri-ischemic period (P = 0.0001).
Propofol, which infused at clinically relevant concentration during the peri-ischemic period, has delayed myocardial protective effect after regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in an in vivo rat heart model after 48 h of reperfusion.
Full-text Article · Apr 2010 · Korean journal of anesthesiology